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sake and the sake of others. He would find that faith works by love, that it purifies the heart, that it enables its possessor to evercome the world, and that thus it puts the intellect and the passions into a frame tending to health and longevity. On the subject of preparation for death, we think he might find better instructions in Paul than in Epicurus.
Life and Letters of Thomas Campbell, Edited by WILLIAM BEATTIE,
M. D. In two volumes. New-York: Harper & Brothers. 1850.
For half a century Campbell has been acknowledged to be one of the chief names among the Dii minores of English poetry. At the early age of twenty-two he published the “ Pleasures of Hope," which at once placed hiin among the best poets of the day. The success of this youthful effort seems to have had an unfavorable influence on the subsequent development of his genius. The fear of being unable to sustain his reputation rendered him unduly fastidious, and perhaps deprived his verse of that freedom and boldness that are necessary to the highest efforts of genius. Though the « Pleasures of Hope” has marks of immaturity of mind, occasional gaudy lines and imperfect figures, it has been the most widely popular of his long poems. There are passages in it that are embalmed in the memory, and occur unbidden to the mind as the noblest embodiment of generous sentiment and elevated moral feeling. In condensation, terseness, and polish of versification, it has never been equalled by so young a man, with the exception, perhaps, of the Essay on Criticism, which Pope wrote at the same age. Visiting the Continent in 1800, soon after Moreau's celebrated victory over the Austrians, the sight of the battle-field inspired the celebrated stanzas on "Hohenlinden." The verses of the poem roll on with a solemn movement, as if they echoed the sounding squadrons and terrible artillery that gained the battle. The “ Exile of Erin,” the “ Mariners of England," and "Lochiel's Warning,” soon after followed. In 1803 the poet removed to London. In 1809 he published - Gertrude of Wyoming." From 1820 to 1830 he edited the New Monthly Magazine, to which he contributed many of his minor poems. In 1824 he published * Theodoric," and in 1842 the “ Pilgrim of Glencoe." Notwithstanding the elegance and occasional touching sentiment and exquisite beauty of Gertrude and Theodoric, we are disposed to think that the fame of Campbell will rest mainly on the . Pleasures of Hope" and his lyrical effusions.
· Hohenlinden," the Mariners of England," the - Battle of the Baltic," the “ Last Man," and "Lochiel's Warning," all throb and quiver in every line with the rush of life and strength of passion that mark the masters of lyric song. These will ever live in the hearts and memories of men. When once read they can never be forgotten. "Lochiel's Warning" having been read once in the hearing of Sir Walter Scott, it so fastened itself on his imagination and heart, that he was able to repeat it entire at a subsequent period. So long as the “ meteor flag” shall wave on the seas, the “Mariners of England" will stir the blood of the British subject.
There are many points of similarity between Campbell and Gray. They hid the same comprehensiveness and elegance of scholarship, the same sympathy with what is noble in human action and character, the same fistidiousness of taste, and were alike haunted by ideals of unapproachable Loveliness and beauty. Both wrote little, and that little was finished to a degree approaching perfection. Their works are alike free from all those moral blemishes that so often cause the Christian to loathe the contact of works of genius.
The work of the biographer, Dr. Beattie, is mainly that of a compiler.
Perhaps the time has not yet come for a just and philosophical analysis of Campbell's genius and character; when that time comes, when the hundred years that Horace playfully allots as the test of the claim of poetry to inmortality have elapsed, the work of Dr. Beattie will furnish abundant material for the critic's use. It is pleasing to learn that the poet, who has borne witness so often in his works to the reality and power of Christianity, was sustained by its promises and hopes when passing through the valley of death. He seems to have been cheered in his last hours by the immortal anticipations which he had described so beautifully in the “Last Man":
“This spirit shall return to Him
That gave its heavenly spark;
When thou thyself art dark.
By Him recalled to breath,
And took the sting from death."
Rural Hours. By a Lady. New-York : George P. Putnam. 12mo,
This volume, dedicated to the author of the Deerslayer," is understood to be the production of a daughter of J. Fenimore Cooper, Esq. " The following notes," says the fair author, “contain, in a journal form, the simple record of those little events which make up the course of the seasons in rural life, and were commenced two years since, in the spring of 1848, for the writer's amusement. In wandering about the fields, during a long, unbroken residence in the country, one naturally gleans many trifling observations on rustic matters, which are afterwards remembered with pleasure by the fireside, and gladly shared, perhaps, with one's friends.” It would be difficult to find language more delicate in which to to introduce such a volume, but its delicacy too far conceals the real character of the book. The book is, as it purports to be, a volume of notes, jotted down from day to day, relating to rural scenes which thousands have looked upon with little interest all their lives, but these notes are the productions of a gifted and highly accomplished mind, which has not only observed the outward form and phase of nature, as seen by common eyes, but has minutely and successfully studied its inner life and its modes of operation. It has been given to her to see in nature what cultivated minds alone can see, and her descriptions, while they have often the life and beauty of poetry, are not less remarkable for the extent and accuracy of the scientific knowledge which they develope. Her book contains likewise incidental sketches of rustic life and manners, interesting for their truthfulness, and doubly so because in the shifting character of American society, there will soon be nothing to answer to such descriptions.
