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Garfield ever had for the presidency of Hiram College was when he rang the bell and swept the halls in that college while he was a boy; and when he washed dishes in the dormitory and sold books during the summer to defray his college expenses he was doing that which gave him a knowledge of men and things, and fitted him to occupy the highest office in the greatest country in the world.

Stephen Girard knew how to fit a boy for success. The boy Lippincott worked for him faithfully, and he encouraged Lippincott, and told him that if he continued to work faithfully until he was twenty-one years of age he should be rewarded. The day that Lippincott was twenty-one he walked into Girard's office and reminded his employer of that promise. Girard said: "I want you to quit the work you are now doing and learn the cooper's trade." It was an awful disappointment, but the boy had already developed perhaps more than his share of good, hard sense, and he replied: "I am surprised, but if that is what you want me to do I shall do it." Girard told him to go ahead, and to report his progress at the end of one year. Lippincott became an apprentice in the

best coopering establishment in Philadelphia. At the end of a year he appeared before Girard, who had very little to say, but told him to go and make for him three barrels, the best that could be made. In a few days he came back with the barrels. When asked the price by Mr. Girard he said one dollar each was the very least he could make such barrels for. Girard thereupon wrote Lippincott a check for $25,000, and said to him: "Invest this in business, and if you ever fail you will have a trade to fall back upon." Isn't the patience of Lippincott, in going through all that drudgery, a magnificent lesson?

John Wanamaker didn't become a great merchant in a day. Perhaps it wasn't exactly the wheeling of his truck through the streets of Philadelphia in a wheelbarrow that caused his great success; but it was the spirit that made him willing to do anything that needed to be done, whether he liked to do it or not.

Give the boy a chance. Teach him to be useful. Teach him self-reliance. Teach him to stand alone. Teach him that the success for which he is striving is carefully wrapped up within himself, only waiting to be discovered.

It's a great thing to teach a boy how to do things, and it's a great thing to teach him that he has a personality to mould, a leadership to acquire over himself and a soul to develop and save.

"Hats off to the boy. He is the future leader of mankind. His life is big with possibilities. He may make or uncrown kings, change boundary lines between States, write books that will mould characters, or invent machines that will revolutionize the world."



THE man who wastes time that he doesn't need will need time when he can't get it. The listless whiling away of time when one doesn't happen to have anything special to do is as bad as spending money when one doesn't know what he will need the article for. Time is money, plus. It is possible to get money without an effort sometimes, but time doesn't sit around waiting. We are given eight hours for work, eight hours for sleep, and eight hours for recreation, the improvement of our minds, and the social amenities of life, but how many are there who can put their finger on the last eight hours and tell where they have gone? Some men work eight hours a day and never seem to get anything done. Others there are who may not seem to work that long but accomplish wonders. Why? They know the value of time. They do things when they are not busy. That is, when their ordinary work is done, they keep going.

Most of a man's planning and figuring and real head work must be done outside of regular business hours. And why shouldn't one plan to better his condition when time is at his disposal and he has nothing else to do? If he doesn't plan then he may not be able to plan at all. Thousands of men waste their spare time and neglect the opportunity of doing a little thinking because they are employés and expect the boss to do the planning. There's the rub. He thinks he is working for the boss instead of for himself. I believe the biggest mistake an employé can make is to deceive himself with the idea that he is simply working for someone else for so much a day. Every employé, whether a ten-thousand-dollar-a-year man or a dollar-a-day man, is first of all working for himself, and when he concludes that he is working for the boss and lets the boss do his planning, he is giving himself a life sentence at hard, disagreeable labor, poor grub, and small pay. Such men get more than they are worth if they get anything. Don't work for the boss; put your heart and soul into your work. Work for the glory of working. Take a personal pride in adding to your skill. Be a part of

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