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THE DE WITT CLINTON, THE FIRST ENGINE THAT EVER HAULED A
PASSENGER TRAIN IN NEW YORK STATE
Preparatory to its exhibition at a Pageant of Progress in Chicago, from July 30 to August 14, the locomotive of our grandfathers, itself the grandfather of our locomotives, drew train of cars at the speed of eight miles an hour along the tracks of the New York Central in New York City the other day. The train consisted of three passenger coaches modeled after the ancient ones that ran on the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad ninety years aso. Aboard these toylike coaches were men and women in the costumes of the period. The original coaches, a correspondent writes us, were made by James Goold of Albany, a prominent carriage maker in that locality. The concern is still doing business and is owned and managed by a grandson and greatgrandson of the
AS RAILWAY TRAVELERS APPEARED IN 1831, WHEN THE FIRST TRAIN TO RUN I
BY MERCER VERNON
ASHINGTON undoubtedly has
real hero, I guess. When he came back, an eye-full. What with a new
the whole town met him at the station. President, a new First Lady, a
We named a park in his honor, elected clean sweep in the Cabinet, and "Lad
him to life membership in the Board of die," assimilation has necessarily been
Trade, and gave him a place in one of confined, just at first, to the ranking
our largest banks. That was a year ago. members of the new Administration.
To-day he is back at his old job, in a Presently, however, the capital will go
lumber yard, and has dropped completely exploring. When it does, it will dis
out of sight." cover in its midst a veritable wealth of
The young T. R. leaned forward. His new and interesting figures. It is then
face was drawn and his lower jaw shot that the capital, and the country at
out at a familiar angle. large, will discover a young man of
"And the man is ab-so-lute-ly right!" thirty-three years who has before him
he roared, shaking his fist in the faces two extremely difficult tasks. One of
of the astonished local committee. these is the efficient administration of
"I have seen that happen too many. all of the land establishments of the
times," he continued, sharply. "The American Navy—the navy yards, avia
home town of a returned hero usually tion and torpedo stations, submarine
makes a perfect monkey of him. It bases and training stations. The other
dresses him up in fine clothes, sticks is that of giving to a famed and cher
him in a place which has no earthly ished American name a new, but consis
relation to anything else he has ever tent, significance. This young man is
done in his life, and then expects him Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Assist
to be a success. Nine times out of ten ant Secretary of the Navy, and son and
the man fails, the town loses interest in namesake of .one of the country's most
him, and he slips back into his old rut, beloved Presidents.
and very naturally becomes a malcon"Is he like his father?"
tent. You are the ones at fault. Instead That is the question which is in
of placing this man in a bank, why variably asked. Unconsciously, those
didn't you put him in his proper enmaking the inquiry are usually prepared
vironment—set him up in the right way to place this thirty-three-year-old Theo
in the right place? Johnny H— is dore Roosevelt in strict comparison
perfectly right in his attitude." with the highly matured Theodore
That was like his father—but it was Roosevelt whom they knew and loved of
not imitation. It came spontaneously, old. So when they ask, “Is he like his
straight from the heart and shoulder, father?” those who know the new T. R.
and without fear or favor for his uncan best reply: "He is probably more
comfortable hosts. It was the old spirit like his father than his father was like
of fair play, the square deal, and the himself at a similar age."
inherent Roosevelt sympathy for the They mean, of course, that the new THEODORE ROOSEVELT, SON OF PRESIDENT under dog.' T. R. is appreciably more Rooseveltian
"He likes folks," said Governor Edthan was his father at thirty-three. The
"He is probably more like his father than his win P. Morrow, of Kentucky, after a few
father was like himself at a similar age" new T. R. had constantly before him the
days spent with the new T. R. in the example and guidance of the matured the eccentricity of the elder T. R. They campaign. Governor Morrow had seen T. R., and is now as much like him as mean that he slaps you on the back in
the new T. R. address three large audian elder son could possibly be. Every the old beloved way and tells you that ences in a single day. He had seen him one is aware of the inspiring companion- he is "very, very, v-E-R-Y glad to see consent to speak to every way-station ship that existed between the elder you." He does all of these truly Roose- group of Kentuckians that gathered at Roosevelt and his children, and it be- veltian things. But it is not imitation. the rear of his car. He had seen him comes increasingly apparent in talking It is his natural heritage from a com- embrace the spare, bewhiskered elders with the new T. R. He speaks con- panionship that was constant and close.. of the "moonshine" districts, who still stantly of his late father. Scarcely an Let me tell you of a little incident in cherished the memory of another T. R. incident occurs that does not remind Indiana which has never before been in He had seen him urge upon the mounhim of something that his father said print. You may then judge whether tain women the importance of voting. or did, and which at the time was shared this thirty-three-year-old Roosevelt is a And he had seen him strip off his with his family.
