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The entire product of gold and sil- point of view to the rest of mankind, ver in the United States for the year he increases the demand and values 1875 was about eighty-one million dol. of other commodities, except silver lars, and the yield for the present Cen- and gold, and a greater general prostennial year will reach in round num- perity is realized. bers one hundred millions.
If any part of our population are The effect of this production upon idle, or are producing that for which other industries is greatly advanta- there is no demand, and our deposits geous. Something is produced of cur- of the precious metals are ample to rent value to the world, and is a meas- give them employment at remuneraure of the value of other commodities. tive wages, would not it be wise to
The miner consumes that which he examine into the demands of this new does not produce, and bearing the sole field of industry and profit by the oprelation of a consumer in a business portunity offered for employment.
THE SAN JUAN SILVER MINES.
No better evidence attests the thrift: been located, and the work done thereand enterprise of a people than the on, as required by law, within the last quick growth and rapid development two years, and the total number of of the mining interests of San Juan, mines located in all San Juan may be in Southwestern Colorado.
placed at 4,500, and yet but a small Until September, 1872, the country part of the country has been prospectknown as San Juan was held by the ed. It would be safe to say,
that seven Ute Indians, when it was by treaty or eight thousand mines will be loreleased to the United States. It cated in San Juan within the next five had up to that time been subject to years. What portion of this great the usual explorations of those reso- number will prove to be paying mines lute spirits that people our western it is difficult to estimate, yet the presmountains in search of the precious ent indications are so flattering, that metals, but there was not much done it is thought by many that one-fourth by way of location and development of the mines located will become payof those wonderful deposits of silver, | ing property. up to the spring of 1874, when work This certainly would be an extravabegan with great vigor.
gant estimate for any other country Perhaps 3,000 silver mines have than the San Juan, but here be it re
Pullman Palace Cars are run over the Kansas Pacific Railway.
membered that no blind leads are by Greene & Co., at Silverton, was prospected, mineral being found in $284, and their best run was about nearly every instance at or near the $800 per ton. surface.
When it is remembered that the An eminent author on mining re- average of the Consolidated Virginia marks, that you find no two mining mine, in Nevada, for the year 1875, countries alike. Certainly no other was $98 per ton, and that it had a country has furnished such quantities bullion yield for that year of $16,731,of rich paying silver ores at the sur- 654.43, some idea may be formed as face. The average grade of the yield to the possible yield of the San Juan of last season is estimated at $220 per mines in the future, from proper deton, while the average of ores treated velopment.
THE ANIMAS DISTRICT.
This district, located in what was La, haps between one and two thousand Plata, but now San Juan County, is leads already located and more being one of the oldest mining districts discovered daily, yet we might mennamed, and lies along the Animas river tion-which would be only a beginand its tributaries.
ning of the list-the Highland Mary, Here a larger number of mines Mountaineer, North Star, Tiger, have been located and are being Thacher, Chepauqua, Comstock, Pride worked than in any other mining dis- of the West, Philadelphia, Susquetricts in that country. Its ores are hana, Pelican, Grey Eagle, Shenanprincipally argentiferous, galena and doah, Bull of the Woods, Little Giant gray copper, and occasionally the (gold), Prospector, McGregor, Aspen, black sulphurets of silver are found, Seymore. Letter G, Empire, Sultana, and in a few mines chloride of silver. Hawkeye, Ajax, Mollie Darling, SilThe Smelter run of the ores treated ver Cord, Althea, Last of the Line, from mines in the Animas district, Boss Boy, Crystal and King Hiram last season, varied between $150 and Abiff (gold). $2,000 per ton.
BAKER'S PARK, It is impossible to give a definite idea of the number of first-class pay- in the Animas district, while it is tha ing leads in a district which has per- center of an extensive mining region, All Trains from the East, South and North make close connection with the
Kansas Pacific Railway at Kansas City or Leavenworth.
it is also one of the most lovely parkis
The chief business of the country in San Juan.
being mining, nearly everybody lives In the sun.mer season, when foliage on the mountains where their propand flowers are at their best, with erty is located. those grand old mountains which bor
Silverton had two der on the park lifting their heads smelters in operation beside one small almost erect from their base 13,000 feet affair, built on the Mexican plan, above the sea level, and the long lines which had a doubtful success. It also of shadow are nestling in the abrupt contained four or five supply stores, angles of the gulches and canons, the one drug store, four blacksmith shops, wild music of the water falls that leap two saw-mills, one bakery, two butchfrom the mountain sides, enhances the er shops, one barber shop, a number scene, and it reminds us more of some of boarding houses, a weekly newsfairy land of enchantment, than what paper—the La Plata Miner-and permust be at no distant day the greatest haps half a dozen saloons. depot of mineral supply on the conti- This being the county seat of the
county of San Juan, where all records
of mining property within the county SILVERTON,
are kept, the town, at all times, prein Baker's Park, is one of the chief sents a lively appearance. towns west of Del Norte.
