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THE WATER-FRONT AT HAMPTON INSTITUTE-AN INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE
Hampton is an educational demonstration station where three races-white, black, and red-work out daily, with a minimum

of friction, the problems of every-day life

"Table Talk" of Coleridge and that of ished." He was right. No historian The boy took it, for a moment was puzLuther would be a classic.

can adequately estimate the value of the zled, then smiled, put down the mustard With this freshness of interest in life service to our National development pot, took up the General's teacup and was combined the courage of youth, but rendered by the campaigns carried on in brought it back refilled, and the General not the rashness. Rashness leaps be- the North by General Armstrong, Dr. took it and went on with his meal and his fore it looks; courage looks before it Frissell, Booker T. Washington, and the conversation, quite oblivious of the little leaps; timidity does not leap at all. Christian churches. To these campaigns comedy in which he had taken a part. The wise man in asking, What shall I we owe the consciousness that the race He did not live in a "fool's paradise.” do? takes counsel of courage; in asking, problem is a National problem, and with “Mere optimism,” he said, "is stupid; How shall I do it? takes counsel of that consciousness a better mutual un- sanctified common sense is the force caution. It is because General Arm- derstanding between the North and the that counts." But neither did he live in strong was both inspired by courage and South and between the white and the a fool's purgatory. "It remains to make guided by caution that he won the con- colored races.

the best of things. Those who are hopefidence of men who had no ambition to With this youthful interest, this cau- less disarm themselves and may as well be pioneers. He wanted for his school tious courage, this ever-reinvigorated go to the rear; men and women of faith, a building which would cost seventy-five energy, was coupled a spirit of humility optimists, to the front." The cynic thousand dollars; he had on hand two which I have not often found in men scoffs at those who will not face facts; thousand dollars. He used the two thou- who do things. He had self-confidence, but there is no man who so persistently sand dollars to dig the cellar and lay but was singularly free from self-conceit. refuses to face facts as the cynic. Genfoundations, and so had a “mute ap- I had written in what was then the eral Armstrong saw the evil in men, peal" to speak to the visitors from the "Christian Union" an article about but also saw the good, and instinctively, North who came down to lay the corner- Hampton, not then known and honored and without knowing it, gave life and stone, and it talked to good purpose. as it is to-day, and received from him power to the good. There is no work The students learned brickmaking by the following characteristic letter of which seems to me so discouraging as making the brick and bricklaying by appreciation:

“raising money"—the need seems so imbuilding the walls, and at the end he

l'arker House

perative, the public so apathetic. Genhad made both a building and the build

Boston, December 18, 1881.

eral Armstrong apparently believed that ers. The vision appealed to the ideal

Dear Dr. Abbott:

if you know how to strike the rock in

Thanks for your kind article in the ists, the method to practical men—and

last Xian Union on Hampton.

the desert you can always get water. he got the money.

It is very cordial and earnest and

"Begging trips," he called them, and he I felt that by the triple task that he

will do good. It is not easy to live

rejoiced to escape from them to the had set himself he was killing himself.

up to where you place me. The true more congenial companionship of the Το overcome race prejudice in the

prayer for a man in a responsible school at Hampton, but his habitual South, to educate for useful service position is

attitude toward the apathetic North was Negroes at Hampton, and to create in Lord, help me to not make an ass one of cheer. "I never cease to wonder," the North an understanding of the prob

