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our case.

doubt that an accommodation is inevitable, unless the same spirit of loitering which bas for so many years haunted the Foreign Office in Venezuelan matters, should still preside over these negotiations.

A FRANCO-DUTCH PRECEDENT. A precedent has been mentioned which is worth recalling. Five years ago the French and the Dutch could not agree about a boundary Guiana. They both held that a certain river was the boundary, but they disputed the identity of the river. One said that the river in question, as marked on the map, was a certain stream; the other said it was quite another stream. The question was referred to the Tsar. The Tsar declined to accept the task unless he was allowed to go into the whole question of the frontier. This was conceded. He decided that the Dutch were in the right, and that their river was the true boundary. But he added to his award the proviso —which is apt to the business that we now have in handthat his award was to be without prejudice to the rights acquired bonâ fide by French settlers in the limits of the territory in dispute. This comes to pretty much the same thing as Mr. Olney's proviso; and who would say that the French would not have been wrong to tefuse arbitration, lest they should be breaking the careers and possibly ruining the fortunes of the settlers whose rights the Tsar thus safeguarded ?

THE QUESTION OF A GENERAL TREATY. Then turning to the question of a general treaty of arbitration, he notes that both negotiators are agreed in excluding questions which involve the honour and integrity of the nation. He says :

The matter is one of infinite delicacy and difficulty. In the Swiss-American draft treaty the parties agree to submit to arbitration all difficulties that may arise between the two States, “whatever may be the cause, the nature, or the object of such difliculties." This is obviously impracticably wide for

In the plan adopted at the Pan-American Conference of 1890, the only excepted questions were to be such as, “in the judgment of any one of the nations involved in the controversy, may imperil its independence.

This is a qualification which, in controversies between us and the United States, would be merely futile.”

But, if it is agreed that the phrase "questions of honour and integrity” should stand, there arises the second question as to who shall decide what questions involve “honour and integrity" :-

Mr. Olney's own proposal of a preliminary reference to Parliament or Congress seems not a little cumbrous, though he makes an ingenious defence for it. The whole policy of arbitration rests on the expediency of removing international disputes from the atmosphere of passion, and to ask a great national and popular assembly to decide beforehand whether a given dispute involves national honour or not will perhaps strike many persons as a questionable experiment for suppressing passion.

HOW TO AVOID TERRITORIAL DISPUTES. Lord Salisbury in his reply practically narrows down the accepted questions to those relating to territorial. rights. But as Mr. Morley points out, territorial questions can hardly arise between the United States and Great Britain, both of whom have well-defined frontiers, He says:

It has been suggested that a clause might be added to the treaty of arbitration upon the basis of existing possessions, definitely prohibiting the raising of any question relating to territory now in undisputed occupation. There is something like this, though not quite the same, in the sixth article of the Pan-American project. At any rate this ground of anxiety might be removed by the acceptance in the treaty of an authentic map of existing territories. So far as I am aware, the not very momentous dispute about the Alaskan boundary

is the only ragged edge in territorial matters between Great Britain and the United States.

Mr. Morley touches lightly upon the question of the constitution of the tribunal, the right of appeal, and the rules which it would have to administer. He says:

The truth is that the creation of a permanent tribunal would be the best way of improving the rules of what is called international law. Sir Henry Maine has some weighty remarks on the advantages of a permanent court or board of arbitrators over occasional adjudicators appointed ad hoc.

THE THINGS TO BE DONE. Mr. Morley's conclusion is as well weighed as it is weighty. He says:

If the principle of arbitration and a permanent tribunal were once established, and with reasonable securities and safeguards embodied in practical shape, that in itself would be an immense step towards lessening the chances of war, even in cases which lay outside the specific operations of the tribunal.

The things to be done are to frame the esception clause, which, though difficult, is not beyond the expert skill of Lord Salisbury and Mr. Olney; and to shape the constitution and functions of the tribunal, as to which the two ministers could evidently come to an understanding in twenty-four hours. If these two things are done, the award should be final, or else we might almost as well or better leave the project alone.

To leave it alone would, in the opinion of the present writer, be nothing short of a disaster to one of the greatest causes now moving the Western world. If Lord Salisbury fails, the question, we may be sure, will be set fatally back for many a year to come.

