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received in any commonwealth ; yet them a lively Faith may be as evi. notwithstanding, no Christian man dently known as a tree discerned by whatsoever is free from the obedience the fruit. of the Commandments which are call.
XIII. Of Works before Justification. ed Moral.
TORKS done before the grace of VIII. Of the Three Creeds.
Christ, and the Inspiration of his THE Three Creeds, Nicene Creed, Spirit, are not pleasant to God, foras. Athanasius's Creed, and that which
much as they spring not of faith in Jeis commonly called the Apostics' Creed, sus Christ, neither do they make men ought thoroughly to be received and
meet to receive grace, or (as the School believed: for they may be proved by authors say) deserve grace ofcongruity: most certain warrants of holy Scrip yea rather, for that they are not done ture.
as God hath willed and commanded IX. Of Original or Birth-sin.
them to be done, we doubt not but ORIGINAL Sin standeth not in the
they have the nature of sin.
XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. gians do vainly talk ;) but it is the fault OLUNTARY Works besides, over and corruption of the Nature of every and above, God's Commandn nts, man, that naturally is ingendered of which they call Works of Supereroga. the offspring of Adam ; whereby man is tion, cannot be taught without arro. very far gone from original righteous. gancy and impiety: for by them men ness, and is of his own nature inclined do declare, that they do not only rento evil, so that the flesh lusteth always der unto God as much as they are contrary to the spirit; and therefore in bound to do, but that they do more for every person born into this world, it his sake, than of bounden duty is re. deserveth God's wrath and damnation. quired: whereas Christ saith plainly, And this infection of nature doth re. When ye have done all that are cnm. main, yea in them that are regene. manded to you, say, We are un profile rated; whereby the lust of the flesh, able servants. called in the Greek, phronema sarkos, which some do expound the wisdom,
XV. of Christ alone without Sin. some sensuality, some the affection, CHRIST in the truth of our nature some the desire, of the flesh, is not
was made like unto us in all thing, subject to the Law of God. And al.
sin only except, from which he was though there is no condemnation for
clearly void, both in his flesh, and in them that believe and are baptized, yet
his spirit. He came to be the Lamb the Apostle doth confess, that concu.
without spot, who, by sacrifice of him. piscence and lust hath of itself the
self once made, should take away the nature of sin.
sins of the world, and sin, as Saint Jan
saith, was not in him. But all we the X. Of Free-Wi.
rest, although baptized, and born again THE condition of Man after the fall in Christ, yet otlend in many things;
of Adam is such, that he cannot and it' we say we have no sin, we de. turn and prepare himself, by his own ceive ourselves, and the truth is not natural strength and good works, to in us. faith, and calling upon God: Where.
XVI. Or Sin after Baptism. fore we have no power to do good works pleasant and acceptable to God, with. Not every deadly sin willingly com.
mitted after Baptism is sin against out the grace of God by Christ prevent.
the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable. ing us, that we may hare a good will,
Wherefore the grant of repentance is and working with us, when we have
not to be denied to such as fall into that good will.
sin after Baptism. After we have re. XI. Of the Justification of Man. ceived the Holy Ghost, we may depart E are accounted righteous before froni grave given, and all into sin, and
God, only for the merit of our by the grace of God we may arise again, Lord and saviour Jesus Christ by Faith, and amend our lives. And therefore and not l'or our own works or descre. they are to be condenined, which say, ings: Wherefore, that we are justified they can no more sin as long as they by Faith only is a niost wholesonie live here, or deny the place of forgive. Doctrine, and rery full of comfort, as ness to such as truly repent. more largely is expressed in the Ho.
XVIL Of Predestination and Election. mily of Justification.
PREDESTINATION to Life is the XII. Of Good Works.
everusting purpose of God, where. ALBEIT that Good Works, which by (belore the foundations of the world
are the fruits of Faith, and follow were laid) he hath constantly da reed arter Justification, cannot put away by his counsel secret to us, to deliver our sins, and endure the severity of from curse and damnation those wbom God's Judgement : yet are they pleas. he hath closen in Christ out oi mari ing and acceptable to God in Christ, kind, and to bring them by Christ to and do spriax out necessarily of a true everlasting salition, as wissels thade and divedy taith insomuch that by to bonnue, Wherefore, tay wil be
endued with so excellent a benefit of God's Word written, neither may it so God be called according to God's pur expound one place of Scripture, that it pose by his Spirit working in due sea. be repugnant to another. Wherefore, son: they through Grace obey the call. although the Church be a witness and ing: they be justified freely: they be a keeper of holy Writ, yet, as it ought made sons of God by adoption: they not to decree any thing against the be made like the image of his only-be same, so besides the same nught it not gotten Son Jesus Christ: they walk re to enforce any thing to be believed for ligiously in good works, and at length, necessity of Salvation. by God's mercy, they attain to ever. lasting felicity.