Much do we admire the book, and we need no spirit of prophecy to assure the author that her simple offering to the literature of her country, as she would modestly estimate it, will outlive many more ambitious volumes. The trees and flowers which she has described will be as fresh and beautiful in the lifetime of coming generations as now; the birds will sing as sweetly around her native hills ;--and because she has been true to nature, nature will be true to her. Those who are to see the light in far distant times will dwell on her pages with unfailing interest, following her step by step over the scenes which she has described, and blessing her for the beautiful memorial which she has left of “ rustic matters " in ancient days. And as we have read this book, we have yielded a tribute of admiration to the father who has trained a daughter with tastes and habits, such as are here developed, rather than making her a båtterfly, to attract for a few days the admiration of the drawing-room, and then pass away to be for ever forgotten.
The Autobiography of Leigh Hunt. With Reminiscences of Friends and Contemporaries. In two volumes, 12mo, 299 and 333 pages. NewYork: Published by Harper & Brothers.
Leigh Hunt is an easy, gossipping, and generally pleasing writer. In these volumes of personal history and recollections of contemporaries, the egotism for which Hunt has ever been notorious contributes to the interest of the reader. The author's parentage, education at Christ's Hospital, so celebrated in the writings of Lamb and Coleridge, his successes and mishaps as an author, his imprisonment for a libel on the Prince Regent, his literary partnership with Byron in the publication of the “Liberal," his numerous acquaintances, some of them of high rank in literature, are all described with the greatest freedom, and perhaps with as much fidelity as it is possible for any man to describe what pertains so nearly to himself. His opinions on the gravest subjects are given as freely as the facts of his life. In politics he is a sort of royalist republican ; in religion he partakes of all the characteristics of an English free-thinker. He takes special pains to express his disbelief in future retribution, and also to affirm that he believes in no doctrine of the Bible on the ground that it is a revelation, and rejects everything that does not commend itself to the head and heart of Mr. Leigh Hunt, neither of which is understood to be remarkable for its soundness. Lamennais, Robert Owen, Theodore Parker, and Newman, the author of " Nemesis of Faith,” he regards as sustaining the relation to the world that the apostles and first Christians did in their day. He thinks it no matter what a man believes, provided he is “hearty, earnest, and sympathizing." We suppose he would trust his purse with a Jack Shepard, or his life with a Thug, though the one might have peculiar notions of the rights of property, and the other might hold murder to be a religious duty, if only these personages were “hearty, earnest, and sympathizing” in their respective creeds! We can admire these volumes as a piece of literary history, but it is certainly painful to witness such perversions of truth on matters pertaining to man's immortal interests.
Select Orations of M. Tullius Cicero; with Notes. For the use of Schools
and Colleges. By E. A. Johnson, Professor of Latin in the University of the city of New York. New-York: D. Appleton & Co. 1850.
The orations of Cicero will never lose the place they have so long occupied among the best instruments of intellectual discipline and culture, which are employed in modern education. Every one must read them who aspires even to the most moderate scholarship, and no one can understand and appreciate them without feeling his own intellectual nature quickened and exalted by the influence which they exert over every faculty with which he is endowed. We are therefore happy to welcome every well-directed endeavor that is made, to render these delightful productions more accessible and more useful to the minds of the classical students of the country.
The edition before us forms an agreable volume of four hundred and fifty
pages, and belongs to the admirable classical series now publishing by Messrs. Appleton & Co.-a series, which taken as a whole, we believe to be preferable to any other issued from the American press. It is founded in part on the English edition of Mr. T. K. Arnold, and both in its well collated text and in its judicious and discriminating notes, it bears the marks of the critical taste and rich professional experience of Professor Johnson, the accomplished editor. In schools and colleges it will undoubtedly take the place of every other edition now in use, and we trust will be a means of awakening new interest in the beautiful oratory which it enshrines, and of extending more widely among the youth of our country, those ennobling studies without which, even amidst the proudest achievements of science, scholarship and high intellectual culture—we had almost said civilization itself—will be likely to dwindle and decline.
The Oration of Æschines against Cleiphon. With Notes. By J. T.
CHAMPLIN, Professor of Greek and Latin in Waterville College. Cambridge. Published by John Bartlett, Bookseller to the University, 1850.
