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dée formed so glorious an exception of the same patriotic objects. But to the rest of France, and kept its the effect of these admirable steps is faith inviolate, in the midst of civil insensibly weakened, and ultimately defection and military treachery, and lost, if, the moment they are conclu. gained victories over the Republic ded, the nobility rejoin the aristocragreater than the Kings of Europe tic set, and live with the élégans of the were able to effect? It was because metropolis, to the entire neglect of the pride and corruption of the Aris- the gentlemen and education of the tocracy had not penetrated into that country. Such casual and passing secluded province; because no ex- efforts have some effect, but noclusive system there prevailed; be- thing comparable to what might cause the attractions of Paris had be attained by more sustained not drawn its nobility from their efforts; they evince a feeling of estates; because they were still, the necessity for exertion, without what they ever ought to be, the a knowledge of the means by friends, the patrons, and the bene- which the object is to be gained. factors of the people. Ask the pea. It is by cordially and sincerely sant of the Bocage, why he is still a uniting with the gentlemen by whom Royalist in his heart; why he took they are surrounded; by selecting up arms against an almost irresist the able, the worthy, and the acible enemy, and sent forth his sons complished, out of the whole classes and brothers to the fight, and main- in their vicinity, whose manners tained the struggle, when the mo- and acquirements fit them for their narchs of Europe had abandoned it society; by drawing, the vast, inin despair ? He will answer, that telligent, and powerful body of the his affections are all centred upon middling ranks towards them, by the his landlord; that his ancestors have bonds of mutual interest, affection, been the benefactors of his race for and gratitude, that that cordial cothree hundred years; that he has operation of all the respectable been his friend' in prosperity, and classes can alone be secured, which his support in adversity; that he is now the only barrier that exists shared in his amusements, and sym- between our present state and revopathized with his sorrows, and par- lutionary anarchy. ticipated in bis interests; that he The Conservative part of the Arisrejoiced with him when he rejoiced, tocracy, embracing a vast majority and wept with him when he wept. of all tbat is great and good and illus-Such are the principles which trious in the Peerage, have made bound the peasantry of La Vendée memorable and poble efforts during to their landlords and the cause of these trying times. If it had been order; and similar conduct will ne- nothing else, the very act of staying ver, to the end of time, fail in pro. at home, instead of flying like the ducing similar effects.
French noblesse, from the danger ; It is no doubt important that the the demonstration they have affordnobility should occasionally come ed of their capacity to govern by forward and take the lead on great their courage and moderation in public occasions, but if they imme, Council, as well as their eloquence diately relapse into their indolent and energy in debate; the utter conhabits and exclusive circle, the affec- fusion to which they have put the tions of the gentry and the peasantry Revolutionary party by the vast suwill not be secured. The
vast effect periority they have asserted on the which the praiseworthy efforts of the great theatre of Parliament over all leading nobility have had when they that the democratic cauldron has have come forward on any public been able to throw up; have been occasions, at dinners, yeomanry of inestimable importance, and will, meetings, or cattle shows, and cor- it is to be hoped, yet stamp a very dially united with the gentry and different character upon ihe Engtenantry of the country, may serve lish Revolution, from that which to demonstrate what prodigious ef- disgraced its predecessor on the fects would be produced if these im- other side of the Channel. The portant but insulated acts were fol- younger part of the Aristocracy, in lowed up and cemented by a life ha- particular, whatever their parents bitually devoted to the furtherance were, are almost all Conservative in their principles ; and the vigour and and Barons with Barons. Simiresolution which their public con- larity in habits, taste, occupation, duct has evinced, as well as the and pursuit, will necessarily lead to ability of their speeches, have had a intimacies between persons of this most powerful effect in moderating, description. But it is one thing to though they could not allay, the tem- choose your intimate circle out of pests of anarchy. It is from no want persons in the same rank as yourof a desire to do their duty as patrio- self; it is another and a very diffetic leaders and good citizens, but from rent thing to shut your gates altogean ignorance, arising from their ele. ther against all but a few chosen exvated station and peculiar habits of clusives, and live in the land which life, that they so often, by their pri- gave you birth as if it contained vate foibles, neutralize or obliterate no one worthy of your esteem. We much of what their public conduct tell the Aristocracy, that this system might have done. It is from keep- will not do. Support must be won by ing aloof from the gentlemen imme- condescension; affection can only be diately beneath them that they have secured by good deeds : if the higher become ignorant of the means by orders expect the middling ranks, or which their co-operation is to be the untitled gentlemen, to hazard secured.
