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prevailed against by piles of stately ma it has dealt studiously with the needs of sonry. As a perpetual witness to the reality different classes of population ; it has been, of the things of the spirit, the presence of in a word, a modern institutional quite as this historic church in the heart of the much as an ancient historical church. It city's intensest commercial life is of in- has stood for dignity, beauty, and stacalculable value. The quiet of the church, bility in architecture, service, music, and the repose of the ancient burial-ground, method; in the foremost of American bear silent but perpetual testimony to the cities it has identified religion with art, greatness of man through his heirship of culture, and practical service to men. It heaven, and to the brevity and littleness has had its shortcomings and made its of wealth that perishes in the using. mistakes, upon which The Outlook has

Trinity Church has been in a true sense, frankly and critically commented; but a religious home, not a traveling sanctu- this is not the time to recall them. The ary; it has become rich in historic memo two hundredth anniversary of the birth ries and in personal associations ; those of a church so closely identified with who have received baptism under its roof the history of the city and so largely have worshiped to old age on the same a contributor to its spiritual fortunes spot, and been carried from it to the last is an occasion for generous recogni. resting-place. In all the shifting and tion of a great work nobly enlarged and changing of this new world it has stood, generously sustained. In such an bour not still, but rooted and grounded. Its it is the special good fortune of this anearlier congregation long ago removed to cient parish to be presided over by a other sections of the city; but it did not rector like Dr. Dix: a man of conspicuous follow them; it called them back, it called rectitude and courage; the inheritor of an in the great new population about it; it honorable name; a preacher of singular kept its faith with the locality. And its power and earnestness ; a leader by virtue crowded services have shown how wise of deep convictions, large ability, and was the loyalty and how sound the policy unswerving devotion to his work. of this ancient parish. Its example is full of suggestion to those churches which follow congregations instead of leading

The Spectator them.

Those who read Miss Winslow's admi Flags and bunting floating against the sky rable account of the history and growth of always thrill the Spectator's blood. He finds Trinity, which appears in another column, that they always bring him into sympathetic will discover that while this historic church

relations with his fellows; that he longs for has remained immovable amid its holy from his fellows in the ordinary activities of

companionship. A man cannot withdraw dead, it has matched, if it has not out

life and come into active sympathy with reached, every other church in the city in

them on an occasion, The Spectator has grasping occasion with a strong hand and learned that his character as a critic—for the meeting the religious needs of new neigh- man who studies his fellows, whether he will borhoods with swift and generous provis or not, becomes a critic-has, to a certain deion. The work of Trinity Parish is the gree, even in himself, aroused distrust. The most extensive carried on by any single Spectator counted as one all day in the vast church in the country. It has a large throng that took part in the dedication of the endowment, but its wealth has been Grant monument, but he proved the truth of

the adage; Never so much alone as in a lavishly spent in a great group of re

crowd. ligious, educational, and philanthropic agencies. Churches, schools, hospitals, scholarships, missions, and religious work The Spectator took time by the forelock of many kinds are its beneficiaries. It and secured his seat several days in advance, has been both conservative and aggres- paying three dollars for what could have sive ; it has stood where it was planted, for fifty cents.

been secured at the time when it was needed but it has constantly seized new ground;

He started early, and found

his contemplative habit of mind 'undisturbed it has held steadfastly to an ancient by rushing crowds. High up on an empty order of government and worship, but it stand he took his place. On the river in front has studied and used modern methods; of him lay the magnificent fleet of war vessels

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dressed from stem to stern in flags, which was again impressed with the fact that the showed well against the gray and green back- people usually classified under the head of the ground of the Palisades. The dome of the masses were the only class in the community tomb could just be seen above the roof of a who know freedom. Appearances did not shanty surrounded by a stand, and looked concern them; comfort, ease, pleasure, was majestic and imposing against a gray sky the aim of existence. They camped about that kindly blended its clouds to form a most fires built in the long stretches of vacant lots; artistic background. The Riverside Drive, were lavish in their purchases of sandwiches even at that early hour, was crowded. Lunch and coffee ; were mines of wealth to the boxes and baskets were en évidenee, and sellers of flags and souvenirs. The family parties were constantly arriving, who greeted and neighborhood life went on without intereach other with the enthusiasm of good com- ruption. Children were disciplined and carades having the unusual opportunity of a ressed as though each group was within the day of freedom from work. In every direc- shelter of its own four walls. Groups artion the crowd was proving the ability of this rived bringing folding chairs and kindergargreat people to picnic.

ten chairs, and two families had pillows for

the babies.
Below the Spectator in the side street was
a truck. On it rose tier after tier of seats

