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after having mentioned the death of ing officer of the regiment ordered a bugle Sir Edward Pakenham, while leading to sound the advance, called to the men on his men and the havoc made to follow him, which they did with among them by that dreadful torrent cheers. They advanced to the ditch ; of fire-he thus concludes, “ General some of the men were already in it; the Gibbs and General Keane, who suc- present Lieutenant-General Sir John ceeded to the command, attempted to Keane, with that gallantry for which be rally the troops, who pressed forward is conspicuous, arrived, and, in the act of

leading on and cheering the men, was in a new column, but the precision

badly wounded, and carried off the field; and exactness with which the Ame

at the same instant, a staff officer came ricans fired, was overpowering and

up, and ordered the officer commanding murderous. The British never

the 21st regiment to collect the remnant reached the ditch. , General Keane

of his corps, and retreat to a wood in the was mortally wounded, and General

rear. General Jackson in his despatch Gibbs dangerously. General Lam

says, “ Yet the columns of the enemy bert, who succeeded to the com

continued to advance with a firmness mand, made a last attempt to force which reflects upon them the highest the line; but it was unsuccessful, credit. Twice the column which apand the English retreated to their proached my left was repulsed, and twice intrenchments, and reimbarked." they formed again and renewed the asNow hear Major Pringle

sault.' (Assault of what? why, of the

ditch and parapet.) 'And now, sir, from “I think I can easily disprove this

my heart I thank Mr Stuart for giving assertion, and by American authority me an opportunity of paving a tardu bat too. In consequence of an unfortunate just tribute to the memory of one of my mistake, the fascines and ladders had earliest and most esteemed friends—to never reached the head of our column. one of the bravest soldiers that ever drew Major-General Gibbs, leading on the a sword-I mean the late Brevet Lieuattack at the head of the 21st regiment, tenant-Colonel Rennie of the 21st Scots finding that the fascines were not forth. fusileers, nephew of the late Sir David coming, ordered the two leading compa- Baird. This oficer bad been wounded nies of the 21st regiment to move forward severely in the knee at the attack on in double quick time under Major Washington, still more severely on landWhitaker, the senior Major of the regi- ing at the attack on Baltimore. Neither ment, for the purpose of making a lodge- of these wounds were as yet bealed, but ment in the ditch. Almost immediately nothing could prevent Rennie from peron giving this order, General Gibbs was forming his duty, Sir Edward Pakenmortally wounded ; and at the same in- bam had given Colonel Rennie a separate stant, the enemy commencing a destruc- command, for the purpose of acting on tive fire, our column was absolutely the American right tank, and, as I am mowed down. The sinoke was so great unwilling to make the public trust to the tbat we could not see our two companies partial testimony of a friend, I shall wbich had been sent in advance : but forego the privilege, and recount the gal. those brave men under their gallant lantry of Colonel Rennie in the words of leader pressed on, got into the ditch, made his enemy; and I sball quote them from steps with their bayonels in the parapet, General Jackson's biographer, (Mr and succeeded in yetting into the American Eaton :)— Colonel Reunie, of the fulines, where, from want of support, they sileers, was ordered to storm a redoubt were made prisoners. There are many on the Americau rigbt. Rennie execuof the officers still alive who can vouch ted his orders with great bravery, and for this fact. Major Whitaker was urging forward, arrived at the ditch; and killed in climbing up the parapet. At reaching the works and passing the ditch, the first burst of the fire from the Ame- Rennie, sword in hand, leaped on the rican lines, Colonel, now Sir William wall, and calling to his troops, bade them Paterson, of the 21st, was badly wound- follow him. He had scarcely spoken, ed; Major Alexander James Ross was also when he fell by the fatal aim of one of severely wounded, from the effects of our riflemen. Pressed by the impetuowhich he never recovered, and died in sity of superior numbers, who were Edinburgh some years after.

mounting the walls, and entering at the “ The command of the 21st regiment embrasures, our troops had retired to the devolved on the junior field officer. From line in rear of the redoubt. To advance, the effects of the tremendous fire, the or maintain the point gained, was equally advancing column was for a moment impracticable for the enemy. The situathrown into confusion. The command- tion of these brave fellows may be easily conceived. They were nearly all killed success took place during the first or taken prisoners.'”