XXI. Of the Authority of General Coun. As the godly consideration of Pre
cils. destination, and our Election in Christ, GENERAL Councils may not be ga. is full of sweet, pleasant,and unspeak
thered together without the con. able comřort to godly persons, and
mandment and will ot' Princes. And such as feel in themselves the working
when they be gathered together, (forasof the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the
much as they be an assembly of men, works of the flesh, and their earthly
whereof all be not governed with the members, and drawing up their mind
Spirit and Word of God, they may to high and heavenly things, as well
err, and sometimes have erred, even because it doth greatly establish and
in things pertaining unto God. Where'confirm their faith of eternal Salvation
fore things ordained by them as necesto be enjoyed through Christ, as be
sary to salvation have neither strength cause it" doth fervently kindle their
nor authority, unless it may be de. love towards God: So, for curious and
clared that they be taken out of holy carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Scripture. Christ, to have continually before their
XXII. Of Purgatory. eyes the sentence of God's Predestination, is a most dangerous downfal,
THE Romish Doctrine concerning
Purgatory, Pardons, Worshipping whereby the Devil doth thrust them and Adoration, as well of Images as of either into desperation, or into wretch Reliques, and also invocation of Saints, lessness of most unclean living, no less is a fond thing vainly invented, and perilous than desperation.
grounded upon no warranty of ścripFurthermore, we must receive God's
ture, but rather repugnant to the Word pronises in such wise, as they be ge of God. nerally set forth to us in holy Scripture : and, in our doings, that Will of
XXIII. of Ministering in the CongreGod is to be followed, which we have
gation expressly declared unto us in the Word IT is not lawful for any man to take of God.
upon him the office of publick
preaching, or ministering the Sacra. XVIII. Of obtaining cternal Salvation ments in the Congregation, before he
only by the Name of Christ. be lawfully called, and sent to execute THEY also are to be had accursed
the same. And those we ought to that presume to say, That every judge lawfully called and sent, which be man shall be saved by the Law or Sect
chosen and called to this work by men which he protesseth, so that he be dili. who have publick authority given unto gent to frame his lite according to that them in the congregation, to call and Law, and the light of Nature. For holy send Ministers into the Lord's vine. Scripture doth set out unto us only yard. the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby XXIV. Of speaking in the Congregation men must be saved.
in such a tongue as the people underXIX. Of the Church.
standeth. THE visible Church of Christ is a ITuis a thing plainly repugnant to the
congregation of faithful men, in Word of God, and the custom of the the which the pure Word of God is Primitive Church, to have publick preached, and the Sacraments be duly Prayer in the Church, or to minister ministered according to Christ's ordi. the Sacraments in a tongue not un. nance in all those things that of neces derstanded of the people. sity are requisite to the sanie.
XXV. Ofthe Sacraments. As the Church of Jerusalem, Alcxan. dria, and Antioch, have erred; so also SACRAMENTS ordained of Christ be the Church of Rome hath erred, not
not only badges or tokens of Chris. only in their living and manner at Ce
tian men's profession, but rather they remonies, but also in matters of Faith. be certain sure witnesses, and ettectual
signs of grace, and God's good will to. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. wards us, by the which he doth work THE Church hath power to decree invisibly in us, and doth not only
Rites or Ceremonies, and autho quicken, but also strengthen and con. rity in Controversies or Faith: And firm our Faith in him. yet it is not lawful for the Church to There are two Sacraments ordained ordain any thing that is contrary to of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that
is to say, Raptism, and the Supper of XXVIII. Ofthe Lord's Supper. the Lord.
