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MILITARY TRAINING AT PLATTSBURG AGAIN
Plattsburg is once more the scene of military training, and pre-war days are brought back to us
with the sight of the young men in the uniform of the United States Army-men who form the
Provisional Regiment of the Citizens' Army Training Corps. The photograph shows the First

Battalion being instructed in close-order drill, "right dress," etc. ever expended by a corporation in a vessels would probably have been turned and began a month's work in the Citisimilar period of time. Nor is this the back to the Shipping Board.

zens' Military Training Camp on the worst. Much of the money has been Congress has been lax and deserves to site of the war-time Plattsburg Camp. wastefully spent. There is no evidence, bear some of the responsibility. Not Some seventy-five instructors-regular however, to prove that dishonest or only did it not heed the President's re. army officers, reserve corps officers, and fraudulent motives have actuated any quest to define the policy it desired the "non-coms"—are teaching the students members of the Shipping Board.

Shipping Board pursue, not only did the duties of the private in the Regular A particularly distressing fact about decline to direct an immediate sale Army. the Board's losses is that a very great of the extra ships, but even as late as We have nine Corps Areas in the amount occurred during the fiscal year a year ago last June it authorized the United States. The headquarters for which ended with June 30 last. This is Board to sell ships “as soon as practica- the first is at Boston; for the second, the more distressing when we reflect ble," and, instead of directing the Board Governor's Island, New York; for the that this largest business in the world's to stop building ships, it declared that third, Fort Howard, Maryland; for the history was permitted to drift from the Board should have authority to com- fourth, Fort McPherson, Georgia; for June, 1920, to June, 1921.

plete any construction work. Even a the fifth, Fort Benjamin Harrison, InThe Merchant Marine Act of 1920 in- provision for entirely new construction diana; for the sixth, Fort Sheridan, creased the Shipping Board to seven was inserted.

Illinois; for the seventh, Fort Crook, members. President Wilson made re- On August 22 it was announced that Nebraska; for the eighth, Fort Sam cess appointments. When Congress re- 205 of the wooden ships constructed dur. Houston, Texas; and for the ninth, San convened, the Senate refused to confirm ing the war had been sold for $2,100 Francisco, California. his appointments. President Harding apiece. This sale graphically illustrates In all the nine areas camps are to be was prevented from appointing a Chair- our present condition. The Government held this summer, each being under the man, and so did not appoint members may be congratulated on getting any direct supervision of the Corps Area or of the Board until June, 1921.

thing for these boats; it was costing Department Commander.

nearly $50,000 a month to care for them There are three courses of instruction. SHALL WE HAVE A

in the James River, where they are at The red course provides basic training. MERCHANT MARINE

anchor. They have been sold to the The white course provides training for He new Chairman of the Shipping Ship Construction and Trading Com- those who want to become non-commis

Board has made one pertinent re- pany, the only organization that would sioned officers in the Reserve. The blue joinder to the oft-repeated criticism that put in a bid for them, when, for the course provides training for men who our useless ships should have been sold third time, they were offered for sale. want to become Reserve officers. during 1919 and the early part of 1920, Each of the ships cost the Government The red course camps comprise ele prior to the slump in prices. So they several hundred thousand dollars apiece. mentary training and instruction for all should have been. But, Mr. Lasker

candidates. This includes the duties of says, if we had sold them we might have PLATTSBURG AGAIN

the private, small-arms firing practice, had most of them back now-in other The month of August, 1921, sees a guard duties, camping and marching, words, the ships sold would necessarily return to the original "Plattsburg hikes, care of equipment, individual have been sold on time, and when the idea." Beginning August 7, eight hun- cooking, personal hygiene and physical slump came and the companies were un- dred young men without previous mili- development, discipline and morale. able to meet their payments most of the tary training detrained at Plattsburg Normally, five hours a day are devoted

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to practical military instruction. This tation of the news on the editorial page. medical necessity, shall be put to the is exclusive of the time given to physical The New York "Times" fills this func- test of honest trial. training and the usual military cere- tion of a newspaper admirably.

