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Great Britain, however, would not
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and supported the
Great Britain, in a
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KENTUCKY FOR THE UNION-HENRY CLAY.

609

the ‘State-Rights' apostles of the Bor- | Democrat, in a district where the der-State school contemplated Seces- Democratic party had, since 1826, sion, and everything pertaining there- uniformly commanded overwhelmto, primarily, as means of perfecting ing majorities. That district, at the and perpetuating the slaveholding western extremity of the State, hemascendency in the Union as it was. med in between West Tennessee, Hence, we have seen Gov. Magoffin' Southern Missouri, and that portion protest against the secession of South of Illinois widely known as 'Egypt,' Carolina and the Cotton States, not and traversed by the great Southern as a treasonable repudiation of their rivers Tennessee and Cumberland, constitutional duties, but as a chi had, in fact, for more than a quarter merical futility, and as a betrayal of of a century, been alien from Kenthe slaveholding Border States into tucky in character and sympathies, the power of the Black Republicans.' as it proved itself in this case. The

Kentucky, as we have shown,' nine residue of the State elected only weeks after the reduction of Fort Unionists to Congress, by a popular Sumter, gave an aggregate of 92,365 majority of almost three to one. votes for Union to 36,995 for Seces This majority was very nearly sion candidates, in choosing, at a spe maintained at her regular State eleccial election, her representatives in tion (August 5th), when-Magoffin the XXXVIIth Congress, while, as being still Governor, Buckner comyet, no Federal soldier stood armed mander of the State Guard, and the on her soil, and while her Legislature, local offices mainly held by “StateGovernor, and most of his associate Rights' Democrats, with the recent State officers, were the Democratic Union rout and disaster at Bull Run compatriots of Breckinridge, Burnett, tending still further to unmask and and Buckner. Only a single district develop all the latent treason in the elected a Secessionist, by four-sev- State—a new Legislature was choenths of its total vote; and he its old sen, wherein Unionism of a very

demember, who had hitherto received cided type predominated in the profar larger majorities, running as a portion of nearly three to one.' See pp. 340-41. * P. 496.

States referred to— Maryland and Kentucky

considered either in proportion to what was * Pollard, in his “Southern History,” fully ad.

offered the Lincoln Government by these States, mits, while he denounces and deplores, the hos

or with respect to the numbers of their populatility of Kentucky to the Rebel cause—saying: tion, were sparing and exceptional; and although

“ It is not to be supposed for a moment that, these demonstrations on the part of Kentucky, while the position of Kentucky, like that of Ma from the great and brilliant names associated ryland, was one of reproach, it is to mar the with them, were perbaps even more honorable credit due to that portion of the people of each, and more useful than the examples of Southwho, in the face of instant difficulties, ard at the ern spirit offered by Maryland, it is unquesexpense of extraordinary sacrifices, repudiated tionably though painfully true, that the great the decision of their States to remain under the body of the people of Kentucky were the active Federal Government, and expatriated them allies of Lincoln, and the unnatural enemies of selves that they might espouse the cause of lib. those united to them by lineage, blood, and comerty in the South. The honor due such men mon institutions." is, in fact, increased by the consideration that Those who love and honor the name of Henry their States remained in the Union, and com

Clay will thank the author of the “Southern pelled them to fly their homes, that they might History" for the following undesigned but richly certify their devotion to the South and her cause of independence. Still, the justice of history merited homage to the character and influence must be maintained. The demonstrations of of that great man: sympathy with the South on the part of the " It is certainly defective logic, or, at best, an

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