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Mississippi, Nevada and North Dakota. In Louisiana, observed in Orleans Pai sh.
September 9. Admission Day: In California.
November - General Election Day: In Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon (vote for presidential elections only), Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming, in the years when elections are held therein. In 1904 in states holding such elections the date was November 8.
November - 1905. Thanksgiving Day (usually the fourth Thursday in November): Is observed in all the states, and in the District of Columbia, Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma, though in some states it is not a statutory holiday.
December 25. Christmas Day: In all the states, and in the District of Columbia, Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma.
Sundays and fast days are legal holidays in all the states which designate them as such.
There are no statutory holidays in Mississippi, but by common consent the Fourth of July, Thanksgiving and Christmas are observed as holidays. In Kansas Decoration Day, Labor Day and Washington's Birthday are the only legal holidays by legislative enactment; other legal holidays are so only by common consent. In New Mexico, Washington's Birthday, Decoration Day, Labor Day, Flag Day (June 14), and Arbor Day are holidays when so designated by the governor.
Arbor Day is a legal holiday in Arizona, Maine, Minnesota, New Mexico, Wisconsin and Wyoming, the day being set by the governor; in Texas, February 22; Nebraska, April 22; Utah, April 15; Rhode Island, May 11; Montana, second Tuesday in May; Florida, first Friday in February; Georgia, first Friday in December; Colorado (school holiday only), third Friday in April; in Oklahoma, the Friday following the second Monday in March.
Every Saturday after 12 o'clock noon is a legal holiday in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Tennessee, Virginia, the District of Columbia, and the city of New Orleans, and in Newcastle county, Del., except in St. George's Hundred; in Louisiana and MISsouri in cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants; in Ohio in cities of 50,000 or more inhabitants; and June 1 to August 31 in Denver, Col.
There is no national holiday, not even the Fourth of July. Congress has at various times appointed special holidays. In the second session of the Fifty-third congress it passed an act making Labor Day a public holiday in the District of Columbia, and it has recognized the existence of certain days as holidays for commercial purposes, but, with the exception named, there is no general statute on the subject. The proclamation of the president designating a day of Thanksgiving only makes it a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the territories, and in those states which provide by law for it.
LABOR LEGISLATION Anti-Boycotting and Anti-Blacklisting Laws.—The states having laws prohibiting boycotting in terms are Illinois and Indiana.
The states having laws prohibiting blacklisting in terms are Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington and Wisconsin.
The following states have laws which may be fairly construed as prohibiting boycotting: Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont and Wisconsin.
The following states have laws which may be fairly construed as prohibiting blacklisting: Georgia, Michi. gan, New Hampshire, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island and South Dakota.
In the following states it is unlawful for any em. ployer to exact an agreement, either written or verbal, from an employe not to join or become a member of any labor organization, as a condition of employment: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Porto Rico and Wisconsin.
EIGHT-HOUR LAWS Arkansas.-Eight hours of labor constitute a day's work on public roads, highways and bridges.
California.-Eight hours of labor constitutes a day's work, unless it is otherwise expressly stipulated by the parties to a contract. The time of service of all laborers, workmen, and mechanics employed upon any public works of, or work done for, the state, or for any political sub-division thereof, whether the work is to be done by contract or otherwise, is limited and restricted to eight hours in any one calendar day, and a stipulation that no workman, laborer, or mechanic in the employ of the contractor or sub-contractor shall be required or permitted to work more than eight hours in any one calendar day, except in cases of extraordinary emergency, shall be contained in every contract to which the state or any political sub-division thereof is & party.
Colorado.-Eight hours constitutes a day's work for all workingmen employed by the state, or any county, township, school district, municipality, or incorporated town, and for workingmen in all underground mines or workings and in smelting and refining works.
Connecticut.-Eight hours of labor constitute a lawful day's work unless otherwise agreed.
District of Columbia.-Eight hours constitute a day's work for all laborers or mechanics employed by or on behalf of the District of Columbia.
Idaho.-Eight hours' actual work constitute a lawful day's work on all state, county and municipal works.
Illinois.-Eight hours are a legal day's work in all mechanical employments, except on farms, and when
otherwise agreed; does not apply to service by the day, week, or month, or prevent contracts for longer hours. Eight hours constitute a day's labor for persons assessed to work on public highways.
Indiana.-Eight hours of labor constitute a legal day's work for all classes of mechanics, workingmen and laborers, excepting those engaged in agricultural and domestic labor. Overwork by agreement and for extra compensation is permitted. The employment of persons under fourteen years of age for more than eight hours per day is absolutely prohibited.
Iowa.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor on public roads.
Kansas.-Eight hours constitute a day's work for all laborers, mechanics or other persons employed by or on behalf of the state or any county, city, township, or other municipality.
Maryland.-No mechanic or laborer employed by or on behalf of the city of Baltimore shal be required to work more than eight hours as a day's labor.
Massachusetts.-Eight hours shall constitute a day's work for all laborers, workmen, and mechanics employed by or on behalf of any city or town in the commonwealth upon acceptance of the statute by a majority of voters present and voting upon the same at any general election.
Minnesota.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor for all laborers, workmen and mechanics employed by or on behalf of the state, whether the work is done by contract or otherwise.
Missouri.-Eight hours constitute a legal day's work. The law does not prevent an agreement to work for a longer or a shorter time and does not apply to laborers and farm hands in the service of farmers or others engaged in agriculture. It is unlawful for employers to work their employes longer than eight hours per day in mines.
Montana.-Eight hours constitute a legal day's work for persons engaged to operate or handle any first-motion or direct-acting hoisting engine, or any geared or indirect-acting hoisting engine at any mine employing fifteen or more men underground when the duties of fireman are performed by the person so engaged; also for any stationary engineer operating a stationary engine developing fifty or more horse-power when such engineer has charge or control of a boiler or boilers in addition to his other duties. The law applies only to such steam plants as are in continuous operation or are operated sixteen or more hours in each twenty-four hours, and does not apply to persons running any engine more than eight hours in each twenty-four for the purpose of relieving another employe in case of sickness or other unforeseen cause. Eight hours constitute a day's labor upon roads and highways.
Nebraska-Eight hours constitute a day's work on public roads.
New Jersey.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor on any day whereon any general or municipal election shall be held.
New Mexico.-Eight hours are required as a day's labor on public roads and highways.
New York.-Eight hours constitute a day's work for all classes of employes, except in farm or domestic labor. Overwork for extra pay is permitted, except upon work by or for the state or a municipal corporation, or by contractors or sub-contractors therewith. The law applies to those employed by the state or municipality, or by persons contracting for state work, and each contract to which the state or a municipal corporation is a party shall contain a stipulation that no workman, laborer, or mechanic in the employ of the contractor, sub-contractor, etc., shall be permitted or required to work more than eight hours in any one calendar day, except in cases of extraordinary emergency.
Ohio.-Eight hours shall constitute a day's work in all engagements to labor in any mechanical, manufacturing, or mining business, unless otherwise expressly stipulated in the contract.
Oklahoma.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor on public highways.
Oregon.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor on public roads.
Pennsylvania.-Eight hours of labor shall be deemed and held to be a legal day's work in all cases of labor and service by the day where there is no agreement