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aminations on optional subjects, such as the modern languages, and different branches of science and art. Frequently too the assistance of outside experts may be useful in revising the examination papers, and suggesting desirable improvements.

This change will give opportunity for the selection of gentlemen of the highest standing for the examining boards, and relieve the Commission from needless embarrassment.

The Commission has appointed the following Boards of Examiners, all in the official service of the State, after consultation with the heads of departments, as required by the third section of the act :

State EXAMINERS AT ALBANY. Hiram E. Sickles, Chairman, Reporter for the Court of Appeals; James E. Morrison, Deputy Superintendent of Public Instruction ; Willis E. Merriman, Warrant Clerk in the Comptroller's office ; Richard G. Milks, Receiving Clerk in the Treasurer's office; John G. Clifford, Clerk in the Insurance Department.

EXAMINERS FOR SCHEDULE D. State Lunatic Asylum at Utica:

Horatio N. Dryer, Dr. Edward U. Brush, Mrs. Emma Barker.

State Homeopathic Asylum for the Insane at Middletown :

Dr. Alonzo P. Williamson, Dr. C. Spencer Kinney, Mr. Jobn Coch


Hudson River State Hospital of Ponghkeepsie:

A. 0. Kellogg, M. D., Dr. Charles II. Landou, Robert Roberts.

Willard Asylum for the Insane:

Dr. Peter M. Wise, Dr. Alexander Nellis, Jr., Morris J. Gilbert.

Binghamton Asylum for the Insane :

Dr. Charles C. Eastman, Dr. Orville J. Wilsy, Edwin Evans.

Buffalo Asylum for the Insane :

Dr. W. D. Granger, Dr. Floyd S. Creyo, Levi M. Beam.


ORS AND HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS. In pursuance of the eighth section of the act providing among other things that the mayors of each city in the State having a population of fifty thousand or over by the last census is authorized to prescribe such regulations for the admission of persons into the Civil Service

as may best promote the efficiency thereof. Subjecting all proceedings and papers connected with the examination to the inspection of the Commission and its agents, and enacting that "said Commission shall set forth in its report the character and practical effects of such examinations, together with its views as to the improvement and er. tension of the same, and also copies of all regulations made under the authority hereby conferred,” the Commission respectfully reports:

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The City of Brooklyn. On the 29th of June last, the Commission, at the request of the Honorable Seth Low, mayor of Brooklyn, held a conference in that city with the mayor and the heads of departments, and Chief Eraminer Burt was authorized to co-operate with Mayor Low in the preparation of regulations for the city of Brooklyn.

On the 12th of November last, Mayor Low attended a meeting of the Commission in the city of New York, when the regulations prepared by his honor were read and approved. They were formally prescribed by the mayor and filed December the 15th. Additional regulations, with schedule showing the positions included in schedules A, B, C and D, were prescribed by the mayor, December 27, 1883. All of these regulations are given in appendix.

On the same day the mayor appointed as examiners:
Schedule B — Ethan Allen Doty, Edmond F. Clyne, John C. Orr.

Schedule C - John H. Schumann, Frederick Brownell, Edward N.

The first competitive examination for applicants under Schedule B, was held at the City Hall, Brooklyn, on the evening of Friday, December the 28th, 1883.

The Commission is advised that the commissioners of the departments of health, police and fire, being among those exempted by section 8 of the act from the necessary application of the Civil Service rules, have advised the mayor of their intention to apply the regalations to their departments as soon as may be, with such modifications only as may seem to be wise and necessary to adapt them to their respective departments.

The City of New York, On the 14th of September, in pursuance of a suggestion for a conference made by his honor Mayor Edson, of the city of New York, during the summer, but found to be at that time impracticable, the Commission met at the mayor's office, the mayor, the comptroller, the superintendent of the street cleaning department, the superintendent

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of public works, the dock commissioners, and other heads of depart. ments of the New York city government. A part of the report of the conference is given in Appendix H.

At the request of the mayor, the Chief Examiner prepared a draft of regulations which, after revision by the mayor, was submitted by his honor to the heads of departments, with whom one of the Commissioners and the Chief Examiner discussed its provisions. A further con ference was bad by the Commission with tho mayor and heads of departments on the 11th of December, and on the 15th of December the revised regulations were approved and promulgated by the mayor, to take effect January 1, 1884.

These regulations will be found in appendix, and Mayor Edson, in communicating them to the Commission, expressed the belief that they would be faithfully carried out by the chiefs of departments.

The Examiners appointed for applicants for places in Schedule B, are, Hon. Charles S. Fairchild, late Attorney-General of the State, J. Seaver Page, Esq., and Augustus R. McDonough, Esq.

Examiners for Schedule C.- Arthur H. Dundon, Daniel B. Smith, and James H. Moir.

Examiners for nurses, etc. Dr. Thomas H. Burchard, Dr. F. Tilden Brown, and Dr. Thomas H. Manley.