This beautiful edition of an admired classic was laid on our table early in the summer and we intended to review it at length in a preceding number. It has, however, since received an elaborate and commendatory criticism in a contemporary journal, and has become widely and favorably known to classical scholars in all parts of our country. Both the Greek text and the English notes are printed with remarkable clearness and beauty, and the long experience and well-known scholarship of Professor Champlin are a sufficient guarantee that the edition is accurate and well suited to the class of scholars for whom it is designed.
The Theology of the Intellect and of the Feelings. A Discourse, delivered before the Convention of the Congregational Ministers of Massachusetts, May 30, 1850. By EDWARDS A. PARK, Abbot Professor in the Andover Theological Seminary. Boston: Perkins & Whipple. 1850.
This is a discourse of rare eloquence and power, and before we have had an opportunity of calling to it the attention of our readers, it has been spread before them in the pages of the Bibliotheca Sacra," for July, and in a separate edition, published by Messrs. Perkins and Whipple in Boston. It has been sought for with an eagerness which is seldom awakened by a production of the kind, and has been read with the deepest interest by Christian people in all parts of the land. In paragraphs of earnest and glowing rhetoric, it presents views, which, however bold and startling they may at first appear, will, we are persuaded, commend themselves to thoughtful minds as in the main just and sound. Such a discourse could have proceeded only from a fearless and independent thinker, and it will have a tendency both to improve the style of preaching among ministers and to unite the disciples of Christ of every name, by the ties of those common sympathies and common feelings, which are inspired by the sublime truths and the affecting scenes contained in the gospel narrative. We have been wholly unable to detect the latent heresy, which some of the newspaper critics profess to have found in the doctrines it contains, while we freely confess ourselves fascinated by the vigorous English and the rich and varied illustrations in which these doctrines are enforced. We should be glad, both as readers and hearers, frequently to meet with sermons, breathing the same spirit and possessing the same inherent power.
George Castriot, surnamed Scanderberg, King of Albania. By CLEMENT
C. MOORE, LL. D. New-York : D. Appleton & Co. Philadelphia, Geo. S. Appleton. 1850.
This work, from the pen of ex-President Moore, late of Columbia College, narrates the story of that remarkable Grecian Prince, who in the fifteenth century so successfully withstood the arms of the Turks, and for a time delayed the appointed doom of the Eastern Empire. The story has been before told by Knolles, in his “ History of the Turks," and referred to by Gibbon, in the “ History of the Decline and Fall of Roman Empire," but it has never before been so fully presented in a modern English style. The exploits of Scanderberg in his campaigns against the Ottomans, form an interesting passage in the history of the middle ages, and the manner in which they are here narrated by Mr. Moore, will attract the attention of the reader, and abundantly reward a diligent perusal of the work.
English Grammar. The English Language in its Elements and Forms, with a History of its origin and derelopment. Designed for use in Schools. By William C. Fow LER, late Professor of Rhetoric in Amherst College. New-York: Harper & Brothers. 8vo, pp. 675.
This book is an earnest effort in the right direction. It is a higher work on the grammar of our language, designed for students at that stage in their studies where grammar is generally abandoned, and as a help to teachers who desire to qualify themselves for their vocation by keeping always in advance of their pupils. It is unhappily and strangely the fact that the knowledge of our own language, of its origin, its structure, its forms, is among the branches of knowledge which are most superficially taught in our schools, and even in our colleges. Mr. Fowler seems to have been impressed with this fact, and we have mistaken the effect of his book, or it will perform an important part in working a remedy. We are glad to see within a brief compass the history of our language, illustrated by examples culled from the writers of successive ages. The provincialisms cited are curious as illustrating what has often been remarked, that the English language is more universally well-spoken in this country than in England. We have local peculiarities and offensive vulgarisms; but we have no such intolerable jargon as may be found in different counties in the mother country. We have reason to be proud of our distinction in this particular. What we need is such a knowledge of our language as shall make better writers, and this need is nowhere more noticeable than in many graduates of our colleges. More sins lie at the doors of our professors of rhetoric than can justly be laid to the charge of all other professors combined. We trust that this aid to reform from one of their brethren will stimulate them to good works.
The book before us is divided into eight parts. The first treats of the origin and history of our language, the second of its phonology, and the remaining six of its orthographical, etymological, logical, syntactical, rhetorical and poetical forms.
At a future day we hope to present to our readers an extended review of this work.
EDWARD H. FLETCHER, of New York, has given the earnest of a complete edition of Dr. Alexander Carson's works, in his Knowledge of Jesus the Most Excellent of the Sciences. It is gratifying to know that such a book is well received. Marked by the usual defects of Dr. Carson's writings, its style is diffuse, sometimes careless, but it has those sterling excellences likewise which are characteristic of him ;-it presses