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was mad, or that there were robbers Diver, strolling about his master's in the house; every one seized some- premises to see that all was right, thing by way of weapon, one a po- placed by chance his huge paw upon ker, another a candlestick, another a the door, which, not being fastened, knife or fire-shovel, and up stairs we flew open, and he entered uncererushed. Only one could convenient- moniously. Observing what he conly go abreast, and I was among the ceived to be an extraordinary and first who entered. The candles had
suspicious figure, he of course conbeen forgotten, but the moon was cluded that it was somebody with rising; and we certainly saw, what, no very honest intentions, and stopin the opinion of some present, cor- ped to reconnoitre. Curran, upacroborated the statement of Mary. customed to so strange a valet, reTwo or three instantly drew back in treated, while Diver advanced, and horror; but others pressed behind. very significantly shewed a design And lights being at length produced, to seize him by the naked throat, an exhibition of the most ludicrous which operation, as Diver's tusks kind presented itself. In a far cor- were a full inch in length, would ner of the room stood, stark naked, as have been of a sufficiently alarming a ghost should be, John Philpot nature. He therefore crept as close Curran, trembling as if in the ague, into the corner as he could, and had and scarcely able to utter a syllable the equivocal satisfaction of seeing in the combination of cold and ter- his adversary advance, and turn the
Three or four paces in front meditated assault into a complete Jay Diver, stretching outhis immense blockade, stretching out and mainshaggy carcase, his long paws exten- taining his position with scarcely the ded their full length, and his great slightest motion till the siege was head lying on them, with his nose raised. Curran had been in hopes, pointed towards the ghost, true as the that, when Diver had satisfied his needle to the pole. His hind legs curiosity, he would retire, and with were gathered up like those of a wild this impression spoke kindly to him, beast ready to spring upon his prey. but was answered only by a growl. He took an angry notice of the first of If Curran repeated his blandishus that came near him, growled, and ments, Diver shewed only his long seemed disposed to resent our in- tusks; if he moved, the dog's hindtrusion. But the moment his master legs were in motion. Once or twice appeared, his temper changed, he Curran raised his hand; but Diver jumped up, licked the parson's hand, considering this as a sort of chalcast a scowling look at Curran, and lenge, rose instantly, and with a long a wistful one at his master, as much growl looked expressively at Curas to say, 'I have done my duty, ran's windpipe. Curran, therefore, now do yours.' He looked, indeed, stood like a model, if not much like a as if he waited only the word of com- marble divinity. In truth, though mand, to seize the Counsellor. A somewhat less comely, his features blanket now considerately were more significant than those of thrown over Curran, by one of the the Apollo Belvidere. Had the cir. company, and he was put to bed cumstance occurred at Athens in with half a dozen more heaped upon the days of Phidias, it is probable my him; a tumbler of hot punch was ad- friend and Diver would have been at vantageously administered, a second this day exhibited, in virgin marble, worked wonders, the natural heat at Florence or the Vatican. Howbegan to circulate, and he was in a ever, the peril was now over, and little time enabled to rise and tell us the anxiety along with it. We may a story, which no hermit even telling suppose that the dinner had not his last beads could help laughing at. been so utterly dissolved away, as
“ The fact was, that a litile wbile to be incapable of furnishing out a previous to dinner time, Curran, gay supper; and we may give full who had omitted his customary ab- credence to the narrator' in saying, lution in the morning, went to our that this protracted day finished with allotted bedchamber to perform the one of the most amusing evenings ceremony, and, having stripped, had that he bad ever known." just begun to apply the sponge, when
REFUTATION OF ASPERSIONS ON THE BRITISH ARMY.
« Tae best book about us and Thus we are assured, “that the our country"-said an American United States being free from any regentleman in our hearing " is ligious establishment, every one is not Stuart's Three Years." “ Do you only tolerated in the exercise of the say so," asked we, “ because it religion he believes, but is at full lieulogizes you and your country-orberty, without the fear, except in because it libels us and ours ?" Nor very few and peculiar cases, of was there any rudeness in that ques- his temporal concerns being at all tion; for our Transatlantic friend affected by his religious profession must have known, that the volumes (whatever it may be) to embrace he had volunteered to praise are those religious doctrines which he pervaded by a glaring spirit of conceives, on due consideration, are hostility to our institutions, of dis- true. It follows from this state of content with the order of things things, that there is much less hyposubsisting among us, and of con- crisy in this than in other countries. tempt for that bundle of prejudices Those in this country, who voluntaand bigotries which old Christopher rily go to a Protestant Church, and North bears on his stooping shoul, who voluntarily pay for the ministraders, and loves to call by the name tion of a Christian clergyman, may of Patriotism.