Institutions of Charities and Correction. The twenty-fifth Regulation for admission to the Civil Service of the city of New York applies exclusively to the department of charities and correction, and it was adopted after a consultation with experts in the business of that department. It requires the examination of applicants for positions as nurses, attendants and orderlies for the city hospitals and asylums. The Examiners are to inquire regarding the age, coşdition of health, moral character, sobriety, personal habits, temper and temperament of each applicant, the educational test being ability to read, and write legibly, and most simple problems in addition and subtraction.

A report made by the State Board of Charities in answer to a resoIntion of the Assembly (No. 41, in Assembly, February 4, 1881), exhibits an expenditure of public moneys in the city of New York for charitable institutions, private as well as public, which shows that the management of private institutions, where children are supported at

expense of the public, demand equally the strictest supervision on the part of the State, both as regards the treatment of the children, the rights of tax payers, and the interest and honor of the CommonWealth.


The report gives a table, compiled from figures furnished by the comptroller of the city of New York, of moneys raised by taxation. or paid in license sees for prisons and public and private charities for thirty years, from 1850 to 1880, showing during that period an increase of population of....

134 per cent. And an increase of cost of charities..

539 During the same period in Boston the increase of population was....

165 Increase of cost of charities.....

237 While in Philadelphia, for the same period, the increase of population was..

135 And the increase of cost


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The report noted as making the subject one of great moment, that “there is no limit beyond which the sum spent from the public funds of New York city for the support of the delinquent and dependent part of the community may not be increased."

The statistics afforded by the reports of the State Board of Charities and Correction, and by the State Charities Aid Association, go to show that the introduction of the Merit System, established by the twenty-fifth Regulation, will tend at once to diminish the expense and to improve the service. The recognition of favor in the appointment of officials seems to induce its recognition in regard to beneficiaries, with small regard to the public economy. In Kings county, where, up to 1875, the average number of pauper children was three hundred and sixty, at an expense of $10,000, the number had risen, in 1880, to one thousand five hundred and sixty-eight, at a cost of $175,000, and Commissioner Ropes reported that seven hundred and twenty of the alleged paupers had both parents living, and that five hundred and ten had one parent living.

But apart from the question of expense, grave as it is when the increase of cost to that of population in the city of New York for thirty years had been more than four times as great as in Philadelphia, and with no limit to its future increase, comes the question of the treatment of the children; and on this point the Commission beg leave to call the attention of your Excellency and the Legislature to “Notes on contagious diseases of the eyes in schools and asylums, prepared at the request of the State Board of Health of New York, by Dr. Cornelius Agnew, the Clinical Professor of the Eye and Ear in the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York. Dr. Agnew said, that he had been called to " a school in one of our courties in which several hundred children had been gathered chiefly from the

streets of the city," where he “found more than half the inmates suffering from a malignant type of purulent ophthalmia.” Before he was called “ several cases of blindness had occurred among the scholars and attendants, five children having lost both eyes, and seventeen children having each lost one eye.” “Several conditions existed in this school favorable to the development of the horrid epidemic: 1. Imperfect quarantine; 2. Bad or insufficient lavatories ; 3. Overcrowding ; 4. Bad food ; 5. Bad drainage.” Dr. Agnew shows that “the bad effects of the prerentable malady are not confined to the limited school life, but run through the entire career of the sufferer, and make him a vehicle of contagion to others. * * I have seen it carried into a community, and there spread by a child discharged from such a school.

All over our State there are schools in which the effects of overcrowding and insufficient food and other preventable causes of disease are telling disastrously on the health of their inmates, and so are seminaries or seed places from which legions of chil. dren go out to recruit the ranks of long-lived paupers.

As these diseases belong in great part to the class of preventable diseases, and as they are occurring in institutions maintained or assisted by the State for the benefit of children of the State, it seems clear that the State should provide a system of examination to ascertain whether the persons in charge of the children are fitted for their trast, and are properly instructed in the laws of health. With properly trained teachers, the cruel wrongs denounced by Dr. Agnew as existing in schools all over our State, caused by ignorance and indifference to an innocent and helpless class, would become impossible, and the eyesight and general health demanded by the State for entrance to its civil service, and equally essential for similar positions in private life, would le protected by a simple regard to the vigilance, cleanliness, pare air, and other conditions, the neglect of which in the case reported to the Board of Health had been followed by such disastrous consequences.

The City of Rochester, On the 4th of October, Commissioner Richmond and Chief Examiner Burt, in compliance with a resolution of the Commission, met in conference at Rochester, his honor, Mayor Cornelius R. Parsons, who had requested a conference, and who was attended by the heads of departments in that city, and the question of establishing regulations for the Civil Service of Rochester, in pursuance of the act, was discussed.

Mayor Parsons, in a subsequent communication, has stated that the exception of departments, as provided by the eighth section, and the

(Assem. Doc. No. 54.] 3

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