MR. NORMAN'S WARNING. Mr. Henry Norman, writing upon the arbitration negotiations and the hitch about the settled districts, says:

The American brief for Venezuela denies categorically that there are any British settlers there at all. The simplest way of settling this point would seem to be for three men representing Great Britain, the United States, and Venezuela, to go themselves to the territory in question and see with their own eyes whether there are any settlers or not. This is probably far too simple a course to be adopted. I am only anxious that Englishmen should not believe that the storm has blowd over, when there is only a lull.

A PROPHECY OF THE ISSUE, The editor of the New England Magazine recalls in his July number a prophecy uttered by Edward Everett Hale when preaching in 1889. It reads curiously in the light of the last eight months:

The twentieth century will apply the word of the Prince of Peace to international life. The beginning will not be made at the end of war, but in some time of peace. The suggestion will come from one of the Six Great Powers. It will be from a nation which has no large permanent military establishment; that is to say, it will probably come from the United States. This nation, in the most friendly way, will propose to the other great Powers to name each ono jurist of world-wide fame, who with the other five shall form a permanent tribunal of the highest dignity. Everything will be done to give this tribunal the honour and respect of the world. As an international court, it will be organized without reference to any especial case under discussion. Then it will exist. Gradually the habit will be formed of consulting this august tribunal in all questions before states. More and more will men of honour and command feel that an appointment to serve on this tribunal is the highest human dignity. · Of such a tribunal the deci. sions, though no musket enforce them, will be one day received of course.

EVENTS OF THE MONTH. 17. Correspondence regarding Arbitration with

America laid upon the table of the House of
July 1. London Building Strike closed.
Lords by Lord Salisbury.

New Civil Code adopted by the Reichstag.

The Report of the Jameson Select Committee July 2. Royal Assent given to the Housing of the Indian Institute opened at Oxford.

rendered in the Cape Assembly.

Working Classes (Ireland) Bill, and a number .. Official Returns show 3,598 deaths from Cholera 18. A Statue of Burns unveiled, by Mr. Alfred

of other Bills. in Egypt since the outbreak.

Austin, at Irvine, Ayrshire.

Third Reading of the Edinburgh University 2. Resolutions protesting against Mr. Rhodes' 20. The Trial at Bar of Jameson and his co-Defen

and the Boyne Navigation Bills. resignation passed in Bulawayo.

dants opened.

First Reading of the Agricultural Land Rating 3. Secoad Proclamation issued by the GovernorFurther Massacres in Crete.

General of Crete.
Nyamanda, son of Lobengula, proclaimed King

Sir F. Carrington's force began the attack of the 6. Motion for the Second Reading of the Irish
Matabele in the Matoppo Hills.

Church Act, 1869, Amendment Bill.
of the Matabele.
4. The Tsar aud Tsaritsa made their public entry

21. A Statue of the Queen unveiled near Blackfriars Third Reading of the Fisheries Acts (Norfolk into St. Petersburg. Bridge.

and Suffolk) Amendment Bill, and the MetroCommercial Treaty between China and Japan politan Counties Water Board Bill. 5. Matabele at loyati attacked by Colonel Plumer.

sigued. 7. Li Hung Chang appointed a Grand Cross of the 22. The Marriage of Princess Maud of Wales with

Second Rearling of the Fisheries Acts Amead

ment Bill. Netherlands Lion.

Prince Charles of Denmark took place at The Leander Club defeated Yale University at

First Reading of University of London Bill. Henley.

Buckingham Palace.

7. Third Reading of Diseases of Animals Bill. 23. The German Gunboat Itis lost off the Chinese Second Reading of the Trusts (Scotland) Bill. 8. The Ancient and Honourable Artillery Company


The Working Men's Dwellings Bill passed of Boston received by the Queen at Windsor. 24. Anti-Socialistic disturbance in Lille.

through Committee.
The Cape Assembly adopted the Report of the

Committee on the Jameson Raid.
25. The Populists nominated Mr. Bryan, Democratis

nominee, for the Presidency.
26. International Peace Demonstration took place in

Hyde Park

Statue to M. Jules Ferry unveiled at St. Dié.
27. The luternational Socialist Workers' Cougress

opened at the Queen's Hall.
28. Dr. Jameson and his co-Defendants sentenced to

Mr. Rhodes expressed bis willingness to return

to London for Trial.
British Medical Association opened its Annual

Session at Carlisle.
29. The Cape Assembly refused Leave of Absence

to Dr. Harris.
30. President Cleveland issued a Proclamation en-

joining Neutrality upon the Citizens of the
Republic in the Cuban Difficulty.

