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a great human figure pot an improper emblem of human power, and the various
parts and metals signify various kingdoms, 205; 1. The head of fine gold, or the
Babylonian empire, 206; the extent of it shown from heathen authors, it. II. The
breast and arms of silver, or the Medo-Persian empire, 207; why said to be inferior
and how long it lasted, ib.; II. The belly, and thighs of brass, or the Macedonian
empire, 208; why said to bear rule over all the earth, ib. ; the kingdom of Alexan-
der and of his successors not two different kingdoms, 210; spoken of as one and the
same by ancient authors, ib.; IV. The legs of iron, and feet part of iron and part of
clay, or the fourth empire, 211; farther proofs that the kingdoms of the Seleucida
and Lagidæ cannot be the fourth kingdom, ib.; this description only applicable to
the Roman empire, 212; 60 St. Jerome explains it, and all ancient writers, both

ewish and Christian, 213: V. The stone that brake the image or the fifth empire,
214; cannot be the Roman, ib. ; can be understood only of the kingdom of Christ,
ib.; represented as two states, as a stone, and as a mountain, 215; this interpreta-
tion confirmed by ancient writers, both Jews and Christians, and particularly by Jo-
nathan Ben Uziel, who made the Chaldee Paraphrase upon the Prophets, 216; the sense
of Josephus with Bishop Chandler's reflections upon it, 216–218; the ancient
Christians give the same interpretation, 218; St. Chrysostom's comment, ib. ; the
expositions of Sulpicius Severus, 219. Conclusion, 221; hence we are enabled to
account for Nebuchadnezzar's prophecy, and the Delphic oracle, ib.; hence the dis-
tinction of four great empires, and why only these four predicted, 222.

DISSERTATION XIV

DANIEL'S VISION OF THE SAME.

What was exhibited to Nebuchadnezzar in the form of a great image, was represented

to Daniel in the shape of great wild beasts, and why, 223. I. The Babylonian enpire
why compared to a lion, 224; why with eagle's wings, 225 ; why with a man's heart,
ib.' II. The Persian empire, why compared to a bear, 226 ; how raised up itself on
one side, and bad three ribs in the mouth, ib. ; its cruelty, ib. 111. The Macedonian
empire, why compared to a leopard, 227 ; why with four wings and four heads, and
dominion given to it, 228. . IV, The Roman empire compared to a terrible beast
without a name, 229; the kingdoms of the Seleucidæ and Lagidæ can in no respect
answer to this description, ib.; the Roman empire answers exactly, 230; a memorable
quotation to this purpose from Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 231 ; this beast had ten
horns or kingdoms, and the kingdoms of Egypt and Syria were never so divided, ib.;
the notions of Porphyry, Crotius, and Collins refuted, 232; the ten kingdoms to be
sought amid the broken pieces of the Roman empire, 233; the ten kingdoms accord-
ing to Machiavel, ib. ; according to Mr. Mede, ib.; according to Bishop. Lloyd, ib.;
according to Sir Isaac Newton. 234; the same number since, ib.; how they stood in
the eighth century, ib.; a little horn to rise up among the ten, 235; the notions of
Grotius and Collins, that Antiochus Epiphanes was the little horn, refuted, ib. ; an
enquiry proposed into the sense of the ancients, 236; the opinion of Irenæus, ib.; of
St. Cyril of Jerusalem, ib.; of St. Jerome with Theodoret and St. Austin, 237 ; the
fathers had some mistaken notions concerning Antichrist, and how it came to pass
they bad such, 238 ; the little horn to be sought among the ten kingdoms of the
western Roman empire, 239; Machiavel himself points out a little horn spring.
ing up among the ten, 240; three of the first horns to fall before him, 241; the
three according to Mr. Mede, ib. ; according to Sir Isaac Newton, 243; something
to be approved and something to be disapproved in both their plans, ib. ; the first of
the three horns, the exarchate of Ravenna, 243; the second, the kingdom of the
Lombards, 244; the third, the state of Rome, ib. ; the character answers in all other
respects, 245; how long Antichrist to continue, 247. V. All these kingdoms to be
succeeded by the kingdom of the Messiab, 248; this and the former prophecy con-
pared together, 249; they extend from the reign of the Babylonian to the consumma-
tion of all things, 250; will cast light upon the subsequent prophecies, and the
subsequent prophecies reflect light upon them again, 251. Conclusion, ib.

