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Etching by Russell.

DISTINGUISHED GENERALS OF THE CONFEDERATE ARMY.

General Robert E. Lee, one of the greatest military leaders America has produced

and famous also for his learning and magnaniinity. Born

January 19, 1807; died October 12, 1870. Major-General Thomas Jonathan (Stonewall) Jackson, the brave and Christian

soldier of masterly military genius. Born January 21. 1824; Died May 10, 1863.

Major-General Joseph E. Johnston, the hero of several wars and commander

of the Confederate forces at the first battle of Bull Run. Born February 3, 1807 ; died March 21, 1891.

Major-General John Bell Hood, who fought valorously at Gaines' Mill, Gettysburg,

and on other battlefields. He succeeded Johnston, and was in turu succeeded by General Taylor. Born June 1, 1831; died August 30, 1879.

Major-General Braxton Bragg distinguished himself at Buena Vista. After Shiloh,

he succeeded Beauregard in command of the Western division. Victorious at Chickamauga, and fought Grant before Chattanooga. Born March 22, 1817 ; died September 27, 1876.

Major-General James Longstreet, renowned as a hard fighter and a hero on

many bloudy battleuelds. Held various offices in tlie customs service, and was appointed Minister to Turkey by Hayes. Boru January 8, 1821 ;

OFFICIAL
REFERENCE LIBRARY

OF

UNITED STATES HISTORY

EPOCHS OF NATIONALITY, WAR

AND GREATNESS

BY

GENERAL MARCUS J. WRIGHT,

Government Statistician at Washington
JOHN CLARK RIDPATH, LL. D., Historian
JAMES P. BOYD, A. M., L. B.
J. W. BUEL, Ph. D.

1901 Edition

VOLUME II.

OFFICIAL COMPANY

PUBLISHERS

LAVARES, UN . .

COPYRIGHT, 1900

BY
E, J. STANLEY

BOOK SECOND.
EPOCHS OF NATIONALITY, WAR AND GREATNESS.

PAGS

CHAPTER XXIII.
WAR FOR TEXAS INDEPENDENCE–Origin of the dispute with

Mexico-First battle of the war-Heroic defense at San Jacinto

-The Republic of Texas acknowledged — Application for
admission to the Union—The presidential contest of 1844–
First use of the magnetic telegraph-Polk's administration-
The boundary dispute with Mexico--Declaration of war--
General Taylor's invasion-Battle of Palo Alto-General
Scott's army-Siege of Monterey—The war in California-
Fremont's overland journey-Kearney's dragoons-Colonel
Doniphan's march--Battle of Buena Vista—The storming of
Vera Cruz-Flight of Santa Anna-Capture of Jalapa-Attack
on the fortresses of Churubusco and Chapultepec-Contreras
carried by assault-Wonderful triumph of the Americans,
Proclamation of peace-Acquisition of new territory-Dis-
covery of gold in California—The Free-Soil party-Election of
General Taylor-Clay's Omnibus Bill-Death of Taylor.....

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CHAPTER XXIV.

FILLMORE'S ADMINISTRATION—The institution of slavery still

troubles the country-Effects of the Omnibus Bill-Death of
Lopez-Sir John Franklin's expedition-How Secretary of
State Everett replied to England and France—A bold declara-
tion that no foreign power shall dictate American policy-The
Pacific Railway-A commercial treaty with Japan—Walker's
filibuster expedition against Central America—The Ostend
manifesto-Looking to the annexation of Cuba—The Kansas-
Nebraska Bill-Lawlessness in Kansas—The Know-Nothing
party-Election of Buchanan-The Taney Dred-Scott decision
-An expedition against the Utah Mormons-Laying the
Atlantic cable.....

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........... .......

64-83

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