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were

however, 2,000-pound bombs
dropped, not upon, but alongside of the
battleship the effect was crushing, for
they opened the seams of the vessel be-
low the water-line. Because of the great
resistance of water, the explosion ex-
pends its energy against the vessel.

It is to be remembered in connection with these experiments that the advantage was with the bombers. The battleship was motionless, proving a much easier target than a moving vessel. The weather, moreover, was favorable. А squadron of naval vessels steaming along in a mist or fog might possibly be put out of commission if bombs could be dropped alongside of them as they were alongside this helpless German battleship; but the problem, which was not presented off Norfolk during these experiments is to find the squadron in a fog, to be able to fly over it, and to be able to drop the bombs on a moving target with sufficient accuracy.

The experiments seem to the layman hardly an argument against building battleships, but they are certainly an argument for developing aircraft and their auxiliaries.

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THE AMERICAN MUSIC SCHOOL
AT FONTAINEBLEAU

ANY

M^go to Fontainebleau. More should.

I"jump to conclusions upon the an

It is only thirty-six miles from Paris.
Its forest is perhaps the most famous in

France. Its palace was for centuries the Public Health Service, and the Commis- causes most of which are preventable.) residence of the French sovereigns. sioner of Education, is to carry out the President Harding has given his hearty The beautiful Louis XV wing is now provisions of the Act. The bill provides support to the measure; he says: “I an American conservatory of music for for co-operation between the Federal assume that the Maternity Bill, already graduate students from this country, Government and the States in respect to strongly approved, will be enacted and a hundred students recently began the public protection of maternity and promptly, thus adding to our manifesta. their first term there. infancy. It appropriates annually ten tion of human interest."

The opening day was declared a holithousand dollars to each State, and,

day at Fontainebleau. The town had furthermore, annually an additional sum

already given a hundred thousand francs of a million dollars is to be given to the THE BATTLESHIP AND

toward the support of the school. States, proportionately to their popula. THE BOMB

The principal courses are in compositions, in return for an equal sum from T is a mistake for the inexpert to tion, fugue, counterpoint, and harmony; them for the maintenance of the services

organ, piano, violin, violoncello, the and facilities of the Act. Any State de- nouncement of the results of scientific harp; the history of music, acoustics; siring to avail itself of the benefits of experiments. To say, as some have said, and lectures by leading composers and the Act must submit to the Children's that the battleship has been rendered conductors. The French Advisory ComBureau, for its approval, detailed plans obsolete because the German battleship mittee includes such names as Saintincluding provision for instruction in Ostfriesland was sunk by 2,000-pound Saëns, d'Indy, Rabaud, Ravel, Messager, maternal and infant hygiene through bombs dropped from airplanes is to Charpentier, Pierné, and Fauré. M. public health nurses, consultation cen- jump at conclusions with the bland op- Saint-Saëns made the address on the ters, extension courses by qualified lec- timism shown by a frog in the presence opening day and, as was appropriate, turers, and other methods—the type of of a bit of red flannel. It is obvious, Mr. Walter Damrosch presided. For the maternal care and instruction in infant however, that the sinking of the Ost- school is largely due to Mr. Damrosch's welfare used in a New York City district friesland will modify many judgments initiative. during recent years, where the death concerning the value of aerial attacks Charles Marie Widor, the French comrate of babies has been reduced from 144 on naval vessels.

poser, will be the general director of to 85 per thousand births. (The most Some naval experts have said that studies, which will be the more interest recent available statistics show that bombs dropped upon modern armored ing because, unlike those at the Paris every year in the United States some battleships would not sink them. This Conservatory of Music, they may be con23,000 mothers and nearly 250,000 chil- seemed to be proved true of bombs tinued no matter whether the student dren under one year of age die from weighing 1,000 pounds or less. When, has reached a certain age or not. More

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even

over, students may compete more than of Pelham, New York; for the 72 holes throughout the world by any real prog: once for prizes.

his score of 289 strokes has been sur- ress which those conferences may make

passed only by Mr. Evans's record of 286 The cynically minded, pointing to the TRACK, FIELD, AND LINKS

five years ago. To play seventy-two Hague Conferences, which were followed N no athletic contests are the prin- holes in succession, averaging four by the World War, and the Peace Con

strokes to the hole, with but one stroke ference at Paris, which was followed by carefully observed than those which over ("one over four," as the golfers the troubled times in which we now live, have taken place between universities of say), is proof, as President Harding said, may inquire what is the use of another America and England. In track and

of confidence, poise, and courage. C. conference? The fact, however, that one field events there have been five meets Evans, Jr., former open champion, led such conference does follow another, between combined teams from Oxford the amateurs and was in third place, despite apparent failure, is an indication and Cambridge, on the one side, and two professionals, Walter Hagen and of the incurable faith of men in the ulti. Harvard and Yale, on the other. The Fred McLeod, tying for second place, mate goal of international peace and fifth, which took place on July 23 at the nine strokes behind “Long Jim” Barnes. justice. Harvard Stadium, resulted in victories George Duncan, the famous English pro. To expect the failure of these confer. in eight out of the ten events for the fessional, was in a tie for fifth place, ences to be followed immediately ly American universities. How complete

three Americans, one of them the ama- Armageddon, or their success, the American victory was is indicated teur R. T. Jones, Jr., of Atlanta, being though exceeding anticipation, by Milby the fact that if any chance had dis- tied for fourth place. The far-driving lennium, would be folly; but their fail. qualified the Harvard contestants Yale British professional Mitchell fell out by ure is on the road to Armageddon and alone would have won against the comthe way.

their success on the road to something bined British universities four events out

more like Millennium than anything the of the ten, and if the Yale men had been

world has yet known. disqualified six out of the ten events MILLENNIUM OR On another page Mr. P. W. Wilson, an would have been won by Harvard alone.