INTRODUCTION TO THE LECTURE FOUNDED BY THE HONORABLE

ROBERT BOYLE.

How and by whom the author was appointed to preach the Boyle's lecture, 252: pre.

vious to the farther explanation of Daniel, a vindication is proposed of the genuinenest

!

of liis prophecies against the principal objections of unbelievers, 253. Collins's eleven

objections particularly considered and refuted, 253-9; his first objection, relating to

the age of Daniel, refuted, 253; his second objection, relating to the mistake of the king's

names, and to Nebuchadnezzar's madness, refuted, 254; his third objection, relating to

Greek words found in Daniel, refuted, ib. bis fourth objection, relating to the version of

the Seventy, refuted, 255; his fifth objection, drawn from the clearness of Daniel's pro-

pliecies to the times of Antiochus Epiphanes, refuted, 256; his sixth objection, drawn

from the omission of Daniel in the book of Ecclesiasticus, refuted, ib.; his seventh ob-

jection, relating to Jonathan's making no Targum on Daniel, refuted, 257; his eighth ob-

jection drawn from the style of Daniel's Chaldee, refuted, ib.; his ninth objection, drawn

from the forgeries of the Jews, refuted, 258; his tenth objection, drawn from Daniel's

uncommon punctuality in fixing the times, refuted, ib.; his eleventh objection, relating

to Daniel's setting forth facts very imperfectly and contrary to other bistories, and to

his dark and emblematic style, refuted, 259; the external and internal evidence for the

genuineness of the book of Daniel, ib.; the division of the remainder of this work

agreeable to the design of the honorable founder, 260; from the instance of this ex-

cellent person, and some others, it is shown that philosophy and religion may well

consist and agree together, 261.

DANIEL'S VISION OF THE RAM AND HE-GOAT.

l'he former part of the book of Daniel written in Caldee the rest in Hebrew, 262; tho

time and place of the vision, ib; like visions have ocurred to others, 263; the ram

with two horns represents the empire of the Medes and Persians, 264 : why with two

horns and one higher than the other, ib. ; why this empire likened to a ram, 265;

the conquests of the ram, and the great extent of the Persian empire, ib; the be-

goat represents the Grecian or Macedonian empire, 266 ; why this empire likened

to a goat, ib; the swiftness of the be-goat, and the notable hörn between his eyes,

what signified therehy, 267; an account of the conquests of the goat, and of the

Grecians overthrowing the Persian empire, 268; the prophecies shown to Alexander

the Great, and upon what occasion, 270: the truth of the story vindicated, 271 ;

answer to the objection of its being inconsistent with chronology, 272; answer to the

ohjection taken from the silence of other authors, besides Josephus, 273 ; other cir-

cumstances which confirm the truth of this relation, 274; how four horns succeeded

to the great horn, or how the empire of the goat was divided into four kingiloms,

275; the little horn commonly understood of Antiochus Epiphanes, bot capable of

another and better application, 277 ; a horn doth not signify a single king but a king-

dom, and here the Roman empire rather than Antiochus Epiphanes, 278; particular

prophecies and actions of the little horn agree better with the Romans, as well as the

general character, 279; reason of the appellation of the little horn, ib.; the time,

too, agrees better with the Romans, 230; the character of a king of fierce countenance,

and understanding dark sentences, more applicable to the Romans than to Antiochus,

281 ; other actions likewise of the little horn accord better with the Romans, 282; wax.

