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arrangement, and by fullness of detail, in union and harmony with just principles of selection; the phraseology is nice and choice, and frequently attended by references to classical writers; the distinctions between synonymes are given, upon the best authority, and with great care and exactness; and the pupil is constantly aided by remarks and cautions, warning him against expressions which offend against the purity of the Latin idiom, and pointing him to those which have the sanction of the best writers. We have observed with special satisfaction the unusual extent to which synonymes are discussed. The distinctions are given briefly and clearly, so that when there are several words which correspond in general to an English word, the student can scarcely fail to discover, on a little reflection, which is the right one for his immediate purpose. In many instances, are set down pairs of words, of kindred meaning, especially of adjectives, on the authority of good writers, who employed them together, to express their ideas with more force and fullness. We should have been glad to see more frequently appended to the names of the writers, the name of the particular work, and the place in it, where the given expression occurred. Such a course the English editors ought certainly to have pursued, at least wherever the passage was fully cited in Georges' work. We happened to notice under the word Old age, a mere reference to Ovid as authority for a phrase, though Georges gives the work of Ovid, and the line in which the phrase occurs. Under the same word, however, the expression cruda ac viridis senectus is ascribed to Virgil in the English work, though Georges, in our edition, (the second,) does not mention Virgil. The English editors might have gone farther, and added the passage, Æen. 6, 304, and also referred to Tacitus, as he has the same expression in the Agricola, c. 29. Messrs. Riddle and Arnold have, we doubt not, for the most part, successfully performed the work of translation from the German. Such, at least, we have found to be the case, in a comparison of several pages with Georges. But we find under Antiquity an expression which fails to give the German with point and exactness. The English is—* bears about it evident marks of antiquity;" but the German word for those we have italicized is Gepräge, and the English should read—the stamp " of antiquity.” Under Ability, we find in explanation of ingenium, " Connate mental power,” a bad English expression, whatever the German might be; but the German is Angeborene, and means inborn, innate. But we may be thought captious in touching upon these blemishes in an extensive work, generally so excellent; and perhaps we ought to bear in mind the charitable rule of criticism, given by Horace :
“ Verùm operi longo fas est obrepere somnum." What we have now said, applies of course to the original English work. The Messrs. Harper have republished it in the American edition in handsome form and style, on good paper, and in clear, excellent type; the whole under the careful editorial supervision of Dr. Anthon and Prof. Drisler. Dr. Anthon has added an Index of Proper Names, made expressly for the purpose, and on the basis of the best authorities. In his Preface, Dr. Anthon says: “What will be found, however, to give the American edition a decided advantage over the English work, is the Dictionary of Proper Names, which is wanting in the latter.” This remark is certainly correct, as the Index is a good one, and enhances the value of an English-Latin Lexicon; but it seems to imply that the Eng. lish editors had overlooked this part of their task, whereas they state in their Preface, that “a copious Dictionary of Proper Names, to complete the work, will be published separately." The Dedication-page, we presume, is peculiar to the American edition, as Mr. Hawkesworth, to whom the work is inscribed, is an American scholar, and “Professor in the College of Charleston, S. C.” We beg to submit--whether it was quite becoming in Dr. Anthon, on the ground of having added an Index of Proper Names, occupying not fifty pages in a volume of seven hundred and fifty-four, to dedicate to a personal friend, as his own, a work of two English scholars, which, as they tell the world in their Preface, “ cost" them “ many years of labor-labor that often seemed almost hopeless.”
The Way of Salvation. By ROBERT BOYTE C. HOWELL, D. D., Pastor of the First Baptist Church, Nashville, Tenn. Charleston : Southern Baptist Publication Society. 1849. One vol. 12mo, pp. 334.
