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VOL. 106.


JULY ģ: OCTOBER, 1859.

, .





LONDON: Trinted by WILLIAN CLOWES and Soxs, Stamford Street,

and Charing Cross.


No. 211.



Page I.-1. Leben des Erasmus von Rotterdam. Von Adolf

Müller. Hamburg, 1828.
2. Nouvelle Biographie Universelle. Tome xvi. Art.
Erasme. Paris, 1856

1 II.-Annals, Anecdotes, and Legends: a Chronicle of Life

Assurance. By John Francis, author of “The History
of the Bank of England,' &c. London, 1853

58 III.-Popular Music of the Olden Times : a Collection of

Ancient Songs, Ballads, and Dance Tunes, illustrative
of the National Music of England. By W. Chappell,
F.S.A. London, 1859

82 IV.-The Portrait of a Christian Gentleman. A Memoir of

Patrick Fraser Tytler, author of the History of Scot

land.' By his Friend the Rev. J. W. Burgon. 1859. 109 V.-Books:-1. Siluria. By Sir R. I. Murchison. Third

Edition. 1859.
2. Geology and Mineralogy (Bridgewater Treatise). By

Dr. Buckland. Third Edition.
3. Recent Discoveries in Geology and Palæontology.

Supplement to Sir C. Lyell's Fifth Edition of his

Manual of Elementary Geology.
4. The Geology of Pennsylvania. A Government Survey.

By H. D. Rogers, F.R.S. 3 vols., 4to. With 7 large

Maps, &c.
5. Etudes sur la Métamorphisme des Roches. By M. De-

lesse, Ingénieur des Mines, Professeur de la Géologie à

l'Ecole Normale,
6. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of the United

7. Geological Survey of Canada. Reports of Progress for

the years 1853-56. By Sir W. Logan and others.
8. Reports of the Geological Survey of Victoria (Aus-

tralia). By A. R. C. Selwyu, Esq.
9. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India. Vol. I.,

Parts 1 and 2. By T. Oldham, LL.D., and others.
10. Earthquake Catalogue of the British Association, and

Reports by R. Mallett, F.R.S., and J. W. Mallett,

11. Address of the President (Professor Owen) to the

British Association at Leeds (1858).
12. On Lavas of Mount Ætna formed on Steep Slopes and




on Craters of Elevation. By Sir C. Lyell. From

Phil. Transactions. 1858.

13. Report on the Copper Mines of South Namaqualand.

By Andrew Wyley, Esq., Geological Surveyor of Cape

of Good Hope.

MAPS :- 1. Maps and Sections of the Geological Survey

of the United Kingdom.

2. Geological Map of Europe. By Sir R. I. Murchison

and Professor Nicol.

3. Geological Map of Europe. By M. Dumont.

4. Geological Map of Scotland. By Professor Nicol.

5. Geological Map of England and Wales. By Professor


6. Geological Map of North America, with Reports. By

Professor J. Marcoú.

7. Geologisk Karta öfver Fyris åus Dalbäcken. Af A.


8. Geological Map of Ireland. By Sir R. Griffith. New


9. Geological Map of Yorkshire. By Professor J.

Phillips -


VI.-1. Journal of a Cruise among the Islands of the

Western Pacific, including the Feejees, and others

inhabited by the Polynesian Negro Races, in H.M.S.

• Havannah. By John Elphinstone Erskine, Capt.

R.N. London, 1853.

2. Fiji and the Fijians: the Islands, their Inhabitants,

and Mission History. By Thomas Williams and James

Calcraft, late Missionaries in Fiji. London, 1858.

3. Lettre concernant l'Etat actuel de Tahiti, adressée à Sa

Majesté Impériale Napoléon III. Par Alexander

Salmon. London, 1858.

4. La Nouvelle-Calédonia : Voyages, Missions, Meurs,

Colonisation, 1774-1854. Par C. Brainne. Paris,


5. What is Fiji, the Sovereignty of which is offered to

Her Majesty? By William Arthur, A.M., Member of

the Royal Asiatic Society, Fellow of the Ethnological

Society, &c. London, 1859


VII.-1. The Scouring of the Wlite Horse. By the Author of

• Tom Brown's School-Days. Cambridge, 1858.

2. The Ecclesiastical and Architectural Topography of

England-Berkshire, 1849

- 205

VIII.-1. Notes on the Defences of Great Britain and Ireland.

By Lieut.-General Shaw Kennedy, C.B. 1859.

2. Military Opinion of Sir John Fox Burgoyne, G.C.B.

3. Our Naval Position and Policy. By a Naval Peer.


4. The Navies of the World. By Hans Busk




Art. I.-1. Leben des Erasmus von Rotterdam. Von Adolf Müller.

Hamburg, 1828. 2. Nouvelle Biographie Universelle. Tome xvi. Art. Erasme. Paris, 1856.

LMOST all remarkable events, wonderful discoveries, mighty A

revolutions, have had their heralds, their harbingers, their prophets. The catastrophe, seemingly the most sudden, has been long in silent preparation. The earthquakė has been nursing its fires, its low and sullen murmurs have been heard by the sagacious and observant ear, the throes of its awful coming have made themselves felt; significant and menacing movements are remembered as having preceded its outburst. The marked, if we may so say, the epochal man is rarely without his intellectual ancestors : Shakespeare did not create the English Drama; how long and noble a line, Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, foreshowed Newton! The Reformation, above all, had been long pre-shadowed in its inevitable advent. It was anticipated by the prophetic fears and the prophetic hopes of men; the fears of those who would have arrested or mitigated its shock, the hopes of those who would have precipitated a premature and, it might be, unsuccessful collision with the established order of things. More than one book has been written, and written with ability and much useful research, on the • Reformers before the Reformation;' but we will pass over the more remote, more obscure, or at least less successful, precursors of the great German, the English, and the French antagonists of the mediaval superstitions and the Papal Despotism. We will leave at present unnamed those who would have evoked a pure, lofty, spiritual, personal religion from the gloom and oppression of what we persist in calling the Dark Ages. There are two names, however, of surpassing dignity and interest, the more immediate and acknowledged barbingers of that awful crisis which broke up the august but effete Absolutism dominant over Western Christendom, and at once severed, and for ever, Northern and Southern, Latin Vol. 106.—No. 211.



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