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ed, Legic follows the vein up the the surface, or an adit level cut in and mountain a long distance, to satisfy along the vein a distance of at least himself that no locations have been ten feet. At the end of the adit, a made which will come within the one perpendicular face of at least ten feet he proposes to make, and Prospect should be gained. (See text of law takes a look down the vein, and neither elsewhere.) discovering any prior locations, Within ninety days after location, George pulls his knife from his belt a location certificate must be filed in and commences to whittle, as smooth- the office of the Recorder, in the ly as possible, one side of a stake, county in which the lode is situated, upon which he writes:

which should be in the following form :

TERRITORY OR STATE OF COLORADO,
NOTICE!

SS.

COUNTY OF ......

feet on each side of the middle of said vein at the sur:

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, That......the We hereby give notice that we have

undersigned, ha... this....... ......... day of............, A. D. this fth day of July, A. D. 1876, loca- 187..., located and clained, and by these presents do ted this, the Centennial lode. We locate and claim, by right of di:covery and location,

in compliance with the Mining Acts of Congress, apclaim 1,500 feet in and along the vein, proved May 19th, A. D. 1872, and all subsequent acts, linear and horizontal measurement. and with the local customs, laws and regulations,

..feet, linear and horizontal measurement, on We claim 1,200 feet along the vein, the.. Lode, along the rein thereof, with all

its dips, angles and variations, together with......... running in a northwesterly course from discovery shaft, and 300 feet, face ; and all veins, lodes, ledges and surface ground

..feet, running unning along the vein southeasterly within the lines of said claim...

...... from center of discovery shaft, and........ from discovery shaft We also claim feet running...............frum center of discovery shaft. 130 feet on each side of the vein from Said discovery shaft being situate upon said lode, and

within the lines of said claim in....

.Mining center of crevice as surface ground. District, County of ..............., and Territory of ColoGEORGE LEGIT,

rado, and further described as follows: NATHANIEL PROSPECT,

Locator's.

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ATTEST:

Date of Certificate.....

..A. D. 187...

Parties locating a lode are entitled

Said Lode was located on the......day of...... A. D. 187... to all the dips, spurs, angles, variations, and ledges of the lode, coming within the surface ground, and may take the unnecessary precaution to write it upon the stake giving notice of discovery ; it is useless to recite all the mining rights which follow location in the notice given.

Ir you desire information in regard Within sixty days after discovery to passenger fares on trains by the and location, at least a ten-foot shaft great Kansas Pacific Railway, address must be sunk, or an open cross-cut | BEVERLEY R. KEIM, General Passencutting the vein at least ten feet below ger Agent, Kansas City.

Only sixty-five miles from Fort Garland to Del Norte.

TABLE OF DISTANCES.

The following table gives the distances from principal railroad towns in Colorado to different points in the San Juan mines, reached by wagon roads :

TO

TO

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FROM GARLAND, VIA CUNNINGHAM GULCH,

CANON CITY, VIA LAKE CITY,
Between From

Between

ron Stations. Garland.

Stationis, Orland. Del Norte

65
65 Saguache ....

110

110 Wagon Wheel Gap........... 30

95 Rock Cliff.....,

10

120 Antelope Springs....

20
115 Toll Gate.....

10

130 San Juan City.......

5
120 Old Indian Agency...

15

145 Antelope Park..

3
123 Rock Creek......

10

155 Jennison's Ranche.......

23
146 Beaver Creek

8

163 Summit of Range...

10
156 Cevolla.......

7

170 Howardsville.......

9
165 Junction of Ouray Road..... 15

185 Silverton,.....

5
170 Bridge

12

197 Lake City......

13

210 VIA LAKE CITY.

Animas Forks....

27

237 13

250 Del Norte.....

65

Silverton ....

65 Wagon Wheel Gap...

30

95

FROM EL MORO (FIVE, MILES FROM TRINIDAD) Antelope Springs...

