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ingly popular and deserves to be, and will have the happy effect of creating sympathy for the whaleman in circles where his laborious and dangerous adventures are scarcely known. Indeed on the sea itself it will be a favorite book, and will carry lessons to the forecastle which can hardly be read without profit. We are pleased to see in it the testimony of an observer to the happy effects of missionary labors on the Islands of the Pacific. The book is beautifully printed, and contains several very striking illustrations. It is announced for republication in London.
A Discourse on the Soul and Instinct, physiologically distinguished
from Materialism. By Martin Paine, A. M., M. D. Enlarged edition. New-York : Edward H. Fletcher. 1849. 12mo, pp. 228.
Of the merits of this volume as a scientific work, we are not qualified to judge. As an argument for the immateriality of the soul, admitting the correctness of the facts and principles laid down, it is forcible and conclusive. And such a demonstration, on scientific principles, must be to the man of science peculiarly valuable. Imperfect science has ever been the refuge and stronghold of skepticism. In its perfect and mature development, it has ever given its testimony in favor of the truths of revelation. Thus there has been among medical men a strong tendency towards materialism, deduced, as has been supposed, from facts in our physiological constitution. If therefore it can be proved from these very facts, that the soul is an “independent, self-acting, immortal, and spiritual essence,” the author in performing this work has done a service to his own profession, as well as to the cause of truth and Christianity. It is well worthy of perusal and of serious consideration.
Heaven's Antidote to the Curse of Labor; or the Temporal Advantages
of the Sabbath, considered in relation to the Working Classes. By JOHN ALLAN Quinton. With a Prefatory Notice by the Rev. S. H. Tyne, D. D. New-York : Edward H. Fletcher. 1850.
This is the first prize essay called forth by an offer in Great Britain of £25, £15, and £10, for the three best essays from working men, addressed to the working men, upon “ The temporal advantages of the Sabbath to the laboring classes, and the consequent importance of preserving its rest from all the encroachments of unnecessary labor." Above one thousand essays were presented to the committee of adjudication, and this received the highest award, and it is well worthy of this high distinction. Dr. Tyng justly remarks of it, that its high principles of morality, its clear exhibition of sound political truths, its logical and distinct statement of the arguments presented, its earnest and animated appeals, its proof of strong, clear, and original thought, and its very brilliant and yet pure style of composition, constitute an array of excellences and ornaments, the production of which would not be beneath the reputation, and might gratify the desire of any living author.” It bears throughout the impress of one of those mighty intellects that, wherever found, or in whatever circumstances, will make themselves felt, and their power acknowledged. At the same time, the practical good sense and intimate knowledge of the condition and wants of the laboring classes which it indicates, will commend it warmly to their sympathies, and give it an influence over them that could be wielded by no other than a working man. We trust the volume may do much good in our own country, as well as in Europe, in staying the tide of Sabbath desecration, that fruitful parent of almost every other form of vice.
COLLEGES AND THEOLOGICAL SEMINARI ES. BROWN UNIVERSITY.—The annual Catalogue of this institution, for the academical year 1849–50, presents a full account of its present condition and its arrangements for instruction. In addition to the President, who is also Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy, the University, has seven instructors in the various branches of literature and science, viz.: in the Greek, Latin, French, and German languages, in Rhetoric, Logic, and History, in Chemistry and the Physical Sciences, and in Mathematics and Mechanical Philosophy. “Members of the Faculty and other Officers” are thus recorded in the Catalogue :-Rev. Francis Wayland, 'D. D., President, Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy; Rev. Alexis Caswell, D. D, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; George I. Chace, A. M., Professor of Chemistry, Geology, and Physiology ; William Gammell; A. M., Professor of Rhetoric; James R. Boise, A. M., Professor of the Greek Language and Literature ; John L. Lincoln, A. M., Professor of the Latin Language and Literature; George W. Greene, A. M., Instructor in Modern Languages ; Reuben A. Guild, A. B., Librarian ; James B. Angell, A. B., Assistant Librarian ; Lemuel H. Elliot, Steward. The means of illustration in the several departments are very ample, and the education which is given is of the most thorough character. The number of students on the Catalogue for the present year is 150,--a number which, though quite equal to the average in American colleges, is far below the general standard of advantages which the University presents. Of these, the Senior Class contains 24, the Junior 40, the Sophomore 43, the Freshman 34, with 8 in the English and Scientific department, who are not attached to any particular class, but pursue such studies as they desire, without being candidates for a degree.