every thing for them, they must beIt is impossible not to be sensible gin by some sacrifice on their own that, among all the educated and bet- side. Let them commence by layter classes, the tide has now set in, ing on the altar of their country firmly and decidedly, in favour of the exclusive system, the offspring Conservative principles. The enor- of overweening prosperity, and they mity and near approach of the dan- will be both more powerful politiger has awakened all but a few in- cians, more estimable citizens, and curable Whig aristocrats, many insa- happier men. tiable Whig expectants, and innume- It was very different in former rable Whig ten-pounders, to consti- times. When we were beginning tutional sentiments. In the younger life at the opening of the French and more highly educated classes of Revolution, this system was the community, in particular, the known. The houses of the great predominance of these noble and were then open to all their neighgenerous sentiments has become bours and friends: the centres of famost conspicuous. It is impossible shion, and information, and distincnow to bring together any respect- tion in their respective counties, the able body of men in any part of the pivots on which the Conservative inkingdom, either connected with agri- terest in the country chiefly turned. culture, trade,or manufactures, with. We have mingled with the Aristoout the strength and intensity of cracy; we have been intimate with constitutional feeling being imme- the brightest ornaments of both diately manifested. It is contrary to Houses of Parliament; and many of all experience that this vast and the happiest days of our life have weighty mass of the gentry and mid- been passed under roofs which are dling ranks should be permanently now open only to exclusive dandies subdued by the monstrous union of and titled élégantes. It is by compaWhig aristocracy and plebeian ambi- ring these recollections of former tion. Let the Conservative nobility days with the accounts which, in old only ally themselves cordially and age, we receive of the habits and sincerely with the intermediate class. manners of the rising generation es, now awakened to the same sen. from our sons and grandsons, that we timents as themselves, and the evils are struck with astonishment at the which have been done may yet in prodigious step towards social desome measure be repaired.
cline which the aristocracy has made No one expects men of rank and during that period, and cease to wonstation to select their intimate com- der at the slender support which it panions out of classes who, though has received in the hour of need perhaps their equals in manners, and from the middling ranks, who were their superiors in acquirement, are formerly almost unanimous in its their inferiors in fortune or descent. support. It is not yet too late to arBy all means, let Peers associate rest the progress of the evil: the with Peers, and Earls with Earls, aristocracy was never so powerful
in talent, information, and energy, as and upright leaders, and because we it is now; its younger branches are see clearly how competent the arisperhaps superior in acquirements to tocracy are to take the lead in such a any equal number of men in the king- strife, that we are so strongly imdom. It is the mania of fashion and pressed with the disastrous etfects of a foolish etiquette, which alone pre- that mania of fashion and exclusive vent such a cordial co-operation be. frenzy,which threatens so soon to ditween them and the class of gentle. vide two classes whose interests and men now fully awakened to their affections ought ever to be the same, danger, as would prove an invincible and who are so well fitted to support barrier against the farther inroads of and improve each other. revolution.