of myself. I often pray this fer

he wrote in one of his reports, “at the lem and at the same time the means to

vently. . .
Yours sincerely,

patience and kindness of those who carry the work on was too much for

S. C. ARMSTRONG.

daily listen to appeals from here (Hampany one man to undertake. I joined

ton) and some other quarters, the wear with other friends in urging him to se- I have no doubt that this was true. and tear of which can be hardly less cure a permanent endowment for Hamp With all his seeming abandon he walked than of those who solicit aid from these ton, and so relieve himself from the “circumspectly." Yet his abandon was overtaxed givers." Northern campaigning. "Yes," he re- not a seeming. One of his teachers tells He carried the same spirit into his plied in substance, “I would like an me the following incident illustrating campaign appeals for teachers to give endowment for Hampton; we need it. his habitual self-forgetfulness. To one of themselves. The difficulty of his job But I do not wish to avoid the begging the Hampton boys was assigned the care appealed to him, and he believed that campaign. To educate the North is as of the General's house and waiting on it would equally appeal to others. Life important for the Nation as to educate him at his meals, for the General ate was to him what a game is to the chess the South and the Negro." At the same with the rest of the teachers in a room player—the more difficult the problem, time that the old Abolition Society was in the students' hall. As this teacher the more interesting it is. Thus his apformally by resolution disbanding be- was passing out from dinner the Gen- peals were what Christ called a fan; cause nothing remained for it to do eral beckoned to her for some consulta. they separated the wheat from the chaff, General Armstrong was organizing his tion and was immediately absorbed in discouraged the timid and self-distrustcampaign to carry forward the work the business in hand. Presently, his ful, inspired and attracted the courwhich the Abolition Society had only eyes fixed on the teacher and his mind ageous and self-denying. Professor Peabegun. "It failed to see," said he, "that on their topic, he took up the mustard body in his story of Hampton quotes the everything remained. Their work was pot at his side and, without turning his following summons from General Armjust beginning when slavery was abol- head, reached it out toward the waiter. strong to Miss Helen W. Ludlow, which

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he rightly calls “one of the classic passages of Hampton literature.”

Hampton, September 27, 1872. Dear Miss Ludlow:

Five millions of ex-slaves appeal to you. Will you come? Please telegraph if you can.

There's work here and brave souls are needed. If you care to sail into a good hearty battle where there's no scratching and pin sticking but great guns and heavy shot only used, come here. If you like to lend a hand where a good cause is shorthanded, come here.

We are growing rapidly; there is an inundation of students and we need more force. We want you as teacher. "Shall we whose souls are lighted ?" etc. Please sing three verses before you decide, and then dip your pen in the rays of the morning light and say to this call, like the gallant old Col. Newcome, “Adsum."

Sincerely yours,

S. C. ARMSTRONG.

Miss Ludlow responded to the bugle ture, and "Amiel's Journal," the most call "as though called into action," and modern and least ecclesiastical. was in the school from 1872 until 1910, After his death a memorandum was some years after the General's death. found among his papers from which I

My impression is that General Arm. quote three paragraphs: strong was a Congregationalist; but he Few men have had the chance that did not belong to the Congregational

I have had. I never gave up or denomination; he did not belong even to

sacrificed anything in my life-have Hampton Institute. He belonged to God

been, seemingly, guided in every

thing and to God's world. So far as I know,

Prayer is the greatest thing in the he never talked about his spiritual ex

world. It keeps us near to God perience. I find in his biography two

my own prayer has been most weak, very significant sentences. One: "I wavering, inconstant, yet has been would rather minister than be a minis- the best thing I have ever done. I ter.". The other: "True worship is a

think this is universal truth-what gentle, sensitive, shrinking emotion that

comfort is there in any but the

broadest truth? steals softly in hearts in quiet moments,

I am most anxious to get a glimpse often in response to some beautiful

at the next world. How will it seem? scene; sometimes it comes to us from

Perfectly fair and perfectly natural, the ithful true ones near us."

no doubt. We ought not to fear Two favorite religious books of his are death, It is friendly. said to have been Thomas à Kempis's To this glimpse of his inner life, the "Imitation of Christ," the most archaic source of his charm and his power, no and ecclesiastical of devotional litera- friend would wish to add anything.

OF HYPSELOMETOPY

BY ROBERT WITHINGTON .

