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“ But, you will urge, how many sects coldness. There is one, the greatest seare there, differing from the National cret of the heart, which you cannot disChurch solely in points and forms, which cuss without dispute; and you cannot no parties hold essential to Christianity? procure his confidence. You speak in the Surely where men agree in all funda- language of authority, and may compel mental doctrines, and differ only in trifles, an external submission; but he departs one course of religious instruction may be with the pride of a martyr, and the comequally applied to all. There is one plain placency of one who bears within him the matter of fact in answer to such a sug- ultimate standard of appeal. It begets gestion. If these points of separation are coldness, suspicion, and reserve. There so trivial, and so irrelevant to the real, is something always behind the mere outsincere profession of the gospel, why does ward communication, which you cannot any separation exist ? Why are these reach, and scarcely dare to touch. You sects no longer portions of our Church ? cannot place him before you, and claim Who is it that is placed in this most se- that supreme authority over his counsels, rious dilemma? Either we have divided and affections, and conduct, which, as the Christian world for nothing at all, or the minister of God, charged with the we have divided it on doctrines which care of his soul, you have the right and have nothing to do with Christianity. I the duty to assert.
And still less can do not wish to urge any such truth in you attach him to your side by that spiaccusation ; but it surely is sufficient to rit of confidence and friendship, to form excuse us from comprehending in our re- which, with all beneath our care, is the ligious education, and recognising as io- great business and pleasure we should nocent and safe, any principle so utterly aim at, and without which we cannot destructive of the peace and the unity of succeed in forming them to all goodness Christians.
and truth. “ These points are, moreover, in gene- “ So much for our intercourse with ral, points of discipline, and principles of those whose religion would exclude them submission,-of discipline and submission from our control. Our intercourse with in the most natural and reasonable field others would not be facilitated or imfor its voluntary practice, where the bond proved by the presence of such an exis religion, and the authority is God. ample. And its influence on the minds But discipline and submission are neces- of the young, who belong to our own comsary parts of our system. Impatience of munion, would be fatal in the highest de. authority, obstinacy in opinion, self-con- gree. It would infallibly break them up ceit, and wilfulness of purpose,--these are into every variety of sects.” not the features of character wbich we We believe the objections here wish to impress upon the young. We do 80 calmly urged, in conviction of not approve of them in morals, and we their natural force, can never be recannot reconcile them to government. butted, but then they may be set Nothing and I speak from experience, aside; for they are but creatures of so completely takes a young man from the mind, and you may, if you will, your influence, in every particular of call them phantoms. An act of conduct, as any approach to sectarianism
Parliament is a substance-it is a -any tendency, I mean, to depart from piece of parchment-you see it yelthe religion of his country and his home.
low-you hear it rustle—you hold Allow him a rash freedom to choose for
it up in your hand-you call it a himself his own form of religion, without
charter of rights—and the world any dutiful deference to a higher aud binding authority, and either you give up
calls you a Libera). All the Dissenreligion as the first and most solemn of
ters want is really, after all-you actions, or you sanction a similar free
say-not much ; it is merely “full, dom in all other acts and decisions.
true, perfect, and absolute liberty." “ Again, He is in one state or another.
On what plea do they call themselves He has either no religion at all, and has
Dissenters? Think what they will adopted his creed without thought, and
-strive all they can to destroy what you sanction such thoughtlessness by ab
most you value and hold holieststaining from any attempt at correction,
set themselves against the majority -or he is warm and anxious in his zeal;
in all that is dearest to it, and which and this zeal-I speak again from expe- that majority has through a long rience-infuses the spirit of opposition succession of ages laboured to build into every department of instruction. He up, extend, and guard as an inviolahimself is ardent in conversion ; and you ble trust, and an inappretiable make no effort to convert bim. He dis. treasure—and then complain to the trusts your religion, and despises your State of the hardship of being excluded from any of the privileges hope, that before many months are which, by their own act, they relin- over, their wishes will be accomquisbed, and long pursued with im- plished. They have asked for nomitigable hate to sweep away! till thing but what the present condition they find that to possess them will of the country imperiously demands ! be to their own temporal advantage, and what is at once compatible with and then what a change of tone and the honour of the University and the temper, and how laudatory are they safety of our Ecclesiastical Estaall. And that is conduct according to blishments. Under the contemplated conscience ! and to concede such change, none but well-educated men claims is to shew a mind in unison in a good condition of life can come with the Spirit of the Age! And that among us from the Dissenting Body, spirit is a glorious spirit to which and from such men what cause have the spirit of Christianity itself must we of fear?” So the concession of bow, and from it accept the law of the claims of the Dissenters is impethought, feeling, action, life!