A shout of applause attracted the Spectathat projected far beyond the truck on either tor's attention to the drive, away from the side. Each seat was decorated with bunting, fascinating attractions of the groups that the ends left flapping in the wind. The formed so large a part of the great municiSpectator wondered if there could be found pality. The shout was faint at first, coming one man willing to risk his life on this struc

from many blocks distant. It came nearer ture. Three young men were the proprietors, and nearer, but the cause of the enthusiasm and, in the language of the business world,

could not be discovered. At last out of the they " hustled" for trade. Suddenly there

clouds of dust there appeared one of the was excitement. Three blue-coated police- sprinkling-carts of the Park Department. The men began giving orders at the same time. driver, a naturalized Irish citizen evidently, Three sorrowful young men began harnessing sat in the most dignified attitude, bowing to the team of horses, and the frail structure

the throng right and left, giving the military was seen making its shaking, racking journey salute with the butt of his whip. The humor over stones and rocks-for the street was not

of the thing, the ready wit of the man in cut through-down Riverside Drive. The seizing the occasion and lending himself to Spectator was relieved by the number of

the spirit of the crowd, breaking the monotony lives and limbs saved, on the principle of the

of the waiting, turned him into a public benesmall boy's definition of pins which had saved factor. A second cart appeared, and the people's lives because they did not swallow

crowd tried to repeat its effect, but the driver them. From the other side of the street

was invincible to public flattery and drove on came a shout; a man had fallen. He was without a glance to the right or left, When not hurt, and climbed back to the top of the

the first cart returned, the driver received an truck platform from which he had fallen.

ovation. When the second man returned, a The front part of this truck was a lunch-stand, small boy in a tree called out, “ Would you the stock being stored under the seats. The

smile for a cent?” This was a cue for the platform was built on the high raised sides of crowd, and became a chorus. the truck; the seats, planks laid on nail-kegs. A nail-keg had slipped from under the end of the plank, and thrown the occupant to the

As the day wore on, the shrewdness of the ground, a distance of at least eighteen feet.

small boy was apparent. He had strengthHe climbed back, helped the proprietor re

ened soap-boxes, made benches out of odd pair damages, and sat down after buying a

bits of boards found under and about the sandwich. The Spectator wondered if this


These found ready purchasers at were done to prove he had no hard feelings.

twenty-five cents apiece. Stands were built on the grass as if by magic. A man with a

couple of carpenter's or mason's horses would Below the truck, close to the sidewalk, appear, with a few boards. The stand was stood a group of Italians. The women up and occupied in less time than it takes to looked about fourteen years old, but the ma

write of it. The small boy and his bench tronly figures, the hair' twisted and held in were a quick follower. The next day venders' place by high shell-combs, proved them the wagons were peddling these benches at five wives of the men who were with them. Their cents apiece in the tenement-house districts. heads were bare, but the gay-colored shawls

The New York small boy has no respect for were used as head-coverings. The Spectator men or things. He filled every tree along

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the drive. When the limbs interfered with his comfort, he broke them off. Riverside Drive will bear the scars of April 27 for many months, because its citizens, young and old, have not been educated to look upon the property of the city as personal property to be protected and enjoyed in common.

hero of the day was a man, a leader. Many
had seen him through the smoke of battle.
And the memory of those days brought them
nearer to each other and to him, and these
crowds on either side were forgotten : what
did they know of war?



But there comes another army, the schoolAt last the shouts of the people told of the

boys. Not


not battles fought,
approach of the Presidential party. On they
came, the greeting of the people becoming them, saying in himself, "I may take my

but to be fought. The Spectator watched one mighty shout, the glittering uniforms

years and of the escort marking the progress long be

my learning back to the place

whence. I came. There is a new nation fore the open barouche in which sat the

whose inheritance is freedom, whose watchPresident appeared through the clouds of

word is peace. The battles of the future are dust. The crowd represented all shades of

to be fought by character, not muskets, and political opinion, but there was only one ex

these are the makers of the ammunition of pression. The President of the United States

that future.” The curtain of night dropped was passing, and its citizens paid tribute. The

over the river, where the naval parade had carriage of ex-President Cleveland followed, and again the shouts went up, flags and

been really only the passing of decorated

boats ; for the war-ships were guarding, aphandkerchiefs were waved. A nation hon- parently, the tomb and the approach to the ored itself in honoring the men it had chosen

hero's resting-place. to govern it. A woman in a widow's cap and veil came behind these two carriages, and men stood with uncovered heads. There were cheers and the waving of flags, but there The Outlook Vacation was a new note in the people's voices. The hero's widow and children were passing, to

Fund live over again the death and burial of a husband and father. The mighty column of

The readers of The Outlook are availing sixty thousand men marched on in unbroken themselves of the opportunity to furnish rooms ranks—magnificent specimens of manhood. in the new house at Santa Clara, in the AdiThe clouds of dust and sand almost hid them rondacks. A mother's gift, acknowledged from view. Without an evidence of what they

under the name of “Wedding Gift,” is to were enduring, they marched on to honor the carry the name of a daughter who goes out man who to many of them was only a name.

into a new life from the home that had been
hers for twenty years.