ing exceeding great, toward the south, toward the east, and toward the pleasant land,

ib.; the property of his power being mighty, but not by his own power, can nowhere

be so properly applied as to the Romans, 283; all the particulars of the persecution

and oppression of the people of God more exactly fulfilled by the Romans than by

Antiochus, 285; it deserves to be considered svbether this part of the prophecy de

not a sketch of the fate and sufferings of the Christian, as well as of the Jewish

church, 286; farther reasons of the appellation of the little horn, 287. The little

born to come to a remarkable end, which will be fulfilled in a more extraordinary

manner in the Romans, than it was even in Antiochus, ib.; it will farther appear that

the application is more proper to the Romans by considering the time allotted for the

duration and continuance of the vision, 288 ; the 2300 days or years can by no com-

putation be accommodated to the times of Antiochus Epiphanes, 289; how they are

to be computed, 291; Daniel's concern and afiliction for his country, and this a

farther argument that not the calamities under Antiochus, but those brought upon

the nation by the Romans were the subject of this prophecy, ib; from this and other

examples it may be inferred, that the Scriptures will never abate but rather encourage

rur love for our country, 293.

1

This latter prophecy a comment upon the former, 294 ; imparted to Daniel after fasting

and prayer, ib. ; a prophecy for many days or years, 295. Of the Persian empire,

ib; the three first kings of Persia after Cyrus, ib.; the fourth far richer than all, ib.;

his stirring up all against the realm of Grecia, 296; why no more kings of Persia

mentioned, ib.; a short sketch of Alexander's great dominion, 297 ; his family soon

extinct, and his kingdom divided into four kingdoms, ib.; of these four two only

have a place in this prophecy, Egypt and Syria, and why, 298; why called the kings

of the south and the north, 299; Ptolemy, king of the south of Egypt very strong, but

Seleucus king of the north of Syria, strong above him, ib.; the transactions between

Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt and Antiochus Theus of Syria, 300;. Ptolemy Euer-

getes of Egypt revenges the wrong of his family upon Seleucus Callinicus of Syria,

302; the short and inglorious reign of Seleucus Ceraunus of Syria,'304; succeeded by

his brother Antiochus the Great, who gained great advantages over the king of Egypt,

305; but Ptolemy Philopator obtains a signal victory over Antiochus at Raphia, 306 ;

his vicious and shameful conduct afterwards, and cruelty to the Jews, 307 ; An-

tiochus prepares again to invade Egypt in the minority of Ptolemy Epiphanes, 308.

Pbilip king of Macedon, and the Jews associate with him, 309; his success against

the king of Egypt, 311; his favor to the Jews, 312; his scheme to seize upon the

kingdom of Egypt frustrated, 313; his unhappy war with the Romans, 314; the latter

end of his life and reign inglorious, 315; the mean reign of bis son and successor

Seleucus Philopator, 316. Antiochus Epiphanes the brother of Seleucus obtains

the kingdom by Batteries, 318, his freaks and extravagancies, 319; his successes

against his competitors, ib.; his removal of the high priest of the Jews, 320; his liber

rality and profusion, 321 ; the claims of Ptolemy, Philometor king of Egypt upon

bim, and his preparations against Egypt, 322; he invades and makes himself master

of all Egypt except Alexandria, chiefly by the treachery of Ptolemy Philometor's

own ministers and subjects, 323; Ptolemy Philometor and Antiochus Epiphanes

speak lies at one table, 324 ; Antiochus returns with great spoils, 325 ; his cruelty

to the Jews, 326; he invades Egypt again, and is hindered from totally subduing it

by an embassy from the Romans, 327, he returns therefore, and vents all his anger

upon the Jews, ih.; abolishes the Jewish worship by the instigation of the apostato

Jews, 329. Conclusion to show that this prophecy is more exact and circumstantial

than any history, ib.

