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jects seem either increased far be- that prosecuted what they thought yond, or diminished far below, their sedition or treason at the commencereal magnitude-so that men's minds ment of the revolutionary war, behave no true and steadfast know. lieved that the existence of the moledge, and keep perpetually fluctu. narchy was threatened; whether right ating on a sea of troubles. So moved, or wrong in the measures they purthe National Will loses all its power sued to quell the danger, they were and all its grandeur; and its disturb. sincere; nor are they accused by any ed and uncertain movements, obey. but a few stray idiots, of having ing no moral and intellectual laws, purposely caused the danger, and cannot be for good.

instigated to crime the wretches But to seek to control it by exter. whom they sought afterwards to nal force-by menace or infliction- punish. They were not revoluis a' vain thought at all times and tionists turning round on revolu in all places—especially so now and tionists—and dooming their followhere — for knowledge henceforth ers to imprisonment, expatriation, or must be the stability of the State. death. The Whigs in those days Some protecting enactments there were all for the liberty of the Press; must be against popular fury; but and every man who suffered by the the war of words is like the war of law for his political sins, whether waves and winds, that will soon de- they were in words or in acts, was stroy ill-constructed and injudicious. a great patriot-hero, ill-requily placed embankments, but waste ted chief,”—for the truth a martyr. their wildness along even low and With many of the sentiments of level shores, with gentle places, the few noble and high-minded bosoms, nooks, and bays " provided men of that party, we never were, by gracious nature, while science nor are we now, unable or unwiland art assist her working for peace, ling to sympathize; we abhor the and build up defences that the tides suppression, by mere power of the themselves obey, mounds that time law, even of the pernicious exercise strengthens as their “ feet beat back of evil thought; and would far ra. the ocean's foamy surge.”

ther wither wickedness by the lightTrue liberty is by nature calm. nings launched against it by IntelShe is not surely at all times like lect, the Prime Minister of Patriot. “ loud-throated war." " Agitate! ism, than confine it by the lock and Agitate! Agitate!” that may be in- key of the Jailer, or cut it down by deed a good war-cry-but society the axe, or strangle it by the cord of cannot be in a sane state, when all the Executioner. men are battling-even, as they may But though we have always loved think, for the right for that is not the Liberty of the Press—of the the temper of Intellect - which, Periodical and Political Press-we while it can “ ride on the whirlwind have never felt that it was so essenand direct the storm,” knows that tial to our existence as the air we its best region is a region of peace. breathed - or that without it we Worst of all when Intellect comes to should have died. We do not indeed enjoy the tumult and turmoil which doubt that we should soon expire in it has itself created, and lives rather an exbausted air-receiver; but milto be a destroyer and a puller down lions of human beings, as good or than a guardian and a builder-up; better than ourselves, have lived to when it scorns its natural and happy old age, and been happy beneath the office of restoration and renovation, skies, and not under a Whig governand keeps open the wounds it has ment. Nay, the Whigs themselves torn open, rather than deal gently bave not died when deprived of the with them, and “with a hand of air they breathed, and which they healing."

averred was necessary to their very The conduct of any Government existence ; but have kept bawling that punishes people for the publi- with lusty lungs, as if they would cation of political opinions can be live to all eternity, against Tory Mijustified or condemned but on a nistries, that, according to them, had right understanding of the danger of not only corrupted, but annihilated, the times-and of the share which the said vital air; and now that they that Government may have had in have become “ angels and ministers creating it. The Tory Governments, of grace" themselves, they find that they and all their connexions can in that hole-and-corner meeting held live well upon the loaves and fishes, in St Stephen's Chapel, but in the though unaccompanied in the de- open air-and by acclamation that voural by unmeasured draughts of deafened the ears even of an appro. that air which once they must have ving lower heaven. breathed-or, to the great loss and Not a few good Whigs there were grief of the nation, forth with died. —and even Radicals—nay, even a

The late Revolution was brought considerable number of so-and so about in pretty much the same Tories—who wished for Reform in way, and by pretty much the same the system of representation—but means, as any other recorded in the not such reforms as the multitude Old Almanack. The Press was not then gave us. Their desire for some idle, and assuredly was free; men, change-more or less-was judiwomen, and children, were employ- cious, and we shall not sayi

y not found ed in working it voluntarily night ed on reason. But what could they and day—at long hours—in the many do in the midst of all that liberty of factories; and when any unlucky the Press ? The more violent, and operative got idle, down caine on his utterly unprincipled Whig leaders bead, in the heavy hand perhaps of preached war against all such rethe Editor of the Times, the patrio- formers—even “war to the knife;" tic billy-roller. The Whigs kept the and every man who counselled cau. whole machinery in oil. And they tion and moderation, was denounced ensured the mill-owners against all as a traitor or a slave. We say, utloss by fire.

