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good works of very different kinds are: A History of the Civil War in the United States (1905), by W. Birkbeck Wood and Major J. E. Edmonds, and A History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850, 8 vols. (1893-1919), by James Ford Rhodes. The first is military, the second political. Mr. Rhodes has also written a single volume History of the Civil War (1917). American Campaigns by Major M. F. Steele, issued under the supervision of the War Department (1909), deals chiefly with the military operations of the Civil War.

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The naval side of this, as of all other wars, has been far too much neglected. But that great historian of sea-power, Admiral Mahan, has told the best of the story in his Admiral Farragut (1892).

An interesting contemporary account of the war will be found in the five volumes of Appleton's American Annual Cyclopædia for the years from 1861 to 1865. B. J. Lossing's Pictorial History of the Civil War, 3 vols. (1866-69), and Harper's Pictorial History of the Rebellion, 2 vols. (1868), give graphic pictures of military life as seen by contemporaries. Personal reminiscences of the war, of varying merit, have multiplied rapidly in recent years. These are appraised for the unwary reader in the bibliographies already mentioned. Frank Wilkeson's Recollections of a Private Soldier in the Army of the Potomac (1887), George C. Eggleston's A Rebel's Recollections (1905), and Mrs. Mary B. Chestnut's Diary from Dixie (1905) are among the best of these personal recollections.

The political and diplomatic history has been dealt with already in the two preceding Chronicles. Abraham Lincoln: a History, by John G. Nicolay and John Hay,

in ten volumes (1890), and The Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, in twelve volumes (1905), form the quarry from which all true accounts of his war statesmanship must be built up. Lord Charnwood's Abraham Lincoln (1917) is an admirable summary. To these titles should be added Gideon Welles's Diary, 3 vols. (1911), and, on the Confederate side, Jefferson Davis's The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, 2 vols. (1881), and Alexander H. Stephens's A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States, 2 vols. (1870). The best life of Jefferson Davis is that by William E. Dodd in the American Crisis Biographies (1907). W. H. Russell's My Diary North and South (1863) records the impressions of an intelligent foreign observer.

The present Chronicle is based entirely on the original evidence, with the convenient use only of such works as have themselves been written by qualified experts directly from the original evidence.

Alabama, secedes, 56; in 1864,
335; threatened, 336
Alabama, Confederate raider,
69, 70, 311-12; Kearsarge
and, 69, 313-17; and
Hatteras, 69, 115
Albatross, ship, 265
Albemarle, Confederate ram,
Cushing destroys, 303, 318-

INDEX

319

Albemarle Sound, command
lost, 93

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Pensacola, 4
Army, Confederate, Act pro-
viding for enlistment, 11-12;
at Harper's Ferry, 21-22;
Jackson and, 21-22, 23-24;
lack of equipment, 63, 244;
advantages, 76-77; con-
scription, 78; munitions, 78;
relations with Federals at
Vicksburg, 276; Army of
Northern Virginia, 336; un-
renewable wastage, 355;
number of troops (1865),
380; Lee's farewell to, 393
Army, Federal, enlistments,
33; Congress votes troops
and money, 34, 40; McDow-
ell's, 39-40; regulars in, 79;
number of troops, 79-80;
conscription, 81; organi-
zation, 82; Grant's (1862),
148; Army of the Cumber-
land, 164, 279; Army of the
Mississippi, 160; Army of

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on the Mississippi (1862),
113, 114, 167; (1863), 261,
264-65, 272, 273; commands
in Shenandoah Valley, 198;
in Shenandoah campaign,
199, 200, 203, 204, 205, 207,
208, 210, 211, 212, 235; in-
capacity, 261, 265, 273; com-
mands Red River Expedi-
tion, 318, 329, 330, 337, 338
Barrancas Barracks, 3
Bartow, General F. S., Bull

Run, 48; killed, 52
Baton Rouge, Union Arsenal
at, 6; Farragut captures,
107; Confederate attack,
110; Union Navy wins way
to, 117

"Battle above the Clouds,"
Lookout Mountain, 284
Baylor, Captain J. R., pro-

claims himself Governor of
New Mexico, 165-66
Beauregard, General P. G. T.,

sons at Louisiana Military
Academy, 7; and Fort Sum-
ter, 12, 15-16; on the Poto-
mac, 35; at Bull Run, 36, 45,
49; preparation for Shiloh,
146, 147; battle of Shiloh,
153-54; Corinth, 156; and
Confederate plans, 195;
attacks Butler, 340; tele-
gram to Lee, 348-49; com-
mand of troops opposed to
Sherman, 371

Beauregard, Fort, 92
Beaver Dam Creek (Virginia),
Porter's front at Mechanics-
ville, 223

Bee, General B. E., Bull Run,
49; killed, 52

Bell, Commodore H. H., 99,
114

Belmont (Missouri), Grant
attacks, 92, 121

Benjamin, J. P., Confederate
Secretary of War, 70, 101,
182

Benton, flagship, 266
Bentonville (North Carolina),
battle, 382-83

Bering Sea, Shenandoah in, 69
Bermuda Hundred (Virginia),
Butler seizes, 339
Beverly (West Virginia), Con-
federates retire to, 30
Big Black River (Mississippi),
Grant's victory at, 271
Birge, H. W., and sharp-
shooters, 133

Bixby, Mrs., letter to, 190-

191

Blackburn's Ford (Virginia),

McDowell at, 43, 46
Blair, General F. P., fight for
Missouri, 25, 26, 27, 57,
131; as a general, 261
Blockade, declared, 16; effec-
tiveness, 84, 91-92, 113, 244,
280; blockade-runners, 91-
92, 307-08; on Mississippi,
93; attempts to break, 308-
309, 318; double line neces-
sary, 308

Bloody Angle, salient in Spot-
sylvania action, 343, 344
Bonham, General M. L., Bull
Run, 48

Boonville (Missouri), battle,
28, 118

Boston Mountains, Confeder-
ates hold, 142

Bowling Green (Kentucky),
Johnston at, 124, 129; John-
ston abandons, 141
Brackett, Colonel A.

G.,

quoted, 10-11
Bragg, General Braxton, 287,
325-26; at Baton Rouge, 6;
preparations for Shiloh, 146;
succeeds Beauregard, 161;
invasion of Kentucky, 161,
162, 243; march on Nash-
ville, 164; sends out Morgan,
278; Chickamauga, 279;
Chattanooga, 281, 305; Mis-
sionary Ridge, 282, 283

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Buckingham, General C. P.,
and McClellan, 248
Buckner, General S. B., as a
general, 136; Fort Donelson,
138; surrender, 139, 140;
and Grant, 140
Buell, General D. C., commands
in West, 122; and Halleck,
123; preparations for Shiloh,
146, 148, 149; battle of
Shiloh, 153, 154; commands
Army of the Ohio, 160; end
of service, 162
Buford, John, cavalry leader
at Gettysburg, 293, 295,
296, 297, 298

Bull Run, First campaign, 33,
84, 171, 172, 181, 193; pub-
lic clamor for action, 34, 39-
40; disposition of forces, 34-
35, 36; Confederate problem,
36-37; Falling Waters, 38-
39; Federal preparations,
41-43; Blackburn's Ford, 43;
McDowell advances, 44;
Confederate preparations
and plans, 44-46; Federal
advance, 47; Confederate
rout, 48-49; Confederates
rally, 49-50; Stuart's charge,

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