be generally (I do not mean univerWe are not going to review sally) held to have made the neces“ Three Years in North America.” sary examination, and to be real Perbaps we ought to have done so believers of the doctrines of the before now; but we wished not to Christian religion; wbereas those impede its sale—and think it desi- from other countries, who have trarable that all sorts of opinions should velled in the United States, and who be circulated in this country about have put forth sneering and ill. the United States. We admire founded statements on the subject much in America, and in the cha. of revivals, camp-meetings, &c., are racter of the Americans. Let all generally Christians professing that men who have visited them, Tories, religion, merely because their paWhigs, and Radicals, speak out, that rents did so, or because Christianity we may have a many-sided view of is the religion of their country, and Jonathan and the New World. not because they ever investigated
Our wonder is why Mr Stuart li- its truth.” Mr Stuart having promited his stay in North America to nounced this high encomium on the three years. For it is, in his opinion, free-and-easy religion of the United a country so far superior, in all States, and this severe sentence on things, to Great Britain, that one the misnamed Christianity so prewould naturally have thought he valent in Britain, soon afterwards would have there pitched his tent, observes, “ this is not the place and on that sacred soil chosen a for attempting to prove or disprove spot for his grave. The form of the truth of the Christian religion.” government is far better than ours; It certainly is not; and it may be education is far more widely diffu- even doubted, though it were, it hebe sed; religion far purer and bigber; the person best fitted in all the world and far greater happiness, under all to perform either the one duty or such genial influences, enjoyed by the other. But declining to "soar the free, cultivated, instructed, and to the height of that great argument," pious people.
he illustrates bis views of the blessed Iu Great Britain the profession effects of Christianity in the United of Christianity is very generally hy. States, by the humbler means of pocritical ; in America it is sincere; anecdote. Nothing,” says this enwhile the Deists there are far more lightened divine,“ is more astoundaumerous and respectable than with ing in the stage-coach intercourse with us, and the disciples of Thomas Paine the people of this country, as well as in far more highly respected there, than the bar-rooms where travellers meet, are here those of Richard Carlile, than the freedom and apparent sin. cerity of their remarks, and the per persons applying for the baptism of fect feeling of equality with which their children, on the ground of their the conversation is maintained, espe- having been guilty of immorality, in cially on religious matters. I have which, surely, the subject of baptism heard the mostopposite creeds main- could not have participated. But tained without any thing like acri. this is rather a ticklish subject to monious discussion or sarcastic re- touch on, for it may, I know, be said, mark, by persons in the same stage, that clergymen are as well entitled professing themselves undisguisedly to alter the original form of this cereCalvinists, Episcopalians, Method- mony, as to perform it on infants at ists, and Unitarians. On one occa- all—there being unquestionably, at sion, I recollect the father of a family least so far as I can find, after read. unhesitatingly avow, in a consider- ing every word written on the subable party of people in his house, that ject in the New Testament (in the he was a free-thinker, and never went original, we presume), no authority to church; while at the same time whatever to shew that sprinkling on his daughters, who were young the face is baptism, or that children women, had brought my wife for pe- are the subject of baptism.” rusal Calvinistical religious tracts, of This is too concise, we fear, to be which she understood them to ex- very convincing; and we must have press their approval. It would per- a few folios from Mr James Stuart, haps be quite as well, if hypocrisy before it can be hoped that the people in religious matters were an unfa- of this benighted country will come shionable vice in other countries. universally to disbelieve that sprinkLord Byron would have found, if he ling on the face is baptism." Yet the had been here, that it does not always prospect is not altogether hopeless; require to be chanted by a forty-par- for even now there are many who son power.” A stage-coach full- think that something more is essen(how many does it carry ?) — of tial to the due performance of that Calvinists, Episcopalians, Metho- rite, and to the obligation which it dists, Unitarians, and Mr James imposes on parents (absurdly, in Mr Stuart, must be indeed a heaven. James Stuart's opinion) to teach ly vehicle ; the Free-thinker Fa- religion to their children. ther and his Calvinistic daugh- There seemed to Mr Stuart“ noters, the fair distributors of un. where any essential difference in the stamped religious tracts, present a forms of worship between this counperfect picture of domestic bliss; try and Great Britain." The differ. and there is “a dim religious light” ence lies in the clergy. Thus—at over the mysterious close of the pa- New York, “the doctrine preached ragraph where it seems to be said seemed to me more Calvinistic or that Lord Byron would have found, orthodox, and the clergy not more had he ever been there, that in zealous, certainly, than very many America hypocrisy does not require clergymen in all parts of the British to be chanted by a “ forty-parson Islands; but as a body, far more power.” It must be in a much more zealous and earnest, and devoting far flourishing, condition than in this more time to their religious duties country, where it cannot be kept “ than the clergy in Great Britain, alive without the fostering warmth especially the regular clergy, do." This of a Church Establishment. must relate to Scotland, for of the
