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shall be let after not less than thirty days' notice of such letting to the lowest responsible bidder giving sufficient security, and shall be subject to regulations approved by the Secretary of the Treasury. (18 Stat. 191.)

See notes to preceding section of this act, ante, $ 5683.

(R. S. $$ 2990-2997. Repealed.) R. S. § 2990, provided that when any merchandise, except wine, distilled spirits, and perishable or explosive articles, or articles in bulk, imported at the ports of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore, Portland, Me., Port Huron, Detroit, New Orleans, Toledo, and San Francisco should appear by the invoice or bill of lading and by the manifest to be consigned to and destined for any of the ports mentioned in section 2997, the collector at the port of arrival should permit the owner, agent, or consignee to make entry thereof for warehouse or immediate transportation, in triplicate, setting forth the particulars in such entry, and the route by which such merchandise was to be forwarded, and, the entry having been compared with the invoice, and duly sworn to, and the merchandise having been examined by the customs officers, so that they were satisfied that the same corresponded with the manifest and invoice, and the duties estimated on the value and quantity of the invoice, and on the execution of a bond as afterwards provided, the collector was authorized to deliver the same to be immediately transported to the port of destination at the sole cost and risk of the owner, agent, or consignee.

The privileges of R. S. 88 2990–2997, were extended to Genesee by Act March 14, 1876, c. 23, 19 Stat. 7, and also extended to St. Paul by Act Aug. 14, 1876, c. 270, 19 Stat. 139.

R. S. § 2991, required the collector of the port of first arrival to give priority in time to the examination of merchandise destined for transportation to the ports designated in section 2997. It provided that the merchandise entered for immediate transportation should not be subject to appraisement and liquidation of duties at the port of first arrival but should there undergo such examination as the Secretary of the Treasury should deem proper to verify the invoice and entry, and the same examination and appraisement were required at the port of destination as would have been required at the port of first arrival, if such merchandise had been entered for consumption or warehouse at such port.

R. S. & 2992, provided that the bond for transportation should be in a penal sum of at least double the invoice value of the merchandise, and the duties, added, in such form, and with such sureties, not less than two, as should be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, and the sureties were required to justify in an amount at least double the penalty of the bond. The collector was required to certify to the sufficiency of the bond. It permitted the execution of such bond at the port of destination, and its transmission to the collector at the port of first arrival.

R. S. $ 2993, required that merchandise entered for transportation should be delivered to and transported by common carriers designated by the Secretary of the Treasury, and such carriers were made responsible to the United States as common carriers for the safe delivery of such merchandise to the collector at the port of destination. Such carriers were required to give bonds in such form and amount, and with conditions not inconsistent with law, and such security as the said Secretary should require.

R. S. § 2994, required that cars or vehicles transporting merchandise under this Title should be securely fastened under the exclusive control of the customs officers, and required the stationing of inspectors at proper points along the designated routes, or upon any car, etc., at the discretion of the Secretary, and at the expense of the companies, respectively. It prohibited the unloading or transshipping between ports of first arrival and final destination, unless authorized by the regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury in cases which might arise from a difference in the gauge of railroads, or from accidents, or from legal intervention, or from low water, ice, or other unavoidable obstruction to navigation. It prohibited the breaking of the original packages.

R. S. $ 2995, provided that merchandise destined for immediate transportation, except packages designated for examination, should be transferred under proper supervision directly from the importing vessel to the car, vessel, or vehicle in which the same was to be transported to its final destination; and if transferred from the importing vessel to any bonded or other warehouse, or to any other place than such car, vessel, or vehicle, it should be taken possession of by the collector as unclaimed, and deposited in public store, not to be removed without entry and appraisement as in ordinary cases.

R. S. § 2996, authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to establish bonded warehouses especially and exclusively designed for the reception of such merchandise in cases where its immediate transportation to the transporting car, vessel, or vehicle should be impracticable. It provided that merchandise remaining in such warehouse more than ten days should be deprived of the privileges of transportation in bond conferred by this Title, and should be taken possession of by the collector as unclaimed, and held until regularly entered and appraised.

R. S. $ 2997, extended the privileges of transportation in bond to the ports of New York and Buffalo, in New York; Boston, in Massachusetts; Providence, in Rhode Island, Philadelphia and Pittsburg, in Pennsylvania; Baltimore, in Maryland; Norfolk, in Virginia; Charleston, in South Carolina ; Savannah, in Georgia; New Orleans, in Louisiana; Portland, in Maine; Chicago, in Illinois; Cincinnati, Cleveland, and Toledo, in Ohio; St. Louis, in Missouri; Evansville, in Indiana; Milwaukee, in Wisconsin; Louisville, in Kentucky; San Francisco, in California ; Portland, in Oregon; Memphis in Tennessee; bile, in Alabama; and to importations from or to Europe, and from or to Asia, or the islands adjacent thereto, by way of the United States. It was amended by Act Feb. 18, 1875, c. 80, 18 Stat. 319, by extending such privileges to Detroit, in Michigan.