riously demanded ? By whom? To be admitted to enter the Uni- Why, by themselves—for what else versity of Cambridge was, we pre- can be meant by those most indesume, at the time said to be a boon finite words, “the present condition bestowed rather than a right granted of the country?" Does the Church to Dissenters. But be it said that it of England demand it? Do the was a right granted; was it given Universities demand it? Do the no. them as part of their natural right of bility, gentry, Episcopalian people inheritance, or as the whole ? If as of England demand it? No. But a part, there was meanness and in- the Dissenters demand it -a mul. justice in the niggardly grant; if as titude, with all creeds, and with a whole, why yield to the Dissenters none--who, to use the words of the now? Till entitled to graduate, they Editor of the Standard-let us call will not now rest; and after they him by his honoued name-Dr Gifhave been so entitled, how long will fard_" if they want degrees, let they rest till they bestir themselves them go where these degrees can be to procure all the advantages which already had without difficulty; or if graduation may yield ? They will they want to raise them in the Engnot wait a year-not a day-not an lish soil, let them erect and endow hour. They are meditating it now- Universities of their own, with titles they have been meditating it long- of their own; and as soon as these and they will gain their object-for Universities and titles merit the feeble will be the force of those in. same consideration as the Universi. side the door--a simultaneous rush ties and titles of Oxford and Camwill be made-not with Professor bridge, there can be no doubt that Sedgwick at its head-for be is sinthey will receive it. Meanwhile let cere,and affects to believe nothing that not the Dissenters, or any one else, he does not believe-and he seems claim a participation in what they not to believe this—but with some have not earned, or seek to enforce men, even more liberal than he, it, either directly or by intrusion, or constrained by none of his high by claiming a legal right to forge, as thoughts-a pretender, perhaps, in it were, the indorsements of Oxford that science in which the Professor and Cambridge.” is a true proficient-not a Dissenter “ Under the contemplated change, even from that Church, of which none but well-educated men, in a the Head of the Petitioners is an good condition of life, can come affectionate-would we could say, among us from the Dissenting body," in all seases, a faithful son-but by says Professor Sedgwick; "and from a man of no religion but that known such men we have nothing to fear." by the name of Natural—a Deist in What! is nothing ever to be feared his loftier hours—in his lowest, an from well-educated men, in a good Atheist.
condition of life? From none else, “ I congratulate," says the Pro- say we. Understand, howerer,"wellfessor," the members of the Senate educated” and “ good," in a somewho signed the petition on the fa- what different sense from that in vourable hearing their prayer has met which they are here used, with an with, and on the sure grounds of unintentionally sophistical quirk
The better, in mere worldly circum- " they languish, grow dim, and die,” stances, the condition of the Dissen- in the parching-up light of truth. ters is—for reasons too plain to Church spoliation may not begin at be even alluded to—the stronger Cambridge—but it may end there ; their animosity to the Established and the measure that seems so fulí Church. A good education implies of promise of all good to Professor a right religious belief; and that, it Sedgwick's eyes, may not only prewill not be said, is possessed by all pare a path, but open a door to the the Dissenters who may be laxly spoiler. The Dissenters become a said to be well-educated, and strict part of the governing body-but ly in a good condition of life. Many that will not satisfy them, if they be of them will have no religious be. as other men, « Should they be lief at all-but among them there told,” to use the words of Sir Robert will no doubt be men of talents, and Peel, “ that all offices of emolument, zeal, and energy, and ambition. If all of a pecuniary nature, are to be they have no principle-and many closed against them; that they may will have none-will there be “no- take a degree which qualifies them thing to fear from such persons for such office, but that they must when they possess power? If they not enjoy any of its profits or emo, have principle --- and many, nay lument — will not the same argumost, will have it—if it be dear to ment now adyanced in favour of conthem, will they not do their best to ceding to them degrees be repeatprocure for it full freedom of play- ed?" We bave already said that they for in that alone can it be said to will — if the laws of nature be notchan. have life ? And, if so, will they sleep ged as well as those of the Universiwhile others wake, or rather will ties—and that the same arguments they not wake while others sleep, till will be triumphant." By admitting they break the dreams of the slumber- them to the governing body," says ers by the crash made in falling first Sir Robert, " a small minority will by one part, and then by another of be created, and it is well known the old 'sacred edifice, which, long what even a small minority can before its natural date, may be sore effect, particularly when in pursuit ly dilapidated, and at last reduced of objects of ambition. It is a great to ruia by a rougher hand than that fallacy to say, that because Dissenof time?
