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The Pratt Teachers Agency

70 Fifth Avenue, New York Recommends

teachers to colleges, public and private schools. Advises parents

abont schools. Wm. 0. Pratt, Mgr. SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES

The Curtis School for Young Boys

Has grown forty-six years and is still under the active direction of its founder. Entering age nine to thirteen. $1,000.

GERALD B. CURTIS, Assistant Principal


A school for boys under 15

Yearly rate $1200 L. R. SANFORD, Principal

LOUIS H. SCHUTTE, M.A., Headmaster


Powder Point School


A Country School for Girls

Alumni all over the world. Strictly preparatory for college or technical school. JUNIOR

SCHOOL for young boys. For catalog address the Registrar, G. D. Church, M.A. THE ELY SCHOOL

SAMUEL F. HOLMES, M.A., Principal
Ely Court, Greenwich, Connecticut

In the country, one hour from
Will Understand Your Boy

FOR BOYS New York City. Twenty-five

18 Miles from Springfield

117th Yes --and help him to understand himself. Thorough inacres, modern equipment. College

struction. Cleani, snappy athletics for

A thorough up-to-date college preparatory school. Be

traditions. every boy. rest unde

Excellent equipment. Preparatory, General Secreta


Modern gymuasinu

Our aim: to develop aanly boys by the practical person between boys and masters. Pre

touch. Athletics carefully supervised. Fund for boys! rial and Post Graduate Courses.

pares for coilege and gives

proveu worth. $.500. Booklet. JOSEPH M. SANDERSON strong general course. Ages

A.B. (Harvard), Principal. 20 Main Street, Monson, Mass. Music, Household Arts. Daily

10 to 19. Nurnber limited to

Boys must furnish work in the studio. Horseback

evidence of good character.


Uuique location riding and all summer and shore Convenient to Bos

SCHOOL ton. Address winter sports. Sleeping Porch.


A School in the Country for Boys Headmaster

Tutoring for leading secondary schools, college and scier

tific schools. Stimulating air, outdoor sports, modern home 29 King Caesar Road

like buildings. ARTHUR F. STEARNS, Mt. Vernon. N. H Duxbury, Mass,

An endowed school for boys and girls. In the New Hami

shire hills. 99% of graduates succeed in college. Self-reliane WALNUT HILL SCHOOL taught through student governinent and athletics. Bosto 23 Highland St., Natick, Mass. A College Prepara

oftice, Tremont Temple. Booklets.

G. H. BARRETT, Headmaster, New London, New Hampshire
FANNY E. DAVIES, LL.A., Principal tory School for Girls. 17 miles from Boston.
Washington, Conn.
Miss Conant, Miss Bigelow, Principals.

Boston representative,


A course of forty lessons in the history, form, KENT PLACE Smiles from MABEL E. BOWMAN, A.B., Vice-Principal, Cohanset, Mang.

Summit, N.

20 X. structure, and writing of the short-Story taught by FLORIDA Dr.J. Berg Esenwein, for years Editor of Lippincott's

A Country School for Girls. College Preparatory and Aca 150-page catalogue free. Please address

demic Courses.

Miss ANNA S. WOODNA KAUL. Principals of ,

D's. Leen wel Dept. 58
Springfield, Mass.

Episcopal. A homelike school for girls.

College preparatory and general course.
Delightful winter climate.

Life in the open. Athletics. Household Arts. College
LILIAS S. BILL, Principal.

and general courses.

Each girl's personality, observed and developed. Write

for booklet. Telephone W. N. 131.


25 miles froin N. Y., in the beautiful, bistoric "Irving 91 st year. Coeducational. Prepares for college. WALTHAM SCHOOL for GIRLS

country. 85th year. 30 years under present Headmaster Courses in music, art, elocution, domestic science, business.

Boarding and Day School

Extensive grounds. Modern and complete equipment Experienced teachers. Separate dormitories. Gymnasium. From primary grades through college preparatory School Prepares for all colleges and technical schools. Athleti Athletic field. Terms $400 per year. Send for catalogue. building. Gymnasium. Three residences. Ample oppor

field. Swimining pool. New gymnasium. ORLANDO K. HOLLISTER, Litt.D., Pres.. Portland, Me. tunity for ontdoor life. 62d year. Address

Miss MARTHA MASON, Principal, Waltham, Mass. Address J. M. FURMAN, L.H.D., Headmaster, Box 935. MASSACHUSETTS







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A School for Girls. ANDOVER, MASS. Founded 1828 23 miles from Boston. College Preparation. Strong course for High School graduates. Outdoor sports.

Address MISS BERTHA BAILEY, Principal. Sea Pines School of Personality for Girls REV. THOMAS BICKFORD, A.M., Founder. For grainmar and high school students. Three terins: fall, spring and summer. Mid-winter vacation. Pine grores. Seashore. Happy outdoor life for training in self-discovery and self-development. Miss Faith Bickford, Miss Addie Bickford, Directors, Box D, Brewster, Mass. New-Church Theological School 13 Quincy Street,

Cambridge, Mass. Est. 1866. Three years course. College preparation desired. The curriculum includes systematic study of the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg and spiritual interpretation of the Scriptures. Correspondence courses. Catalog.



