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a subject is not an element in determining the ratings. While a competitor must finish his examination within the time allowed, he should carefully, thoughtfully and completely answer each question.

The time allowed for each examination is considered sufficient for competitors to complete it by using a reasonable degree of intelligent application in their work, and it cannot be extended in individual cases, as for instance, where a competitor devotes so much time to the work of one subject that he cannot complete the remaining subjects within the prescribed time.

Regulations governing competitors in examinations.

Sec. 8. The following is a copy of the regulations furnished to each competitor at the beginning of an examination:

1. In order that the identity of competitors may not be disclosed until after the examination papers are rated you will be given an examination number which you will write, instead of your name, on each sheet of the examination. Do not sign your name to any sheet in the examination.

2. Unless otherwise stated, you are not limited in time on any sheet, but gauge your work on each sheet so as to complete the examination within the limit of time prescribed for the entire examination. Time is reckoned from the moment of receiving the first examination sheet. No allowance will be made for time lost in or out of the examination room.

3. Do not leave the room, if possible to avoid it, with a sheet before you unfinished, for if you do the sheet will be taken up and will not be returned to you. A competitor in an examination of five hours or less is not allowed to leave the room until he has finished his examination, except in case of extreme necessity. No competitor shall leave the room at any time without permission of the examiner.

4. Read carefully the printed instructions on each sheet before commencing work thereon.

5. If necessary, the back of a sheet may be used to complete your work, unless directions to the contrary are printed on the sheet.

6. An examination sheet spoiled by you cannot be exchanged for another of the same kind.

7.

Perform all work on each examination sheet with ink.

8. Pencil and scratch paper may be used in preliminary work, except in the spelling exercise, which must be written with ink directly on the examination sheet from the dictation of the examiner.

9. Use no blank paper except that furnished by the examiner in charge and on completing an examination sheet hand in the blank paper pertaining to that sheet. Have all your work complete on the examination sheet, however, as the blank paper is collected, not for consideration in the marking, but for destruction.

IO. No helps of any kind are allowed. Before the examination is commenced, hand to the examiner any written or printed matter that you may have which might, if used, aid you in your work. Do not make a copy of any of the questions for the purpose of taking them from the examination

room.

II. All conversation or communication between competitors during the examination is strictly prohibited.

12. Do not copy or attempt to copy from the work of any competitor,

or permit any competitor to copy from your work or to read the examination sheets in your possession.

13. All necessary explanations will be made to the whole class. Examiners are forbidden to explain the meaning of any question or to make any remarks or suggestions that may assist in its solution.

14. Copies of examination papers or examination questions must be handed in with the answers and must not be taken from the room.

N. B.-A violation by you of the instructions contained in paragraphs 10, 11 and 12, will be deemed sufficient cause for cancelling your papers. You are requested to report to the examiner any irregularity that may come under your notice during the examinations.

Descriptions of examinations.

Sec. 9. Note.-A competitor in any examination in which tests in translating are not included, may also, at his option, be examined in translating from English into Spanish or from Spanish into English. The tests in translation will be similar to those in the translator or the junior-translator examination, as the competitor may elect. In such case, where the tests in translation are also taken by the competitor, the subjects of his regular examination will be given a weight of 70% and the tests in translating a weight of 30% in determining his average percentage. The names of those competitors who take, in addition to their regular examinations, the tests in translating, will, if they make an average percentage of 70% or more in the combined examinations, be placed upon separate registers of eligibles of clerks, bookkeepers, stenographers and typewriters, etc., as the case may be, with translator or junior-translator qualifications. From those registers certifications will be made whenever requisitions for eligibles with such qualifications are made upon the Board by the heads of departments or offices. Failure to pass with an average per cent of 70 or more in translating tests will not affect the standing of a competitor in his regular examination.

Below will be found a description of some of the examinations which will be held by the Board. As an aid to applicants in arriving at a proper understanding of the scope of the different examinations, specimen questions and exercises are given in the following pages. These particular questions and exercises will of course not be used in the examination of applicants, but are intended simply to show the degree of difficulty of the subjects in the different examinations. Each examination comprises tests on several subjects, which are given relative weights according to their importance. The weight of a subject, therefore, represents its value in the whole examination. The method of obtaining the average per cent of a competitor in an examination is as follows: Multiply the per cent obtained in the subject (on the basis of 100 per cent), by the relative weight of that subject, add the products, and divide the sum of the products by the sum of the relative weights. The quotient thus obtained will be the average per cent in the examination. A different method, however, is followed in connection with the Department Assistant Examination, which is explained below.

Sec. 10.

General examinations.

There are three grades of general examinations, subjects of which are used as general tests in many examinations: (1), the first grade; (2), the second grade; and (3), the third grade. The first grade is the most difficult and the third grade the least difficult of the three.

First grade examination.