Among the advantages offered to the members of Brown University, those connected with its large and excellent Library are by no means the least important. This Library is one of the most extensive and best selected College Libraries in the United States, and contains about twenty-three thousand volumes. In addition to this are the Libraries of two Literary Societies, embracing about six thousand volumes more. Such a collection of books would be deemed far enough from adequate in a University of the Old World, but in this country, where large Libraries are scarcely to be found at all, it may well be spoken of as a matter of congratulation and pride.
Brown University, as is well known, is substantially under the control of members of our own denomination, and during the more than eighty years of its existence, it has exerted a most important influence on all our interests as a Christian people. We are, however, sorry to record that Baptists, as such, have done comparatively little for its support and advancement, and have availed themselves to far too small an extent of the advantages it has offered for the education of their young men. The long roll of its graduates contains the names of men distinguished in every walk of life, and in all parts of the country, and among them we believe there are far more of other denominations than of our own. We hope the day is not distant when a larger proportion of the young men connected with our own congregations will be sent to college to prepare not for professional life alone, but for the higher practice of every calling in which they may choose to engage,-for there is not a respectable occupation to be found in society in which education, and that too of the highest and best character, may not prove an inestimable blessing to him who has received it.
It is proposed, we understand, to introduce into the system of instruction and the organization of the College, some important additions and changes, in order to extend its advantages to a larger portion of the community, and to furnish to all who may resort to it an opportunity of pursuing particular branches of learning to the farthest limit they may desire. An outline of these changes has lately been submitted by President Wayland to the Corporation, and by them, we understand, has been fully approved, in case the requisite funds can be obtained for carrying it into execution. When the system which is contemplated shall be fully matured and made public, we shall take an opportunity to spread it before our readers in detail. In the meantime, we commend to our own denomination especially, the interests of this our oldest institution of learning, and we trust that whenever an appeal is made to them in its behalf, they will not fail to show their appreciation of the benefits it has already conferred and is still conferring upon the public.
WATERVILLE COLLEGE.- Catalogue, 1849–50. Faculty; Rev. David N. Sheldon, D. D., President, Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy; George W. Keeley, LL. D., Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; Rev. Justin R. Loomis
, A. M., Professor of Chemistry and Natural History; Rev. James T. Champlin, A. M., Professor of the Greek and Latin Languages and Literature; Martin B. Anderson, A. M., Professor of Rhetoric, and Librarian;
- Professor of Modern Languages. (The duties of this Professorship are for the present performed by the President.) Students ; Seniors 13, Juniors 18, Sophomores 14, Freshmen 28, Partial Course 2 ; Total, 75. Partial Course.- Individuals of suitable age and acquisitions, wishing to fit themselves for Mercantile, Agricultural, or any of the other active pursuits of life, have here every facility for pursuing a Partial Course of study, not less than one year they selecting such studies as they may desire. They are required to recite with the regular College classes at least twice a day, they have free access to the Libraries and Lectures, and on leaving the institution are entitled to a regular certificate of their respective attainments. Ex penses, per annum, are estimated in the Catalogue at from $83 to $95. It gives us great pleasure to be able to say that the $10,000 subscription for the Library is filled, and is in part collected. Appropriations to be derived from this fund will furnish the means for a constant increase of books, and the character of the Faculty furnishes a sufficient pledge that they will be judiciously expended. The Association of Alumni is fully organized, and is fulfilling its work. Its object is to collect facts concerning the early history of the College, and the biographies of deceased graduates. The College is situated at Waterville, Me., a beautiful and flourishing town on the right bank of the Kennebec river, about eighteen miles above Augusta, the capital of the State. The town is now connected by railroad with Portland, and is therefore easily accessible from every part of New-England. It cannot fail to be permanently a place of enterprise and thrift
, and it is to be hoped will find pleasure, as certainly it will find honor and advantage, in guarding and cherishing the institution of learning which is its crowning ornament. The educational facilities offered by this College are of the first order, and it is a satisfaction to believe that its growth and prosperity are well secured.
