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westward to Wheeling, Virginia, weekly journal entitled The Philanwhere, during the next four years, thropist was soon after started at he learned the trade of a saddler, Mount Pleasant by Charles Osborne; and gained an insight into the cruel- and Lundy, at the editor's invitation, ties and villainies of slaveholding- contributed to its columns, mainly by Wheeling being at that time a great selections. In a few months, he was thoroughfare for negro-traders and urged by Osborne to join him in the their prey on their route from Mary- newspaper enterprise, and finally conland and Virginia to the lower Mis- sented to do so, removing to Mount sissippi. Before he made Wheeling Pleasant. Meantime, he made a voyhis home, he had spent some time at age to St. Louis in a flat-boat to disMount Pleasant, Ohio, whither he pose of his stock of saddlery. Arrivreturned after learning his trade, ing at that city in the fall of 1819, and remained there two years, dur- when the whole region was convulsed ing which he married a young wo- by the Missouri Question, he was man of like spirit to his own. He impelled to write on the side there then, after a long visit to his father unpopular in the journals of the day. in New Jersey, settled at St. Clairs- His speculation proved unfortunate ville, Ohio, near Wheeling, and the whole West, and, indeed, the opened a shop, by which in four whole country, being then involved years he made about three thousand in a commercial convulsion, with dollars above his expenses, and, with trade stagnant and almost every one a loving wife and two children, was bankrupt. He returned to his home as happy and contented with his lot on foot during the ensuing winter, as any man need be.
having been absent nearly two years, But the impression made on his and lost all he was worth. mind by his experiences of Slavery Meantime, Osborne, tired of his in Wheeling could not be shaken off thankless and profitless vocation, had nor resisted. In the year 1815, when sold out his establishment, and it had twenty-six years of age, he organized been removed to Jonesborough, Tenan anti-Slavery association known nessee, where his newspaper took the as the “Union Humane Society,” title of The Emancipator. Lundy whereof the first meeting was held removed, as he had purposed, to at his own house, and consisted of Mount Pleasant, and there started, but five or six persons. Within a few in January, 1821, a monthly entitled months, its numbers were swelled to The Genius of Universal Emancifour or five hundred, and included pation. He commenced it with six the best and most prominent citizens subscribers; himself ignorant of printof Belmont and the adjacent coun- ing and without materials; having ties. Lundy wrote an appeal to phi- his work done at Steubenville, twenty lanthropists on the subject of Slavery, miles distant; traveling thither frewhich was first printed on the 4th of quently on foot, and returning with January, 1816, being his twenty-sev- his edition on his back. Four months enth birthday. Short and simple as later, he had a very considerable subit was, it contained the germ of the scription list. About this time, Elihu entire anti-Slavery movement. A Embree, who had started The Eman
ABOLITION SOCIETIES IN THE SOUTH.
cipator in Tennessee, died, and Lundy | second meeting adjourned, an antiwas urged to go thither, unite the Slavery society was formed; and he two journals, and print them himself proceeded to hold fifteen or twenty from the materials of The Emancipa- similar meetings at other places withtor. He consented, and made the in that State. In one instance, he journey of eight hundred miles, one-spoke at a house-raising; in another, half on foot and the rest by water. at a militia muster. Here an antiAt Jonesborough, he learned the art Slavery society of fourteen members of printing, and was soon issuing a was thereupon formed, with the capweekly newspaper beside The Genius, tain of the militia company for its and a monthly agricultural work. He President. One of his meetings was removed his family a few months later, held at Raleigh, the capital. Before and East Tennessee was thencefor- he had left the State, he had organward his home for nearly three years, ized twelve or fourteen Abolition Soduring which The Genius of Univer- cieties. He continued his journey sal Emancipation was the only distinc- through Virginia, holding several tively and exclusively anti-Slavery pe- meetings, and organizing societies— riodical issued in the United States, of course, not very numerous, nor constantly increasing in circulation composed of the most influential perand influence. And, though often sons. It is probable that his Quaker threatened with personal assault, and brethren supplied him with introduconce shut up in a private room with tions from place to place, and that two ruffians, who undertook to bully his meetings were held at the points him into some concession by a flour-where violent opposition was least ish of deadly weapons, he was at no likely to be offered. time subjected to mob violence or He reached Baltimore about the 1st legal prosecution.
of October, and issued on the 10th In the winter of 1823-4, the first No. 1 of Volume IV. of the “GeAmerican Convention for the Aboli- nius,” which continued to be well
suption of Slavery was held in Philadel ported, though receiving little encouphia; and Lundy made the journey ragement from Baltimore itself. A of six hundred miles and back on year afterward, it began to be issued purpose to attend it. During his weekly. tour, he decided on transferring his Lundy visited Hayti in the latter establishment to Baltimore; and, in part of 1825, in order to make arthe summer of 1824, knapsack on rangements there foi the reception of shoulder, he set out on foot for that a number of slaves, whose masters city. On the way, he delivered, at were willing to emancipate them on Deep Creek, North Carolina, his first condition of their removal from the public address against Slavery. He country—in fact, were not allowed, spoke in a beautiful grove, near the by the laws of their respective States, Friends' meeting-house at that place, to free them otherwise. Being dedirectly after divine worship; and the tained longer than he had expected, audience were so well satisfied that he was met, on his return to Baltithey invited him to speak again, in more, with tidings of the death of his their place of worship. Before this wife, after giving birth to twins, and.