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THE OSTEND CIRCULAR IN EUROPE.
neither to count the cost nor regard the odds | But, though the exactions of morality which Spain might enlist against us. We forbear to enter into the question whether
are often disregarded by, monarchs the present condition of the island would and cabinets in our day, the requirejustify such a measure. We should, how- ments of decorum are very rarely deever, be recreant to our duty, be unworthy fied and derided by any power north of our gallant forefathers, and commit base treason against our posterity, should we of the Mediterranean; and the blackpermit Cuba to be Africanized and become est political crimes of the present age a second St. Domingo, with all its attendant horrors to the white race, and suffer the have usually been perpetrated in the flames to extend to our own neighboring | abused names of Order, of Legitimashores, seriously to endanger, or actually to consume, the fair fabric of our Union. cy, and of Religion. That the Uni
“We fear that the course and current of ted States should covet Cuba, and events are rapidly tending toward such a seek by any means to acquire it, did catastrophe. We, however, hope for the best, though we ought certainly to be pre- not severely shock Europe's sense of pared for the worst."
decency; that we should openly, When this dispatch was made pub- boldly, set forth such justifications of lic in Europe through the newspapers, our lust, clearly did. The coarseness, the first sensation created by it was the effrontery, and the shamelessness one of stubborn incredulity. The of the Ostend Manifesto seemed to journal which contained it having a carry the world back to the days of far higher reputation for enterprise Attila or Genghis Khan, and to threatthan for accuracy, our minister at en the centers of civilization and reone of the minor courts did not hesi- finement, the trophies of art and the tate at once to assure the diplomatic accumulations of wealth, with a new circle that it was a transparent and irruption of barbarians from the reunquestionable hoax; and such it was mote, forbidding West. No other quite commonly adjudged until later document that ever emanated from advices had left no room for doubt. our Government was so well calcu
The civilized world, unhappily, was lated to deepen and diffuse the disnot now for the first time to make the trust and apprehension wherewith the acquaintance of the rule of the growth and power of our country strongest. The partition of Poland, had already come to be regarded by Napoleon's perfidious clutch of Spain the more polite, intelligent, and inand her royal Bourbons, with a por- fluential classes of the Old World. tion of the doings of the triumphant The doctrines of this Manifesto despots who resettled Europe by di- were in no respect disavowed, modividing it among themselves at the fied, or explained, by our GovernCongress of Vienna in 1815, and sev ment. None of our citizens who eral less conspicuous examples, had had openly, notoriously contributed already guarded the intelligent classes to fit out and man the Lopez expediagainst the delusion that, in Chris- tion were brought to justice, or extendom any more than out of it, posed to any punishment whatever. temptations to gigantic robbery will While strenuous efforts were made be uniformly resisted even by nations to procure the pardon and release of and their rulers—that rapacity ever such Americans as had been capneeds any other excuse than the prox- tured while participating in that imity and defenselessness of its prey. ill-fated adventure, evidence was
soon afforded that the spirit which | throngs of sanguine or of bafiled impelled to that crime would find gold-seekers, who might otherwise aliment, but not satiety, in the have been attracted to his standard. conquest of Cuba. Very soon after Yet he maintained the unequal conthe appearance of the Ostend Circu- test for about two years, succumbing lar, one William Walker, a Tennes- at last to a coalition of the Central sean, recently resident in California, American States, and surrendering left that State, at the head of a band | his remnant of some two hundred as reckless and desperate as himself, men at Rivas. By the interposition for Nicaragua, which he entered in of Commander C. H. Davis, of our the character of ally to one of the sloop of war St. Mary's, on the Pafactions habitually disputing the cific coast, he and sixteen of his mastery of that, as well as of most party were brought away unharmed, other Spanish American countries. and landed at Panama, whence he Though he never evinced much mili- returned to this country, and immetary or other capacity, Walker, so diately commenced at New Orleans long as he acted under color of au the fitting out of a new Nicaraguan thority from the chiefs of the faction military expedition. Here he was he patronized, was generally success- arrested, and compelled to give bonds ful against the pitiful rabble styled in the sum of two thousand dollars soldiers by whom his progress was
to desist from unlawful enterprises ; resisted, capturing" at last by surprise notwithstanding which, he very soon the important city of Granada, which left that city on a steamboat freightwas deemed the stronghold of the ed with armed men and military adverse faction, and assuming there- stores, ostensibly for Mobile, but on the rank of General. But his very which, once at sea, headed for Nicasuccesses proved the ruin of the fac- ragua, landing him and his followers tion to which he had attached him at Punta Arenas, Nov. 25th. Here self, by exciting the natural jealousy Commodore Paulding of our Navy and alarm of the natives who mainly compelled him to surrender," with composed it; and his assumption, one hundred and thirty-two of his soon afterward, of the title of Presi- followers, bringing him to New-York dent of Nicaragua, speedily followed as a prisoner. President Buchanan, by a decree reëstablishing Slavery in by Special Message to Congress, that country, exposed his purpose condemned the Commodore for thus and insured his downfall. As if violating the sovereignty of a foreign madly bent on ruin, he proceeded to country! and declined to hold Walkconfiscate the steamboats and other er as a prisoner. Being thus set at property of the Nicaragua Transit liberty, the 'gray-eyed Man of DesCompany, thereby arresting all tiny' traversed the South, exciting American travel to and from Cali- the more fanatical Slavery propaganfornia through that country, and cut- dists to aid him in fitting out a third ting himself off from all hope of fur- expedition, with which he got off from ther recruiting his forces from the Mobile ; 23 but was arrested near the
19 October 13, 1855.
20 May 1, 1857.
21 December 8th.
9 January 7, 1858.
23 October 7th.
WM. WALKER "REGENERATING CENTRAL AMERICA.