All these sections were repealed by the Immediate Transportation Act of June 10, 1880, c. 190, $ 8, 21 Stat. 175, other sections of which act, making provisions for such transportation of merchandise in bond, with subsequent provisions relating thereto are set forth post, under chapter 7A of this Title, “Immediate Transportation in Bond to Inland Ports."

(R. S. $8 2998, 2999. Transferred to Chapter 7A.) R. S. § 2998, made opening, breaking, or entering any car, vessel, vehicle, warehouse or package containing merchandise so delivered for transportation, etc., with intent to remove unlawfully or to injure or defraud the United States, a felony, and prescribed the punishment thereof.

R. S. & 2999, authorized the appointment of special agents for the purpose of guarding against frauds upon the revenue on foreign merchandise transported between the ports of the Atlantic and those of the Pacific overland through foreign territory.

Both these sections are placed, with other provisions relating to transportation of merchandise in bond, post, under chapter 7A of this Title, "Immediate

Transportation in Bond to Inland Ports." § 5685. (R. S. $ 3000.) Withdrawal for rewarehousing in another

district. Any merchandise, duly entered for warehousing, may be withdrawn under bond, without payment of the duties, from a bonded warehouse in any collection-district, and be transported to a bonded warehouse in any other collection-district, and rewarehoused thereat; and any such merchandise may be so transported to its destination wholly by land, or wholly by water, or partially by land and partially by water, over such routes as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, and may likewise be conveyed over any foreign territory, the government of which may have, or shall by treaty stipulations grant, a free right of way over such territory.

Act March 28, 1854, c. 30, 8 5, 10 Stat. 272. § 5686. (R. S. § 3001, as amended, Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1.)

Penalty for failure to transport. The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe the form of the bond to be given for the transportation of merchandise from a port in one collection district to a port in another collection district as provided in the preceding section; also the time for such delivery; and for a failure to transport and deliver within the time limited any such bonded merchandise to the collector at the designated port, a duty of double the amount to which such merchandise would be liable shall be collected, which duty shall be secured by such bond, or the merchandise may be seized and forfeited for such failure, and any steam or other vessel, or vehicle, transporting such bonded merchandise, the master, owner, or conductor of which shall fail to deliver the same to the collector at the designated port, shall be liable to seizure and forfeiture. And the Secretary of the Treasury is here by authorized to remit, in whole or in part, on such conditions, and under such regulations, not inconsistent with law, as he may prescribe, the additional duty secured by the bond given for the transportation of merchandise from a port in one collection district to a port in another collection district prescribed by the preceding section: Provided, That it shall be proved to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury that the failure to transport and deliver the merchandise aforesaid according to the conditions of the bonds occurred without wilful negligence or fraudulent intent on the part of the obligors.

Act March 28, 1854, c. 30, $ 6, 10 Stat. 272. Act July 14, 1862, c. 163, § 20, 12 Stat. 559. Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1, 19 Stat. 247.

This section as enacted in the Revised Statutes, was amended by adding, at the end of the section as originally enacted, the provisions beginning with the words, "and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to remit," etc., to the end of the section, as set forth here, by Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1, cited above.

Public cartage was required to be let to the lowest bidder by Act June 22, 1874, c. 391, $ 25, ante, $ 5684. $ 5687. (R. S. § 3002, as amended, Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1.)

Withdrawal for exportation to Mexico. Any imported merchandise in the original packages which shall have been duly entered and bonded, in pursuance of the provisions relating to warehouses, may be withdrawn from warehouse for immediate exportation, without payment of duties, to Chihuahua, in Mexico, by the route of the Arkansas River, through Van Buren, or by the route of the Red River, through Fulton, or by the route of the Missouri River, through Independence, or by such other routes as may be designated by the Secretary of the Treasury. Any imported merchandise duly entered and bonded at Brownsville, in the district of Brazos de Santiago, or imported and bonded at any other port of the United States, and transported thence in bond, and duly rewarehoused at Brownsville, may be withdrawn from warehouse for immediate exportation, without payment of duties, to ports and places in Mexico, by land or water, or partly by land and partly by water, or by such routes as may be designated by the Secretary of the Treasury.

Act Aug. 30, 1852, c. 96, § 1, 10 Stat. 37. Act March 3, 1815, c. 70, $ 1, 5 Stat. 750. Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1, 19 Stat. 247.

This section, as enacted in the Revised Statutes, was amended by striking out after the words “duly entered and bonded at" the words "Point Isabel," and by inserting in place thereof the word “Brownsville," and by striking out after the words “duly rewarehoused at” the words “Point Isabel,” and by inserting in place thereof the word “Brownsville," as set forth here, by Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1, cited above. Brownsville was made a port of entry in the district of

one of the collection districts established in lieu of the district of Brazos de Santiago, and other districts, in Texas, by the Plan of Reorganization of the Customs Service pursuant to the provisions of Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 355, § 1, ante, & 5327.