DISSERTATION XVII

More obscurity in the remaining part of the prophecy, 331; polluting the sanctuary,

taking away the daily sacrifice, and placing the abomination of desolation, more pro-
perly applicable to the Romans than to Antiochus Epiphanes, with the reasons for

passing from Antiochus to the Romans, 333; what follows more truly applicable to the

afficted state of the primitive Christians after the destruction of Jerusalem than to the

times of Antiochus, 335; the little help and the persecutions afterwards cannot be

applied to the times of the Maccabees, but to the emperors becoming Christian, and

the succeeding, persecutions, 336; the Antichristian power, the principal source of

these persecutions, described, 338; how long to prosper, 340 ; described here as

exerted principally, in the eastern empire, ib.; his not regarding the God of bis

fathers, nor the desire of women, falsely

, affirmed of Antiochus, but truly of this Anti-

christian power, ib.; his honoring Mahuzzim with precious gifts, and who they are,

343; other instances of his regard to Mahuzzim, in glorifying their priests and minis-

ters, 346; after the account of the degeneracy of the church, follows a prediction of

its punishment especially in the eastern part of it, by the Saracens and Turks, 349; the

remaining parts more applicable to other events than to the transactions of Antiochus,

350; Judea and the neighbouring countries to be subdued, but the Arabians to escape,

not verified by Antiochus, but by the Turks, 351; the Turks could never subdue the

Arabians, but on the contrary pay them an annual pension, 353; the total subjection

of Egypt, togetber with Lihya and Ethiopia, not accomplished by Antiochus hut by

the Turks, 354 ; the rest of the prophecy cannot be applied to Antiochus but belongs to
the Othman empire, 355; what the tidings from the east and north, 356; what meant
ly going forth to destroy and utterly to make away many, 359; what by planting his
camp between the seas in the glorious holy mountain, ib. ; the same things foretold by
Ezekiel in the prophecy concerning Gog of the land of Magog, ib. ; the great tribu-
lation and his subsequent resurrection cannot be applied to the times of the Macca-
dees, 367-8; an enquiry into the time of these events 368-9; a conjecture about the
different periods of 1260 years, 1290 years, and 1335 years, 360, 370. Conclusion to
show the vast variety and extent of this prophecy, and from thence to prove that
Daniel was a true prophet, 371–373

Prophecies and miracles continued longer in the Jewish church than in the Christian, and

why, 366; no Christian prophecies recorded, but some of our Saviour and his apostles,
particularly St. Paul and St. John, 367. A short summary of our Saviour's prophe-
cies, ib.; none more remarkable than those relating to the destruction of Jerusalem,

which were written and published several years before that event, 368; our Saviour's

tenderness and affection for his country shown in his lamenting and wecping over

Jerusalem, 370; the magnificence of the temple, and particularly the prodigious size

of the stones, ib.; the total and utter destruction of the city and temple foretold, and

both destroyed accordingly, 371 ; the purport of the disciple's question, and the

phrases of the coming of Christ and of the end of the world, shown to signify the de-

struction of Jerusalem, 373; the disciples ask two things, first the time of the de.

struction of Jerusalem, and secondly, the signs of it; our Saviour answers the last first.

375. False Christs the first sign, ib. ; the next signs wars and rumours of wars, 376,

nation rising against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, 377; famines, pestilences,

and earthquakes in divers places, 378; fearful sights and great signs from heaven,

379; these the beginning of sorrows, 382; from the calamities of the nation he

passeth to those of the Christians in particular, ib.; as cruel persecutions, ib; apos-
tates and traitors of their own brethren, 383 ; false teachers and false prophets, ib. ;
lukewarmness and cooiness among Christians, 384, but still he who shall endure to the
end, the same shall be saved, ib.; the gospel to be universaily published before the de.
struction of Jerusalem, and was so in Britain as well as other parts, ib.; reflections upon

what hath been said, 386, the first upon the surprising manner in which these pro.

phecies have been fulfilled, ib.; another upon the sincerity and ingenuity of Christ,

and the courage and constancy of his disciples, ib.; a third on the sudden and amuz-

ing progress of the gospel, ib. ; a fourth on the signals and presages of the ruin of

states, 387.