We are not going to fall into the orror monies and an hour every day for gal- Moreover, it has proved that a re- of Hudson Maxim and make a sweeping lery and range small-arms practice. spectable and self-respecting newspaper statement as to what the result of such There are no drills or instruction on can be made a success as a piece of a trial will be. But we are inclined to Saturday afternoons or Sundays.

property. What it has achieved in believe that if a whiskyless and saloonThe chance for a life of upstand twenty-five years managed on these ad- less régime is honestly maintained for ing American manhood, on a basis of mirable lines is indicated by the fact twenty-five years, the American babies equality, with transportation, uniforms, that it now has on its staff 1,885 per- now being born will when they reach subsistence, and even laundry service sons and does a gross business of $15,- their majority no more think of taking furnished at the expense of the United 000,000 a year, and not only manufac- alcohol for pleasure than any normal States, has appealed to a very large tures itself typographically but even citizen now thinks of taking cocaine or number of young men.

Five times as

manufactures some of the paper on heroin. There are drug addicts to-day many applied in the Second Corps Area which its utterances are printed.

and there probably always will be drug (comprising New York, New Jersey, and We extend our hearty congratulations addicts, but nine men and women out Delaware) as could be accommodated. to Mr. Ochs and his associates.

of ten go through life in this country Those who failed of admittance are

not only without using narcotic drugs I envying their successful competitors,

for pleasure, but without even knowing

HOME BREW despite any present hardships in the

anything about the illicit sale or use of intricacies of squad movement or the "T all depends upon the point of view such drugs. It is conceivable that we discomforts of the army pack. The un- whether the observer thinks that may reach a stage of civilization in successful applicants have been put on prohibition in the United States is which alcohol will take its place in this a preference list for the camps of 1922. a failure. Some ordinarily intelligent respect with pernicious drugs.

critics seem to believe that it was "put The way to accomplish this result, A GREAT NEWSPAPER

over" upon an unwilling people by a however-a result which we believe deN August 18 the New York "Times" small group of fanatics. Hudson Maxim, sirable and worth working for-is to

celebrated the twenty-fifth anniver. the inventor, is one of these critics. He devote the energies of the law and its sary of its career under the management says: “It has been amply proved over

officers to the enforcement of the Prohiof its present owner, Mr. Adolf Ochs--a and over again by undeniable and un- bition Amendment without frittering career which reflects credit upon the impeachable evidence upon the subject away effort in theatrical and futile at"Times," upon Mr. Ochs,

and upon

that the great mass of the American tempts to interfere with private vice if American journalism at large.

people throughout the country are over- there are people who wish to indulge in When Mr. Ochs took charge of the whelmingly opposed to the present type private vice. If there are people who paper on August 18, 1896, he was a of drastic prohibition.”