20
115

VIA GARLAND,
Mirror Lake

4

119
Ft. Garland......

50

50 Clear Creek Falls ......

6

125
Del Norte...

65

115 Cevolla..

6

131
Silverton............

105

220 Hay Ranch.........

8

139 Lake City......

6
145

PUEBLO TO SILVERTON.
Animas Forks...

27

172
Del Norte....

1.10

140 Eureka.......

4

176
Silverton..

105

245 Howardsville.......

180 Silverton

5

185 | Distance from Del Norte to Summit...30 miles Del Norte to Decatur...

30 NOTE.—Cucharas is sixty miles farther to

Del Norte to Alamosa...

42 the points given above than Fort Garland.

Lake City to Ouray..

78 Silverton to Parrott Cily..

.60 CANON CITY, VIA DEL NORTE.

Silverton to San Miguel Gold Mines.15 Saguache ......

110

110 Del Norte..

35

145 Wagon Wheel Gap...... 30

175 REMEMBER that the Kansas Pacific Antelope Springs...

20

195 contemplates a broad gauge connecSan Juan City....

5

200

tion with the San Juan mines, by the Antelope Park...

3

203

route through the Costilla Canon, and Jennison's Ranch......

23

2:26 Summit of Range.

thence by the Terra Amarilla and the 10

236 Howardsville.....

9

245 Animas Valley, into the heart of the Silverton

5

250 | mining region.

Cucharas reached via Kansas Pacific Railway.

TABLE OF ASSAYS.

Name of Mine.

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300

12

300

50

100

7

300

4

6

6

12

4

300

10

8 300

7

600

600 10,000 4,000

800 5,000

600 1,550

700

800 4,500 12,000 10.000 1,280 1,797

600 700

600 1,500 1,000

600 1,000 37,000 1,280 1,500 1 000 4 000 3,000

600 512

13

6

The following is a list of assays made from mines in San Juan, as Golden Eagle.......

Golden Fleece.. taken from published statements :

Golden Star,. Name of Mine.

Width Vein. Assay. Golden Queen...... Alaska......

12 $10,000 Grand Central. American.

40

1,000 Green Mountain. Aspen

5

2,000 Grey Eagle........ Badger.....

8

600 Hawkeye....... Belcher..

100

1,500 | Highland Chief....... Belle of the East......

12

12,000 Highland Lassie Belle of the West...

12

1,000 Highland Mary... Big Cassino.......

12

1,000 | Hotchkiss Big G.ant.

100

1,000 Ida ..... Brilliant

300

600 Illinois Boomerang

4.

1,200 Imogone...... Bonanza

15 15,000 Independent Boss Boy..........

30

150 Itasca ................ Burrows

10

240 Jackson B. & G..

30

1,237 J. J. Crook.......... Cambria.

500 John Bradford.... Carribou..

500 Last of the Line..... Carrie

22

2,000 | Little Abbie...... Centennial Pride.......... 25

2 500 Little Annie. Chieftain..

75

500 | Lincoln Boy. Crispin.

25

800 Litt'e Jessie..... Cora......

2

4,500 Little Chief.. Croesus

16

1,600 Lone Chief........ Crystal...

100

4,280 Lulu....... D'acota....

25

281 Lyon. Del Norte....

300

1,000 Mary Hayden.......... Denrer

15

400 Maid of the Mist. Deposit

25

640 Mark Twain.... Duke of Edinburg

8

2,960 Mastodon.... East Boston....

6

500 Major... Empire...

40

200 Mayflower Empire State........

70

2,000 McIntyre....... Emma Dean...

16

6,000 McKinnies Esmond.....

300

1,400 Meteor... Equator..

3

350 | Mickey Breer... Eva.

300

700 Mingo Chief..... Extension

5

600 Missouri........ Florida....

7

600 | Mountaineer.

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Colorado Springs the delightful Watering Place-buy Ticket via the Kansas

Pacific Railway.

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Mountain Lion....
Mortimer...
Mother Cline........
North Pol
North Star
Occident....
Oneida Chief.....
Park Avenue...
Pe'ican....
Philadelphia.....
Plantation ...
Poughkeepsie.........
Pride of the A'ps..
Pride of the West..
Prescott...
R-d Cloud.....
Revenue
Rɔving Ranger......
Saxon..
Seven-thirty
Silver Coio....

