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338. INFLECTIONS. An anecdote may Proverbs. 1. The remedy is often viure serve to present this important branch of our than the disease. 2. To him that wills, ways are subject, in a light easy to be understood by seldom uanting. 3 A well-balanced mind—wil all. An elderly gentleman asked the author, resist the pressure of adversity. 4. Be always on if he thought it possible for him to learn to your guard, against the advices of the wicket, sing? He was answered in the affirmative, when you come in contact with them. 5. Blessed provided he loved music, and was anxious to is he, that readeth, and understanileth what he learn. His voice was quite flexible, and va

readeth. 6. Take it for granted, there can be ro ried, in conversation, and he used all the excellence, without labor. 7. The rich man is often

a stranger to the quiet and content of the poor man. notes of the scale, except two. It was 8. Beware of gathering scorpions, for this, or the thought, upon the spur of the moment, to future world. 9. There is no gena al rule, with get the old man a little angry, (and after-out exceptions. 10. Every light—is not the sun wards beg his pardon,) in order to induce 11. Never be angry-at what you cannot hdp. him to slide his voice through the octave: the effort was successful; and with much feeling, which was directed by the Judge, to bring in

Anecdote. Use of Falsehood. A jury, he again asked, “Do you say sir, that (1) can learn to sing? an old man like me ?”sion and plea, returned a verdict of Not

a certain prisoner guilty, on his own confes , carrying his voice from the first to the eighth Guilty ;” and offered, as a reason, that they note, on 1, sing, and me. Just then a friend knew the fellow to be so great a liar, they came in, to whom he observed, with incred- did not believe him. ulous surprise, mingled with a little contempt,He says I can learn to sing :" and Talent. One man, perhaps, proves miserhis voice fell from the eighth to the first note, able in the study of the law, who might have on I.

flourished in that of physic, or divinity; an339. No one can read the following sen-other-runs his head against the pulpit, who tence of ors, even in the common manner, might have been serviceable to his country at without any regard to inflections, and not the plough; and a third-proves a very dull give the word before or, the rising inflection, and heavy philosopher, who possibly would and the one after it, the falling inflection; have made a good mechanic, and have done and the reader's ear must be the judge. well enough at the useful philosophy of the Good, or bad ; true, or false ; right, or wrong; spade or anvil. this, or that ; boy, or girl; man, or woman; Varieties—in the Uses of Inflections. 1. male, or female ; land, or water ; over, or Is genuine repentance founded in love, or under ; above, or below ; before, or behind ; fear? 2. Can we intentionally offend a perwithin, or without; old, or young ; strength, son, whom we truly love? 3. Have not anges or weakness; fine, or coarse; one, or two ; ic, as well as satanic beings, once been men, you, or I; well, or ill; kind, or unkind; and women, on some of the courtless earths black, or white; red, or green ; rough, or in the universe.? 4. Has any cne actual sin, smoothe ; hard, or soft ; straight, or crook- till he violates the known will of God, and ed; long, or short ; round, or square ; fat, wilfully sins against his own conscience ? or lean ; swift, or slow; up, or down. If 5. How can the Red men be forgotten, while the reader does not satisfy himself the first so many of the states, territories, moun. time, let him practice on these phrases till he tains, rivers and lakes, bear their names? 6. itoes.

Since decision of character can be acquired 340. READING. The purposes of reading by discipline, what is the best method to acare three : the acquisition of knowledge, as-quire it? The firm resolve—to obtain that sisting the memory in treasuring it :p, and knowledge, necessary for a choice, and then the communication of it to others : hence, to do what we know to be right, at any, and we see the necessity of reading aloud. The every peril. 7. What places are better adap ancient Greeks never read in public, but reci- ted than theatres, in their present degrader led from memory ; of course, if we wish to tion, to teach the theory and practice of fash succeed as they did, we must follow in their ionable iniquity? 8. What is a more faithfootsteps. How much better it would be, if ful, or pleasant friend, than a good book? clergymen would memorize those portions When you mournfully rivet-your tear laden eyes, of the Bible, which they wish to read in That have seen the last sunset of hope-pass away, public! But it may be said, that the task On sorne bright orb, that seems through the stii Rapphire sky would be a severe one: true, but how much

In beauty and splendor, to roll on its way:

Oh remember, this earth, if beheld from afas more effect might be produced on themselves

Would seem wrapt in a halo-a desr ard as Inghe and others : and then to have a large part, or As the pure silver radiance-enshrining yon tal, the whole, of that blessed book, stored up in Where your spirit-is eagerly soaring to-nighe. uic mind, for use here and hereafter!

And at this rery moment, perhaps, some poor nuort,

That is aching and breaking in that distant sphere, The business that we love we raise betime, Gazes down on this dark world, and longs to depart And go to With delight.