DEAN ACADEMY, Franklin, Mass.

For sixty years the leading American Business College. Trains thoroly for Office
Work and obtains employment for students who can be recommended for efficiency and good

character. Intensive vocational courses in Accounting, Business, Civil Service,
Secretarial and other studies leading to dignified positions, good salaries,
rapid promotion, and the best chance to use to advantage a high school or
college e incation.

55th Year. Young men and young women find here a
homelike atınosphere, thorough and efficient training in
every department of a broad culture, a loyal and helpful
school spirit. Liberal endowment permits liberal terms, $400
to $w0 per year. Special course in domestic science. For
catalogue and inforination address,
ARTHUR W. PEIRCE, Litt.D., Principal,

Experienced, efficient, faithful teachers. Strong lecture courses. Ideal location. Moderate expenses. $185 pays total cost of tuition, books and board for 13

weeks. Exceptional opportunities for self-help to young men and women of the right surt. Write for illustrated prospectus. Address

CLEMENT C. GAINES, M.A., LL.D., Box 673, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

for other school addrertisements ope maar 660)

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Ivory Soap is — Ivory Soap. People think of it as Ivory Soap and use it because it is Ivory Soap. No term that puts it in the same group as any other soap does it justice because it includes—not four or five — but every one of the seven essentials that soap can have. Whiteness, fragrance, mildness, purity, abundant lather, easy rinsing,"it Aoats”;without all these qualities no soap can give the same satisfaction for any use as Ivory, —and what soap but Ivory combines all seven?





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AUGUST 24, 1921



second in command of the Italian

army during the World War and now Chief of Staff, is visiting America. Everywhere he has received notable attention from the American Army. Many Italians who have served in the war put on their Alpini, Arditi, or Bersaglieri uniforms that they might the better greet the Commander. The high esteem in which General Badoglio is held in Italy lends interest to any comment he may make concerning America.

On August 10, journeying across the continent, he made this reported statement: "American cities are growing at an amazing rate, but the growth must be checked. I have seen great stretches of farm land devoid of habitation. This land must be cultivated to keep up the balance between industry and agricul. ture. If this principle be ignored, the United States will become more dependent upon imports than England herself."

Some days previous, Dr. John J. Tigert, United States Commissioner of Education, in an address at Rutgers College declared: “The rapid urbanization of the country population is a serious matter. It was the chief cause of the fall of Rome." Writing to The Outlook with regard to this, Dr. Tigert admits that opinions differ as to the cause of the fall of Rome and that other factors have been mentioned as contributory—the unequal distribution of wealth, failure to work out a representative form of government, internal dissensions, immorality, etc.—but that among students of the problem a too greatly urbanized population is construed to be one of the fundamental causes. The urbanization tendency is pronounced here. Dr. Tigert adds:

"In all the States in which I have studied the returns, notwithstanding the increase in the population in the entire State, there has been a decrease in population in a very large number of counties."

described by Dr. Buttrick, President of the General Education Board, in an article elsewhere in this issue. The example set by Pearl River County is one which many other sections of the United States will do well to heed.

Of course it may be said that the United States is spending more than any other nation on its schools, and, moreover, that in every State laws compel school attendance. But we do not spend enough and our laws are not enforced, declares Mr. Tigert. Only about half of the 27,000,000 children of school age in the United States, he affirms, required to be in the schools, have been actually in attendance. Only about 20,000,000, he declares, were enrolled in the schools, and of these some 5,000,000 were habitually absent. However, school attendance has lately been gratifyingly increased.

The result of our system of education, rural especially, was indicated in the late war. One out of five thousand German soldiers was illiterate. But when our American recruits were put to the test of writing a few sentences nearly one-third, approximately four hundred thousand out of a million and a half, were unable to meet even this low standard of literacy.

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HE farmer has been hard hit. In.

deed, the recent necessary restriction of credit has hit him harder than it has the manufacturer. The foreigner is not buying farm products as he once did. The consequent lower export prices for our products have been of course reflected in lower domestic prices. The farmer cannot sell the surplus, though he expects to do so later. Meanwhile his living expenses go on just the same. He has borrowed all he can from the banks and the banks have lent all they can. The farmer is practically penniless.

Agricultural products are rotting and spoiling, not only because of low prices, but also because the cost of transportation from the place of production to the market is so great that to send the product away would mean an actual loss of money. The result is that many empty freight cars stand idle on the sidetracks.

As the farmer's is the primary industry, he should have aid first; this aid will indirectly help the transporter and the manufacturer.