Madison UNIVERSITY.—It is not strange that the Catalogue of this University for 1849–50, betrays upon its pages some of the fruits of the long controversy on the removal question ;-and yet there is abundant occasion for congratulation that these traces are no more numerous. We extract the following information concerning Departments, Faculty, Students, etc. THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT : Faculty; Rev. John S. Maginnis, D. D., Professor of Biblical Theology; Rev. Thomas J. Conant, D. D., Professor of Hebrew and Biblical Literature and Interpretation; Rev. George W. Eaton, D. D., Professor of Ecclesiastical History. Students ; Seniors 13, Juniors 9, Total 22. The following is the course of instruction in this Department: I. BIBLICAL LITERATURE AND INTERPRETATION. 1. General introduction to the Old Testament—including the composition, preservation, and canonical authority of the Hebrew Scriptures; history of the Hebrew language and its cognate dialects; an account of the ancient versions, and of the Targums; history of the text-principles to be observed in its criticism; character of prophecy; Hebrew poetry, 2. Particular introduction to each book, its author, date of composition, &c. 3. Antiquities of the Jews. 4. Sacred Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 5. Critical study of the first eleven chapters of Genesis. 6. Interpretation of the most important portions of Isaiah, and the whole of the minor prophets, with specimens of the style of Jeremiah and Ezekiel. 7. Hackett's Chaldee Manual ; Interpretation of the Chaldee portions of Daniel and Ezra. 8. Critical examination of the language of the New Testament, in respect to grammatical forms, structure, and lexicography, with a comparison of the language of the Septuagint. 9. Interpretation of the more important portions of the New Testament. *10. Introduction to the New Testament, including its connection with the Old. II. ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. The first year, History of the Jewish Church, a particular examination of the Christian Fathers, and survey of the middle ages. The second year, History of the Reformation, with a general view of the subsequent state of the church. III. THEOLOGY. 1. Evidences of Christianity, including the inspiration of the Sacred Scriptures. 2. A course of Theology, Biblical and Systematic. 3. Composition of a sermon. 4. Church government and pastoral duties. ACADEMICAL DEPARTMENT: Faculty; Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy. (The duties of this Professorship are at present performed by the Professor of History.) Rev. John S. Maginnis, D. D., Professor of the Evidences of Natural and Revealed Religion; Rev. Thomas J. Conant, D. D., Professor of the Hebrew Language and Literature; Rev. George W. Eaton, D. D., Professor of Civil History; Rev. Asahel C. Kendrick, D. D., Professor of the Greek Language and Literature; John S. Richardson. A. M., Professor of the Latin Language and Literature; John H. Raymond, A. M., Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres;
Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; Rev. Philetus B. Spear, A. M., Principal of the Grammar School. Students ; Seniors 35, Juniors 21, Sophomores 25, Freshmen 12. Total Undergraduates, 93. Grammar School, 25. Grand total, 140. The number in actual attendance is about 100, dismissions and absences being mainly in the Academical Department. Expenses are stated as follows : Grammar School, per annum, $93; College, $103; Theological Department, $64. Of the condition of the Library, Philosophical Apparatus, etc., at Hamilton, we are not informed. The final settlement of existing difficulties on the removal question, however that settlement may be, ought to be the signal, and will be, we have no doubt, for new and efficient endeavors for the improvement of these important facilities.
LEWISBURG UNIVERSITY.—The Charter of the University at Lewisburg” was granted by the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in the month of February, 1846. This instrument provides, that the University shall “consist of a Primary School, an Academy, a College, and such other departments appropriate to a University as the patrons and managers of said institution shall find themselves able to maintain,”--and that its “ Trustees .... shall be regular members of the Baptist denomination."
In order to put the University in funds, it was proposed to raise the sum of $100,000 by voluntary subscriptions payable in four equal annual installments, after the filling of the subscription. In the autumn of 1846, the general agent of the Board of Trustees was authorized to organize a “ High School," preparatory to "the University at Lewisburg," and to employ an assistant teacher. Accordingly, on the 5th October, 1846, this seminary was opened under the name of the Lewisburg High School?” The general agent, Rev. Stephen W. Taylor, acted as principal
, assisted by Alfred Taylor, a graduate from the collegiate department of the Institution at Hamilton, New-York. In the autumn of 1847, Isaac N. Loomis, A. M., took his place as a teacher in the High School. At the end of the second year, 16 students had been conducted through one year's study preparatory to college, 14 prepared for the Freshman class, and 10 for the Sophomore. In August, 1848, Rev. S. W. Taylor, A. M., was elected Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. In the beginning of the year 1849, the $100,000 subscription was completed, through the agency of the Rev. Messrs. E. Kincaid and Wm. Shadrach.
The Trustees, at their semi-annual meeting in February, 1849, elected to the Professorship of the Greek Language and Literature, the Rev. George R. Bliss, A. M., formerly Greek Tutor in the Hamilton Literary and Theological Institution, New-York, and, recently, pastor of the Baptist church in New-Brunswick, NewJersey; and to the Professorship of the Latin Language and Literature, George W. Anderson, A. M., a graduate of Madison University, and first editor of the Christian Chronicle, Philadelphia. At the commencement of the current academic year, the whole number of students was 140; of these 97 are classical students, and classed as follows: In the Academy; Junior Class, 40, and Senior 25;-In College ; Freshman Class 10, Sophomore 14, Junior 8.