Roosevelt indeed. It happened at his clothes and swim across a river with a “That reminds me of something father hotel, directly following an evening group of mountain boys for the sheer de once said,” the young T. R. will con- meeting in the recent Presidential cam- light of joining with others in adventure. stantly observe, and he will then relate paign. The local committee had re- "He likes folks," the Governor rean incident which, despite the countless mained with him to discuss the political peated on many occasions, and in these volumes of Roosevelt anecdotes, is prob- situation.
few words he had summed up the outably new. In quoting his father he "Who was the dark-haired chap who standing trait of the new T. R. He does uses not only his words but his man- came up and shook my hands,” the like folks. He likes old folks, he likes nerisms and his sharp, staccato tone, Colonel inquired, “and said he had young folks, and he particularly likes and it is then that it is difficult to dis- served with me overseas?"
“just plain folks." I had the pleasure tinguish one T. R. from the other.
"That was Johnny H—" the chair- of accompanying the new T. R. through"He imitates his father too much," man replied. “He's a great disappoint out a campaign tour covering twenty-one some one will say after his first enment to the town."
States last fall. The most interesting counter with the new T. R. They mean
"Why?" the Colonel asked.
period was always the hand-shaking that his greeting-possesses -much of the "Well," said the chairman, “Johnny
that followed the formal programme. It warmth and enthusiasm and much of was something of a hero over there-a
was seldom announced that he would
shake hands. The process simply broke zled citizen who had known his father triumph. The men of the ranges and out at the conclusion of the speech, and long before he entered the White House. mines were amazed at the wealth of incontinued until the last person in the To him he would say: "Old Timer, I formation concerning the early West audience had spoken with him person. want to talk with you before I go. Come which he had absorbed from his father. ally. They would usually say: around to my hotel.”
They were delighted at his intimate ref"I knew your father.”
"T. R. LIVES AGAIN" is the headline erence to local traditions and his ability It is probable that the young T. R. which appeared in a Detroit newspaper to speak their own language. He slipped heard that one remark fifty thousand after the first appearance of the new up only once. Arrangements had been times, from fifty thousand individual T. R. in that Roosevelt stronghold. made for the young T. R. to hunt prairicAmericans, on that first tour as a politi- This newspaper didn't mean that the chickens. He had made the suggestion cal speaker. He heard it from the lips new T. R. had taken up the Roosevelt himself by wire, and his first inquiry of men and women in all walks of life trail at the exact point where his father upon reaching the local hotel was about and in all parts of the country. Each had left it off. It did mean, though, the anticipated hunt. “When do we of them said it as though it were being that the new T. R., under the eyes of a start gunning?" he inquired, eagerly. said for the first time eagerly, rever- critical audience, had successfully meas. Gunning? The prairiemen thought that ently, and affectionately—and the young ured up to the Roosevelt tradition. It was about the most amusing thing they T. R. was always glad to hear it. “Isn't meant that the old Roosevelt spirit, the had ever heard. They roared lustily, that fine?" he would usually exclaim, old Roosevelt enthusiasm and “love of and one of them exclaimed, goodand he would always inquire where they folks," lived again in the new T. R., and naturedly: "You must of got that from had known him. His inquiry would that he was indeed “the worthy son of some of your British: buddies, over frequently bring forth some simple a noble father."
there." It wasn't exactly Rooseveltian, reminiscence which was plainly precious This experience was repeated time and it wasn't at all Western—but they to the man or woman relating it.