July 1. Sir M, Monier-Williams, and Lord George

Hamilton, at Oxford, on the Indian Institute.
Sir Wm. Maxwell, at Liverpool, on Ashanti.
4. Sir Walter Besant, Hon. W. H. Reeves, and

others, at Browning Hall, on the Unity of the

English-speaking World.
5. Cardinal Vaughan, at Manchester, on the Re-

upion of Christendom.
6. Sir Wm. Harcourt, at Holloway Hall, on the


7. Mr. Hall Caine, at Eastbourne, on the Danger PRINCE GEORGI PASHA BEROVITCH, OF SAMOS. New President of the Wesleyan Conference.

of Intellectual Apathy.
8. Mr. Chamberlain, at Birmingham, on Pro-

Appointed Governor-General of Crete. (Photo Fraph by Ball, Regent Street.) vincial Municipal Institutions.

(Photograph by Abdullah, Constantinople.) 9. Lord Salisbury, at St. James's Hall, on Financial

Aid for the Churches. Resignation of Sir C. Tupper and his Ministers The Prince of Wales, the Duke of Connaught, 9. Lord Harris moved the Second Reading of the accepted.

the American Ambassador, and others, at Agricultural Laud Rating Bill. Three thousand bouses destroyed by Flood in King's Hall, on the Ancient and Honourable Discussion by Lord Farrer, Lord Salisbury, and Japan.

Artillery Companies of London and Massa Lord Rosebery. Second Reading carried by 9. Report of Insurgent Risings in Madagascar chusetts.

153 to 32 votes. received.

The Duke of Devonshire, at Wye, on Technical Third Reading of the Cabs (London) Bill. The assistance of the Cape Transport Corps Education.

10. Third Reading of the Marriage with a Deceased accepted by Earl Grey.

14. Archbishop of Canterbury, at Lambeth, on Wife's Sister Bill carried by 142 to 104 votes. 10 Mr. W.J. Bryan, of Nebraska, nominated, by Education.

Third Reading of the Floods Prevention Bill the Democratic Chicago Convention, for Presi- 15. Sir M. White Ridley, at Hôtel Métropole, on the and Second Reading of the Glasgow Parliadent of the l'uited States. Present Government.

mentary Divisions Bill. 11. Democratic Convention nominated Arthur 17. Mr. Balfour, at St. James's Hall, on the Politi 14. Agricultural Land Rating Bill passed through Sewall for Vice-President of the United cal Situation.

Committee without Amendment. States.

Lord Salisbury, in the House of Lords, upon 16. Third Reading of the Trusts (Scotland) Bill, and Italian Ministry resigned.

Arbitration with America.

Second Reading of the Orkuey and Zetland 12. A village in Crete firel on by a Turkish ship. 20. Lord Charles Beresford, at Liverpool, on the

Small Piers and Harbours Bill. 13. The New Canadian Ministry took the Oath of Navy.

Lord Onslow moved a resolution touching the Allegiance. M. Zola, at Paris, on M. de Goncourt.

payment of the Indian Troops in Egypt. Thirty English Sozialists expelled from Ant- 21. Lord Rosebery, at Dumfries and Glasgow, on Discussion by Lord Lansdowne, Lord Kimwerp. Burns.

berley, Lord Salisbury and others. Resolutior. 14. Li Hung Chang received by Presiilent Favre. 22. Sir M. Hicks Beach, at Bristol, on the Cabinet

carried. New Italian Ministry approvel by King Hum Mr. Chamberlain, at Hôtel Métropole, on the 17. The papers relating to the question of Arbitrabert. Opposition,

tion between Great Britaiu and the United Two shots firei at President Faure.

24. Lord Rosebery, at Epsom, on Technical Edu States laid upon the Table of the House of 15. A Bust of Dr. Arnold of Rugby was unveiled in cation.

Lords. Westminster.

27. M. Berthelot, at Paris, on Modern Chemistry. Third Reading of the Agricultural Land Ratiog A Statue of Cardinal Newman was unveiled i: 29. Lord George Hamilton, at Cooper's Hill College, Bill and the Fisheries Acts Amendment Bill. the grounds of the Brompton Oratory.