THE Supper of the Lord is not only Those five commonly called Sacra a sign of the love that Christian ments, that is to say, Confirmation, ought to have among themselves one Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and ex to another; but rather is a Sacrament treme Unction, are not to be counted of our Redemption by Christ's death: for Sacraments of the Gospel, being insomuch that to such as rightly, wor. such as have grown partly of the cor thily, and with faith, receive the sanie, rupt following of the Apostles, partly the Bread which we break is a partak. are states of life allowed in the Scrip ing of the Body of Christ; and likewise tures; but yet have not like nature the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of of Sacraments with Baptism, and the the Blood of Christ. Lord's Supper, for that they have not Transubstantiation (or the change of any visible sign or ceremony ordained the substance of Bread and Wine in of God.
the Supper of the Lord, cantat be The Sacraments were not ordained proved by holy Writ; but is repugnant of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be to the plain words of Scripture, ovet. carried about, but that we should duly throweth the nature of a Sacrament, use them. And in such only as wor. and hath given occasion to many Su. thily receive the same they have a perstitions. wholesome effect or operation : but The Body of Christ is given, taken, they that receive them unworthily pur. and eaten, in the Supper, only after an chase to themselves damnation, as heavenly and spiritual manner. And Saint Paul saith.
the mean whereby the Body of Christ XXVI. of the Unworthiness of the Min.
is received and eaten in the Supper is isters, which hinders not the effect of
Faith. the Sacrament.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper
was not by Christ's ordinance reseTV. ALTHOUGH in the visible Church the evil be ever mingled with the
ed, carried about, Ited up, or wor. good, and sometimes the evil have
shipped. chief authority in the Ministration of XXIX. Of the Wicked which cat of the the Word and Sacraments, yet foras. Body of Christ in the use of the Lord's much as they do not the same in their Supper. own name, but in Christ's, and do minister by his commission and autho.
THE Wicked, and such as be rold
of a lively taith, although they do rity, we may use their Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, and in re
carnally and visibly press with their
teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the S. ceiving of the Sacraments. Neither is
crament of the Body and Blood of the effect of Christ's ordinance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace
Christ, yet in no wise are they pustak.
ers of Christ: but rather, to their con. of God's gifts diminished from such as by faith and rightly do receive the Sa.
demnation, do eat and drink the sign
or Sacrament of so great a thing. craments ministered unto them; which be effectual, because of Christ's insti.
XXX. of both kinds. tution and promise, although they be
THE Cup of the Lord is not to be dr. ministered by evil men.
nied to the lay-people: tor tooth Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the
the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by discipline of the Church, that enquiry Christ's ordinance and commandinent, be made of evil Ministers, and that ought to be ministered to a Christian they be accused by those that have men alike. knowledge of their offences; and fi. nally being found guilty, by just judge.
XXXI. Os the one Own of Christ ment be deposed.
finished upon the Cross XXVII. Of Baptism.
THE Offering of Christ once made it
that permetre temption, propt12. BAPTISI is not only a sign of profession, and mark of difference,
tion, and satisfaction, for all the sins whereby Christian inen are discerned
of the whole world, both or sinal and from others that bu not christene,
actual; and there is none other satis but it is also a sign of Regeneration
faction for sin, but that aline. We or new Birth, whereby, as by an it).
fore the sacrifices of Marses, in the
which it was commonly said, that the strument, they that receive Baptisen
Priest dill other Christ for the musik rightly are grafted into the Chunh; the promises ofiorgiveness of sin, and
and the dead, to have remise en of of our adoption to be the sons or God
pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed
and dangerous deceits. and sealedi; Faith is confirmed, and XXXII. of the Marriage of Priests. Grace in reased by virtue of prayer BISHOPS, Priests, and Deacons, are unto God. The Baptism of young not commanded by God's Lar, e. Children is in any wise to be re tain ther to row the estate of sin le life, or ed in the Church, as most agreeable to abstain from marriage : therefore it with the insutution of Christ.
is lawful for thein, as for all other
Christian men, to marry at their own 11 Of Alms-doing. discretion, as they shall judge the same 12 of the Nativity of Christ, to serve better to godliness.
13 Of the Passion of Christ. XXXIII. of excommunicate Persons,
14 of the Resurrection of Christ. how they are to be avoided.
15 of the worthy receiving of the Sacrt.
mont of the Body and Blood af THAT person which by open de. Christ.
nunciation of the Church is rightly 16 of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost, cut otf'from the unity of the Church, 17 For the Rogution-days. and excommunicated, ought to be 18 Of the state of Matrimony. taken of the whole multitude of the 19 Of Repentance.
. faithful, as an Heathen and Publican,
20 Against Idleness. until he be openly reconciled by pe 21 Against Rebellion. nance, and received into the Church by a Judge that hath authority there. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and unto.
Ministers. XXXIV. the Tractitions of the Church.