part of the attack, when Sir E. PaAnd how does Mr Stuart get over kenham headed the troops in person, this simple-manly—and heroic nar. or during the short period which rative? Is it “ unworthy of the afterwards occurred before General slightest attention ?” Will he still Gibbs was killed, and Sir John “ maintain that there is no material Keane was wounded.” We cannot error in any part of my details of but admire the spirit in which this the battle itself ?” Yes—he will. admission is made-that the British He will stand to his position-even did reach the ditch. Why was it like unto an image of the animal accompanied with an ungracious aforesaid cut in stone, and placed and foolish but ? " But it matupon a pedestal, For in his Refuta. tered not at all to the result.Alas! it tion of Major Pringle's previous did not! We all know too well it did Aspersions, he opens his mouth and not; and not another “ man alive,” says, “it is obvious to every one who (to use an expression of his own, but reads my narrative with attention, that Mr Stuart, would, on such an occait is only by a forced construction, that sion, have uttered such senseless it can be held to maintain that the Bric words. They shew such extreme tish, at no part of the action, reached irritation as a creature not very the ditch !"

unlike a bee, only yellower, and no This out-herods Herod - out- maker of honey, shews when running balaams Balaam-out-brays the “a- up and down a pane of glass in a nimal that chews the thistle"-ab- window, deprived, not without some solutely out-james-stuarts James suspicion in his own mind that it is Stuart. “The second paragraph, 80, of his sting. detailing Sir Edward Pakenham's But it is unlucky for Mr Stuart, that attack, contains no such expression" while he thinks himself always in the -quoth he; “it is in the third, which right, it is visible to every body else relates to the continuation of the that he is always in the wrong-espeattack by Generals Gibbs and Keane, cially in every thing regarding mili. that the assertion is contained that tary affairs. " The information on the British did not reach the ditch !” which he could depend from anNay, he goes so far as to declare now other quarter," is entirely erroneous; that “his impression on reading the and at this hour, while he“ prates account in Sir John Lambert's dese of its whereabouts,” he is as ignorant patch certainly was, that during the as before, after all, of the time when first part of the attack, alluded to in the the British really did reach and get second paragraph of my narrative, the into the ditch-and out of it into the BRITISH REACHED The ditch, and for American lines ! Major Pringleshews a short period had a footing in the this in two sentences. “Any one acenemy's line,And why was that his quainted with the details of the acimpression ? Because Sir John Lam- tion before New Orleans, is aware bert says, “I had the mortification to that our most gallant Commanderobserve the whole falling back upon in-chief lost his life at an early period me in the greatest confusion!” And of the action, and before it was alwby, since it “ certainly was his most possible that the men could impression," did he not also give us have reached the ditch; and it was its expression ? But after all these when he was in front of the men, cheermiserable subterfuges, he adds, that ing them on, that he lost his valuable he now knows, “ from Major Prin life.” This shews how absurd Mr gle's letter, as well as from informa. Stuart's “ impression” was that the tion on which he can depend from ano. men had then entered the ditch, and ther quarter, that part of the British got even into the lines an impresarmy did reach the ditch during the sion which, however, his good or attack made by Generals Gibbs and evil genius told him not to exprese. Sir John Keane, and that part of the In Latour's map the spot is marked 21st regiment, which got within the where Pakenham fell; and it is at lines, shewed all the gallantry and least 150 yards from the ditch, and resolution for which Major Pringle he fell at the head of the column. gives them credit; but it mattered not Major Pringle adds—“ Subsequent at all to the result, whether this partial to his death, owing to the example of General Gibbs, the column which rane rash, or Charley Napier rash, he headed, and where he fell, were in boarding frigate from sloop, or brought up to the ditch, and the two line of battle-ship from frigate ? leading companies of the 21st regi. Three British columns rushed to ment, under Major Whitaker, got into storm the American lines-a torrent the ditch, and were taken prisoners of fire struck them down-but two inside the lines. The individual who whole companies of the fearless now addresses you, with the remain. Twenty-First, and many other men, der of the 21st regiment, was close effected the purpose for which the to the ditch-some of his men were whole heroic host had moved for. in it, when General Sir John Keane wards—and that “they were a few came up encouraging the men, but rash men" is the highest compliment almost instantly fell, severely wound. Mr Stuart has paid them, on the aued. At this moment a staff officer ar- thority of General Jackson! He rived, and ordered the officer com- vauntingly bids the public compare manding the 21st regiment to retire bis style of writing about the attack with his men. I have thus shewn with Major Pringle's, “and bearing that the author of Three Years in in mind that the one is the simple triNorth America has been misinformed bute of a civilian on visiting a disas. even with respect to the period of the trous battle-field, while the other is action at which the British did reach the eloquence of an old campaigner the ditch."