think it is either fun or smart or proyoung man of thirty-eight whose journa- It seems to us absurd for a man ac- ductive of happiness to make home brew listic experience was that of publisher customed to statistics and scientific in a saucepan over the kitchen stove, we and proprietor of a daily newspaper in formulæ to make a sweeping statement should let them go on doing it. Most of Chattanooga, Tennessee. The New York of this kind. The fact is that the coun- them will get tired before long and stop "Times" had enjoyed an honorable rec- try has had no opportunity since the of their own accord. It is an estabord under the management of its foun- Prohibition Amendment was enacted to lished right in English: history that a der, Mr. George 0. Jones. It had been vote in a great and solemn referendum man's house shall not be entered withsuccessful both as a property and as a upon the question whether the importa- out a warrant and that a warrant for newspaper. One of its great achieve- tion, manufacture, and sale of alcoholic entering cannot be obtained without prements had been the exposure of the beverages shall be prohibited. Such sumptive indication that crime is being Tweed Ring. But its circulation had statistics as we can gather, such reports committed in the house. fallen to 9,000 copies and it was in finan- as we hear, and such history as we read The Prohibition Amendment forbids cial difficulties. It was under these con- indicate that at least a majority of the the manufacture, importation, or sale of ditions that Mr. Ochs took hold of the people of the United States are in favor intoxicating alcoholic beverages, and the property. In twenty-five years he has of prohibiting the use of alcohol as a Volstead Act, which has been declared made it, we think it is wholly within the beverage. The steady growth of local Constitutional, defines an intoxicating truth to say, the greatest newspaper in option and State prohibition during the alcoholic beverage as anything containthe United States and one of the great last twenty-five years at least indicates ing more than half of one per cent of est newspapers in the world. There are this. The growth of medical opinion alcohol. Law enforcement should be other journals that have a larger circu- has been towards the conclusion that directed to seeing that there is no im. lation. There may be other journals alcohol is not a beverage but a drug and portation or manufacture for sale of that make a larger profit on their in- is to be treated both by society and by such beverages. The need for enforcevestment. But there is no daily journal the law as a toxic drug. At all events, ment of this kind is graphically told in in this country that we know of that the Prohibition Amendment has been an article elsewhere in this issue. | makes a more complete or a better ar- embodied in the Constitution with the Some of the believers in prohibition ranged presentation of the news.

approval of most of the State Legisla- of alcoholic drinks are despondent and We do not always agree with the edi- tures and with the apparent approval of some anti-prohibitionists are jubilant betorial position of the "Times." For that a majority of the voters supporting cause there are so many reports of illicit matter, we have learned by a somewhat those Legislatures. It will be a long stills and illicit sale of alcoholic drinks painful experience that nobody always time before it is repealed, if it is ever in various parts of the country. As we agrees with our own editorial position. repealed. The duty of all good citizens said at the beginning of this editorial, But what the really reasonable man is now to see that it is fairly enforced the conclusions of the observer on this wants in a newspaper is an intelligent and that the experiment of classifying subject are determined by the point of and wise selection of the news, and a alcohol as a toxic drug, to be taken only view very largely. Those who frequent well-informed and well-written interpre- with the greatest

and under gatherings of all sorts, fashionable and

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otherwise, doubtless here and there see It appears that when Henry Ford

IRELAND'S FUTURE a good deal of "hootch." Of course the bought the road it had a history libercartoonists seize upon the subject as one ally sprinkled with a succession of re- HE whole Irish situation is full of furnishing a rich vein for their pleasan- ceiverships and reorganizations. The

anomalies. The most striking is tries. We believe, however, that the last reorganization took place in 1914, the dual government in Southern sober facts show a very remarkable in- and at this time the bondholders turned Ireland-one existing by British audication on the part of the people at into the treasury of the company almost thority and with British police and large to respect law and a remarkable as much money as they received from army behind it, the other the secretly improvement in the conditions of crime Mr. Ford. In the year of this reorgani- organized Irish Republic, with a Presi. and disease which, as physicians and zation the road spent for operation and dent, an army that boasts in its favorite scientists have always known, result maintenance more than half as much song that “Active Service Means Being from the indiscriminate use of alcohol. again as it earned. According to Pro- on the Run," and a Parliament, the Dail It is extraordinary how even in the big fessor Hoagland, Mr. Ford has com- Eireann, issuing edicts from furtive cities, which might have been expected pletely reorganized the personnel of his meetings. To-day, however, the Dail to rebel with violence against prohibi- company, has placed the road on an Eireann is in open session in Dublin, its tion, the mass of the population have eight-hour basis, has filed an application main purpose to consider and act upon accepted the new conditions. Open with the Inter-State Commerce Commis- the terms of peace proposed by Lloyd saloons have practically vanished from sion calling for a flat decrease of twenty George for the British Government. cities like New York, Philadelphia, per cent on all rates local to its lines, Whatever results from the negotiations, Chicago, and St. Louis. The alcoholic has put new capital into equipment and it is evident that the Sinn Fein will wards of the city hospitals show a great laid down heavier rails and better bal- claim it has at least been recognized as reduction in both emergency cases and lasted roadbed.