But there is one class of the arWe have exposed with fearless istocracy to whom, in an especial language, though with painful feel. manner, the weight of historical cenings, what we consider as a general sure is due—that is, the Whig nobievil in our social condition. We have lity: the great and old families, once done so from no feeling of animosity the ornament of Britain, who, to towards individuals; from no irrita- serve the purposes of party, hold tion or jealousy towards classes, but a language to the people, and from a strong sense of public duty, support measures in the Legislaand our clear perception of the inju- ture, calculated to bring ruin alike ry which many estimable men are upon their country and themselves, doing to their country and them- and which they know to be disselves, from their acquiescence in astrous--the Orleanses, and Lianhabits and manners originating with courts, and Clermont Tonnerres of the frivolous or contemptible leaders the English Revolution. Enter the of fashion. We have done so the cabinets or the drawingrooms of more readily, because no one can ac- these grandees, you hear nothing cuse us of being either subservient but the most haughty and conservato authority, or carried away by po- tive language. The necessity of tapular applause; because our attach- king steps to arrest the evil, the ment to the cause of order and the imminent danger to the holders of Conservative side, is known to all property from the progress of radithe world; and because (we say it calism, the need of a cordial union fearlessly) we have done more to among all the better classes to resupport the Constitution in perilous sist the spoliation springing from times, than any other Periodical in their inferiors, is universally talked existence. We have no favour to ask of. The frivolity of popular apof the Aristocracy; we are independ- plause, the inconstancy of the mulent and unfettered men: But weknow titude, the insufferable vulgarity of from study and observation the vital their leaders, the perils arising from importance of the nobility, to up their ascendency, are the frequent hold the fabric of liberty not less than subjects of conversation. The Reorder, and that the moment they are form Bill itself is, in the best and swept away, there is no barrier re- most elevated Whig circles, stigmamaining to protect ourselves or our tized as an unnecessary and perilous children from the worst of tyrannies measure, going infinitely beyond -the tyranny of a multitude of ty. what was either expected or requi. rants. We esteem and reverence the red, which was as great a surprise many great and good men whom the to them as their opponents, and Peerage contains; we appreciate and which threatens, in its ultimate conadmire the elegance of the aristocra- sequences, to undermine all the intic circles; we are fully alive to the stitutions of the country. But listen vast ability, profound knowledge, to these Whig aristocrats on the hustand splendid talents which the dis- ings, or at public meetings; you will eussions in the House of Peers ex. hear nothing but the necessity of yieldhibit. It is just because we are so ing to popular opinion, the growing fully impressed with these excellent importance and vast intelligence of qualities, because we know how es- the people, the irresistible weight of sential to the cause of order it is that their voice, the paramount sway the class of proprietors should be or which they have acquired in the ganized, in the desperate struggle Constitution. Examine their conwhich awaits them, under weighty duct in Parliament; you will see only a blind and contemptible obe- be as soon as possible, if not forgotdience to their party leaders in every ten, at least forgiven. We know the measure, how absurd and perilous difficulty of doing this; we are alive soever; while in private, they are to the shudder which every true continually deploring the necessity Conservative must feel at acting with to which they are subjected of sup- men who they think have ruined their porting Lord Grey's administration. country; we recommend it, albeit in Now this, we say, is altogether un- the firm and sincere belief that the pardonable, to excite the people by passing of that measure was the language which they know at the death-warrant of the British empire. time they use it to be as delusive But though we can never expel the as it is dangerous, and support their poison, we may for a time provide party in measures which, they con- antidotes to its malignity; though we fess themselves, are at once hazard- cannot restore health, we may proous and unnecessary.
long an anxious and precarious exReversing the principle and prac- istence. This is the utmost to which tice of their opponents, let it be the patriotic hope can now aspire; this maxim of the Conservatives to throw the limit assigned to public duty. themselves cordially, openly, and To this melancholy duty, however, without reserve, upon the middling all who love their country, are imranks; upon the gentlemen of Eng- periously called ; and much remains land ; upon all of whatever birth, even in this world to reward its conor in whatever profession, whose scientious discharge. The Reform worth, talents, education, and man- Bill, and the means by which it was ners fit them for their society. This passed, have become matter of hisgreat and weighty class, whom Whig tory; let them leave to History to aristocracy excludes from its sa- do justice to its authors. It will loons, whom Whig legislation has stretch them on the rack of ages, cast down to the earth, still contains and paint their conduct with the the preponderating influence in the pencil of Tacitus. But let all who scale; if thrown cordially to the love their country, or are even soliConservative side, it will in the citous to preserve themselves from end cast the balance. Let the destruction, unite with those of the Whigs ally themselves with the Ten- opposite party who are inclined, pounders ; let them alternately adu- even at the eleventh hour, to take late the great, and flatter the mul- their stand firmly and decidedly on titude; let them degrade rank by Conservative principles. Let them an alliance with violence, and ele- recollect Napoleon's maxim,—" Il gance by the contact of vulgarity; ne faut pas nous facher des choses let their haughty nobles bow to de- passés ;' and the good sense of Mr putations headed by tailors, and Sheridan's saying, “The question is their exclusive eligibles sink into the not, how we got into the war, but society of urban intrigue; but let being in it, in the name of God what the great and noble Conservative are we to do ?” Let them recollect body draw closer the bonds which that it is the destiny of man to err; are beginning to unite them to the that the Conservatives have comgentlemen of the country, and cor- mitted many errors, which should dially receive into that phalanx all make them lenient to those of their whose manners and principles, of opponents; that the Whigs contain whatever birth, qualify them to enter many able and good men, guiltless its ranks. It is by so doing that they of the fatal step, and in secret as will in the end acquire the supre- apprehensive of ils consequences as macy over their adversaries ; the themselves; that it was the diviweight of the middling ranks, when sions among the respectable classfairly committed to the scale, ever es, consequent on Catholic Emancidecides the contest. It was not in pation, which opened the door to the refuse of cities, but the sons of the Demon of Revolution, and that the yeomanry, that Cromwell re- if his march is yet to be stayed, it cruited for the Iron Bands, which can only be by a cordial union finally gave victory to the republic, amongst all the talent, worth, chaFas est et ab hoste doceri.
