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23. The Hay-Varilla Treaty of 1903 for the Construction and

Working of the Panama Canal ....

85

24. Extract from the Panama Canal Act, 1912, of the Congress

of the United States

90

25. Treaty of 1914 between the United States and Colombia.. 91

26. Award of the Arbitral Tribunal in the North Atlantic Fish-

eries Dispute between Great Britain and the United States,

1910......

94

27. British Order in Council of March 15, 1893, assuming Juris-

diction in certain Islands in the Pacific Ocean

137

28. Immunities of Public Armed Vessels. Extract from the Judg-

ment of Chief Justice Marshall in the Case of the Exchange 139

29. Excerpts from the General Act of the Brussels Conference of

1890 for the Suppression of the African Slave Trade..... 143

30. Bargain for the Substitution of Territorial for Consular

Jurisdiction

149

Madagascar and Zanzibar

31. A Modern Extradition Treaty

150

The United States and France, 1909

32. Extract from the Rules on Extradition Voted by the Insti-

tute of International Law at Geneva, 1892 ..

157

33. The Concert of Europe

158

Extracts from Speeches by the late Lord Salisburg and Sir Ed-

ward Grey

34. The Monroe Doctrine

159

35. The Monroe Doctrine

161

Memorandum of Mr. Hay, United States Secretary of State, to

the Imperial German Embassy, 1901

36. President Roosevelt on the Monroe Doctrine, 1904

162

37. Responsibilities connected with the Monroe Doctrine

163

The United States and the Republic of Santo Domingo

38. Resolution of the Fourth International American Congress,

establishing the Pan-American Union, 1910 .

170

39. Resolution of the Fourth International American Congress

concerning the Pan-American Railroad, 1910

174

40. Protocol providing for a Conference between the five Cen-

tral American Republics under the Auspices and Direction

of the United States and Mexico, 1907

175
PART III

DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE

OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

PART I

DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATING THE NATURE, ORIGIN, AND DEVELOPMENT OF

INTERNATIONAL LAW

1. Excerpts from Nicolo Machiavelli, 1469-1527

CALCULATED CRUELTY From whence it is to be observed, that he who usurps the government of any State is to execute and put in practice all the cruelties which he thinks material at once, that he may have no occasion to renew them often, but that by his discontinuance he may mollify the people, and by his benefits bring them over to his side. He who does otherwise, whether for fear or ill counsel, is obliged to be always ready with his knife in his hand; for he can never repose any confidence in his subjects, whilst they, by reason of his fresh and continued inhumanities, cannot be secure against him. So then injuries are to be committed all at once, that the last being the less, the distaste may be likewise the less; but benefits should be distilled by drops, that the relish may be greater. - (The Prince, ch. viii.)

WAR

A Prince, then, is to have no other design, nor thought, nor study but war and the arts and disciplines of it; for, indeed, that is the only profession worthy of a prince, and is of so much

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