an organized belligerent, while heretochronic patients suffering from alco- Mr. Ford has cut the force of railway fore it has been treated as a band of holism and its attending diseases. In employees from 2,700 to 1,650, in the murderous conspirators. the recent terrific hot spell in New York face of more traffic than the road has On both sides it is constantly said City the heat prostrations were almost ever handled before. He has materially that if negotiations fail the war will be nil, whereas in the days of the corner reduced the number of damage claims, resumed. If what has gone on in Iresaloon the hospitals kept the ice-pack has cut the expenses for clearing wreck- land the past year or two is war, it is going day and night for patients over- age in half, the fuel bills for yard loco- a new kind. The revolutionists have no come by the heat on the street.

motives by ne-third, and has estab- forces in the field. Since the organized A fair-minded man will not say that lished a ratio between the money re- outbreak of April, 1916, in Dublin, the the millennium has come because of the ceived for revenue and the cost of opera- only act which may be regarded as open Eighteenth Amendment. But it provides tion and maintenance of 100 to 53. warfare was the attack on the Dublin an opportunity for an extremely inter- Railway men have not been slow to Custom House last June. Even the esting and probably valuable experiment point out that Henry Ford's experiment phrase guerrilla warfare does not dein the progress of civilization. If the is by no means proof that similar scribe the facts. On the Sinn Fein side experiment is going to be a success, the methods and similar management ap- there have been innumerable assassinahome-brew saucepanites cannot stop it. plied to the great railways of the coun- tions, burning of houses and kidnapIt is the duty of the Government vigor. try would be similarly effective. They pings; on the British side there have ously and rigorously to punish and pre- have pointed out the fact that Henry been thousands of arrests, the killing of vent the manufacture and importation Ford himself is in a position to give his those who resisted arrest, and some unfor sale of alcoholic beverages. This new railway some $2,000,000 freight authorized reprisals by armed constabuwork, it honestly carried on, will give revenue every year, and that his road by lary whose comrades had been shot the Government all it can do, and it can a judicious transfer of this traffic to from ambush. If this is the kind of afford to ignore the saucepanites so long other lines is in a position to invite, if war that is to be resumed, the prospects as they do not commit crime or indulge not to compel, the routing of traffic of of self-government in Ireland are dark. in disorder.

an equal amount over its line, which But it may fairly be hoped that the might possibly otherwise have been sent present effort to substitute reason for

elsewhere. Of course such You violence, even though it fails for the HENRY FORD AS A

scratch my back and I'll scratch yours” time, may make the anarchy of the recent RAILWAY MAN

policy has not been unknown in Ameri. past an impossibility for the future.

can railway practice prior to the advent Ulster as the point of disagreement YEAR ago Henry Ford purchased of Henry Ford.

still looms in the discussion. This takes the Detroit, Toledo, and Ironton The success of Henry Ford in taking the debate back to the point reached just

Railroad. He paid sixty cents on a desperately sick road and infusing it before the Great War broke out-Ulster the dollar for the road's bonds, five with the blood of new capital and new refusing to be included in the Home cents on the dollar for its preferred energy to the advantage of the public Rule scheme for all Ireland, Southern stock, and one cent on the dollar for its and his own pocket-book proves that the Ireland insisting that Ulster should be common stock, and the owners of the Detroit wizard has lost nothing of that included, willingly or not. The other road were glad to turn it over to him at shrewd imagination and vision which day Mr. De Valera said that there was this price. Professor Hoagland, of Ohio have raised him financially from the no Ireland mentioned in Lloyd George's State University, gives the facts of this status of a mechanic to a multi-million- terms, "only two broken pieces of Irepurchase and a summary of the condi- aire within the space of less than three land." Yet there still remains hope that tion of the road at the time of its pur- decades. Henry Ford's financial vision the Dail Eireann may consent to a dual chase in a recent issue of the New York may be defined as the power to see big dominion plan, relying on General “Times.” He also reports concerning things simply. It is a power which he Smuts's faith that in the end Ulster the development work carried on by has applied with astounding success would find a way to accept the idea of Henry Ford and his associates since the within that narrow field of intellectual United Ireland. The threats of road came into their hands.

endeavor limited by his experience. economic pressure amounting to a boy.