W

HEN Professor Grandgent coined luxury" of the sentimentalist is the amused (or words to that effect) the

the adjective ostcocephalic, he pride of the highbrow; no one would be club should go back to high art.

did much to remove the sting hypselometopic if it were not for his Poor things! They have just disfrom "bone-head;" for, no matter what neighbors. The sentimentalist culti- covered Shaw, and take him seriously. we may say, there is a lot in a name. vates emotion for the sake of the thrill, One might judge, from the way they I know a teacher who pays his students as Mr. Neilson puts it; and he inevitably talk, that the less action a play has, the a compliment (as they think) when he develops into a cynic. The altifrontal, more dramatic it is. They are so inputs them into a teleost section of his who has also been called a "culturine," tent on elevating the stage that I fear course-far removed from the elasmo- is not primarily interested in gaining they will soon have us back (or up) to branchs—and if "solid ivory” is not culture for his own sake, but that he the Attic Theater. One sign of hypselo"complete bone" I should like to know may enjoy the thrill of impressing his metopy is the desire to elevate. what is. Perhaps the students confuse neighbor.

I remember a meeting, years ago, ad. τέλεος with τηλε - if they think of These reflections were inspired by a dressed by a dramatic poet (or perhaps the matter at all--and vaguely imagine recent theatrical performance in our it would be more accurate to say a they have gone far from the osteo- town-a comedy, put on by amateurs, poetic dramatist) who pleaded for a cephalic end of the class; perchance for the delectation of themselves and poetic drama on the ground, as far as they are afraid that if they looked up their neighbors. We have had what is I could make out, that he could write the word in the dictionary their class- known in the vernacular as "highbrow little else, and the public ought to be mates would accuse them of being stuff"--that is, the fare served by educated up to his plays. There seemed hypselometopic. Or altifrontal. (If the Little Theaters all over the country, not to be little room for discussion after the superciliousness of the Roman high- for human nature's daily food, but for talk; but the chairman tried to provoke brows has ruined a word, we must make the pampered appetites of the hypselo- some (as chairmen will), and called on

And we have observed that metopics; but this time the club chose various members of the small group most men receive a polysyllabic adjec- something different. Not a farce ex. which made up the audience to "say a tive of unknown meaning as a compli- actly, but a good, broad comedy, healthy few words." Among them, he summent. A philosopher could prove that and laughter-bringing; it had

moned the late Professor Wendell, who, this shows an innate kindliness-op- clever lines, too, some of which passed obviously, had nothing to say and did timism-or conceit in man; but most

our heads, but we came away not want to speak; but, being called philosophers are inclined to hypselomet- pleased on the whole, and the applause upon, he rose, and after a word or two opy themselves.)

left no doubt of our enjoyment. (Al- (during which we felt an Idea being There is, I am sorry to say, a good ready there have been two requests born) he burst out: "Some people spell deal of alticiliousness in the college for other performances elsewhere.) It Drama with a big D, and pronounce it town which I inhabit, but it is chiefly was none of your exotic, bizarre, alti- God." Could there be a better exposition confined to the townsfolk. "Tis comfort- frontal plays, and the audience of of the hypselometopic attitude? ing to imagine that the students are, in friends and neighbors was pleasantly I don't know why it is that hypselogeneral, too busy with their work (and surprised.

metopy fastens chiefly on the drama. play) to think of hypselometopy, which, But not all. A small group in the Perhaps that is the form which the like sentimentality, exists in and for club, suffering from the peculiar form present attack takes, because just now itself. "The real motive of the senti- of hypselometopy sometimes found in the theater is strongly intrenched in the mental giving of alms," writes President small cities, lamented aloud, scorning public esteem. I suppose other forms Neilson in "The Essentials of Poetry," the rest of us, who had (for once) found of art are subject to attack-music, for “is not the good of the beggar but the enjoyment at one of the amateurs' pro- instance, and painting; and I know giver's flush of satisfaction from the ductions; they said that that kind of there are altifrontals glibly repeating picture of himself as Benevolence re- thing was all very well once in a while, that Archibald Marshall is a modern lieving Misery.” Akin to the “emotional but now that the groundlings had been Trollope, knowing nothing of Barchester

a new one.