and again on his initial political tour. forgave him. They forgave him because "Well, now, isn't that interesting, Received everywhere with a certain everything else he had done or said extremely interesting?" the young T. R. skepticism, he won his own way almost since arriving had met with their comwould reply. Or, “Do you know, I re- instantly. This was particularly true of plete approval. They forgave him parmember father telling us about that at his brief swing through the so-called ticularly because of a little incident home.” In a surprising number of cases Roosevelt country in Montana and North occurring at the railway station. Arhe would actually recall the incidents Dakota. It is this section of the coun- rangements had been made for a parade involved. He would tell how his father, try that claims the elder T. R. for its of cowboys astride their ponies to be back at the White House or Oyster Bay own. It was here that more was de- headed by the young T. R. in an ornately after a campaign tour, had spoken of manded of the new T. R. than in any decorated automobile. the incident at the dinner table. Occa- other section of the country. And it "Is that for me?" the young T. R. insionally the new T. R. would find a griz- was here that he achieved a genuine quired, pointing at the automobile.
"He already has behind him a military record of genuine worth"
When informed that it was, he promptly given to him is simply through affection point out—he is the father of four chiltold the committee that there would be for his father. He knows thoroughly dren. To-day, at the age of thirty-three, no parade unless he were permitted to that he has his own way to make in the he is Assistant Secretary of the Navyride a cow-pony. The automobile was world, and he intends to do it. He has an office in which his father made his side-tracked, and the parade, with the taken a homely motto for his own first appearance in National public life. young T. R. astride of a mud-colored guidance-“Every tub must stand on its There is no doubt that the new T. R. bronco, made its way through the cheer- own bottom." He has done amazingly will succeed in his official position, and ing crowds.
well at the start. He already has be. there is no doubt that the public, when There is a lot of the old T. R. in the hind him a military record of genuine it finds time to look him up a little new T. R. There is something else be- worth. He has served acceptably as a more intimately, will find in him a char. sides. Not for a moment does he forget member of the New York State As- acter which it will come to hold in gen. that much of the attention which is sembly, and—as he would personally uine affection.
MILLENNIUM OR ARMAGEDDON
AN ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEMS WHICH FACE THE
DISARMAMENT CONFERENCES AT WASHINGTON
BY P. W. WILSON
| VERY day furnishes evidence that letters from the League of Nations re- tacks of Lord Northcliffe. Indeed, there
the world is awaking to the mo- main unanswered! The attitude of has been the even bolder proposal that
mentous issues challenged by many Wilsonian Democrats, as explained the Prince of Wales might be allowed a President Harding when he summoned to me, is that they welcome President seat as "spectator," which would almost certain of the Powers to what will be Harding's action because, in their view, necessitate the presence of Prince Hiroknown in history as the Washington disarmament will be found impossible hito, of Japan. It is perhaps a safe Conference. However this matter now except through the League.
rule to avoid ceremonial innovations proceeds, that invitation, already re- According to the second school of which might complicate serious busi. corded, must leave the chances of peace thought, there must be a settlement of ness. If he comes across, Mr. Lloyd in the coming years either definitely outstanding international difficulties if George will of course take some of the better or definitely worse. For the Con- the world is to disarm; and for this risk that proved almost too much for ference to fail would be serious. In reason President Harding has called for President Wilson. Assuming his wel. 1870 Gladstone proposed to France and two conferences the first to deal with come, we have also to consider under Prussia that they should limit arma- problems of the Pacific, and the second what circumstances he will leave for ments, but Bismarck refused and war with armaments. For the Pacific Con- home. It was the return journey that followed. In 1898 there was the Czar's ference, there are invited Britain and mattered to the American delegation at rescript, in a similar sense, but the na- her Dominions, France, Italy, Japan, Paris. It is to be hoped, moreover, that tions did not heed, and a few years and China; while Holland, with the invaluable time and strength will not be later there broke out the Russo-Japanese Dutch Indies, claims a seat. This list wasted, as in Europe, upon banquets and War. At the Hague Conferences dis- is criticised because it includes Italy, receptions, which should have followed armament was resisted and Lord Hal- which country has no interests in the the work to be done instead of delaying dane's visit to Berlin in 1912 came to Far East, while it excludes any Latinnothing. Once more, in August, 1914, American state and Russia. It is, how- This will be the first conference of the the peaee
was shattered. It is im- ever, obvious that the main parties to kind held at Washington or in the atpossible, therefore, to discuss the Wash- the Conference are the United States mosphere of the New World. Over ington Conference without a solemn and Japan, on whose agreement every. cables and correspondents there will be
that here is a drama which thing else depends. The Armaments in this case no censorship. Even pri. means life or death in its ultimate Conference, which presumably must vate discussions will be made almost aténouement.