The estimable author of this volume is favorably known to the public by former contributions of sterling worth to denominational and general religious literature. The present publication is with great propriety dedicated to the church and congregation he has so efficiently served for many years. Indeed the preparation of the work seems to have been suggested to his own mind, by his experience as a Christian pastor of the need and the desirableness of "suitable works calling attention strongly to the infallible teachings of the Word of God, on the several points considered in this volume."
Indeed what faithful, evangelical teacher, long engaged in striving to impress on the careless minds of lost men the things essential to their peace, has not felt a yearning and irrepressible desire to give line upon line and precept upon precept of just the best kind of instruction, on themes of infinite importance? Salvation from ruin, otherwise hopeless and interminable! Can any human being remain indifferent to the sure and only way of its attainment ?
It must be manifest, moreover, how valuable is the aid of long and widely varied experience in the field of active and successful pastoral labor which the author of this production has made subservient to its wise execution. No mere closet student, no man whose only reliance is book-learning, can be well fitted to prepare such a treatise. He must have mingled much with the masses of men, and those of different grades of position, attainment, and habits, in order to meet them each on their own ground, and wrest from them the weapons of their defense, the sophistries with which they have enwrapped themselves; so as to point the sword of the Spirit effectually to interpenetrate the now sullen or now restiff heart coiled in treacherous rebellion against God's requirements. It was this practical and daily familiarity with the actual scenes and duties of the Christian ministry that made Bunyan and Baxter such giants with the pen, when the one wrote his “ Jerusalem Sinner Saved,” and the other his “ Call to the Unconverted.” Such an advantage Dr. Howell has enjoyed over some of his contemporaries, in preparing the work we are now considering. The mere literary critic will readily enough find occasion to fault it, for supposed or real violations of his canons; the refined taste which is far in advance of the compassion for souls of its possessor may not relish the iteration, and fervid pungency which overlooks minor blemishes because of the intensity of desire to reach and gain the point so all important in the present attempt, the salvation of the soul. The author is indeed the last man in the world who need plead guilty to the charge of finical nicety in merely literary pretensions. At the same time, after perusal of the principal portions of this volume, some of its chapters and sections repeatedly, we hope in a spirit somewhat kindred to that of the writer, we have very rarely noticed any literary faultiness which would mar, much less eclipse its excellence.
The general plan of the work is more nearly conformed to the excellent * Way of Life,” by Professor Hodge, than to any other treatise we have seen. The Doctor has the advantage of his predecessor in several points, which he has not failed to improve. In the first place, his work is by one third more full and copious in its entire contents, thus enabling the writer to deal more thoroughly with some of the most important topics. In the next place, he uses wisely and efficiently the advantage of a successor, to vary somewhat the points, and more the method of their treatment, which a careful survey of the former experiment indicated as least satisfactory. For instance, Prof. Hodge extended to near fifty pages his preliminary chapter on the evidences of Scripture as divine. Dr. Howell has compressed his on the same topic to one fifth of this extent, thus leaving room for an ampler and more thorough discussion of the fallen and lost condition of man. The like advantage of reviewing the method of one who had gone over the same track before, is seen throughout the volume. Many of our readers will no doubt be gratified with the fuller and more decidedly Scriptural method of discussing the nature and relation of gospel ordinances, avoiding entirely the little errors into which Professor Hodge has fallen; in the attempt too much to assimilate those of the New Testament to that older and faulty dispensation, intended to vanish away. We cannot help thinking, however, that too much stress has been laid by some objectors on a very few expressions in the Way of Life," without adequately weighing against them the general current of excellent and unexceptionable teaching which that volume contains, even on the subject of gospel ordinances.
Another advantage of the present treatise is its admirably practical character. It is the work of one who knows by daily experience just what is needed, and who supplies with masterly discrimination the needful help at the right time and in the best manner. Its completeness, too, deserves to be specially noticed and commended. This Way of Salvation leads from the City of Destruction, within the very gates of celestial glory; and without the allegory of the immortal dreamer, presents in plain earnest language, enforces with unanswerable and cogent arguments, and allures by motives from within and without, drawn from both worlds, to the walking in that way of holiness and peace. We cannot but utter the prayer and hope that many thousands of this volume--the most widely adapted to usefulness of all the author's writings-will be demanded in all parts of our country; that they will be read with abundant profit, and by the Holy Spirit's aid will show unto vast multitudes "THE WAY OF SALVATION."