ters are now admitted to the bene"The spoliation of Church proper- fits of University education, with ty,” the Professor continues, out any injurious effects, (which not begin at Cambridge. If such a we don't believe,) the same result calamity be in reserve for us, (which would follow a further extension of God forbid,) it will either commence their privileges. The first concessuddenly in some brutal acts of demo- sion will involve the remainder; a cratic violence, fatal to all property, new subject of discontent will be or be brought about gradually by created, and it will be saying, 'Peace the progressive ali ation of those -peace-when is no peace;' and who, from their property and intel- an instrument would be placed in Jigence, have a natural weight in the the hands of Dissenters to wield for councils of the State. Against the the purpose of extorting the remainfornier kind of spoliation academical ing equal rights and privileges." regulations offer no defence; from Thus far Sir Robert Peel. Now, the the latter, we must be base church- spirit of encroachment is often a men, and no better than moral cow. still, stealthy, but sure spirit, workards, if we think we have aught to ing almost imperceptibly, while it is fear, provided we be true to our undermining deep, or boring thore selves, and waste pot foolishly our ough; so that all at once sinks faunstrength in defending untenable po- dation, and into rubbish topples sitions, and maintaining a system of down wall. And the spirit of conexclusion opposed to the temper of cession is a weak, wavering spirit, the age in which we live, and the that yields first an inch and then an present tolerant spirit of English ell, till at last, looking back, it sees law.” Warmly conceived, and well the people whom it had been conci. expressed; but glowing though be the liating grown into a great crowd, diswords, at their first drop on the paper, contented with the ground they have
been thus suffered to occupy, and selves.”. And as "for foolishly waspressing on in battalious array, “with ting their strength in defending unthe measured tread of marching tenable positions," how much oftener men,” whom there is no power to bave empires been lost by relinstop, were there the desire, and they quishing positions foolishly thought carry without collision the last posts to be untenable, when they might of all on the summit of the hill. have been held against all invaders “Well-educated men, in a good con- -in front impregnable—nor to be dition,” form the great body of Dis. turned on either Hank, the one prosenters, and “ from such what hare tected by rocks commanding the we to fear ?" Every thing and all. enemy's whole position, and the “ The college endowments are, with other by a wood, into which had he limited exceptions," says the Pro- ventured, he had been lost. We are fessor, “ secured to the members of sick at “the eternal blazon” of the the Established Church.”
temper of the age.” What is its what spells, what conjurations, and temper? Is it, in sad truth, an irre. what mighty magic,” ask we, that ligious age ? No. Then let not the the spirit of the age shall not cut friends of religion fear. But neither the security like a rotten rope, or
let them act as if they did fear. consume it like dry flax?