Their Work in Iudia.

20. Royal Assent given to the Diseases of Animals Tbe Lord Mayor unveilel a monument to Lord Wolseley, at the India Office, on Indian Bill, the Agricultural Land Rating Bill and Heminge and Condell at Aldermanbury. Military Expenditures.

others. An Equestrian Statue of Joan of Arc, at Reims, Mr. T. M. Healy, at Holborn Restaurant, on Third Reading of the Liverpool Court of Passage unveiled by President Faure. the Irish Land Question.

and the Chairmen of District Councils Bills.


21. Third Reading of the Parliamentary Costs Bill. 8. Discussion of the Finance Bill resumed.

21. Motion for adjournment of the House withdrawn. 23. Third Reading of the Vexations Actions Bill, Third Reading of the Judicial Trustees Bill.

Discussion of the Land Law (Ireland) Bill and the Public Health (Ports) Bill. The Accountants (Scotland) Bill withdrawn.

resume.l. Second Reading of the London University Com 9. Discussion of the Finance Bill resunied. 22. Discussion on the Land Law (Ireland) Bill. mission Bill.

Clause 25, relatiug to the Remission of Land 23. Discussion of the Land Law (Ireland) Bill 24, Tbird Reading of the Public Health Bill and the Tax in excess of ls. in the pound carried by coutinued by Mr. Gerald Balfour, Mr. John Public Offices (Sites) Rill. 209 to 77. Bill Reported to the House.

Morley, Colonel Saunderson and others. 27. Second Reading of the Friendly Societies Bill

24. Adjourned Debate on the vote for the Commisand the Collecting Societies Bill.

sioners of National Education in Irelan! 28. First Reading of the Coal Mines Regulation Act

resumel by Mr. Dillon; continued by the (1887) Amendment (No. 2) Bill and the

Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Gerald Conciliation (Trade Disputes) Bill.

Balfour and others. Vote agreed to. 20. First Reading of the Land Law (Ireland) Bill.

The Vote for Queen's College in Ireland and 30. Third Reading of the London University Bill.

several other Irish Votes agreed to. Second Reading of the Coal Miues Regulatiou

27. Second Reading of the Uganda Railway Bill. Act (1887) Amendment (No. 2) Bill, and the

Third Reading of the Conciliation (Trade Dis. Labourers (Ireland) Bill.

putes) Bill and the Coal Mines Regulation Act Third Reading of the Collecting Societies Bill

(1887) Amendment (No. 2) Bill. and the Friendly Societies Bill.

28. Discussion on the Land Law (Ireland) Fill by HOUSE OF COMMONS.

Mr. Dillon, Mr. Gerald Balfour and others.

29. Mr. Smith-Barry move I the Tbird Reading of the July 1. On the Order for Third Reading of the Agri

Land Law (Ireland) Bill, seconde 1 by Colonel cultural Land Rating Bill, Mr. Asquith moved

Saunderson. After some discussion Bill was the Bill be read on that day three months.

read a Third, Time. Third Reading of the Discussiou by Mr. Cripps, Sir Henry Fowler,

Finance Bill. Mr. Whiteley, Mr. Chaplin, Sir Wm. Har

30. Mr. Chamberlain moved that a Select Comcourt, Mr. Balfour and others. Amendment

mittee should be appointed to enquire into the negatived by 292 to 140. Bill read a Tbird

administration of the British South Africa Time.

Company, etc. Motion as amended unaui. Third Reading of the Chairmen of District

mously agreed to. Councils Bill and the Orkvey and Shetland

Tbird Reading of the Truck Bill and the Light Small Piers and Harbours Bill.

Railways Bill. 2. First Reading of Bill to Amend the Law respect

ing Classification of Lands and Heritages for purposes of Rating, etc., in Scotland.

OBITUARY. Resolution to make provision for the construc

July 1. Mrs. Harriett Beecher Stowe, Author of tion of a Railway from Mombassa to the

“Uncle Tom's Cabin," 84. Victoria Nyanza agreed to.

General George F. Hogg, C.B., 61. Second Reading of the Coal Mines Regulation

2. Rev. Dr. Kögel, Chaplain to the Imperial Act (1888) Amendment (No. 2) Bill. THE LATE SIR AUGUSTUS BERKELEY PAGET.

Family, Berlin, 67. 3. Mr. Gerald Balfour announced that the Irish

Rear-Admiral J. C. Byng. Education Bill would be withdrawn. (Photograph by Elliot and Fry, Baker Street.)