With regard to plans for aid, the Nor

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ris Bill, creating a Federal Farmers' tional cases," none of the proposed loans Export Corporation, to be owned by the of the War Finance Corporation, we Government for the purpose of buying think, should go beyond the realm of farm products in the United States and assistance in orderly marketing of selling them abroad, was finally disap- crops. Certainly, adequate financing proved in the United States Senate. The will enable growers to market more first objection to it was that it created promptly because buyers must have conanother Government commission in ad- fidence in the general level of prices or dition to the many now existing. The they will not buy to supply their normal second objection was that the bill would needs. The War Finance Corporation put the Government into the business of can and, we believe, will accelerate this buying and selling. The Government movement materially. The original might buy easily enough. It is quite functions of the Corporation, being reanother thing to sell.

Despite these objections, the Norris Bill would probably have passed had not FOR THE STUDY OF sounder substitute been proposed.

CURRENT HISTORY The substitute directs the War Finance

An Outline Study of Current HisCorporation whenever, in its opinion, tory, prepared by J. Madison conditions arising from the war have Gathany, A.M., and consisting of brought about an abnormal surplus ac

questions based upon the subjects

discussed each week in The Outlook, cumulation of our staple agricultural

will be printed weekly on a separate products and when ordinary banking sheet and will, on request, be mailed facilities have proved inadequate, to to subscribers who are teachers make advances to farmers' associations

in charge of study groups. or to agricultural dealers or to foreign

THE OUTLOOK COMPANY corporations on

condition that the money be spent in the United States, stricted to financing export trade, are and may also make advances to any enlarged to aid agricultural interests in bank which has been doing business general as prefatory to such trade. with those engaged in marketing Ameri. In its operations the Corporation has can agricultural products.

not lost a dollar. It exercises a gener

ally fortifying influence, helpful from THE FARMER NOW

the psychological point of view, for it BUYS GRADUALLY

encourages bankers and exporters to act HERE was some questioning as to

more energetically in meeting disturbed whether the Norris Bill would not

conditions. Indeed, the Corporation has afford standing ground for some specula

made agreements for loans which have tors who wanted to hold stocks of crops

not been followed by the actual advance solely in order to stiffen prices. Surely, · of funds, because the prospective borrow. if prices of our products are artificially

ers, strengthened by the assurance of aid raised beyond world prices our foreign through the Corporation, were then able customers will not buy of us. The sub

after all to obtain the necessary funds stitute which has just passed the Sen

through ordinary banking channels. ate, however, instead of instigating

A new condition has arisen in foreign speculation, merely recognizes the fact

trade. It has really less to do with that Europe now prefers to take our

credits to foreigners, we believe, and commodities gradually instead of as

more with credits to Americans. In any formerly, when it bought nearly a whole

case, we are sure, the question to-day is year's supply in the six months follow.

one of markets rather than of credits. ing the maturity of our crops. Not recognizing this situation last autumn,

AT LAST THE DISABLED MEN we undertook to force upon our Euro

HAVE A CHANCE pean customers a year's supply in a few RESIDENT HARDING has signed the Sol. months. This not only broke down the dier Relief Bill. Its enactment into price of our own commodities, it also law forms one of the most creditable broke down the foreign exchanges. The accomplishments of the present Adminisresult was interference not only with tration. agricultural exports, but with all our Hitherto the ex-service man has been other business. We were specially having a hard time, not because the moved to this attempt because over two country did not want to do the right years ago we went through a situation thing by him, but because it did not of dangerous inflation and overproduc- know how. For his benefit there existed tion. Prices were rising and producers certain overlapping bureaus whose ca. overstocked themselves. We have since pacity for successful achievement was been digesting these overstocks on a de- not as great as it should have been. clining market and have suffered fear- The Sweet Bill consolidates and cofully in consequence.

ordinates three of these agencies—the l'nless mistakes be made in "excep- •Bureau of War Risk Insurance, the Re.

habilitation Division of the Vocational Education Board, and so much of the Public Health Service as has to do with disabled ex-service men.

The size of the undertaking will be appreciated when it is realized that the Director of the newly created Veterans' Bureau will be the head of an insurance business handling hundreds of thousands of policies. In addition, he will have under his supervision the vocational rehabilitation work-the work which seeks to restore disabled veterans to their former earning capacity, and even to create in them a new earning capacity. The Director will also be responsible for the care of the many thousand veterans scattered through private and Governmental hospitals throughout the country. It will be the task of the Director to secure accommodation for all ex-soldiers and sailors and marines in State, municipal, or private hospitals and to supervise the appropriations for the construction of hospitals by the Federal Government.

But the most striking and talked-of feature of the new act is its institution of regional administration. Hitherto the disabled soldier who wanted to apply for medical treatment was often at arm's length from any Government resource. But now that 140 regional sub offices are being erected throughout the country he may go to the nearest one, be examined by the medical authority there, and, if found a ft subject for hospital treatment, will obtain it at once. Should he need compensation or vocational treatment, he may put in his claim at the same sub-office.

After signing the bill, President Har. ding appointed Colonel Charles R. Forbes, who has been chief of the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, head of the new Veterans' Bureau. As a youth Colonel Forbes shipped before the mast and went to Australia on squarerigger. During the war he saw active service overseas and was commanding officer of a regiment of infantry. He has lived for many years on the Pacific coast.




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