ARMAGEDDON

English observer of American life and One of the Englishmen, B. G. D. Rudd,

a student of international affairs, anaof Oxford, took part in three events and o one need be under any illusions lyzes the issues that are likely to come won one of them. E. O. Gourdin, the

as to the grave possibilities in the before those conferences. These are issues colored athlete of Harvard, won two

forthcoming international confer- on which men will not yield what they events—the 100-yard dash in 10 1/5 sec- ences at Washington. If they fail, it believe to be their rights except under onds (not his best record) and the run. will not be because of any influence ex- compulsion. The nations that will be ning broad jump, in which he broke the erted by special interests, such as arma- engaged in those conferences know this world's record. In all the history of the ment makers, but because nations with well, and no government worthy of the world no one has been known to jump conflicting interests will have not yet name is going to enter those conferences 25 feet 3 inches until this colored man found the way to readjusting those inter with any intention of allowing 'these covered that distance in his leap at ests so as not to conflict, or compromis- questions ultimately to be settled by Cambridge on that Saturday afternoon. ing those that they cannot adjust. If they compulsion adversely to its own people. The British participants had some ill succeed, it will not be by some mechani- The nations, therefore, are not going luck through illness and injury, which cal method of arranging programmes for there with the purpose of scrapping fortunately did not pursue them until building battleships, but by reaching a their battleships first and then trusting the end. They were fairly beaten. mutual understanding concerning those to some unknown settlement afterwards

In golf the open championship tourna- deep national interests which battle- of the vital issues involved. They want ment (that is, the tournament open to ships are built to defend.

those issues settled first. That is why professionals and amateurs alike) was And no one need be under any illusion the Prime Ministers of the British won by James Barnes, the professional to the hope that will be spread minions are really beginning th.

N

as

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Underwood
DOMINION PRIME MINISTERS AND OTHERS WHO ARE IN CONFERENCE WITH THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER IN LONDON

"The nations ... want those issues settled. That is why the Prime Ministers of the British Domin

ions are really beginning the Washington Conference in London among themselves"
From left to right: E. F. Montague, Arthur J. Balfour, F. Faftri; W. F. Massey, New Zealand;
Arthur J. Meighen, Canada: David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister; William Hughes, Aus-

tralia; Jan C. Smuts, South Africa; Earl Curzon; Maharao of Cutch

I

ington Conferences in London among because the need of security against out- vote and partly on common sense and themselves. That is why Japan is at- break in Upper Silesia is the immediate the safety of Europe, or its being made tempting to get questions like that of and first need. The past has shown that into a free zone, as has been suggested, Yap out of the way first. And that is this danger is not to be trified with or is entirely within the scope of authority why Secretary Hughes is insisting that ignored. German insurrection or Polish and responsibility placed on the Supreme no reservation can be made in advance resistance while the Supreme Council Council by the Treaty. concerning the issues to be discussed, debates must not be allowed. Silesian but that all questions which the nations Germans or German Germans, Silesian wish discussed must be raised and dis- Poles or Poles in Poland, are not to set

RIGHT WASTE AND posed of. tle this matter by fighting. And the

WRONG WASTE If America is not only to have her in- first thing for the Allies to do is to terests well considered, but also to have secure peace and quiet.

“T is a truism that war means waste. her influence for peace and justice Very sensibly France and Great Brit- It turns wealth-making capital and through mutual understanding commen- ain, according to cable reports as we energy into channels of destruction. surate with her power, American public write, are compromising on an agree- What is more, war's destructive work opinion must be informed on these ques- ment whereby a short postponement of cannot, from war's nature, be carried on tions, must help to guide the Government the Supreme Council will allow the send- economically. In peace times we try to in its course, and must be ready to sup- ing of Allied troops to reinforce those get the best results for the least money; port the Government in defending those now in Upper Silesia. France has a in war we are trying to win quickly and interests and in extending that influence. division ready to move, and England can at the same time we must plan to be On this account we commend Mr. Wil- use its judgment as to whether she also ready to pour in men, munitions, and son's article to our readers. wishes to send reinforcements.

supplies for an unknown future period. The division of Upper Silesia on lines So what would ordinarily be extrava

based partly on the recent referendum gance must be disregarded. The profiWHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR UPPER SILESIA ?