5. General I. G. Kennedy, C.B., 60 Motion to reduce the Vote for the Foreign Office

Lieutenant-Colonel Alfre 1 R. Thompson. in Committee of Supply by Mr. Monk. Dis

6. Lieutenaut-Colonel Chas. A. MacDougall, 65. cussion by Sir R. Reid, Mr. Curzon, Mr.

7. Sir John Pender, 81. Bryce and others, on Affairs in Crete and Ar- 10. On the Vote for Public Education in England William R. O'Byrne, Naval biographer. menia. Motion withdrawn.

and Wales--Discussion by Sir J. Gorst, Mr. 8. Erdmann Eucke, scnlptor, 53. Motion to reduce the salary of the Secretary of Gray, Mr. Dillon, Sir Joha Lubbock and

10. Professor Ernst Curtius, archæologist, 81. State negatived. Vote agreed to.

others. Vote agreed to.

11. Sir Augustus Paget, 73. 6. Lord G. Hamilton moved that the costs of Indian Vote for the Science and Art: Department 13. M. Kyprioti, diplomatist, 66. Troops in Egypt be charged to India. Amend agreed to.

16. M. Edmond de Goncourt, 75. ment moved by Mr. John Morley. Discussion 13. Mr. Scott-Montague presented a petition from 17. Joseph A. Novello, 86. by Sir Hicks-Beach, Sir H. Fowler, Mr. Bal Citizens of Bulawayo praying that the Charter 19. Sir Percy Anderson, 65. four and others. Amendment negatived by of the B. S. A. Company be not revoked. 20 Charles Dickens, “the Younger," 59. 275 to 190. Lord G. Hamilton's Resolution Debate on amendment, moved by Sir H. Camp Right Rev. Arthur C. Coxe, 78. carried by 252 to 106.

bell-Banderman, to the Agricultural Rates,

Thos. G. Weir, M.D., F.R.C.P., 84.
Congested Districts and Burgh Land Tax

Relief (Scotland) Bill.
Third Reading of the Public Health (Ports)

The Irish Education Bill and the Metropolitan

T'olice Couris Bill withdrawn.
14. Debate on Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman's

Amendment to the motion for the Second
Reading of the Agricultural Rates, Congestel
Districts, and Burgh Land Tax Relief (scot-
land) Bill, resumed. Amendment negatived

by 276 to 139. Bill read a second time.

Debate on the Finanse Bill.
15. Sir W. Harcourt moved the adjournment of the

House-Debate by Mr. Chamberlain, Mr.
Dillon, Mr. Morley, and others. Motion

Debate on the Finance Bi'l resumed by Mr.

Dalziel-Coutinued by others and passed the

Report Stage.
The Local Government (Highways) Bill with-

16. Went into Committee on the Land Law (Ireland)

Bill, and proceelel to consider Clauses 2, 3,

and 4.
Ibe Juvenile Offenders (Whipping) Bill, the

Public Health (Scotland) (No. 2) Bill, the
Women Bar Assistants (Limitation of Hours)
Bill, the Evidence in Criminal Cases Bill, and

the Libel Bill with Irawi.

17. Civil Service Estimates iu Committee of Supply THE LATE EDMOND DE GONCOURT.

THE LATE SIR JOIN PENDER. - Vote for Salaries and Expenses of the Offices (Photograph by Nadar, Paris.) of the Chief Secretary for Ireland and London

(Photogropi by Falk, New York.) and of Subordinate Departments, agreed to.

Discussion on the Vote for the Commissioners 7. In Committee on the Finance Bill. Progress of National Education in Ireland.

21. Joseph W. Harper, publisher. reported.

20. Motion that Public Business shoull not be inter 23. M. Engene Spuller, 61. Third Reading of the Incumbents of Benefices rupted during the remain ler of the Session, Mary Dickens, daughter of the norelist, 58. Loans Extension Bill.

excepting Weinesdays, arrie 1 by 299 to 106. 27. John B. Cowan, M.D., LL.D. Second Reading of the Public Health (Ports) Consi leration of the Lani Law (Ireland) Bill 28. Mr. Henry Garrett, New York lerald CorreBill and the Short Titles Bill. resume..