who had figured on the scene,-say Mr Stuart, in arguing that he did which of the two is the more appronot say that the British “never priate and becoming." The old reached the ditch” at any time of the campaigner for ever-we cry; gold action—and in declaring that he thrice-tried in the furnace-sunnow knows they did reach it-ob- bright; brass broken into bits, and serves that he could not have intend that it may no more pass current, ed to say “they never reached it," nailed to the counter. because in that part of General Jack, Mr Stuart is angry with Major son's account of the action, wbich Pringle for not having said a word he has quoted, the General speaks of in condemnation of Sir Edward Pa" a feu rash men who forced themselves kenham, and for having been silent into the unfinished redoubt on the respecting some matters connected river.” These few rash men were with the attack. “ He can scarcely may brave men led on by Rennie; be ignorant that the signal discom. but though it may pass in General fiture of the British army, on the oc. Jackson to call them a few rash men, casion alluded to, has been mainly such words cannot be tolerated from ascribed to Sir Edward Pakenham's the lips of a British subject. Mr persisting in the attack, after he knew Stuart, from sheer obstinacy, here that the scaling ladders and fascines falls into an additional contradiction. necessary for the assault were wantHe has told us that his impression ing at the moment when they were certainly was that the British had got required. He cannot be ignorant into the ditch and were within the that part of the 44th regiment, to lines, before Pakenham was killed whom was assigned the duty of be. -a most absurd impression; and ing ready with scaling ladders and now he tells us that he could not but fascines, were not found at the apknow that the British got into the pointed place. He cannot be ignoditch, for that General Jackson said rant of the great dissatisfaction that that they got into an unfinished re- prevailed in the army after the endoubt on the American right-per- gagement; nor that a field officer haps half a mile from where Paken. was brought to trial on account of ham fell! And yet after all this, he, that mismanagement which, it is said, certainly with all these impressions most of all contributed to the deplo. and all that knowledge, had not only rable result. These occurrences, to never said that the British reached which I merely allude, are quite well the ditch-but said “ the British known, and ought to lead Major never reached the ditch.” Now, five Pringle not to be quite so indiscrimi. hundred prisoners were taken-all nate in the praise he lavishes on the within the lines-and who so dull as British army, nor so absurd as to deny dare to call them rash? Was Coch- to those who have not served for years in the army the possibility of knowing shewn in speaking “ of Sir Edward the true character of a British soldier.Pakenham's persisting in the attack, If Mr Stuart knew the true character after he knew that the scaling ladders of a British soldier, he would know and fascines necessary for the assault that Major Pringle would rather were wanting at the moment when they thrust his right hand into the fire were required." The attack had not than needlessly utter one word of begun; the fascines and scaling ladblame of the character or conduct of ders were not “wanting at the mohis noble commander-who had died ment when they were required,” for before his eyes on the field of battle. they were known not to be within a Far better acquainted with all to mile and a half of the army, when it which Mr Stuart “ merely alludes," advanced to the storm. Sir Edward is Major Pringle than Mr Stuart; but might be right or wrong in orderremembering that fatal morn, his ge- ing the attack without them; but nerous spirit felt“ peace to the soul Mr Stuart does not state the case of the hero." Let such men as Mr correctly; and experience proved, Stuart, in an angry argument about that even with the fascines and the their own insignificant selves, and ladders, the event would probably their paltry mistatements, speak as have been the same-before that exthey choose of that “ signal discom terminating torrent of fire. fiture of the British army," and of its “ Having now," quoth the very being “ mainly ascribed to Sir Ed. self-complacent author of the “ Reward Pakenham's persisting,&c.; futation of the Aspersions on Stuart's and let military men, when they write Three Years in America,” “disposed the history of the war, deliver their of the specific charges advanced opinion-it will be done in a right against me in Major Pringle's letters, spirit-on the conduct of the high- relative to the affairs at Washington souled leader in that disastrous con- and New Orleans, it remains for me flict. If he erred-yet will they do him to refute those which apply generaljustice. But Major Pringle knew too ly to the tone and character of my well, and felt too deeply what is due to work on America. And here I canthe British army, and to the memory not refrain from expressing the of one of its most distinguished Ge- extreme astonishment, and the indignerals, to pass any judgment on the nant feelings with which I have read dead, in such a quarrel. Nor could part of his last communication, it but have given him pain "merely to which at once requires the most allude" to the misconduct of what explicit contradiction.” What is ever kind it may have been-of the this part ? The following few field-officer who was brought to trial. words: “ I am sorry to say THERE That field-officer's courage was not IS NO PAGE allotted to praise of the doubted-it had been proved, and British seaman or British soldier in even honoured; but a miserable mis. the work-Censure ALONE FINDS AMtake he did make_"and rueful has PLE ROOM.” Sometimes a man does the expiation been.” The brokenwell to be angry, but not so Mr hearted man has long been in his Stuart. No “man alive” will symgrave; and a brother officer has not pathize with his “indignant feeldisturbed bis ashes. Yet here Mrings” and “ extreme astonishment." Stuart shews that he is ignorant of the charge is true; and bis answer what he unfeelingly, because unne to it-to borrow again his own cessarily, writes about that unfortu. words, impotently applied to Major nate officer. “ Was not found at the Pringle-we give, “to hold it forth appointed place” shews this; for the as an example to what a laughable 44th were a mile and a half in ad. length the esprit de corps will carry vance of the redoubt where lay the a man.” Mr Stuart tells us to turn ladders and fascines; and that offi. to page so and so, and we will find cer's mistake consisted in not having it thus written-" It is admitted on brought them with him from the all hands, that British bravery was redoubt to the spot where he at the never put to a severer test, nor ever head of his regiment was ready, like was more conspicuous, (than at the rest, to advance with his men to New Orleans.) The generals, offithe attack, at the ascent of the signal cers, and men, marched steadily to rocket. Like, but worse ignorance, is the mouths of their guns." That is VOL. XXXV. NO, CCXIX.