Mr Stuart is so orthodox a theolo- regular clergy in England Mr Stuart gian, that it is much to be lamented can from experience know little or that he does not dwell longer on the nothing, as he has not yet resided doctrines he occasionally avows, nor Three Years among them; and as elucidate_them by richer illustra- for “the regular clergy of Scotland,” tions. “ There certainly,” he says, we do not think they will be made “is not any express warrant in the unhappy by the unfavourable opi. Scriptures for sponsors at baptism, or nion of a person who thinks on the for parents being called on to come whole rather favourably of Tom under promise how they are to bring Paine. “ The Author of Common up their children, far less for the refu- Sense, a pamphlet of no ordinary abisal which clergymen in Scotland often lity, and which contributed essenthink themselves entitled to give to tially to make the people of the Uni. ted States of one mind at the period L.1,250,000; and this sum, he says, of the declaration of independence- might " probably be raised without was well entitled to this mark of any additional tax, by adoption of gratitude from Congress.” Mr Stuart equitable adjustments to tithes and visits his grave.
“ The first time we lands said to belong to the Church. passed the burying.ground, on the There are estates attached to five Irish 27th October, we went within the bishoprics, worth L.530,000 a.year, enclosure to look at it. When we as it is stated in the Edinburgh Recame out of it again, we were accost. view for June, 1822. Difficulties, no ed by Mr Bonnet, a neighbouring doubt, are to be overcome; but in proprietor, who had been out with his the present state of the world, the gun. He presumed, from his having universal education of the people of seen us make so close an inspection this country would tend more to the of the burying-ground, that we were stability of the Government, and to admirers of Mr Paine's religious sentie dissipate those feelings of apprehenments, for he immediately spoke of sion which are entertained respectthem, and told us that he rather incli- ing the influence of demagogues on ned to approve of them himself. He af- the lower classes, than any other terwards asked us to dine with him, measure which could be devised.” which, however, it was not in my It is easy to see how in America power to do.” Of Paine's religious all men must be gentlemen, and sentiments we know Mr Stuart is all women ladies.
“ The great not an admirer. But hatred, and mass of the people in the United disgust, and loathing, created in a States are so much better educated, Christian's mind by the thought of so much better informed, and posthat hideous hound's blasphemies, sess so much better manners, so need not surely hinder a hungry much more self-possession and ease, Christian-when it is in his power that it is absolutely Judicrous to to take a dinner with and from a compare the people of Great Britain "neighbouring proprietor,” who, in with them in these respects." -- "If giving the invitation, says he “is the most generally accepted definirather inclined” to think the Saviour tion of the term (gentleman) be adof mankind an impostor. Compara- mitted, that it includes all persons tively careless of their duties as of good education and good man" the regular clergy” in Scotland ners, I venture to say, without fear may be, you may visit all the of contradiction from any one who burial-places on hill or dale, with- has had opportunities of seeing the out meeting such a communica- mass of the population of the United tive" neighbouring proprietor.” But States, - the North and the South, Mr Stuart meets in a Book-store in the East and the West,—that that Troy with a Mr Parker, agent of great country contains an infinitely Messrs Somebodies, the chief book greater number of gentlemen than sellers of New York, whose religious any other country which exists, or sentiments are much more in accord- ever existed on the face of the earth. I ance with his own; for “after making am glad to be supported in this opienquiries of me respecting Mr nion by at least one late British traBrougham, on discovering that I was veller in America, Mr Ferrall, who British, he pronounced his Discourse says, “that all in America are genfor the Society for Diffusing Useful tlemen. This being the case, it is Knowledge, to be the best paper he not to be wondered at, any more erer read, excepting always the Bible.” than doubted, that 'rank, respect, No wonder that amid such enlight- and consideration, are given to talent enment overflowing North America, alone, and to high office, which can Mr Stuart is shocked to think at only be obtained by the display of what enormous cost“ the regu- talent and industry.' This is the lar clergy” of the Church of Eng; more admirable in the Americans, on land are maintained in sloth and account of what Mr Stuart says of ignorance. All that is wanted, he them in another page." It would be says, to defray the expense of the easy to multiply instances to shew establishment of a general system of how much the desire of making money education for the whole popula- constantly engrosses the thoughts of tion of the United Kingdom, is both young and old in this country."