INTRODUCTORY. is a long time since any Presidential election in the

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interest to Great Britain as that which has now commenced.

HOYAGE TO JOHN BULL. Little as the majority of our millions realise the fact, there was seldom & greater compliment paid by one nation to another than that which is unconsciously and involuntarily offered by the contending parties in the United States to John Bull.

What are the issues upon which the battle is raging and will continue to rage with ever-increasing intensity until the polling day in November? Each political party has its own issue, but at bottom both issues are one, and both are due to the excessive, exaggerated estimate which our American kinsfolk have formed of the prowess, the power, and the wealth of Great Britain.

MR, MCKINLEY'S TRIBUTE TO OUR TRADE. Mr. McKinley, the Republican candidate, is a man emphatically of one idea, and that idea is that the industries of the United States are impotent to hold their own in the home market against the manufactures of Great Britain. It is, therefore, a matter of life and death for the Republic to build up a huge Chinese wall of prohibitive tariff round its frontiers, within which the American manufacturer can do his business without the fear of that terrible John Bull before his eyes. No doubt Mr. McKinley's dread of foreign competition is by no means confined exclusively to that of Great Britain. But we stand in the forefront of the van of those whom he dreads. When he talks of the need of protection, he thinks primarily of the need of shutting English goods out of the American market. If he succeeds in doing that his task is accomplished. Thus it may be said that the essence of the Republican platform is the need of taking such action as they believe to be indispensably necessary to protect American manufacturers from British imports. That is to say, the Republican platform is primarily directed against British trade.

MR. BRYAN'S TO OUR FINANCE. When we turn to the other party, we find its programme and its candidate are even more dominated than Mr. McKinley and the Republicans by the dread of Great Britain. The Democratic programme, which was adopted in Chicago, and their candidate, Mr. Bryan, although they say many things, good, bad, and indifferent, in reality sound only one note, viz., that of War to the Death against what they regard as the financial policy of Great Britain. As Mr. McKinley cannot sleep at night for dreaming of foreign competition in the realm of commerce, Mr. Bryan is haunted day and night by the nightmare of John Bull as the champion gold bug of the

world. Poor innocent John Bull! There are some forty millions of him in these islands, of whom probably thirtynine millions nine hundred and ninety-nine thousand have not even the remotest ghost of an idea that anything they have done in the past, or that they are doing now, gives our American cousins the least reason for alarm. But, although our people know nothing of it, it is an article of faith with millions, especially in the Western cities of America, that by his financial policythat is to say, by his monometallism and insisting upon a gold currency--John Bull is the deadliest foe of the American people. You cannot take up any of the American newspapers or magazines that are devoted to the advocacy of free silver without discovering that George III. was not in it compared with the Old Lady in Threadneedle Street as an object for popular detestation in the great Republic of the West.

A NEW WAR OF INDEPENDENCE ! Take for instance the last number of the Arena which has come to hand. The Arena is edited by an able man who is no stranger to England or its institutions, who spent some time quite recently in this country, and who is a man of undoubted carnestness, enthusiasm, and sincerity. Every article that he writes is as the blast of a clarion summoning the American people to a new war of independence against the enthralling despotism of Jolin Bull. He says, for instance, in his last number: “ The present battle is between British gold and American ballots, and as in '76 so in '96, American patriots have determined that their land shall be free. All through the south and west, millions of thoughtful men and determined patriots have,” he tells us, "arrived at the firm conviction that the people at last shall be free, that the domination of the gold power and the servitudo of America to England shall cease.” The great struggle he describes as “the second Valley Forge of the American struggle for independence, for the conflict involves the very life of American institutions." He accuses the American gold monometallists of acting under the direction of "the usurer class of Britain to overawe the American press, to ruin American prosperity, and to resort to devious by-ways and crooked ways in order to accomplish the domination of British_supremacy, or rather to accomplish thesupremacy of the Bank of England policy over the prosperity and happiness of American millions, from the manufacturers and merchants to tho farmer and artizan."