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cott against Ulster products by Southern independent than that of Canada or
Ireland are, however, injuring the Australia. General Smuts thinks differ-
chances of a solution of the Ulster diffi- ently. In one speech De Valera declared,
culty.

“We cannot, we will not, on behalf of
Lloyd George's declaration before Par- this people accept these terms." Yet
liament that the concessions offered by other of his utterances indicate a hope
him to the Sinn Fein leaders were lib- that something may be found less than
eral to the possible limit was firm and absolute independence or acknowledged
clear. The next move, as we write, is right to secede on Ireland's part, which
with the Dail Eireann and Mr. DeValera. may insure what he described as an op-
The latter at present seems to be laying portunity for the Irish people "of work-
stress on his assertion that the Domin. ing out for themselves their own na-
ion proposed would be less free and tional life in their own way."

When we consider how enormously more liberal are the concessions now offered to Irish national sentiment than those contained in Mr. Gladstone's two Home Rule bills of 1886 and 1893, it seems deplorable that the great Liberal statesman could not then convince Parliament of the need of some recognition of the Irish ideal of “Ireland for the Irish.” A little spirit of concession and mutual friendliness at that time might have saved long years of bitterness and bloodshed.

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KNOLL PAPERS

BY LYMAN ABBOTT TWO PRAYERS

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HIS morning I read in “Prayers of the Ages" the following prayer

to Jupiter, said to have been writ. ten by Cleanthes about 210 B.C.:

O Thou who hast many names, but whose power is infinite and uncommunicated! O Jupiter, first of immortals, sovereign of nature, who governest all, who subjectest all to thy law, I worship thee; for man is permitted to invoke thee. Everything that lives or creeps, everything mortal on earth is from thee, and of thee but an imperfect image. I will address to thee my hymns, and will never cease to celebrate thee.

"This universe expanded heads, and which seems to roll around the earth, is obedient to thee alone; and at thy command are its motions in silence performed. Thunder, the executioner of thy will, is launched by thy invincible arm. Endowed with immortal life, it strikes, and nature is appalled.

"Thou directest the universal mind that animates the whole, and that exists in all thy creatures; so unlimited and supreme is thy power, o king! Nothing in heaven, on the earth, or in the sea, is produced without thee, except the evil that proceeds from the heart of the wicked.

"Thou bringest order out of confusion, and by thee is the jarring of the ele.

ments composed. Thou hast so mingled good and evil, that general and universal harmony is established. The wicked alone, amongst all thy creatures, disturb this general harmony.

"O God! from whom all blessings descend, whom the storm and the thunder obey, preserve us from error; deign to inform our minds; attach us to that eternal reason by which thou art guided and supported in the government of the world; that being ourselves honored we may also honor thee, as becomes feeble and mortal beings, by celebrating thy works in an uninterrupted hymn; for neither the inhabitant of earth nor the inhabitant of heaven can be engaged in a service more noble than that of celebrating the divine mind which presides over Nature."

I asked myself could any prayer surpass this pagan prayer in its expression of reverence for the Great God, sovereign of nature, who has many names, but whose power is infinite and uncommunicated. Then I turned to that prayer with which we are so familiar that its inner meaning is often lost to us:

“After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, in earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily

bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.”

The pagan reveres the power and wisdom of the Creator and Ruler of the universe and confesses the littleness and meanness of human ambitions contrasted with the life of Him who brings order out of confusion. The Christian also reveres the Great King and consecrates himself to a service with the Great King in this work of bringing order out of confusion upon the earth. And then he nestles into the arms of a providing, pardoning, and protecting Father.