racter, and property, which yet reFor the same reason, let the dise mains in the state. astrous measure of the Reform Bill
Pussages from the Diary of a late Physician. Chup. XV.
PASSAGES FROM THE DIARY OF A LATE PHYSICIAN.
THE BARONET'S BRIDE.
Never was man married under could not fail, under all bis calmness more auspicious circumstances than of demeanour, to observe the strugSir Henry Harleigh. Himself the glings of talent and ambition. Lady descendant of an ancient house, and Anne, on the contrary, was all sprightthe accomplished possessor of a liness and frolic. 'Twas like a sun. splendid fortune; his bride the fair- beam and a cloud brought together ; est flower in the family of a distin- the one, in short, “ L'Allegro;" the guished nobleman; surely here were other, “Il Penseroso." The qualielements of high happiness, warrant- ties of each were calculated to ating the congratulations of the" troops temper those of the other, alternately of friends” who, by their presence, instigating and brightening; and who added éclat to the isoposing nuptials. would not predicate a happy harmo“ Heaven bless thee, sweet Anne!” nious union of such extremes ? sobbed the venerable peer, her fa- Six months after their marriage, ther, folding his daughter in his the still happy couple" returned to arms, as Sir Henry advanced to con- town, after having traversed an exduct her to bis travelling-chariot; tensive portion of the Continent. “may these be the last tears thou Lady Anne looked lovelier, and her wilt have occasion to shed !” The spirits were more buoyant and bril. blushing, trembling girl could make liant than ever. She had apparently no reply; and linking her arm in transfused not a little of her vivacity that of her handsome husband, dizzy into her husband's more tranquil with agitation, and almost insensible temperament: his manners exhibitof the many hands that shook bersed a briskness and joyousness which in passing, suffered him to lead her none of his friends had ever witnessthrough the throng of guests above, ed in him before. During the whole and lines of be-favoured lacqueys of the London “season," Lady Anne below, to the chariot waiting to con- revelled in enjoyment; the idol of duct “ the bappy pair” to a roman- her husband-'the centre of gaiety tic residence of Sir Henry's in Wales. and cheerfulness—the star of fashion. The moment they were seated, tbe Her début at Court was the most steps were shut up-the door closed. flattering of the day. It was geneSir Henry hastily waved a final adieu rally talked of, that the languid eleto the company thropgivg the win- gance, the listless fastidiousness of dows of the drawingroom he had royalty, had been quickened into just quitted ; the postilions cracked something like an appearance of intheir whips, and away dashed the terest, as the fair bride bowed before chariot-and-four, amidst the cheery it, in the graceful attitude of loyal pealing of the bells
duty. Once or twice I had the sa-“ bearing its precious throbbing
tisfaction of meeting with her Ladycharge
ship in public—all charming vivacity To halcyon climes afar."
-all sparkle-followed by crowds
of flatterers-till one would have Sir Henry's character contrasted thought her nearly intoxicated with strongly, in some respects, with that their fragrant incense !
" What it of his lady. His urbanity was tinc- sweet smile!” –“How passing gracetured with a certain reserve, or ra- ful!”—“ Heavens, what a swan-like ther melancholy, which some consi- neck!”—“ Ah! happy fellow that dered the effect of an early and se. Harleigh !"_“ Seen Lady Anne ? vere devotion to study; others, and Ob! yonder she moves—there—that perhaps more truly, of a constitu- laughing lady in white satin, tapiping tional tendency inherited from his the French Ambassador on the shoul. mother. There was much subdued der with her fan.”—“ What! Is that energy in his character; and you Lady Anne, now waltzing with Lord
VOL. XXXV, NO. CCXVII.