some

over

or Allingford, and perchance not even Societies, with presidents and honorable Watermeads.

secretaries, meeting in Wordsworth's Hypselometopy is really dangerous, cottage, or in Burns's? In every age however, only when it is organized. précieuses have been ridiculessave to Sometimes one feels as if there were a themselves; and this is one proof that mania for organization in this country; they lack a sense of humor. That they we are inclined to forget that if things can appreciate Shaw may show them are healthy they grow naturally, and if to have a sense of wit, or else a high they are forced they become unhealthy. conceit which makes them (in their own Who can imagine a League for the eyes) superior to their plodding and Preservation of the Drama in the Lon- duller neighbors. don of William Shakespeare? or Poetry The cure for the disease has been

hinted at; but the sad thing is that the patients rarely realize they are ill. When they do, the cure has already begun.

You have, gentle reader, become aware that the affliction derives its name from υψηλός and μέτωπου. It is not a new illness, but it is increasing. Perhaps that is a good sign; for once a hypselometopic patient is cured, he is a snob no longer, and may become actually intelligent.

IMPRESSIONS OF THE

THE JAPANESE PARLIAMENTARY
DELEGATION

BY KIYO SUE INUI

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF FAR EASTERN HISTORY AND POLITICS,

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES

MEMBERS OF THE

JAPANESE PARLIAMENTARY DELEGATION AND JAPANESE GUESTS

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1. Hideo Higuchi, of the Kensei Kai (Progressive party). 2. K. S. Inui, Secretary of the Delegation. 3. Kunimatsu Hamada, of the Kokuminto (Nationalist party), ViceChairman. 4. Juichi Nozoye, of the Seiyu Kai (Liberal party). 5. Rokusaburo Nakanishi, of the Seiyu Kai (Liberal party), Chairman. 6. Takeo Tanaka, of the Kensel Kai (Progressive party), Director.

7. Naota Kumagai, of the Seiyu Kai (Liberal party). & Tobei Nakamura, Secretary of the House or Representatives. 9. Yelkichi Hikita, of the Seiyu Kai (Liberal party).

10. Nozubo Kawai, Assistant Secretary of the House of Representatives. Senpei Yajima, of the Koshin Club (Independent Club). 12. Tarao Kawasaki, Secretary of the Delegation.

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N this land of many metropolises and visited Japan last year and to witness instance, the hosts and guests stood

varied activities, few can follow the deliberations of Congress. In addi. with arms around each other's shoul

with any degree of intelligence and tion, they naturally expected to see as ders. “This, by the way, in a dry councontinuity many of the important events much of the United States as possible try,” as one guest observed. that are taking place in this country. within the brief period of forty-five days. The mark of respect and distinction The visit of the Japanese Parliamentary They were eager to ascertain the trend was as omnipresent as that of cordiality. delegation is surely one of them. Yet of public opinion in this country on Many cities extended to the party the if one could see a motion-picture record questions of the day, particularly the privileges of the municipality, and in of its tour he would witness a veritable limitation of armaments. They had no Washington a rare courtesy was paid cyclone of American hospitality and other object, political or diplomatic. them when, on the motion of Mr. Mann, friendship.