It is a beautiful

thought, and must suggest like gifts from other The Spectator gives this advice to the

mothers of brides. Thirteen readers have parents of boys. In a country where it is

sent the one-dollar membership fee for enrollpossible for every boy to be a President, there is the possibility that he reach his high cation Society. Reports will be sent to them,

ment as members of the Working-Girls' Vadestiny by way of a Governor's chair. This makes horseback-riding a necessary part of

as stated in our issue of April 24. The

houses are now being made ready for ocevery boy's education.

When a Governor,

cupancy, and their doors will soon open to he, at least once, will have to take part in a semi-military parade. A Governor on horse- working-girls of the Greater New York and

extend the hospitality of our readers to the back, surrounded by his staff in glittering vicinity: uniforms that make a golden background for the man in citizen's dress, who has been

VACATION FUND made commander-in-chief of the State's Na

Previously acknowledged.
B. S. M..

50 00
tional Guard, is an imposing figure. But a J. E. F., Appleton, Wis.,
commander-in-chief of the State's National Wedding Gift, April 28, 1897

50 00 M. H. C., Brooklyn, N. Y.

1 00 Guard seated in an open barouche is about as Sunday-School of Willoughby Avenue Chapel

of Clinton Ave. Congl. Ch., Brooklyn, N.-Y.

15 00 impressive as the undertaker at a funeral.


17 00 M. S. W.

10 00


H. E. B., Brooklyn, N. Y There comes at last a mighty army. Men W.B.C....

200 with fringes of gray hair below their military

S. A., Great Barrington, Mass.

Mrs. M. H. B., Hartford, Conn.
caps. Folded banners with burned and Bristol, Conn.
fringed edges telling the story of war.

An Invalid..

In Memory Jennie S. Holmes. these men, whose backs are bowed, whose Received for Memberships. shoulders round to the weight of years, the Total...

$7,015 38


5 00 4 00 50 00 500 50 00 13 00

$7,293 38


Second Paper.—Good Manners

By Ian Maclaren ETWEEN a cultured American and at an English University, explaining why an uncultured there is as much it could not be accepted, but bestowing

difference as between, say, Mat- discriminating praise. One fears that his thew Arnold and “Punch's” 'Arry, and character for veracity cannot survive the I would like to make a plea some day for strain of such a statement, but one takes the simple and unfinished American; but the risk in order to pay his tribute to the let one Englishman at least record his courtesy of the editor, and a fortiori of honest opinion that an educated American all men of letters across the Atlantic. is the most courteous person he has met They have as a profession a quite marked on his travels. One may have a pardon- graciousness of manners, but he, the most able pride in the good form of an English dominant (and perhaps also chastened) gentleman-an instinctive sense of what of his order, is an example unto the whole is becoming—and yet desire the cordi- world. His patience—this is the final ality which is very taking in an American; test--with an unpunctual contributor is one may admit that in what may be called sufficient to melt a heart not utterly dethe decorated style of manners a French- praved, and to qualify him for a very high man is a past master, and still miss that place in the order of Christianity. note of simplicity which is found in an The young University man of Yale or American. There is, indeed, as appears Harvard is neither gawky nor cheeky, but to a dull male person, a certain analogy has an easy and agreeable bearing, with between the superiority of an American just the proper flavor of deference to his man in manners and an American woman superiors. Whatever a native-born clergyin dress (her manders, it goes without say man may say or do in ecclesiastical courts, ing, are charming, vivacious. sympathetic, where the atmosphere, the world over, fascinating), for she has added to the from Rome downwards, is so close and severe good taste of an English woman charged with gas that no one breathing it a certain grace, and redeemed the clever- ought to be held responsible, he is invaness of the Parisian from the suspicion riably conciliatory and reasonable in priof trickery. Blood and climate have vate, never allowing himself to wrangle united to produce this felicitous result, about theology or to assume arrogant airs where the gravity and dignity of the to lay folk. One is never irritated by reAnglo-Saxon have been relieved by a cer- ligious cant or priestly insolence, nor is tain brightness of spirit and lightness of one afraid of being browbeaten or taken touch which would be out of place and by guile.