The miner's from the La Plata, AniIn 1874, there were perhaps half a mas, Adams and Uncompahgre disdozen rude buildings in Silverton, but tricts, buy the most of their supplies last season, as soon as saw-mills in at Silverton. R. C. Luesly keeps an the park were prepared to furnish extensive and complete assortment of lumber, a town sprung up like magic, everything the miner wants, both in about 200 houses being built dur- provisions and the necessary tools for . ing the spring and summer of 1875, working the mines. His stock will and the town had gained a population vary between twenty and thirty thouof about one thousand in August last. sand dollars. Greene & Co., who own It is safe to say that the population the largest smelter at Silverton, also will be doubled during the present carry an immense stock. Several
new firms are taking goods in this But the importance of a mining season, and there will be an abundcountry should not be estimated by ance of everything in the supply line, the size of its towns.
at reasonable prices.
You should take a look at Denver and Colorado Springs before going into
THE EUREKA DISTRICT.
This district joins the Animas on the viewed in the twilight, presents the north and lies along the Animas river. appearance of a huge cathedral, its The character of the ores does not pillars and dome marking magnificent differ materially from those in the heights and presenting a very imposAnimas district, granite being the pre-ing appearance, and, in this, Nature's vailing character of the rock forma- | Architect has furnished a model of tions in each.
the grand and sublime, which the art Going into the Eureka district from of man can never imitaté. From Silverton, you pass through the town Eureka you reach Animas Fork, four of Howardsville, at the confluence miles distant up the Animas River, of the Cunningham Gulch stream with or you go into the Uncompahgre disthe Animas river. This is a town of trict by Eureka Gulch. Eureka has, about three hundred inhabitants perhaps, twenty rude buildings, and Here as you advance farther up the has a supply store and post office. No river the width between the moun-larger bodies of ore are found anytains begins to narrow, and by the where than in the Eureka district time you reach the town of Eureka, The McKinnie, Tidal Wave, Boome.
. which is about nine miles from Silver- rang, Crispin, Sunnyside, Yellow Jackton, the mountains have crowded et, Golden Fleece, Venus, Emma Dean, close upon you on either side, and American, North Pole, Jackson, Grand you are in view of some grand moun. Central, Big Giant, Little Abbie, Beltain scenery. Just before you reach cher and Chieftain are among the Eureka, on the left bank of the Ani- principal mines. mas, there is a mountain, which,
THE UNCOMPAHGRE DISTRICT.
In traveling through San Juan, All along up
Cement Creek everywhere you go, it is the common on either side, the mountains remark of those with whom you decked with ribbons of silver, and folmeet, that “there seerns to be no end lowing up to the head of Cement from to the number of rich mines.'' And Silverton, a distance of twelve miles, so it is; you find them everywhere. you reach the summit of the mounFor the Lowest Rates of Freight to Colorado apply to T. F. OAKES, General
Freight Agent, Kansas City.
SUNRISE ABOVE THE CLOUDS,
tains, in the famous mines of the Un- on till it reaches the broad fertile valcompahgre district. But wbat a ride ley in the distance, where dwells the
have had in gaining these timid Ute. The summit of the Unheights! The trail lies close along compahgre mountains is the place of the margin of the creek, and it has a all places to view mountain scenery gradual elevation till you reach with in its greatest variety and most imin two miles of the summit, where a pressive grandeur. zig-zag trail, which runs across the Summer and winter, spring and face of the mountain which fills up autumn, are viewed in one glance, the canon
at the head of Cement and stand out in bold contrast, encreek, brings you into the heart of hanced at times by those strange phethe Uncompahgre mines.
nomena in nature, the mountain mirThe scenery here is grand in the age and extreme. Nature must have been in wild riot to have produced such a sWreck of matter” as is here found. Were you to encamp upon one of If the ruins of ancient cities impress those bold mountain ranges you might the beholder with wonder and amaze- witness, on a misty morning, a scene ment, what must be the emotions in that no pen can describe. The parks viewing for the first time what one and passes below are filled with a might imagine to be an exploded dense fog that reaches half-way up the world, with its sharp, broken frag- mountains. Along the surface of this ments piled in strange confusion four- foggy chasm, and farther up the teen thousand feet high.
mountain, rest light, airy, broken colThe molten peaks are tinged with umns of clouds. The morning is breaka red and sulphurous hue, which tells ing, and the sun is stealing over the of a period at which the chemical summit from the east. He sends his properties of the earth are made to rays aslant upwards at first, and you gild each crest with rare, enduring mark his golden line along his misty colors.
course. He soon reaches the upper tier It presents a scene of abandoned na- of clouds, and when his rays play upon ture, with garbs of living green, cast the bosom of the immense misty mass recklessly below into the parks and below, the crowning glory of this valleys, two miles away, that her beautiful scene is before your eyes. charms might be made the subject of The reflection and refraction of color man's conquests to gain her golden from these vaporous masses have pro
cuced a scene of most wondrous beauThe eye lingers upon the scene, and ty, the like of which can never be marks the line of contrast where the seen from below. spruce and fir fringe the foot hills, Nearly all the water courses in the and the Uncompahgre river pours its northern portion of San Juan have glad song over cliff and through can- their source within the limits of the You will avoid delay by procuring your tickets via Kansas Pacific Railway.