The difference between paganism and Christianity is not a difference of names and titles, nor a difference of creeds and rituals. It is not that the pagan calls God Brahm and the Christian calls hini God, nor that the pagan worships in a temple with sacrifices and the Christian worships in a church with prayers and hymns. The difference is one between stages of spiritual development. Paganism reveres the unknown Ruler of the universe; the Christian reveres a heavenly Father, his constant Companion, his nearest, dearest, and best-known Friend. Paganism is the outer court of the temple; Christianity is the Holy of Holies in the same temple.

THE ARMS CONFERENCE AT WASHINGTON

APOLL OF THE PRESS

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is that the linking of disarmament with the unsettled problems of the Pacific was a statesmanlike conception. For those problems are the key to the whole situation. ... Japan, once the questions in dispute between her and the United States are settled, can abate her naval burdens, as it is this country alone that she fears. And the United States, keeping remote from European bickerings, and on terms of friendship and mutual confidence with Great Britain and France, and with no policies in the Pacific and the Far East not sus

Clearly, what Senator Borah wants to do is to tackle the symptoms without bothering with the disease. He wants to quash the effects without removing the cause. ... But the fact

war

ceptible to satisfactory adjustment, The “Journal des Débats," always some- call." The London "Evening News" needs only to convince Japan thereof what skeptical, and assuming that the assures us that “if the President's de to modify its own naval programme. real reason for the Conference was to sires are realized by a fair and perfectly

In August the President sent formal discuss the Pacific problem, remarked possible limitation of armaments, the invitations to the above nations and to that the American invitation saved the British people will be as ready as Amer. China asking them to meet in Washing. British Cabinet from a very bad situa ica to do him honor." The London ton on November 11, Armistice Day. tion. That was to say, that a round- "Times" affirms that the statement is

table discussion of Pacific problems both “momentous" and “timely," that it JAPANESE OPINION

would relieve the tension concerning the opens "a new and hopefully fruitful From no nation was the answer more renewing of the Anglo-Japanese Alli- phase of the Pacific problem," and that: anxiously awaited than from Japan, and ance, also that the United States would

The task of the proposed ConferJapan was the one country to send a be quick to grasp the opportunity to iron ence will be as delicate and, unless qualified acceptance. This attitude was out the knotty Pacific problem. It · discerningly approached, as dangernot unnatural: The Kobe "Japan Chron- added: “Let us note that, if in convok- ous as any that any conference ever icle," doubtless thinking of Yap and ing the Powers to discuss Pacific affairs,

essayed to discharge. Not even the Shantung, somewhat acidly said that President Harding also proposes to dis

Peace Conference at Paris had to face the Pacific has "received rather more cuss disarmament, it is above all be

issues vaster or fraught with greater

possibilities of good and evil to the attention of late than it deserves." An cause the American masses demand

world. additional irritation was found in the practical measures." fact that the American Government in- The widely read Paris "Matin," in the

Referring further to the Paris Convited China to take part in the Arms course of an evidently inspired editorial,

ference (and with evident implication Conference. Japan insisted upon exdeclares that there are two aspects to

as to Washington), the "Times” adds: cluding from the Conference certain the Washington Conference. It agrees Its lack of method, its practice of “alleged accomplished facts.” According with the "Débats" that "at first glance

approaching haphazard the most comto the Tokyo “Asahi Shimbun" (the it is a meeting, suggested by the British plicated problems, and its errors in Morning Sun), twenty-one topics, inDominions, to associate the United

allowing the heads of Governments to

address themselves first hand to matcluding Yap, Shantung, and Siberia, States with the Anglo-Japanese Alliance,

ters that ought to have been carefully would be excluded by Japan from the or at least to prevent this Alliance from