Sec. 11. The time allowed for this examination is six hours. Appointments will probably not be made at more than $1,200 per annum, generally less. This examination will comprise the following subjects and weights:

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25

20

15

10

10

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The following are specimen questions and tests in this examination:

100

Spelling. The words in spelling are dictated by the examiner and are required to be written by the competitor in the blank spaces indicated on the first sheet of his examination. The examiner pronounces each word and gives its definition. The competitor is required to write only the word and not its definition.

1. Asylum: A charitable institution; as, for the deaf, dumb, etc.

2.

Philippines: The name of a group of islands.

3. Qualify: To make fit; as, to qualify for office.

4. Competition: The act of competing; as, competition in an examination.

5.

Changing: Undergoing a change; as, changing a schedule.

6. Physical: Relating to physics or nature; as, physical geography.

7. Concede: To give up or surrender; as, to concede a point.

8. Collectible: That which may be collected; as, a collectible bill.

9. Minimum: The least quantity.

IO.

Reference: The act of referring; as, in reference to your letter. II. Comparative: Estimated by comparison; as, a comparative statement. 12. Aggregate: The sum total; as, the aggregate amount.

13. Forfeit: To surrender; to give up.

14.

Circumference: The line that bounds a circle.

15. Judgment: Act or power of judging; as, their judgment was correct.

16. Tonnage: The weight of goods in a vessel.

17. Defendant: A defender; as, the defendant in an action.

18. Citation: Act of citing or quoting.

19. Principle: An element; constituent part; fundamental truth.

20.

Civilization: Act of civilizing; state of being civilized.

Arithmetic.-I. (This test is one in adding numbers crosswise and

lengthwise.)

2. Divide 478.72 by 253, multiply the quotient by 1,41634, and from the product subtract 1,789.305.

3. A man who inherited a fortune spent 4 in 3 months, of the remainder in 10 months, when he had only $7.572 left. How much did he inherit?

4. A farmer sent to his commission merchant 96 tons of hemp and instructed him to sell it and invest the proceeds in farm supplies, first deducting commission for selling and buying. He sold the hemp for $77 a ton, and deducted 4% as his commission for selling. He then bought farm supplies, first deducting 5% of the cost of the supplies for his commission. What was the value of the supplies bought?

5. On April 7 a Manila merchant desires to obtain $1,440. For how much must he give his note due September 14, without interest, to obtain the required sum when discounted at a bank at the rate of 9% per annum? Letter writing.-Two subjects for letter writing will be found at the head of the blank sheet upon which the letter is to be written and the competitor may select either of the two subjects upon which to write a letter of not less than 150 words. The exercise in letter writing is designed chiefly to test the competitor's skill in composition. In rating the letter its errors in form and address, spelling, capitalization, punctuation, syntax, style, and its adherence to the subject will be considered.

Penmanship. The rating on penmanship will be determined by legibility, neatness, rapidity and general appearance, and by correctness and uniformity in the formation of words, letters and punctuation marks in the exercise in copying from plain copy. No particular style of penmanship is preferred.

Copying from plain copy.-N. B.-Paragraph, spell, capitalize and punctuate as in the copy. All mistakes and omissions will be considered in rating this subject.

Make an exact copy of the following:

The Civil Service Act and rules do not give the Board any power of appointment or removal, as this power rests in the heads of departments or offices, subject to the approval of the Civil Governor, under authority of the United States Philippine Commission. Upon requisition of the head of a department or office the Board will certify eligibles for appointment, from which certification the appointing officer makes his selection and appointment. The Civil Service Act requires that appointing officers, in making selections from certifications of eligibles by the Board, shall, when other qualifications are equal, select: first, natives of the Philippine Islands, whenever their names appear on certifications; and, secondly, honorably discharged soldiers, sailors and marines of the United States. The Board, however, may investigate in regard to the illegality of an appointment or removal, under sections 9, 12 and 18 of the Civil Service Act.-(First Report of the Philippine Civil Service Board, p. 12.)

Copying from rough draft.--For explanation and specimen of this exercise see opposite page. The copy of the rough draft is greatly reduced in size, and is, therefore, not so legible as the exercise furnished in the examination.

History and government of the United States, and geography.—

1. Name five American statesmen who died prior to 1850. Name five historical events, each one of which is associated with the name of one of the above statesmen.

2. Explain the veto power of the President of the United States. How may it be defeated?

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CLERK EXAMINATION.

Sixth Subject.--Copying from rough draft.

N. B.--Spelling, use of capitals, and all omissions and mistakes will be taken into consideration in rating this subject.

Directions to the competitor.--Write on the accompanying blank sheet a smooth copy of the manuscript on this sheet. Make such changes only as are necessary to correct errors in syntax, orthography, punctuation, and capitalization, and to write in full abbreviated words. Paraphrasing and the insertion or omission of words which does not improve the text are not permitted.

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