After the circumstances wbich passed before the siege, we are to treat of those which

happened during the siege and after it, 388; the aboinination of desolation standing in
the holy place, the Roman army besieging Jerusalem, ib., then the Christians to fly
into the mountains, 389; their flight must be sudden and hasty, 390 ; woe unto them
that are with child and that give suck in those days, exemplified particularly in the story
of a noble woman, who killed, and ate her own sucking child, ib.; to pray that their
fight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day, 391; providentially ordered
that there were such favorable opportunities of escaping, before the city was closely
besieged, 392; the great calamities and miseries of the Jewish nation in those days,
393; none of the Jews would have escaped destruction had not the days been shortened
for the sake of the Christian Jews 394; a more particular caution against false Christs
and false prophets about the time of the siege and destruction of Jerusalem, 396; their
pretending to work miracles, 397; their conducting their followers into the desert, or
into the secret chambers, ib. ; but the coming of Christ will not be in this or that
particular place; he will be taking vengeance of the Jews everywhere, 399; some

figures used by the ancient prophets, il. ; the same figurative style in the following

verses, 409

Dr. Warburton's account of this figurative language, 410; the number

of those who fell by the edge of the sword, 411; an account of those who were led

away captive into all nations, 412-13; Jerusalem trodden down of the Gentiles, 413.

A deduction of the history of Jerusalem from the destruction by Titus to the present

time, 414–417; its ruined and desolate state under Vespasian and Titus, 414; re-

built by Adrian, and the Jew's rebellion thereupon, and final dispersion, 414.15;

repaired by Constantine, and adorned with many stately edifices and churches, with a

farther dispersion of the Jews, 416-17; Julian's purpose to settle the Jews, and bis

attempt to rebuild the temple miraculously defeated, 417-18; state of Jerusalem

under the succeeding emperors, 418-19; taken and plundered by the Persians, 419;

surrendered to the Saracens, ib. ; passes from the Saracens to the Turks of the Sel-
zuccian race, and from the Turks to the Egyptians, 420-1; taken from the Egyptians
by the Franks or Latin Christians, 421 ; recovered by the Sultans of Egypt, 4:21-2;

comes under the dominion of the Mamalucs, 422 ; annexed to the dominions of the

Turks of the Othman race, in whose hands it is at present, 423; likely to remain in

subjection to the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled, 424; what the

fulfilling of the times of the Gentiles, 424-5.

DISSERTATION XXI.

THE SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED

PART IV.

From the signs our Saviour proceeds to treat concerning the time of the destruction of

Jerusalem, 425; he affirms that it would be in the present generation, 426; some then

living would behold and suffer these calamities, ib. ; but still the exact time unknown

to all creatures, 427-8; according to St. Mark, unknown to the Son, 428; the genu-

ineness of that text vindicated, and the sense explained, 428-9; the destruction of

Jerusalem typical of the end of the world, 430. Reflections upon the whole, 431, &c.

the exact completion of these prophecies a strong proof of revelation, ib. ; the prophe-

cies plain and easy, taken from Moses and Daniel, but improved and enlarged, ib.

Vaspasian and Titus wonderfully raised up and preserved for the completion o.

these prophecies, and Josephus for the illustration of their completion, 432-3; great

use and advantage of his history in this respect, 433; the cause of those heavy judge-

ments on the Jews, their crucifying of Jesus, 434; some correspondence between their

crime and their punishment, ib.; application to us Christians, 434-5.

DISSERTATION XXII.

ST. PAUL'S PROPHECY OF THE MAN OP SIN.

St. Paul and St. John's prophecies copied from Daniel with some improvements, 435-6;

two most memorable prophecies of St. Paul, the first of the man of sin, 436.

1. The sense and meaning of the passage, 436-7; the coming of Christ in this place,

and the day of Christ, not meant of the

destruction of Jerusalem, but of the end of the

world, 437–9; other memorable events to take place before, 439; what the apostacy

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