mouths of the Mississippi for having country, which are inferior to no domestic left port without a clearance. Being the people of the United States to declare
question whatever. The time has come for taken to New Orleans, he and his themselves in favor of free seas, and proassociates were tried before the Fede- gressive free-trade throughout the world, ral Court and all acquitted; when he and, by solemn manifestations, to placo
their moral influence at the side of their immediately recommenced his opera- successful example. tions, so that in June, 1860, he was
"2. Resolved, That our geographical and
political position with reference to the other again afloat, with an expedition States of this continent, no less than the inbound to Central America. He, this terest of our cominerce, and the developtime, larrded on the island of Ruatan,* ment of our growing power, requires that
we should hold sacred the principles of the and finally at Truxillo,25 which he Monroe doctrine. took with little loss, thence issuing a
“3. Resolred, That the great highway
which nature, as well as the States most improclamation to the people, assuring mediately interested in its maintenance, has them, in the usual fashion, that he marked out for free communication between did not come to make war on them, tutes one of the most important achieve
the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, constibut on their Government. Very ments realized by the spirit of modern times, soon, the President of Honduras ap- in the unconquerable energy of our people
and that result would be secured by a timely peared," at the head of seven hun- and efficient exertion of the control which dred men, while the commander of we have the right to claim over it; and no an English man-of-war in the harbor power on earth should be suffered to impede
or clog its progress by any interference with ordered Walker to decamp. He relations that it may suit our policy to esobeyed, marching with eighty men
tablish between our Government and the
Government of the States within whose southward along the coast, and was
dominions it lies; we can under no circumsoon captured,“ brought back to stances surrender our preponderance in the Truxillo, tried by court-martial, con- adjustment of all questions arising out of it.
“4. Resolved, That, in view of so comdemned, and shot. He was small in manding an interest, the people of the Unisize, cold in demeanor, of light com ted States cannot but sympathize with the plexion, slow of speech, and unim- efforts which are being made by the people
of Central America to regenerate that porpressive in manner, and was often tion of the continent which covers the pasaccused by his followers of utter reck- sage across the inter-oceanic isthmus.
*5. Resolved, That the Democratic party lessness as to their sufferings or will expect of the next Administration that perils. His death put a decided every proper effort be made to insure our damper on the spirit whereof his later ascendency in the Gulf of Mexico, and to
maintain permanent protection to the great life was so striking a manifestation.
outlets through which are emptied into its In the heyday of Walker's career,
waters the products raised out of the soil and while it was exciting much ad- of the people of our western valleys and of
and the commodities created by the industry miration among the more reckless the Union at large.” youth of our great cities, especially at the South, the Democratic Nation Hon. Albert G. Brown, Senator al Convention, which nominated Mr. from Mississippi, visited Mr. BuchanBuchanan at Cincinnati, unanimous an at Lancaster soon after his nomily adopted the following:
nation for President in 1856, as one "1. Resolved, That there are questions of the Committee appointed by the connected with the foreign policy of this
Convention to apprise him officially * June 25th. 25 June 27th.
28 May 22, 1856. 29 A Alluding to Walker, 26 August 23d. September 3d.
then militant in Central America.
of the fact, and was, of course, very | tion of 1856, in the platform of prin-
“Resolved, That the highwayman's plea devoted to a report of Mr. Buchan- Ostend Circular, was in every respect unworan's sayings on that occasion.
thy of American diplomacy, and would bring Of
shame and dishonor on any government or these, the material portion is as fol- people that gave it their sanction.” lows:
At the last Democratic National “ After thus speaking of Kansas and the Slavery issue, Mr. Buchanan passed to our Convention, which met at Charleston, foreign policy He approved, in general April 23, 1860, while discord reignterins, of the Cincinnati resolutions on this subject, but said that, while enforcing our
ed with regard to candidates and the own policy. we must at all times scrupulous- domestic planks of their platform, ly regard the just rights and proper policy of there was one topic whereon a perfect other nations. He was not opposed to territorial extension. All our acquisitions had unanimity was demonstrated. In the been fairly and honorably made. Our neces- brief platform of the majority was sitions. He regarded the acquisition of Cu- embodied the following: ba as very desirable now, and it was likely to become a National necessity. Whenever
“ Resolred, That the Democratic party are we could obtain the island on fair, honora
in favor of the acquisition of the island of ble terms, hio was for taking it. ' But, he Cuba, on such terms as shall be honorable to added, it must be a terrible necessity that
ourselves and just to Spain.” would induce me to sanction any movement that would bring reproach upon us, or tar
This resolve was first reported to nish the honor and glory of our beloved the Convention by Mr. Avery, of N. country.