General History of the Christian Religion and Church. From the German the historical development of the Christian religion and church. In the translation, Professor Torrey seems to have done justice to the original, making the author say just what he does say, and no more, while he has presented the thoughts in pure and idiomatic English. The period through which this volume carries us, is one of the darkest in the history of the Christian church; yet Dr. Neander has succeeded in throwing a flood of light even on this dark period. He has shown what we have always supposed to be true, that God has never left himself without many witnesses who, in times of deepest corruption, have given their testimony to the truth, the purity and power of the gospel of Christ. Though there may have been much of error and superstition among the mass of the people, and much of spiritual wickedness in high places, there have, nevertheless, been many hearts which have felt the transforming power of Christianity, and, impelled by the constraining love of Christ, have labored with untiring zeal and great success to spread abroad its saving influence. In times when error, bigotry, and superstition held the most undisturbed dominion within the inclosure of the church, there have been many hearts and homes in which the altar-fires of devotion still burned purely and brightly, and the power of Christianity was still gradually working the moral transformation of the nations. And the church has ever retained within itself the elements of its own regeneration, that in a subsequent period developed their living energies in its purification from the foreign elements that had in a darker age become incorporated with them. This is a leading thought in the mind of Dr. Neander in the volume before us, which he keeps prominently in view in all his researches. And the facts which are constantly appearing, demonstrative of this truth, do much to relieve the otherwise dark picture of the middle ages. The work is printed in a style worthy of its intrinsic excellence, and will form a most valuable addition to the historical literature of the age.
of Dr. AUGUSTUS NEANDER. Translated from the first, revised and altered throughout according to the second edition. By Joseph TORRET, Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy in the University of Vermont. Volume Third, comprising the third and fourth volumes of the original. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. 1850. 8vo, pp. 626.
Most gladly do we welcome the third volume of this excellent and valuable history. As an ecclesiastical historian, Dr. Neander stands pre-eminent. He possesses perhaps more of the elements of character that go to constitute the true historian, than any other man living. He has a clear insight into the nature and essence of Christianity itself; eminent candor and fairness in his estimate of character ; a thorough knowledge of his subject, in all its details ; great discrimination between what is true and what is fabulous; and a power of generalization that brings facts ap'parently the most isolated at once into their true position and relations in
The Genius of Italy. Being Skelches of Italian Life, Literature, and Religion. By Rev. ROBERT TURNBULL. New-York: G. P. Putnam. 1849. Illustrated edition. 12mo. The author of this volume is well known as an agreeable and intelligent writer, and we think has been even more than ordinarily successful in the volume before us. There is, and always will be, a general interest in whatever pertains to Italy, and the writer on Italy who can weave history, criticism and moral comment into graceful forms, will never lack readers. Mr. Turnbull's plan has secured to his work more than a passing interest. He has constructed it upon the basis of a tour in Italy, giving it in that way sufficiently the charm of personal observation and incident to render it agreeable as a book of travels, while at the same time the themes of history, art, and religion, which it elaborates, give it more enduring value. In plainer dress it has had we believe a large sale, and the publisher, always liberal and enterprising, has done well to give it an elegant outward garb, with several spirited and well executed illustrations.
The Whale and his Captors; or the Whaleman's Adventures and the Whale's Biography, as gathered on the Homeward Cruise of the
Commodore Preble." By Rev. HENRY T. CHEEVER. With engravings. New-York: Harper & Brothers. 16mo, pp. 314.
This work combines a large fund of information, and a good deal of exciting incident, with fitting and useful moral suggestions. It is exceed