terly unprincipled Whig leaders-“O happy state when souls together draw; forced to carry-in fear that the

for the measure they were finally When love is liberty, and nature law!”

power they coveted for sake of the So thought the Reformers ; and the pelf it brings might after all elude country in that union, and at that their greedy grasp, and fall into the crisis, disclosed a power of vitu- hands they hated—was not their peration which no abuse could re- measure, nor such as even their unsist. Stones, torches, brick-bats, and derstandings approved, but at enrotten eggs, described in the air mity even with their own convicfigures far more imposing than any tions of what in this country ought to mere figures of speech; and rhetori. be the principle of a liberal Govern. cal flourishes seemed feeble wben ment. We say so in the belief that brought into hourly comparison with all they had been saying all their "the measured tread of marching lives—and especially within the year men," making the ground groan - was not one lie; but that even against their oppressors. In such they — Henry Brougham in his crowds and throngs there was some strength—and Lord John Russell thing as morally as intellectually in his weakness—were not timegrand in the Liberty of the Press — serving and time-watching hypoor rather pressure; patriotism was crites all along, and longing for the kindled by contact; the people took hour when they might apostatize in their affairs into their own hands and a magnificent or a mean ambition. beneath their own feet; and the world We are far from despairing of our had only to look on and admire the country — even had his Majesty's glorious spectacle of National Rege- Solicitor-General for England not peration. A Bishop's palace or a encouraged us to hope, by the assuDuke's castle, as they “went to the rance he has lately given us, in an adearth,” seemed in the eyes of the dress delivered to a jury, bright with liberators to give more smoke than the fire of freedom, that the country fire, and the burning of a town to be never was in so flourishing a condia trifle. The storm was up-and all tion as it is now, since it reappeared voices were privileged to growl or all glittering with green from the howl ad libitum-all hands to threa- refreshment of the flood. But ignoten; the one House of Parliament rant indeed must we be of the chawas bought and sold, and the other racter of our countrymen, if the Raswamped and sunk; and the Bill of dicals are to be put down by proseour rights and liberties carried, not cutions against that Press, which, VOL. XXXV. NO. CCXIX.

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when unshackled, lifted up Minis- cumstance that can be imagined-of ters to their seats of power, and which reforming Lords and Com. placed the heads of far better men moners of high repute had vaunted below their hoofs. We say, “when themselves nobly guilty, and by which unshackled"-meaning unshackled they had clenched their claims to the by any rightful laws—for all such character of your only patriots. were abrogated by the tyrants The Solicitor General addressed who now turn to tread upon their the Jury. “ This was an information slaves and make them the victims filed against the defendants, proprieof legal oppression. No prophets tor and printer of The True Sun, are we; but we predicted a hun- for the publication in that paper of dred times that the Radicals—who two malicious and seditious libels, were the Operatives in the revolu- in which the people of this country tion – would remain true to their were called upon to resist the payment principles, and that the Whigs of the assessed taxes ; and also, for a would desert theirs—for we always libel tending to bring the House of thought the Radicals tolerably ho- Commons into contempt with the peonest and the Whigs intolerably dis- ple of this realm !If the Solicitorhonest—that the Radicals were ig- General's features did not suffer norantly (we speak of them as a and shew a severe twinge, as he utbody) striving for their imagined tered these words, he must be a conrights and the rights of the poor- summate master of face. And a con. that the Whigs were knowingly (we summate master of face he undoubtspeak of them as a body) striving for edly is, to have been able to utter the possession of wrongful power, at all the words that followed that and the privileges of the rich, which indirect announcement of his revethey saw they could hold through rential regard for the political chathe new charter by a different tenure, racter of Earl Fitzwilliam. “ This without caring afterwards a farthing, prosecution, gentlemen, involves no a feather, or å strảw, for the dupes question with respect to the free and instruments of their dark de- discussion of public affairs—it in. signs, which, though palpably of the volves no question in which the Limost selfish kind-party and personal berty of the Press of this country --they had the audacity to declare, may be supposed to be concerned.” and the cunning to make the mon- Perhaps not; but it involves many strous declaration be credited, were questions in which the political — all animated solely by a devoted love why not say the personal-characof the liberties of the people, high pa- ter of all his Majesty's Ministers triotism, pure philanthropy, liberal may be supposed to be concern. philosophy, and true religion. ed;” and its effect does not at first