* After the formal interview was over, Mr. C., from the majority of the grand Buchanan said playfully, but in the presence Committee, was accepted on all of the whole audience, If I can be instru- hands, and was unanimously adopted mental in settling the Slavery question upon the terms I have mentioned, and then add by the bolting, or Breckinridge, as Cuba to the Union, I shall, if President, be well as by the Douglas, or majority, willing to give up the ghost, and let Breckinridge take the Government." Could there Convention. It thus forms about the be a more noble ambition?
only surviving and authentic article In my judgment, he is as worthy of South of the Democratic creed, and may ern confidence and Southern votes as ever Mr. Calhoun was.
serve as the nucleus of a grand “reThe Republican National Conven- construction." 30 June 18, 1856.
to that country, and help open it to civilization 31 Among the letters found by the Union sol. from the President's special friends in Pennsyl.
and niggers. I could get strong recommendations diers at the residence of Jefferson Davis, in Mis- vania for the place were the mission vacant, and, sissippi, when in 1863 they advanced, under I think, I would prove a live Minister. Gen. Grant, into the heart of that State, was the
"I am tired of being a white slave at the North, following from a prominent Democratic politician and long for a home in the sunny South.
“Please let me hear from you when you have of Pennsylvania:
leisure. “PHILADELPHIA, March 7, 1850. “Mrs. Brodhead joins me in sending kind re"MR. JEFFERSON DAVIS, — My Dear Sir: Can membrances to Mrs. Davis and yourself. you tell me if Gen. Larmon is likely to remain Sincerely and gratefully your friend, much longer in Nicaragua ? I should like to go
JOHN BROWN AT HARPER'S FERRY.
On the 17th of October, 1859, this affirmed by further advices. A later discountry was bewildered and astound- patch, received at the railroad office, says
the affair has been greatly exaggerated. ed, while the fifteen Slave States The reports had their foundation in a diffiwere convulsed with fear, rage, and culty at the Armory, with which negroes hate, by telegraphic dispatches from had nothing to do.
“BALTIMORE, 10 o'clock. Baltimore and Washington, announc “It
is apprehended that the affair at Haring the outbreak, at Harper's Ferry, per's Ferry is more serious than our citizens of a conspiracy of Abolitionists and Harper's Ferry are cut, and consequently
seem willing to believe. The wires from negroes, having for its object the de we have no telegraphic communication with vastation and ruin of the South, and Monocacy Station. The southern train,
which was due here at an early hour this the massacre of her white inhabitants. morning. has not yet arrived. It is rumorA report that President Buchanan ed that there is a stampede of negroes from had been proclaimed Emperor and rumors, but nothing authentic as yet.
this State. There are many other wild Autocrat of the North American
“BALTIMORE, Monday, Oct. 17-2 P. M. continent, and had quietly arrested
Another account, received by train, and imprisoned all the members of filled with insurgents, all armed. Every
says the bridge across the Potomac was Congress and Judges of the Supreme light in the town was extinguished, and the Court, by way of strengthening his hotels closed. All the streets were in the usurpation, would not have seemed lane leading thereto barricaded and guard
possession of the mob, and every road and more essentially incredible, nor have ed. Men were seen in every quarter with aroused a more intense excitement. muskets and bayonets, who arrested the Here follow the dispatches which vice, including many negroes. This done,
citizens, and impressed them into the sergave the first tidings of this auda- the United States Arsenal and Government cious and amazing demonstration:
Pay-house, in which was said to be a large
amount of money, and all other public -“INSURRECTION AT HARPER'S FERRY! works, were seized by the mob. Some were “To the Associated Press :
of the opinion that the object was entirely “ BALTIMORE, Monday, Oct. 17, 1859. plunder, and to rob the Government of the “A dispatch just received here from funds deposited on Saturday at the PayFrederick, and dated this morning, states house. During the night, the mob made a that an insurrection has broken out' at demand on the Wager Hotel for provisions, Harper's Ferry, where an armed band of and enforced the claim by a body of armed Abolitionists have full possession of the men. The citizens were in a terrible state Government Arsenal. The express train of alarm, and the insurgents have threatened going east was twice fired into, and one of to burn the town. the railroad hands and a negro killed, while *** The following has just been received they were endeavoring to get the train from Monocacy, this side of Harper's Ferry: through the town. The insurrectionists "'The Mail Agent on the western-bound stopped and arrested two men, who had train has returned, and reports that the come to town with a load of wheat, and, train was unable to get through. The seizing their wagon, loaded it with rifles, town is in possession of the negroes, who and sent them into Maryland. The insur- arrest every one they can catch and imrectionists number about 250 whites, and prison. The train due here at 3 p. m., are aided by a gang of negroes. At last could not get through, and the Agent came accounts, fighting was going on.
down on an empty engine.'” “The above is given just as it was received here. It seems very improbable, and should be received with great caution, until Probably the more prevalent sen