await the success of the other, will con- public next morning. In London this
sist of Great Powers only—the United prospect has made diplomatists of the RESIDENT HARDING has decided at the States, Britain, France, Japan, and Italy. old school rather nervous, and there has
outset a point of profound signifi- Once more there are critics who would been an idea of getting the more awk. cance. In respect of disarmament, there like to see Germany, and even Russia, ward issues out of the way before the are two schools of thought. The first at the table.
Conference meets. Washington has veof these maintains that we can, here
toed, however, any notion of a formal and now, disband our troops and scrap He aim of the first or Far Eastern conference in London which might clear our ships, leaving any differences among Conference is not to deal with the the ground for events at Washington. nations to be settled later by negotia. late war, which was done ill or well at The Dominion Prime Ministers, now in tion or some judicial process. It is on Paris, but to prevent the next war, to London, are discussing matters among this theory that the Disarmament Com. make peace before war comes, or, as the themselves. mission of the League of Nations is pro- late W. T. Stead would have put it, to It is indicated that President Harding ceeding with its deliberations at Paris. negotiate before you fight. The nearest will not attend the Conferences, where Three sub-committees are at work: the modern parallel to this gathering has he will be represented by Secretary first, on the private manufacture and been the Congress of Berlin, also sum- Hughes. As associates of Secretary traffic in munitions; the second, on the moned to handle an Eastern question, Hughes many distinguished men have right of investigation and international to revise Treaty of Peace (San been mentioned-Elihu Root, Herbert control of armaments; and the third, on Stefano), which, like Yap and Shantung, Hoover, Senator Lodge, and so on. Two the collection of statistics, showing what was unsatisfactory to an English-speal principles are likely to be followed: armaments there are in the world and ing Power-in that case, Britain. In First, that the delegates shall include the expenditure upon them. These com- Berlin Disraeli attended as Prime Min- Senators-omitted at Paris; and, secmittees are to report by September, and ister, bringing back peace with honor. ondly, that among them shall be Demoone question is whether the information And if the Irish question is settled, Mr. crats. President Harding knows that. a rendered available will be admitted Lloyd George, also Prime Minister, hopes after the failure in the United States of
Washington, where the story is that to be a delegate-this despite the at. the Treaty of Versailles, he may be
ZEALAND DOWellington 170
T the extreme northeast corner of the map are the republics of The islands formerly German are the islands in the middle of
another is Vladivostok. The island of Saghalien, formerly half of these islands, those north and south of the equator were given Russian, is now in fact wholly under Japanese control. Shantung by the Treaty of Versailles to Japan and Australia, respectively, is under control of Japan by virtue of her occupation of Kiaochau. under a mandate; the United States, not being party to the Treaty, French interests in the Pacific are chiefly in Indo-China. British has not yet officially consented to this arrangement. Besides these, interests in China center along the Yangtse River, at Weihaiwei, the German part of Samoa was given to New Zealand. That part and at Hongkong. Shanghai is a treaty port. The territorial inter- of New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago which was formerly ests of Holland are in the islands of Sumatra, Java, Borneo, German are indicated by a dotted line. At present Yap, one of the Celebes, the western half of New Guinea, and intervening smaller smaller of the Caroline group. is a bone of contention. As it is the islands--all known as the Dutch East Indies. Belgium has applied center of international cables, the United States is unwilling that for inclusion in the Conference on the strength of her railway and Japan should have complete control of it under a mandate from the financial Interests in China. All the other Powers have similar, League of Nations. This island, though small in territory, is now though unequal, interests. American interests in the Pacific center big in importance. in the Philippines, Guam, and Wake Island, besides Midway and the Steamer distances from important points, especially those not Hawaiian and Samoan Islands, which are not on the map.
on the map, are indicated.