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not with your eyes, but with your prejudices. But fifty years hence, when Truth gets a hearing, the muse of history will put Phocion for the Greek, Brutus for the Roman, Hampden for England, Fayette for France, choose Washington as the bright consummate flower of our earlier civilization, then, dipping her pen in the sunlight, will write in the clear blue above them all the name of the soldier, the statesman, the martyr, TouSSAINT L'OUVERTURE.

DEMOSTHENES.

A SPEECH AGAINST BRIBERY.

[Taken from the "Third Phillipic," delivered at Athens, 341 B.C.]

WHAT is wanting to make the insolence of Philip complete? Besides the destruction of the Greek cities, does he not hold the Pythian Games, the common festival of Greece? Is he not master of Thermopyla and the passes into Greece? Does he not hold these places by garrisons and mercenaries? Has he not thrust aside Thessalians, Athenians, Dorians, the whole Amphictyonic body, and got the first audience of the Oracle? Yet the Greeks endure all this. Under these indignities we are all slack and disheartened, and look towards our neighbors, distrusting one another instead of the common enemy.

But what has caused the mischief? There must be some cause, and some good reason why the Greeks were so eager for liberty then, and now are eager for servitude. Men of Athens, there was then, in the hearts of the multitude, some

thing which is now lacking, something which overcame the wealth of Persia and maintained the freedom of Greece, and quailed not under any battle by land or sea; the loss of which has ruined all, and thrown the affairs of Greece into confusion. What was this? Nothing

subtle or clever; simply that whoever took money from political aspirants or from the corrupters of Greece were universally detested. It was a dreadful thing to be convicted of bribery; the severest punishment was inflicted on the guilty, and there was no intercession or pardon.

The favorable moments for enterprise which fortune frequently offers to the careless against the vigilant, to them that will do nothing against those that discharge all their duty, could not be bought from orators or generals; no more could mutual concord or distrust of tyrants and barbarians. But now all such principles have been sold as in open market, and those imported in exchange by which Greece is ruined and diseased. What are they? Envy where a man gets a bribe; laughter if he confesses it; mercy to the convicted; hatred of those that denounce the crime; all the usual attendants upon cor

ruption. For as to ships and men and revenues and abundance of other materials, all that may be reckoned as constituting national strength, assuredly the Greeks of our day are more fully and perfectly supplied with such advantages than Greeks of the olden time. But they are all rendered useless, unavailable, unprofitable, by the agency of these traffickers.

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