Let them defy the hordes of infidels, Is it true, that " academical regu- by whom the Dissenters are backed lations offer no defence against bru
--backed, perhaps, though we know tal acts of democratic violence ?” not how that is—without or against No. All regulations do—for the their will. True, that “ Cambridge sanctity of unviolated law overawes is a University in the proper sense the multitude, else whence the sta- of the word—a place of national bility of any state ? “ Academical education, not for the Church mereregulations” are poor and inade- ly, but for all the learned faculties, quate words to express the power of a great scientific body, and a lay time-hallowed institutions. Let the corporation.” The passage quoted great, old, famous English Universi. in a former part of this article exties remain what they have been for plains that assertion, and puts it in so many ages, in purpose and in spi- its true light. It has long been 80rit, and sacred in the eyes and in and it gained its glory under a systhe hearts of so many millions, with tem, which, we fear, has seen almost not one
moral coward” among its latest day. Well does the Rev. them all, and the might of their ma- Christopher Wordsworth say, in jesty, combined with that of a vene- some pages this moment come to rable and magnificent Church Esta- our bands_“ What then is the title blishment, will prevail even over and definition of an English Univer“ the brutality of democratic vio- sity? Call them, if you will, as they lence,” for it will be for ever curb. call themselves, SEMINARIES OF ing it, and, better still, humanizing SounD LEARNING AND Religious it, by the irresistible influences of Education. Call them, even as they religion, felt wide and afar over are called by Dissenters, ‘National dwellers in darksome places, who Seminaries of Education ;' but call yet know not whence the bless- them not Scientific Institutions, or ing comes, while they owe it to Literary Academies : the names are a spirit that holds its court among honourable, but they are not dethose towers and temples, and scriptive of the English Universispeaks in the voice, and bestows ties. The Universities of England through the hands, of its own Chris- have produced, and are producing, tian priesthood.
and still, by God's blessing, hope to With our admiration of Professor produce, men eminent in every deSedgwick's talents, and our respect partment of literature and science; for his character, sorry are we to say, but this is neither their sole, nor is that we do not think that he and his it their primary and characteristic friends, who have presented that object." Farewell. Petition, have been " true to them
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The historians of modern times, lence in a period of anarchy and with all their ability and philoso- blood. The insolent and ungratephic penetration, have failed in ful modern liberals who revile the tracing with the lucid colours which Christian faith, and see in its instimight have been expected from tutions only the remnant of feudal them, the influence of religion on servitude and the remains of Gothic modern civilisation. The two great- institutions, in fact owe the spread est, Hume and Gibbon, were taint. of the principles on which they pride ed with the infidel spirit of the themselves, and which constitute age in which they lived, and which their political strength, mainly, to worked out its natural and appro- the effects of the religion which they priate fruit in the French Revolu- abhor; and, but for the previous iion. The view which they ex effects of Christianity in breaking hibit, accordingly, of the influence the fetters of slavery, diffusing geof Christianity, is not only defective, neral information on the most mo. but false : they bare neither told mentous of all subjects, coercing the the whole truth, nor nothing but the violence of power, and mitigating the truth. The expedient which they horrors of war, instead of being perhave adopted for this purpose is mitted to carry on, unmolested, their the same which, in all ages, has parricidal warfare against the Pabeen the most prolific source of er- rents to which they owe all their ror: viz, the application to one age, blessings, they would have been of the feelings and information of crouching, as in Persia or Turkey, another; and supposing that every beneath the fetters of Oriental thing must be always prejudicial or power. ridiculous, because it is so in the Such a spectacle has for a long age in wbich they live. Thus, they course of years been presented in ridicule or vilify the Monasteries the neighbouring kingdom, and such and Nuoneries, the Papal power and consequences are now reaped by superstitious feelings of the middle the first of European monarchies. ages,-forgetting that the eighteenth It is in this view eminently favourwas not the fourteenth century; that able to the cause of religion and asylums for helpless weakness are freedom throughout the world, that not required, when the reign of law the second French Revolution has and the authority of government is arisen, and torn aside the thin veil established; and that spells thrown which the pious dispositions and over the imagination, useless or ri. mild government of the elder branch diculous in an age of order and civic of the Bourbons, had thrown over lisation, are the only bridles on vio the disjointed remains of the revolu
VOL. XXXV, NO. CCXXII.