4 CO

Assay

Name of Mine.
1,500 Silver King..

150 Sultana..
800 Sunnyside .......
600 Summit..
1,500 Susquehanna...
1,000 Tanner Boy.
1,200 Thacher...

150 Tidal Wave..
1,500 Tegna ....

815 i Tom Thumb.
1,100 | Tront
2,900 Tyrol

300 Upper Anrie.
1,500 | Ute...
1,500 | Venus.
2,000 Vermillion .....

500 Wheel of Fortune....
1 500 Wicker.
3,000 Wr ght....
2,300 Yankton
7,000 | Yellow Jacket .......

900 900 400

6

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The assays given in the foregoing times the mineral runs through the table have this significance only: they entire gague formation, but not oftshow the presence of rich mineral in en. Such ores are best treated by the mines from which the samples as- stamp mills or concentration works sayed are taken. Much mischief is before smelting, and are known as done by reporting assays and giving milling ores. Now then, suppose you out the idea to the public that they find in some portion of the vein a piece are in grade about equal to the pay-of native silver or sulphuret of silver streak found in the vein.

--which usually runs high-you have The pay-streak is generally a very an assay made, and it runs at the rate small part of the vein. A vein four of $2,000 per ton. feet wide may have a pay-streak--ore There is no quartz or gague matter

-four inches or two feet thick. The weighed with the piece the assayer rest of the matter in the vein, called has tested, and of course you can form gague (gag), is usually quartz. Some. I no idea as to what a ton of the ore The Kansas Pacific--the Favorite Route for Shippers of Cattle and Machinery.

40

WHAT DO REPORTED ASSAYS MEAN?-SMELTING AND REDUCTION WORKS.

would run at the smelter. It seems to-day. Why get an assay from such almost superfluous to make this state-ores, running $300 per ton, to induce ment, and yet miners as well as others capitalists to take hold of this proare continually talking about the high perty? There are a number of mines assays of different mines, as though in that country which will smelt over it was a matter of transcendent impor- $1,500 per ton. The owners are rich ; tance. It is undoubtedly a good indi- it does not make another man rich cation to get a high assay. Old miners because he can get an assay of that will bear me out in the suggestion that value from a four-inch pay streak. this continued harping on the high The mines are good enough when assays of mines should be stopped, for we understand the bulk value per ton the good of the mining interests in and the width of the pay streak. San Juan.

They have no equal in the world, so It is not necessary that a mine far as known, and will receive a fair should be run high to be valuable. share of the attention of capitalists, Milling ores running $25 per ton can when the practicability of their being be made to pay largely in San Juan worked at a profit is demonstrated.

SMELTING AND REDUCTION WORKS.

SMELTING FURNACES IN SAN JUAN

The following are amcng the more

Golden Smelting and Refining prominent operators in ores:

Works, Golden, Col. Pennsylvania Lead Co., Mansfield, Talcott & Co., Brighton Course, Ill. Pa.

M. C. Kelley & Co., Smelting Works, St. Louis Smelting and Refining Chicago, Ill. Works, Howard Station, Mo.

Lone Elm Mining and Smelting Preston & Merrill, Boston, Mass. Co., Joplin, Mo. Pope, Cole & Co., Baltimore, Md. J. J. Crook & Co., New York. E. J. Schwartz, Mansfield, Pa.

Wyandotte Smelting and Refining Works, Wyandotte, Mich.

Greene & Co., Silverton Smelter ; Morey & Sperry, New York.

daily capacity twenty tons. Omaha Smelting and Refining Co., Rough and Ready Smelter ; daily Omaha, Neb ,

capacity fifteen tons Denver Crushing and Smelting Mill, Mexican Smelter, Silverton; daily Denver, Col.

capacity two tons. N. P. Hill, Black Hawk, Col.

Edward Innis, Cunningbam Gulch Miners going or returning take the Kansas Pacific Railway.

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