threshed out in advance by expert Conference on this ground. The Tokyo being regarded as a menace by Ameri- subordinates, made it a by-word "Nichi Nichi" (The Daily) declared that can opinion. But President Harding among all who understand the impor"peace and prosperity form the world's has changed the character of the Con- tance of sound method and careful ideal" and that "reduction of armaments ference toward limitation of armament." procedure. must be the first step to attain this pur- The Paris "Temps," as usual reflecting The London “Daily Telegraph" conpose." "The demand of the people grows the main body of intelligent opinion in cludes that President Harding's invitacontinually for relief from the burden France, proposes this practical question: tion to the Washington Conference is an of armament,” according to the Osaka What new guaranties are going to act of the first historical significance." "Asahi Shimbun." The Tokyo “Jiji be established to prevent

in

adding, as do the other papers, that "the Shimpo" (Current Problems) declares Europe? That question proposes it- President's breadth of vision and earnthat "the intelligent elements of Japan

self right at the beginning, if land

estness of purpose will be received with

disarmament is to be discussed at are sincerely anxious that the object of

the warmest tribute."

Washington. ... The day the Treaty limitation of armaments be attained," at

of Versailles was signed, two guaranthe same time warning the disarmament

AMERICAN OPINION ties were created against a European leaders that "they must also pay close conflict-one that the Covenant of The English press has been "pouring attention to the manner of controlling the League of Nations made all the superlatives," as the New York “Times" the movement lest they be suspected of signatory Powers guarantors of the says, over President Harding's plan. ... some ulterior motive."

new frontiers of Europe, and, second,

They speak of it as an earth-shaking The influence of the "intelligent ele

that the Franco-British and Franco

event,' a 'turning point in history,' and ments” to which "Jiji” refers was recog

American agreements promised armed
aid to France in case she was again

so on." These characterizations, the nized by the two principal political

attacked by Germany. The second of

"Times" thinks, "are only partly born parties in appointing committees to

these guaranties has vanished, and

of the enthusiasm and eagerness which investigate the reduction of armament the first is not very dependable.

now exists in England for co-operation expenditures. Even more significant is

Nevertheless, these papers and all

with the United States. They reflect the action of the Kosei Party in the

others unite in the statement that Presi. also the pervasive concern over the fail. House of Peers of the Japanese Parlia

dent Harding's invitation is good news ure, up to the present, of the Great War ment in voicing the opinion that the and that there is nothing in it to

to make an end of war." In this at. public favored limitation of armament threaten the legitimate rights of France. tempt, as the "Times" concedes, "time because of the increase of taxes and

It is indeed natural that the first and is on the President's side," and "a standeclaring high prices would not fall un

foremost reserve in French opinion is dard has been raised to which all who til reduction could be made in armament that there can be, no reduction of their long for peace with security will repair." expenditure. The Tokyo “Asahi,” com

army so long as they have no other Not only this Independent Demomenting on this, points out that hereto

guaranty than that army against Ger. cratic paper, but the dyed-in-the-wool fore the House of Peers has always man aggression.

Democratic New York "World" praises emphasized and endorsed plans for the

the President and his Secretary of country's military defense and that its

ENGLISII OPINION

State-who is doubtless the real aupresent step is therefore a turning point In England the Harding invitation thor of the Conference-as highly as do in the country's history.

was received with far greater whole. the journals of his own party, and that As the result of the campaign led by hearted enthusiasm than in either Japan is saying a great deal. The "World" Yuzio Ozaki, late Minister of Justice, or France. The London “Daily Mail" even asserts that the proposal for the showing that nine-tenths of the voters, declares that the President's message Conference “is not only the most imporwho could be reached by a system of surpasses in importance all other cur. tant action yet taken by this Adminisstraw-voting, favored armament limita- rent doings of whatever moment. The tration, but it is the most important tion, the popular approval of President “Daily Express” says that "it is a bright undertaking in the way of international Harding's invitation was evident.

augury for the peace of the whole world relations since the signing of the Treaty

that the President has now dissolved the of Versailles." Despite the fact that our FRENCH OPINION

fog of mystery which has hung over the Senate has rejected the League, “Mr. In France, like Japan, the opinion was question of international disarmament. Harding is working with four of the also favorable and acutely expressed. This country will gladly respond to the principal members of the League to

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