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well enough, though spiritless; but late war. All the inhabitants be“ breathes there on earth a man with tween the ages of eighteen and fortysoul so dead," that on such an occa- five were called to fight at a day's nosion he could have avoided saying so? tice, and were only a single day in the Had he concluded his account without field, when a successful action on their saying so, he would not have been a part deprived the city of some of the man at all. He then mentions seves principal inhabitants, and sent back ral instances in which he has spoken many of them wounded. A monument of the British army " without cen- commemorating the engagement, on sure," and several instances in which which are inscribed the names of he has absolutely spoken of them, the sufferers, has been erected in one or of individual officers, with praise of the conspicuous streets close to We hope the army will not be want. 'the entrance of the great hotel.” This ing in proper gratitude. But he is the monument which a Baltimore cannot shew, what Major Pringle is lady asked Mr Hamilton if he had sorry for the want of, “a page allot seen, and then apologized to him for ted to their praise;" and the Major having alluded to an edifice which was correct to theletter in saying that could not be thought of by him, “ censure alone FINDS AMPLE ROOM." much less looked at, without painThe praise is bit-by-bit praise--and ful emotions being awakened in his confined to small single sentences, in breast, by the remembrance of what which it runs great risk of catching Mr Stuart would call “a signal discold. Some instances he quotes comfiture of the British army.” In the are very ludicrous. As for example action, which Mr Stuart calls “ a

he prides himself on having said successful action, on their parts," the canal agent spoke in terms of the Americans, strongly posted, great respect of Sir Isaac Brock as were most expeditiously driven from the best commander the British had their position, and put to the routever sent to Canada-equally regret. General Ross having been killed by ted on both sides of the St Laurence.” a rifle on the advance. Mr Stuart His sins of omission are perhaps cannot have heard of this action but greater and more numerous than his from some lying Americans-and no sins of commission-and to us more doubt, for the first time, his eyes will offensive. He defends himself on fall on the following passage from the grouud of not wishing to go many Colonel Brook's despatch. “ In this miles out of his way; and by some order, the signal being given, the the plea may be admitted, but not by whole of the troops advanced rapidly ardent admirers, like us, of the Bris to the charge. In less than fifteen tish army. Had he felt as he ought minutes, the enemy's force, being to have done towards them, he would utterly broken and dispersed, fled have rejoiced to speak of them on in all directions over the country, many occasions where he is silent, leaving on the field two pieces of nor would he have had far to seek cannon, with a considerable numfor exploits of theirs in America ber of killed, wounded, and pri. worthy of all his eloquence. Is it soners. The enemy lost in this short praise or censure—it is certainly not but brilliant affair, from 500 to 600 truth-to say that the American cam- men in killed and wounded; while, paigns "have done what the Czar at the most moderate computation, Peter predicted Charles the Twelfth he is at least one thousand hor's de would do for the Russians-I know combat. The 5th regiment of milithat the Swedes will beat us for a tia in particular are represented as long time, but at last they will teach us nearly annihilated.” Admiral Cochto beat them?" Have the British, in, rane in his despatch calls it “a most deed, taught the Americans to beat decisive victory over the flower of them? But allowing Mr Stuart to the enemy's troops.” Next morning pride himself as he pleases on his the British army advanced to within enthusiastic laudations of the Bri- a mile and a half of Baltimore, it tish army-will he just take the trou. having been arranged that the fleet ble, at a leisure hour, to explain what was to co-operate in an attack on he meant by writing the two follow the town; but the Admiral found ing sentences? “ The inhabitants of the “ entrance by sea, within which Baltimore have not yet forgot our the town is retired nearly three incursion under General Ross in the miles, was entirely obscured by a

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