The following, as we learn by a letter from a friend, is a summary of what has been accomplished for the University at Lewisburg:" '"A University Charter has been obtained, as good as any that was ever granted to the Baptist denomination; a lot of seventy acres has been purchased, situated within the limits of the borough of Lewisburg, now valued at $12,000, and affording an admirable site for the University buildings; the gentlemen's academic building, a substantial stone and brick edifice, has been erected, at an expense of $8,000, capable of accommodating 150 students with rooms for study and recitation ; a school has been gathered, whose students number in all 140, of whom 97 are classical students; a Library has been well commenced, and is constantly increasing ; new philosophical apparatus has been procured, worth between $2,000 and $3,000; and the foundation of a second University edifice has been laid, at a cost of 81,000. There remains an unappropriated balance of subscription to the amount of $75,000.” A noble work, accomplished in a brief period, and a happy pledge of future prosperity.
NEWTON THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION.- Catalogue, 1849–50. Faculty; Rev. Henry J. Ripley, D. D., Professor of Sacred Rhetoric and Pastoral Duties; Rev. Horatio B. Hackett, D. D, Professor of Biblical Literature and Interpretation ; Rev. Robert E. Pattison, D. D., Professor of Christian Theology; Rev. Alvah Hovey, A. M., Assistant Instructor in Hebrew, and Librarian. Instruction in Ecclesiastical History is also given for the present by the Professor of Sacred Rhetoric and the Professor of Christian Theology. Students ; Seniors 13, Middle class 12, Juniors 16, Total 41. These students are graduates of 14 Colleges, Brown University having furnished 11, and Waterville College 8. The course of studies at this institution extends through three years, and is as follows :- 1. BIBLICAL LITERATURE AND INTERPRETATION. The Hebrew Language; Greek of the New Testament; Translations from the Greek New Testament into Hebrew; Biblical Geography, Chronology, and Antiquities; Principles of Interpretation; History of the Origin and Transmission of the Sacred Canon; Exegetical Essays; Interpretation of portions of the Original Scriptures. Instruction is given in this department in Chaldee and Syriac to students who desire it. 2. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY. Lectures, discussions, and Essays on the subjects embraced in a course of Systematic Theology; on the Evidences of Christianity, and the Inspiration of the Scriptures. 3. ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. Instruction in the History of Christianity, with special reference to the early centuries and the Reformation, together with the history of religious opinions. 4. SACRED RHETORIC AND PASTORAL DUTIES. Exercises in composition and elocution; Instruction on the composition and delivery of sermons, criticism of original sermons and plans of sermons, and examination of select printed discourses; Lectures on the nature and duties of the Christian ministry. No charge is made for tuition, room-rent and furniture, or use of the Library. The Library contains over B,000 volumes.
It is now twenty-five years since the first class left the institution, that class consisting of the Rev. Dr. E. B. Smith and the late Rev. John E. Weston. The Triennial Catalogue exhibits the names of 203 persons, of whom 20 have been, or are, Presidents or Professors of Colleges or Theological Seminaries, 18 have been, or are, foreign missionaries, and 25 are deceased. Those whose names are contained n this Catalogue were graduates of 21 Colleges, Browu University having furnished 50, and Waterville College 25.
New-HAMPTON (N. H.) ACADEMICAL AND THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION.—The plan of this institution is comprehensive, and the number of its students invariably large. It embraces Male and Female Departments, and adds to the ordinary academical departments a Theological School, designed for those whose age or other circumstances do not allow them the advantages of a College course of studies. The Catalogue for the year ending in October last, presents an aggregate of 309 students. listributed as follows:--Theological Department 18, Classical 29, English 104, Female 108. The Theological course extends through three years, and is thus arranged:-SENIOR YEAR. First Term.-Rhetoric (Whately's); Intellectual Philosophy; New Testament
ek, or Exegetical Essays. Second Term.--Logic Whately's); Moral Philosophy; New Testament Greek, or Exegetical Essays. Third Term.-Butler's Analogy; Biblical Archæology; New Testament Greek, or Analysis of the Epistles, and of select Prophetical Books. MIDDLE YEAR. First Term.-Homiletics; Biblical Archæology; Hebrew Poetry. Second Term.--Hermeneutics; Biblical Exegesis ; Ecclesiastical History. Third Term.--Biblical Exegesis ; Ecclesiastical History; Day on the Will. JUNIOR YEAR. First Term.Proof of the Divine Existence; Evidences of Christianity; Inspiration of the Scrip