Clubmen are everywhere very might be even offensive in rain and fog. much the same, having a certain freema

The typical American editor is not sonry which constitutes them a class by peremptory, autocratic, nor frank unto themselves; but the American is entitled the point of brutality in dealing with his to this praise, that his manners are not contributors—who are the only worms spoiled by affectation, nor frozen into icy who have not formed unions and do not inhumanity. He does not wear a single turn in the present millennium of inde- eyeglass for ornamental purposes, nor aspendence. He is warmly appreciative of sume an expression of countenance from what he accepts, and he takes the trouble which all interest in anything has been to refuse what he cannot accept in such studiously eliminated. Nor does he labor a way as to confer a favor. In my hands to reduce the crisp, sinewy English speech have I held for a brief space a letter from to the sound of jargon, nor is he accustomed the editor of a largely circulated and to regard the outside world as Philistines, quite delightful American monthly to a An absolutely well-bred man in speech and young lad who had sent an account of life deed, he allows you to know that he has

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a heart; he can shake hands like a man, agrees with his neighbor-however he he is perfectly affable, and does not speak may differ about other things—that the a patois in which "ah"

separates each American has revived the ancient Eastern word from its neighbor, and “don't you idea and acclimatized it in the West. know” fills up the frequent interstices of After a journey in the New World, one thought.

returns home convinced that we do not The first point of good manners is chiv- know how hospitality spells in Europe, alry, and the test of chivalry is a man's and smitten to the heart with repentance. bearing to women. The reason one is When a stranger comes to us with a letter, suspicious of French breeding is that, we receive him with calm civility, hope though a Parisian—who is a Frenchman that he has had a good passage, inquire raised to the highest degree—may lift his what he wishes to see in our country, hat on entering a shop, he would show map out his route for him, ask him to a the shop-girl no deference on the streetmeal, and let him go with a modest diswhile French fiction is a standing insult claimer that he has given us any trouble. to womankind. From end to end of If one of us goes over to America, not America a woman is respected, protected, knowing half a dozen people in the whole served, honored. If she enters an eleva- continent, letters of hospitality arrive tor, every man uncovers; in a street-car before you start; they are brought on she is never allowed to stand if a man can board your steamer with the pilot, they give her a seat; on the railways, conduct are delivered on the landing-stage, they ors, porters, and every other kind of offi are lying on the table at your rooms, and cial hasten to wait on her; any man dar- they all come to the same thing—that you ing to annoy a woman would come to will stay in a hotel at your peril, and that grief. The poorest woman can travel you and your belongings—it is hoped two with security and comfort in the States, boys may be with you as well as your which to a European seems most admi- wife—must at once come to the writer's rable. Her richer sister has a maid and house. If you have an iron will and a footman in Europe ; she has a nation in profound conviction that your arrangeattendance. In society she holds a court, ments prevent your being a proper guest with every man listening to her, deferring for a guest has his duties as well as a to her, reflecting her. Perhaps the Ameri- host-you may deny yourself the pleasure can woman may be unconsciously exacting of private hospitality, but you will have at times—it is the penalty of absolute to fight your way, so to say, to the hotel. monarchy; perhaps the men exceed in And if you are a guest, you will be received deference when they allow the women to at the station-we allow visitors to make read for them and think for them, in their own way to our houses—and weleverything except politics—this is the comed by the whole family, as if you were drawback of hereditary loyalty. The of the same blood, or at least friends of American Queen might complete an al- twenty years' standing; and you will be most perfection by granting her subjects driven over the whole district or city, and an occasional experience of equality, upon your host will be at your disposal as if he which they would never think of trading. had nothing to do-yet judges, university Perhaps the American loyalist might do men, merchants, editors, have some enhis ruler true service and safeguard her gagements—and you will depart laden from selfishness by an occasional and with roses and good will. quite limited assertion of the rights of One is not quite sure whether to admire

It remains, however, that it must most of all the grace or tact or sponbe good for a strong and restless people taneity or completeness of hospitality to be possessed with noble ideas of wo among our kinsfolk; but that for which man, and from the poorest to the highest one is most grateful, and which counts man to be engaged and sworn unto her dearest, is the genuine kindness. The service. The woman cult in the States is Americans are a kind people, and they in itself a civilization, and next door to a are not ashamed to allow it to be seen. religion.

When an Englishman, who has been treated Hospitality is also of the essence of like a royal personage and never allowed courtesy, and every visitor to the States to live a day in a hotel, finds it in his


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