THE Book of Consecration of ArchIT T is not necessary that Traditions bishops and Bishops, and Ordering
and Ceremonies be in all places one, of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth and utterly like, for at all times they in the time of Edward the Sixth, and have been divers, and may be changed confirined at the same time by authoaccording to the diversities of coun. rity of Parliament, doth contain all tries, times, and men's manners, so things necessary to such Consecration that nothing be ordained against God's and Ordering: neither bath it any Word. Whosoever through his pri thing, that of itself is superstitious and vate judgement, willingly and pur ungodly. And therefore whosoever posely, doth openly break the tradi. are consecrated or ordered according tions and ceremonies of the Church, to the Rites of that Book, since the sewhich be not repugnant to the Word cond year of the forenamed King Ed. of God, and be ordained and approved ward unto this time, or hereafter shall by common authority, ought to be re be consecrated or ordered according to buked openly, (that others may fear to the same Rites, we decree all such to do the like,) as he that offendeth against be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consethe common order of the Church, and crated and ordered. hurteth the authority of the Magistrate, and woundeth the consciences of the XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. weak brethren. Every particular or national Church THE King's Majesty hath the chief
power in this Realm of England, hath authority to ordain, change, and and other his Dominions, unto whom abolish, ceremonies or rites of the
the chief Government of all Estates of Church ordained only by man's au
this Realm, whether they be Ecclesias. thority, so that all things be done to
tical or Civil, in all causes doth arper. editying.
tain, and is not, nor ought to be, subXXXV. Of the Homilics. ject to any foreign Jurisdiction.
Where we attribute to the King's several titles whereof we have
Majesty the chief government, by
which Titles we understand the minds joined under this Article, doth contain
of some slanderous folks to be oftend. a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for these times, as doth the
ed; we give not to our Princes the former Book of Homilies, which were
ministering either of God's Word, or
of the Sacraments, the which thing set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth; and therefore we judge them to
the Injunctions also lately set forth
by Elizabeth our Queen do most plain. be read in Churches by the Ministers, diligently and distinctly, that they may
ly testify; but that only prerogative,
which we see to have been given al. be understanded of the people.
ways to all godly Princes in holy Scripof the Names of the Homilies. tures by God himself; that is, that 1 OF the right Use of the Church. they should rule all states and degrees 2 Against Peril of Idolatry.
committed to their charge by God, 3 of repairing and keeping clean of whether they be Ecclesiastical or Tema Churches.
poral, and restrain with the civil sword 4 Of good Works : first of Fasting. the stubborn and evil-doers. 5 Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. The Bishop of Rome hath no juris. 6 Against Excess of Apparel.
diction in this Realm of England. 7 Of Prayer.
The Laws of the Realm may punish 8 of the Place and Time of Prayer. Christian men with death, for heinous 9 That Common I'rayers and Sacra. and grievous offences.
ments ought to be ministered in a It is lawful for Christian men, at known tongue.
the commandment of the Magistrate, 10 of the reverend cstimation of God's to wear weapons, and serve in the iVord.
XXXIX. Of a Christian man's Oath. XXXVIII, Christiamo, men's Goods, As we confess that vain and resh THE Riches
and Goods of Christians men by our Lord Jesus Christ, and are not common, as touching the James his Apostle, so we judge, that right, title, and possession of the same, Christian Religion doth not prohibi, as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. but that a man may swear when the Notwithstanding, every man ought, of Magistrate requireth, in a cause of such things as he possesseth, liberally faith and charity, so it be done accord to give alms to the poor, according to ing to the Prophet's teaching, in juishis ability.
tice, judgement, and truth.
THE RATIFICATION. Tus Book of Articles before rehearsed, is again approved, and allowed to be
holden and executed within the Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sout. reign Lady ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Qucen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and an firmed again by the subscription of the hands of the Archbishops and Kishops of the Upper-house, and by the subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether. Au in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571.
A TABLE OF THE ARTICLES.
Son of 3. Of his going down into Hell. 4. Of his Resurrection. 5. Of the Holy Ghost. 6. Of the sufficiency of the Scripture. 7. Or the Old Testament. 8. Of the Three Creeds. 9. or Original or Birth-sin. 10. Of Free-Will. 11. of Justification. 12. Of Good Works. 13. Of Works before Justification. 14. of Works of Supererogation. 15. of Christ alone without Sin. 16. Of Sin after Rap'ism. 17. of Predestination and Election. 18. Of obtaining Salvution by Christ. 19. Of the Church. 20. Of the Authority of the Church. 21. Of the Authority of General Councils.
22. Of Turgatory.