THE NOTE OF DEFIANCE. All this is absolutely incomprehensible to the average Briton. He cannot imagine for the life of him what he has done to excite his Western friends in this extraordinary fashion. The fact, however, remains indisputable. The rallying cry of the Democratic Party, which has just selected Mr. Bryan as its banner-bearer in the fight, is one of war to the bitter end against the despotism of England in the realm of finance. The note of the famous speech which secured for Mr. Bryan the nomination to the Presidency was distinctly and avowedly a summons to an oppressed and enslaved population to rally round the silver banner in a holy war of independence against the English octopus. “Our war," said


Mr. Bryan, “is not a war of conquest: we are fighting in abound; and this resurrection of sectionalism, this the defence of our homes, our families, and posterity. arraying of the States which borrow against the States We have petitioned, but our petitions have been scorned; which lend, is one of the most interesting, although not we have entreated, and our entreaties have been dis the least alarming, portents of these latter days. regarded; we have begged, and they have mocked, and our

THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION AS A BRITISH INTEREST. calamity came. We beg no longer, we entreat no more, we petition no more; but we defy them.” And that It would be infinitely more alarming were it not that defiant note will vibrate in every Democratic meeting the American Constitution has been elaborately contrived that is held throughout the length and breadth of the in order to nullify in advance every decision of the Republic all through this autumn from Maine to popular will by a series of checks and counter-checks, California.


As a

which have as the result absolute zero. Whichever side

wins it will be impossible for it to give effect to its views WHAT JOHN BULL THINKS OF IT ALL.

for a year or two, and by that time the pendulum may John Bull, of course, ought to feel very much flattered have swung in the opposite direction and nothing may by the extraordinary amount of attention he and his have come of it all. The Chinoiseries of the American policy is receiving from across the Atlantic.

Constitution, together with the McKinleyites' devotion to matter of fact, John Bull, not being a vain man, is a Chinese wall of protection, and the Democratic devotion insensible to flattery on

to silver, irresistibly rethis continental scale.

mind one of the some. Notwithstanding his top

what cruel epigram of boots, and the swash

Admiral Maxse, who, buckler disguise in

on returning from a which he is often por

tour in the States, extrayed in the American

claimed, “The Ameripress, our friend John is

cans! Oh, yes! They a very quiet, peaceable,

are the English-speakmodest individual, who

ing Chinese of the seeks for nothing in the

West.” It is odd inworld so much as oppor

deed that the American tunity to carry on his

Constitution should be business quietly and

the chief safeguard without fuss. Being

which John Bull posthus, he feels only a

sesses against the Desense of the absurdity

mocratic fury of the of it all, and an uneasy

West. foreboding as to the possible contingencies which may arise in the future out of the pro

Another point of digious pother that is

interest of a more being made on his ac

human and domestic count. Whichever side

nature is the fact that wins, it seems

each candidate will owe things will be made

much of his popularity somewhat worse for

in the campaign to his him. If Mr. McKinley

relations to his wife. is elected, the Chinese

Mrs. McKinley is an wall of protection will

invalid, both her chilbe raised still higher


dren died in infancy, and against his manu

she has been a constant factures; if Mr. Bryan wins, he fears that it will be the sufferer for years from a distressing nervous complaint, signal for an attempt to steal 50 per cent. of the money which renders it impossible for her to take any active which he has invested in American securities. Which part in her husband's political career. But she is talented, ever way it goes, it will be the worse for him.

accomplished, and an enthusiastic McKinleyite. Before

her marriage she was distinctively a modern American JOHN BULL'S PARTNERS IN DISLIKE.

woman, well educated, who had travelled in Europe, and Apart from our national, commercial or financial who was earning her living as cashier in her father's interest in the issue of the American elections, the bear bank. It was indeed across the counter of that bank ing of the question on_the future of the Republic is where she met the man who will probably raise her to extremely interesting. For the Democratic party with the position of Lady of the White House at Washing. its silver standard regards Wall Street, New York, and ton. In McKinley's character there is little of romantic the Eastern States generally with a detestation almost interest beyond the extreme and chivalrous devotion as great as that with which it regards the Bank of Eng which he has paid to his sick wife, and there are probably land and Great Britain. Wall Street and the Eastern a million homes in the United States where the figureof the States are to the new Democratic or Populist party austere politician and indefatigable campaigner will count what the Royalist Tories in the Colonial days were to for less than the picture of the busy man of affairs snatchWashington and the patriots who drew up the Declara ing every moment from a crowded life to hurry hometocontion of Independence. In the East there are, no doubt, sole and comfort and interest the invalid wife whose love a few silver men, in the West and the South they and sympathy have ever been the inspiration of his career.



as if

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