VOL. XXXY, NO. CCXIX.
Though all their thoughts are en- was written with so much caution, grossed by this one noble passion, nor after so much deliberation, as they are at the same time all de- that which relates to the British and voted to respect and consideration American armies and their discipline. of talent alone, and also to high office, I am, therefore, most culpable, if which can only be obtained by even a single material error in this money, it would appear, thus justly part of my work can be pointed out.” valued as the means of reaching an He concluded with requesting the end. We lately gave some “ Hints Editor “ to caution the Public not to the Aristocracy," and we agree
to decide between us till I have with Mr Stuart in condemning the brought forward the evidence for hauteur of the higher classes. But the statements which you and Major we disapprove of his illustrating Pringle impugn." The Editor, prohis opinion by names. “ Haugh- bably not considering it to be any tiness to their inferiors," says he, duty of his to give the Public such " although implying conduct very caution, declined putting it on its different from that of a gentleman, guard, but offered most readily to must, I fear, be attributed as a fault insert Mr Stuart's reply. Months more to individuals of rank and passed on, and “ Maga saddenriches in Great Britain than in any ed at the long delay," while Major other country. The Newcastles and Pringle continued to keep up a brisk Kenyons, or the Neelds of England, and well-directed fire on the Stuart eould not fail to find the United lines, which appeared to convert States, and especially the western the ill-constructed, yet laboriously countries, a horrible country to thrown-up intrenchments, into 60 live in.” We can well believe they much mere rubbish. The Major would so find them, especially the ceased firing on the 29th November, Newcastles and Kenyons. But 1833; and-we are sorry we cannot pray, what right has Mr James Stu- name the day—about the middle of art to select the Duke of New- January, 1834, Mr Stuart, like the castle and Lord Kenyon as repre- "great American traveller” that he is, sentatives of all those of the aristo all at once opened a masked battery cracy, to whom must be “attri- of some of the heaviest guns we ever buted as a fault,” that “haughtiness heard, upon the enemy, whom, in bis to inferiors implying conduct very Despatch, he declares he routed, different from that of a gentleman ?" with the loss of the grenadier comHe should have specified some of pany, and the light bobs of the 21st his own voble acquaintances, if he regiment, hors de combat. Major Prinhas any, and if any such be among gle, who, along with Whitaker, led them; but it is insolently, foolishly, the Saucy Twenty-first to the attack and falsely libellous thus to charac of the lines before New Orleans at terise two as affable, amiable, and in daybreak of January the 8th, 1814, all respects Christian noblemen as in tells a very different story ; and all England.
Christopher North requests permisBut if we go on in this way, we sion from the Public, whom it would shall be betrayed into a reviewal of be in vain either for him or Mr Stu“ Three Years in North America ;” art to caution “not to decide" beand all we wish is to set before the tween the combatants, respectfully public our view of a controversy that to lay before her his account of the has been lately carried on between engagement and of its issue. Mr Stuart and Major Pringle, re- Is Mr Stuart, or is he not, a libeller specting some assertions made in of the British army? That is the that work, thought by that gallant question. Let us be with him at officer to be unjust to the character Washington. of the British army. Major Pringle I heard many anecdotes of this animadverted on those assertions, much-to-be-regretted incursion. The in a letter in the Edinburgh Even- commanders directed private property ing. Courant, addressed to the ex- to be respected, but it was impossible cellent Editor of that paper. Mr to restrain the soldiery. Much private Stuart, on reading that letter, in- property was destroyed. Mr Elliot was stantly addressed one to the Editor, with the army; his house was sacked. teling him that “no part of the book The destruction of Mr Gales' printing