§ 5688. (R. S. $ 3003, as amended, Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1.)

Through port of Lavaca. Any imported merchandise duly entered and bonded in any port of the United States may be withdrawn from warehouse without payment of duties, for immediate exportation for San Fernando, Paso del Norte, and Chihuahua, in Mexico, through the port of Lavaca, in the collection-district of Saluria, in the State of Texas, and be transshipped inland, thence to San Antonio, in that State, and from the latter place to the destinations in Mexico, either by way of Eagle Pass, the Presidio del Norte, or San Elizario, all on the Rio Grande; and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized to prescribe such regulations, not inconsistent with law, as he may deem proper and necessary, respecting the packing, marking, inspection, proof of due delivery at their foreign destinations of the imports authorized by this and the foregoing section to be exported from warehouse to ports and places in Mexico, and for the due protection in other respects of the public revenue.

Act Aug. 30, 1852, c. 96, § 2, 10 Stat. 37. Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, $ 1, 19 Stat. 247.

This section, as enacted in the Revised Statutes, was amended by striking out after the words "the Presidio del Norte" the word "and," and by inserting in place thereof the word “or," as set forth here, by Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, $ 1, cited above.

Port Lavaca was made a port of entry in the district of Galveston, one of the collection districts established in lieu of the district of Saluria and other districts, in Texas, by the Plan of Reorganization of the Customs Service pursuant to the provisions of Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 355, § 1, ante, $ 5327.

$ 5689. (R. S. $ 3004, as amended, Act Sept. 25, 1890, c. 917, § 2.)

By Eagle Pass. Imported merchandise duly entered and bonded at a port of the United States, and withdrawn from warehouse in accordance with existing law, for exportation for San Fernando, Paso del Norte, and Chihuahua, in Mexico, may pass through Eagle Pass, the port of entry for the district of Saluria, in Texas, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe, as well as through the port of Lavaca.

Act April 30, 1872, c. 129, 17 Stat. 58. Act Sept. 25, 1890, c. 917, § 2, 26 Stat. 470.

This section, as enacted in the Revised Statutes, was amended by striking out after the words “may pass through" the word "Indianola,” and by inserting in the place thereof the words "Eagle Pass," as set forth bere, by Act Sept. 25, 1890, c. 917, § 2, cited above.

Eagle Pass was made a port of entry in the district of Eagle Pass, one of the districts established in lieu of the district of Saluria and other districts, in Texas, by the Plan of Reorganization of the Customs Service pursuant to the

provisions of Act Aug. 24, 1912, c. 355, § 1, ante, $ 5327. § 5690. (R. S. $ 3005, as amended, Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1,

and Act May 21, 1900, c. 487, § 1.) Transportation in bond to

foreign countries. All merchandise arriving at any port of the United States destined for any foreign country may be entered at the custom-house, and conveyed, in transit, through the territory of the United States, without the payment of duties, under such regulations as to examination and transportation as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.

Act July 28, 1866, c. 298, § 5, 14 Stat. 328. Act Feb. 27, 1877, C. 69, § 1, 19 Stat. 247. Act May 21, 1900, c. 487, § 1, 31 Stat. 181. This section, as enacted in the Revised Statutes, was as follows:

"All merchandise arriving at the ports of New York, Boston, Portland in Maine, or any other port specially designated by the Secretary of the Treasury, and destined for places in the adjacent British provinces, or arriving at the port of Point Isabel in Texas, or any other port specially designated by the Secretary of the Treasury, and destined for places in the republic of Mexico, may be entered at the custom-house, and conveyed, in transit, through the territory of the United States, without the payment of duties, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.”

It was amended by striking out the words “Point Isabel," and inserting in the place thereof the word "Brownsville," by Act Feb. 27, 1877, c. 69, § 1, cited above. It was further amended to read as set forth here by Act May 21, 1900, c. 487, cited above.

Provisions directing the Secretary of the Treasury to suspend the operation of this section in so far as it permits the transportation of merchandise in bond through the United States into the free zone of Mexico so long as the Mexican free-zone law exists were made by Res. March 1, 1895, No. 23, 28 Stat. 973. This resolution was repealed by Act May 21, 1900, c. 487, § 2, 31 Stat. 181.

This section and other existing laws concerning the transit of merchandise through the United States was made applicable to merchandise arriving at any port of the United States destined for any of its possessions, or destined from any of them to foreign countries, by a provision of Act July 1, 1902, c. 1369, $

84, ante, & 3905. § 5691. (R. S. § 3006.) Transportation over foreign territory.

Imported merchandise in bond, or duty paid, and products or manufactures of the United States, may, with the consent of the proper authorities of the British provinces or republic of Mexico, be transported from one port in the United States to another port therein, over the territory of such provinces or republic, by such routes, and under such rules, regulations, and conditions as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe; and the merchandise so transportéd shall, upon arrival in the United States from such provinces or republic, be treated in regard to the liability to or exemption from duty, or

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