From its own diamal home, to a brister one here

841. The Rising INFLECTION (). This Proverbs. 1. Good manners are sure to pro nidicates that the voice glides upward con cure respect. 2. Self-coni eit makes opinion (osti

4. tinuously, on the more important words. Ex. nate. 3. Knowledge is the mind's treasure. Do you say that I can learn to sing? Are Make the best of a bad largain. 5. Never speak you going to town to-day? Is he a good to deceive, nor listen to bet:ay. 6. Passion—is ever mán? Do you love and práctice the truth? the enemy of truth. 7. Prefer loss, io unjust gain, Is it your desire to become úseful? Do you and solid sense, to wit. 8. Quit not certainty for wish to become a good reader, speaker, and hope. 9. Rejoice in the trush, and maintain it 10. singer? Is there not a difference between Seek not after the failings of others. 11. Migia

does not ncake righi. 12. Divinity-cannot be de words, thoughts, and feelings?

fined. 13. Deride not the unfortunate. 842. THREE MODES OF EXISTENCE. May

Philosophy. Philosophy, so far from de. we not appropriately contemplate our bodies, serving contempt, is the glory of human naand our minds, as consisting of three degrees, ture. Man approaches, by contemplation, to each having its own legitimate sphére? Is what we conceive of celestial purity and exnot each like a three story house, with three cellence. Without the aid of philosophy, the successive suits of apartments, which may be

mass of mankind, all over the terraqueous called—the lower, the middle and the upper? globe, would have sunk in slavery and superAre there not three vital degrees of the body, stition, the natural consequences of gross the abdominal, the thoracic, and the enceph'- ignorance. Men, at the very bottom of soalic? And does not the mind consist of as ciety, have been enabled, by the natural many degrees, called scientific, rational and talents they possessed, seconded by favorable affectuous? or, natural, spiritual and heav- opportunities, to reach the highest improveenly? Is there not in us, as it were, a ladder ments in philosophy; and have thus lifted reaching from earth to heaven? Shall we up a torch in the valley, which has exposed not ascend, and descend upon it, and thus the weakness and deformity of the castle on take a view of both the worlds in which we the mountain, from which the oppressors sallivé? But will not the material part soon lied, in the night of darkness, and spread die, and the soul-live forever? Then does

desolation with impunity. Despots: the not wisdom say, attend to each, according to meanest, the basest, the most brutal and ig. its importance? Are we not wonderfully norant of the human race, who would have made? Doth our soul know it right well? trampled on the rights and happiness of men And will we praise our Redeemer, by doing unresisted, if philosophy had not opened the Ais will?

eyes of the sufferers, shown them their own 348. On examining children, in an unper- power and dignity, and taught them to despise verted state, and all animals, it will invariably those giants of power, as they appeared thro' be found, that they use the lower muscles for the mists of ignorance, who ruled a vassal breathing, and producing sounds. Who is world with a mace of iron. Liberty—is the not aware that children will hallon, all day daughter of philosophy; and they who delong, without becoming hoarse, or exhausted? test the offspring, do all that they can to vilify And how often it is the case, that parents wish and discountenance the mother. their children to call persons at a distance, be Varieties. 1. Inat is humility, and ing aware that they have themselves lost the what are its effects? 2. Vice-stings us, power to speak as formerly. Now all that is even in our pleasures ; but virtueconsoles necessary to be done, by such individuals, is to us, even in our pains. 3. Cowards—die many retrace their steps to truth and naturt. Re- times; the valiant-never taste of death but member, that examples, in this art especially,

4. True friendship is like sound are better than precents : rules are to prevent health; the value of it is seldom known till it faults, not to introduce beauties; therefore, is bost. 5. Young folks tell what they do; old become so familiar with them, that they may ones, what they have done; and fools, what forein your practice involuntarily.

they will do. 6. Men's evil manners live in Anecdote. Gold Pills. Dr. Goldsmith, brass; their virtues, we write in sand. 7. having heen requested by a wife, to visit her The natural effects of (4) fidelity, (5) clemhusband, who was melancholy, called upon ency and (6) kindness, in governors, are the patient, and seeing that the cause was peace, good-will, order and esteem, on the part poverty, told hiin he would send him some of the governed. 8. Never make yourself pills, which he had no doubt would prove too little for the sphere of duty; but stretch, cfficacious. He immediately went home, put and expand yourself to the compass of its obten guineas into a paper, and sent them to jects. 9. (4) Friends, (5) Romans, (6) counthe sick man: the remedy had the desired trymen—lend me your ears ; I come to bury effect.

Cesar, not to praise him. 10. All truths Suspicion overturns-what confidence-builds ; are but forms of heavenly loves; and all fab And he,who dares but doubt when there's no ground, sities are the forms of infernal loves. Ls neither to himsef, nr's others. --soun'.

If you would excel in arts, excel in indusiry.