We took such share in the debate sight appear to resemble whiteas we supposed we were entitled to washing-so much as the stain of take- such as was suitable to our dirty ochre, laid on thick by the situation of private citizens wishing dull, not dashing hand of a well paid to say their say, through the Press, dauber. What man, who was not an on the demerits of the great measure. enemy of his country, and deserving We never chanced to see any refuta- of severe punishment, would either tion of our aspersions on the Bill; openly advise, or covertly suggest but we see every day new fulfil- opposition to the Laws? But hear ments of our predictions of its re- the Solicitor-General—for he alone sults. And here we now have the can do justice to such a themeWhig Government, composed of men, and as we listen to his eloquence, or by men supported, who encou- Mr William Brougham sinks from raged, both by precept and example, a tenth into a twentieth-rate orator. the people to hold all law at defi- “Now, gentlemen of the jury, if those ance, and to wrest their rights, in the laws are unjust and oppressive, you face of all law, from the clutch of a and the publishers of this seditious tyrannical oligarchy-now prosecu- libel well know that there is a legiting for sedition their former friends timate mode of getting rid of them, and allies for the self-same sedi- by petitions to the legislature to tion--but under every palliating cire that effect; and if the legislature dis

regarded the

petitions of the people, Commons; let those libellous lumiboth they and you are aware that his naries 'flare up' as they will with Majesty may be petitioned to dis- angry light against the Palladium of solve the Parliament; and then the our liberties. It is no wooden-horse people, having the choice of their - nor yet is it full of armed men-to representatives, would no doubt be set on fire and consumed to ashes elect those who would accede to by any Sun, even with the aid of a their wishes. More than this, if his burning mirror to concentrate into Majesty thought proper not to ac- one focus all the destructive rays of cord the petition of the people by a heaven. But here is the libel. dissolution of Parliament, the time, It (meaning the House of Com. you are aware, is not far distant mons) stands in all its unseemliness when the present Parliament must before us, right in our path, shocka dissolve of itself, and then the peo- ing us with its disgusting and loathple could select representatives who some brutality of aspect, and resolwould not disregard their just de- ved not to crawl an inch out of our mands, and which, I maintain, it is way. We must make it, it must the bounden duty of the represen- move forward—the hideous thing tatives of the people not to do. In cannot be suffered to squat where it instituting this prosecution, gentle- does. If we cannot stir it, we must men of the jury, we feel that we leap over it at all hazards. We canhave done nothing but what our not stand here looking at it day after duty imperatively demanded from day—the sight is too sickening-the us. We complain that this publica- creature is too venomous, its attition undisguisedly exhorts the peo- tude is too revoltingly ugly; neither ple to open violation of the law- can we descend the precipice which that there is not an attempt made in we have scaled, and sink again into it to discuss the justice or injus- the slough of despondency. No, we tice of the taxes which the people must go on at any rate, or be starved. are called on to resist, but that it se- Well then, we have tried all ordiditiously incites them to an illegal pary means-we have soothed and resistance by physical force." But implored-we must now employ let us take a look at this seditious threats, as we have before with sucJibel, against which is charged cess; and if threats operate no better the shocking crime of having a than smiles and fair words, we must tendency to bring the House of put these same threats into force. Commons into contempt with the But how !”-how? We will see how. people of this country.” What ! A Reformed House of Commons "The majority of last night has brought into contempt with a nation decided that the rich shall not be of free men who, no longer ago than taxed according to their means, and when their old shoes were new, that the poor shall continue to be were, in the Solicitor-General's opić taxed beyond theirs. It has decided nion, and in the opinion of all his that the amount which every man is Majesty's Ministers, little better called upon to pay to Government than a nation of slaves! A breath shall not be regulated according to of air in a still summer evening has his property. What then remains to "a tendency" to blow down York be done ? The House has rescinded Minster. So has the True Sun to its own resolution of Friday, the melt the House of Commons into people must rescind the resolution muddy water. But if it be indeed of the House of Thursday—they such a House of Commons must refuse to pay what they can its members and admirers declare only pay at the expense of their comit to be, it will be proof against mon ruin. The refusal to pay taxes the hottest beams shot by the True a few months ago re-seated the Sun in the fiercest of his dog-days. wretched Whigs in power—a second We defy both the True Sun and the refusal will unseat them. The Whig Sun, even with their united lustre, Government has taken the advantage to bring either the House of Comé of such a step; let it take the adverse mons, or any other house, that is consequences of it. Let the people not contemptible, into contempt. for once avail themselves of the exNobody can despise the House of ample of a Lord. Let them look for