The party came as the direct repre- former majority leader, the House deThe Japanese party which landed at sentatives of the Japanese people to call clared a recess in order to meet the San Francisco on May 25 was composed on the direct representatives of the members of the Japanese Parliament. of eight members of the Japanese Diet, American people. Therefore their recep- Congressmen whom the visitors had enrepresenting four different political par- tion everywhere was quite different tertained in Japan last year escorted the ties. They were accompanied by two from the ordinary exchanges of courtesy. Japanese delegation from the diplomatic secretaries of the House of Representa: They were welcomed with simple cor- gallery to the floor of the House, where tives and two secretaries of the delega diality and open-hearted friendship they were received most cordially. This tion who joined the party in this coun- wherever they went, including Califor- ceremony was repeated in the Senate. try.

nia, where their receptions were all The party visited the four principal The object of the mission was pri- happy disappointments. In return this cities of the Pacific coast and four more marily to pay a return compliment to spirit was splendidly entered into by the on the Atlantic coast, and on the way leven American Congressmen who Japanese members. At Pittsburgh, for they stopped also at Denver, Chicago,

and Pittsburgh. They were entertained 3. In the Middle West and the East Japanese Alliance must not provoke by Americans some twenty times at many questions were asked regarding American misunderstanding. luncheons and dinners and an equal business conditions in Japan.

4. The presence of anti-Japanese sentinumber of times by Japanese. The fare. 4. A remarkable number of persons in- ment in parts of America is due to well banquet in San Francisco was given quired as to the extent of Japan's prohi. misunderstanding. by the City Church Federation, while bition movement.

5. Japan should seek a thorough unthe final banquet in New York, the night 5. A few sought information on the derstanding with the United States. before they sailed, was given by the status of the Yap controversy.

6. They were convinced that the Federated Churches of America. These 6. Others asked what progress, if any, American public is intensely interested naturally had their distinctive features had been made by Bolshevism in Japan. in securing international agreements on of farewell and God-speed.

7. There were many questions concern- the limitation of armaments. It will surprise no one to learn that ing suffrage, especially of women.

7. American initiative looking toward American reporters were most frank in 8. The "Open Door" question in China disarmament will undoubtedly meet a putting their questions. But it may was touched upon.

popular welcome in Japan. surprise many to learn that the Japa- 9. The Shantung question, however, 8. The visiting Diet members, irre. nese members were equally frank at all and the Siberian situation seemed to spective of their political ties, said they times and never did they evade a single have been forgotten.

would exert their influence in promoting query. Perhaps the following questions, The party sailed from New York for right relations with the United States. arranged according to the number of Europe on July 9. This is written after But the march of events moves faster times they were asked by reporters, their departure, but I think I am not than modern transportation. While the are indicative of public interest in mistaken in making the following gen- party is still en route to Europe the socertain phases of Japanese-American eral observations:

called disarmament conference has berelations:

1. The Japanese visitors agreed that come a certainty. America and Japan 1. "What is Japan's attitude toward friendship with the United States is ab- will both profit from the fact that these disarmament?" This question was never solutely essential.

eight members of the House of Repreomitted anywhere.

2. Discontinuance of the Anglo-Japa- sentatives, duly selected for the mission 2. In California the questions of Japa- nese Alliance would be seriously miscon. by.Japan's four political parties, are renese immigration and assimilation were strued in Japan.

turning to their home land as firm frequently put.

3. The continuance of the Anglo- friends of America and peace.

COAL AND THE CONSUMER
A LETTER FROM SENATOR CALDER, OF NEW YORK

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OU ask me the following question:

anxiety to other industries not

charged with public interest. Assuming that the coal interests ought to so

Last spring, when it was reported manage the production, transportation, and distri

that there was a shortage of coal stocks bution of anthracite that there should

on hand, disquieting statements were isbe neither extortionate prices for coal

sued by the Railroad Administration, nor danger of shortage that would

the Inter-State Commerce Commission, produce serious general discomfort

the United States Geological Survey, and suffering, and assuming also that

and by other Governmental agencies. this year, at least, the conditions are

The Federal restrictions on the export of not such that it has been impossible

coal and on the price of coal were lifted. to mine a sufficient quantity of anthracite and to find railway facilities

The outlaw strike of the switchmen for transporting it, then is there ex

occurred simultaneously with an isting any legal way of bringing this

traordinary export demand which preabout by the National Government?