FRANCE and England together must

keep the peace in Upper Silesia un

til a decision is reached as to its final disposition. France and England must act together also in making that final disposition, although other Powers will be represented in the Supreme Coun. cil. There are differences of opinion between the two countries, but in this, as in other cases arising under the Treaty, the common interest is so strong that anything like a serious clash is extremely improbable. Just now France is anxious to have troops enough in Upper Left to right-- A. J. Silesia to preserve the peace while the Frey, A. D. Lasker,

Smull, A. J. knotty question of the future is dealt with; England is less impressed with that point and is more anxious to hurry on the Supreme Council sittings. It seems to us that France is right,

Paul Thompson

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F

THE NEW SHIPPING

BOARD

J. B.

Love

GOV, OW

SHIPPING

on

a

teer gets his chance; yet, within certain

Darling in the New York Tribune limits of watchfulness and integrity, the Government is not blamable if it piles

GUESS I MUST up debts and pays big prices. Victory is

HAVE A HOLE IN

MY POCKET OR everything; economy for the time being

SOMETHING. nothing.

But when in time of peace we are building up our military and naval resources against the threat of war, or when after victory we are demobilizing material, ships, and obligations as well as troops, the taxpayer has a right to ask whether the task is going on with due attention to financial economy.

It is now over two and a half years since the armistice was signed. The new head of the United States Shipping Board, Mr. A. B. Lasker, is anxious to clear decks and put things on a reasonable basis. He recognizes that after the war it was inevitable that our plans and contracts made it necessary to write off a tremendous money loss. The country got its return in advance for such a loss in the effect upon Germany caused by the magnitude of our ship-building

for plain speaking about after-the-war plans—and German authorities hav laid great stress on that effect. Nora,

shipping conditions, so Admiral Sims however, Mr. Lasker holds, we should

deserves praise for his criticism straighten things out and get on

naval unpreparedness before the war besound basis. He believes in facing

gan and dilatoriness thereafter. His let.

ter on "certain naval lessons of the facts; hence he calls the public attention to the deplorable state of things to-day.

great war” was not an impertinence; it When he told the President that, for

was a fine public service. This has

lately been declared by a majority report the year ended June 30, 1921, there

of the Senate's sub-committee that has was a Shipping Board deficit of $380,000,000; that by spending the money re

had the matter under investigation.

MILLION ceived for sales instead of reducing debt

The actual service of men, officers, and the Shipping Board had, in his opinion,

ships was fine and will never be forgot

Mhuiser disregarded the purpose of Congress in

ten by America or the Allies. But the limiting the annual expenditure to $100,

committee finds that the Wilson Ad000; that the accounts were confused

ministration and Secretary Daniels neg. and inadequate-in short, that in com

lected to have the naval ships put in Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc. ing on the Board he found "the most

the best condition, or properly stationed, THAT'S WHAT COMES OF TRYING TO MAKE colossal wreck that any Administration

A SAILOR OUT OF HIM BY PUTTING ON ONE or quickly sent where they could be of
OF THOSE IMITATION SAILOR SUITS

use in war. For months preceding our ever inherited,” the President, Mr. Lasker tells us, was shocked and dis

entrance into the war it was all but cermayed at the criminal waste and ex- approval of the policy of the Shipping tain that it was impending; certainly the travagance.

Board in general is consistent with dis- threat was not one to be ignored. Those There is nothing like the fresh air of approval of its course in the controversy were precious months; and they were publicity to impel action. Mr. Lasker with the United States Mail Steamship largely lost. And for six months after has pointed out the trouble; the reme

Company. If in its effort for economy we were at war it seemed as if the Addies are already being applied.

the United States Shipping Board should ministration wanted it to be a war of President forthwith ordered a cleaning turn over the vessels now in the Ameri- words so far as the Navy was concerned. up of accounts. Mr. Lasker has called can merchant marine to a combination The report says: "The conclusion seems to his aid experts as operating heads of involving German interests, a new issue unavoidable that up to April 11, 1917, the ship management-Mr. Love, Mr. would be raised which might overshadow the fixed policy of the Navy Department Frey, and Mr. Smull are all practical, even that of economical and efficient ad- under Secretary Daniels and President experienced men; conferences with ship- ministration. The American Ship and Wilson was that the naval forces of the owners and men are planned. The an- Commerce Corporation, the chief rival country should be kept at home for coast nounced general plan is to get efficiency, of the United States Mail Steamship Patrol and defense and that the fleet cut waste, take losses without trying to Company, has arrangements with the should be strictly conserved for such hide them by more losses, and to apply Hamburg-American Line. The average eventualities as might come out of the assets from sales to the profit-and-loss

citizen would like to see the country get European war." account instead of paying losses out of

out of the shipping business as soon as Three admirals testified that the Navy capital funds.

it can, but with due allowance for just was not ready for war on April 6, 1917. Recognition of Mr. Lasker's service in obligations and business principles, and Chairman Lasker and Admiral Sims brbalf of economy does not necessarily without forgetting the lessons of Ger- have deserved well of their country, involve approval of every measure taken many's piracy.

Knowing the faults of the past is a right in the name of economy. In particular, Just as Mr. Lasker is entitled to praise step toward avoiding them in the future.

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