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precedents in an emergency even but what we have noticed respecting among the Peerage. Let them do as its proceedings in the newspapersLord Milton did, and resist the tax and O'Connell says the Reporters gatherer; and above all things let are not true men. The Solicitorthe men of the metropolis be the first General is surely as good a portrait to follow the aristocratic example, and historical painter as the gentleby refusing to submit longer to the man called the True Sun; and the infamous inequality and injustice of public may be safely defied to say the House and Window Taxes. The which is the pictured semblance of Ministers themselves have denoun the real Simon Pure. Simon has sat ced these taxes_let the people quiet- to the Solicitor in every possible ly proceed to extinguish them, and posture and attitude, and with all they will. Ecce signum. Several pris varieties of countenance; to the vate meetings have been held in True Sun he bas but occasionally different parts of the metropolis, by exhibited himself for an hour at a the tradesmen and householders, on time, and, as it has happened, always the subject of the house and win- in a strange humour, and an odd dow duties, which were attended by mood, sufficient to perplex the lumiseveral brokers; each of the parish. nary, who has not as yet chanced to ioners spoke with a firm determina- look in upon the original in a happy tion to resist those oppressive taxes moment, so as to behold him-we for the future. The tax-gatherer, had almost said in puris naturalibusthey said, might seize for them, but but we mean in his more delightful the brokers assured the inhabitants and endearing characteristics. Two that they would neither seize any years ago or so, the Solicitor-he goods for such taxes, nor would they may recollect—was just as unfortupurchase goods so seized. Yester. nate—and painted such a picture of day afternoon, Mr Philips, a broker, the present Parliament's predeces. in the Broadway, Westminster, ex- sor, that he had absolutely at one and hibited the following placard at the the same time a strong look of Calidoor of his shop :- Take notice, that gula, Heliogabalus, Barbarossa, Bluethe proprietor of this shop will not beard, Jack-the-Giant Killer, Punch, distrain for the house and window Mr Merriman, a vulture, a rampire, duties, nor will he purchase any and a corpse. True be "was not goods that are seized for the said sitting at the time;" and unreasonable taxes; neither will any of those op- would it have been to expect he pressive taxes be paid for this house should; for he had just died-been in future.' A similar notice was also dissolved—and was laid out for bu. exhibited at a broker's shop in York rial. Still, though defunct, he was Street, Westminster. 'Dull not de. the same Parliament he had been vice by coldness and delay.' Follow when alive ; and to our simple and up the resolution, and let the Whigs unsophisticated mind, it is to the full learn that wisdom wbich crieth out as atrocious to libel the dead as the to them in the streets. Let the me- living, or even the dead-alive. We tropolis stop the supplies.' Let it cannot look on the circumstance the pass, by the act of its moral will and Solicitor-General mentions as the energy, 'a coercive measure that great aggravation of the True Sun's shall compel the Parliament to re- offence in the light of any aggravation present, and not resist, the mind and at all—though it subjects the True spirit of the people."

Sun to temporary obscuration -We cannot say that we think this not we hope to a total eclipsc. by any means a flattering picture of The Parliament was sitting at the Parliament, yet such is the diver- time; and in my opinion a Parliasity of opinions and tastes among MENT COMPOSED OF MORE HONOURmen, that while many may think it a ABLE MEN, AND ONE MORE CONSONANT strong coarse likeness, as many may TO THE WISHES OF THE PEOPLE, AND think it feeble and not characteristic, MORE

REPRESENTA and many more or fewer no likeness TIVES, was not sitting at any former at all. For our own parts we are not time!And yet he tells the Jury that entitled to judge of the likeness, for people who are dissatisfied with it we never saw the present Parlia. ought to petition his Majesty to disment; and know nothing about it solve it! And that he whose wri.

TRULY

THEIR

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