empted the use of dockage facilities at If there is no such existing way, then

Hampton Roads; the New England dewhat would be the proper line of

mand for soft coal was thrown into the legislation or public agitation or Na

field from which New York gets its coal, tional action to provide such means?

and this congested the railways to New In reply I would say that operators

York and New England. The Northwest should forward anthracite coal while

had to make its coal shipments before the conditions are favorable unless they (C) Harris & Ewing

the lakes had frozen and the high prices

WILLIAM M. CALDER are prepared to be condemned by the

were drawing the coal in other direc

United States Senator from New York public because of failure, as business

tions. The public was deluged with the men, to anticipate the needs of their in consuming districts, and prices at babel of conflicting reports, largely customers. They know to a nicety the mine, at wholesale, and at retail. If propaganda in its character, from soft amount of coal which must be bought these facts were issued by an agency in and anthracite coal operators and from in each community, and they have cars which the public had confidence, compe- the wholesalers and retailers. and labor to deliver this coal, which can tition might regulate the matter and Orders by the Inter-State Commerce be stored with no physical difficulty. It bring about a condition more satisfac- Commission giving priority in transporis hardly possible that the want of capi. tory than that from Government control. tation of coal were issued without notice tal can be an element in this matter, for If competition and public opinion or hearing. Railway facilities were conthe sale of anthracite coal in each com- based on facts do not so regulate the gested and coastwise shipping left idle. munity is a definite and certain matter matter, the publicly known facts would The public was thrown into a panic, and extends over a short period of certainly form a necessary and an intel so that anthracite coal sold as high as months.

ligent basis for further legislation. $27 a ton in Massachusetts and soft The first step in this matter is legisla- At the outset the public must deter- coal as high as $20 a ton at Hamption requiring full knowledge by the mine whether or not coal is charged ton Roads. The Government itself paid public from week to week of the facts with public interest and use. It is my $18 a ton for soft coal for the Shipping regarding coal-plant capacity, produc- own belief that it is, and that the recog- Board at New York, and through the tion, shipments, and storage at mine and nition of this fact need be no cause of War Department was obliged to pay $11

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a ton for soft coal at the mines, some. were monopolized by coal speculators, The soft-coal panic was followed by a times dealing through four and five seriously interfering with general busi- hard-coal panic—for similar reasons and brokers, which coal was originally sold ness and industry.

with unknown losses. by the mine operators, including a profit, This panic occurred during a most In view of these and other facts, I at from $3 to $3.50.

active coal propaganda, yet during a introduced a bill in Congress predicated At the end of the panic it was found period in which the Federal Government upon the recognition that coal was that there had been no shortage of soft itself was enjoined by the coal opera- charged with a public necessity and use. coal--in fact, that the production had tors, in the Maynard case, from securing

This legislation might have controlled been five hundred and fifty-seven mill. information, on the ground that coal

the matter through the system of ion tons for the year, against approxi- was not a Federal matter, and while one licenses. This bill was reported in the mately four hundred and fifty-eight of the States (Indiana) was restrained closing hours of the last session and million tons for the previous year. It by the coal operators in the Vandalia amended to require the reporting of was also found that the railways had case, on the ground that coal was not a full information as a first step. moved, on the average, one hundred and State matter.

There is now before Congress a bill ninety-one thousand coal cars weekly, The panic probably cost the public a which if simplified by amendment may compared with one hundred and fifty. billion and a half dollars. A large coal

enable the Government to take this first four thousand weekly during the pre- operator appearing before the Senate constructive step. Further Governvious year, and that rạilway priority Committee contradicted this statement,

mental action may then be unnecessary orders and special privileges had been and said that the cost was not over six except in so far as facts develop which made subject to sale by those to whom hundred million dollars and might not equire action by the Department of Justhey had been freely granted. The have been over two hundred million. tice. location of coal was sold rather than The Inter-State Commerce Commission the coal itself. Railway facilities, dock reported that the extra cost to the railfacilities, and even harbor facilities, ways alone was over $100,000,000.

Washington, D. C.

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ADVENTURERS IN MARRIAGE

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BY NATALIE DE BOGORY

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ERE is a story, a typical story, even that. When fighting was the most by the American immigration laws, send

one of hundreds of stories that important male occupation, men fought a substitute whose rosy cheeks and

are known and of thousands that for their women; when strumming a robust physique are quite apparent. It can only be guessed.

guitar became a recognized accomplish- never dawns on the original applicant Tagavna, an Armenian girl, arrived ment, sighing lovers regaled their lady that the test would have to be faced not long ago at Ellis Island on her way loves with serenades. With the indus- again at Ellis Island. There is room to join a fiancé in New York City. The trial age, men changed their tactics. for just one thought-to get the muchlaw made it necessary for her to be mar- Money came to the top as an argument coveted ticket and to reach America. ried in the presence of an agent from and men made fortunes to win their Beyond that lies the unknown, and, Ellis Island brides.

being unknown, it rouses no doubts and Tagavna, black-eyed and with blue- But it took the World War to bring no fears. black hair, interested the agent, who out a widespread utilization of two ultra- Playing Cupid was not a frequent ocfound her intelligent and understanding. modern improvements: photography and cupation in pre-war days for the workers He found also that she was to marry a the mails.

at Ellis Island. Now one philanthropic man whom she did not know. He had Post-war Europe is not a happy place organization alone there handles from been selected by her uncle, the marriage in which to live. There is little work fifty to one hundred marriage certifihad been arranged by mail, and the pro- and a great discrepancy between wages cates during the week given out in New spective bridegroom had paid Tagavna's and the cost of living. So all those who York City. There are approximately as passage.

can are fleeing to America as a refuge many that come in from other sections "Aren't you afraid to marry a man from every trouble. Women have always of the country.

Several of the other you have never even seen before?" asked found in marriage protection against organizations which handle the marthe American worker, as they went many ills, and the suffering women in riageable cases at Ellis Island report toward the Municipal Building and mar- far lands now seek that protection with about the same number every week. riage. strange men in America.

Each certificate means that some woman "It is better to marry a stranger than The unknown does not seem to frighten came here and married, often an utter to be massacred," was Tagavna's simple these women who know so much misery. stranger, but a resident of the United reply.

Marionettes in the hands of life, unable States. Were Tagavna's matrimonial venture to fashion their lives as they would "Do most of them know their future an isolated one, the whole question of wish them, even if they were at the husbands?" I asked one of the busiest these blind marriages would pass as an stage of development permitting them representatives--a veritable Cupid in a incident in the routine of immigrant to build castles in the air, these women shirt-waist and skirt. life. But the workers at Ellis Island of disorganized Europe try any avenue “Know them?" she queried with a have come to regard this ever-increasing of escape from that which they know. sidelong glance. "Well, some of them influx of affianced brides with something The philosophy of the simple-minded. knew each other in childhood—I sup like disgust. And it is quite obvious Their imaginations do not carry them pose that is knowing each other." that the numbers are already consider- far enough ahead to show the possibility For centuries, in many of the peasant able from the most casual visit to the of an even worse fate in the future to communities of Europe, girls have mar corner room, in which agents of dif- which they are striving. It is all God's ried — they still marry - strangers! ferent philanthropic organizations sit in will; fate has the future settled, and remember my landlady's daughter in the midst of pretty green ferns and there is no dodging the inevitable. What Bulgaria. Her mother never permitted streams of gesticulating and excited need of thought for the future? It is

her to remain alone with her fiancé in groups, all talking in broken English or provided for.

the same room, nor were they allowed simply with their hands.

Often immigrants applying for steam- to walk in the public park without Though marriage is as old as the ship tickets in Europe, fearing that they

proper chaperons. The wedding night Id, still styles change in achieving may not pass the physical test required was their first tête-à-tête, and even then

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