344. INFLECTIONS. One very encourag- Proverbs. 1. The body contains ihe working ing feature of our interesting subject is, that tools of the mind; master your tools, or you will all our principles are drawn from nature, and be a bad workman. 2. Here, and there; or, this are therefore inherent in every one; the grand world, and the next, is a good subject for reflection. design is to develop our minds and bodies in 3. An artist lives everywhere. 4. The body – is accordance with these principles; which can

the image, or type, of the soul; and the sou. is be done, not by silently reading

the work, offer, in hopes of a better one ; the first is certain;

visible, only through it. 5. Never refuse a good or thinking about its contents ; but, by pa- the last is only hope. 6. A promiscuous and stient, persevering practice: this, only, can perficial study of books, seldom yields much solid enable us to overcome our bad habits, and information. 7. Tho' ruin ensue, justice must bring our voices, words, and mind into har- not be infringed. 8. Those things become us besh, mony, so that the externals may perfectly that appertain to our situation in life. 9. Pros. correspond to the internals.

perity-intoxicates and disturbs the mind: adrersi345. 1. Is there aught, in iloquence-ty-subdues and ameliorates it. 10. The strongest that can warm the heart ? She draws her symptoms of wisdom in us, is being sensible of our re from natural imagery: Is there aught follies. 11. A good man-is not an object of fear. in poétry - to enliven ihe imaginátion? 12. Friendship-is stronger than kindred. 13 Thremis the secret of her power. 2. Do Sin is sin, whether seen or not. you love to gaze at the (3) sin, the (4) moun, Duelling. We read, in Swedish history, and the (6) plinels? This affection con, that Adolphus, king of Sweden, determining tains the science of ASTRONOMY, as the seed -contains the future tree. Would a few

to suppress these false notions of honor, ispence-duty, on tea, for raising a revenue,

sued a severe edict against the practice. Two have ruined the fortunes of any of the Amer? gentlemen, however, generals in his service, icans ? No! but the payment of onè penny, on a quarrel, agreed to solicit the king's peron the principle it was demünded, would mission, to decide their difference by the laws have made them-slives.

of honor. The king consented, and said, he 346. INVALIDs—will find the principle, tended by a body of guards and the public

would be present at the combat. He was atand practice, here set forth, of great service executioner, and before they proceeded to to them, if they possess the strength, and the mset, he told these gentlemen, that they have the resolution, to adopt them; and they must fight till one of them died. Then, turn. will often derive special aid by attempting to do something: for the mind, by a determina- ing to the executioner, he added, do you imtion of the will, can be brought to act upon This had the intended effect; the difference

mediately strike off the head of the survivor. the nervous system, in such a way, as to start between the two officers was adjusted, and the flow of the blood on its career of health, and strength; and, ere they are aware of it

, no more challenges were heard of in the army

of Gustavus Adolphus. they will be ready to mount up as with the wings of an eagle, and leave all care, and

Varieties. 1. Oh! who can describe wa trouble, and anxiety on the earth. Let them man's love, or woman's constancy. 2. Can try it, and they will see: persevere.

the immortality of the soul be proved from

the light of nature ? 3. If the sculptor could Anecdote. The Cobbler. A cobbler, at Leyden, who used to attend the public dis- put life into his works, would he not resem

ble a good orator? 4. Can we be too zealous putations, held at the academy, was once in promoting a good cause? 5. Are mira. asked if he understood Latin. “No," replied cles the most convincing evidences of truth? the mechanic, “ but I know who is wrong in 6. Is it not very hard to cherish unkind feel the argument.” “ How ?" replied his friend. ings, and thoughts, without showing them in Why, by seeing who is angry first.”

unkind words and actions ? 7. Are theatres Lift up thine eyes, afflicted soul!

-beneficial to mankind? 8. Ought my From earth-lift up thine eyes,

thing be received, without due examination? Though dark--the evening shadows roll,

9. Do you wish to know the persons, against And daylight beauty--dies;

whom you have most reason to guard yourOne sun is set- a thousand more

self? your looking-glass will reveal him to Their rounds of glory run,

you. 10. If a man is in earnest, would you Where science leads thee-10 explore

therefore call him a fanatic.
In every star--a sun.
Thus, when some long-loved comfort ends,

They are sleeping! Who are sleeping !
And nature would despair,

Captives, in their gloomy cells;
Faith-to the heaven of heavens ascends,

Yet sweet dreams are o'er them creeping,
And meets ten thousand there;

With their many-colored spells.
First, faint and small, then, clear and brighi, All they loveagain they clasp them;
They gladden all the gloom,

Feel again-their long-lost joys;
And stars, that seem but points of light,

But the haste-with which they grasp then,
The rank of suns assume.

Every fairy form destroys.

317, The Falling INFLECTION () in Proverbs. 1. Speech--is the image of action, dicates that the voice glides downwards, 2. Superstition—is the spleen of the soul. 3. Suscontinuously, on the more important words pect a tale-bearer, and trust him not. 4. Suspicion 1. “Where are you going?' 2. Of what-is the passion of true friendship. 5. Sweet are are you thinking? 3. Who sendeth the the slumbers of the virtuous. 6. Safe is he, who early and the latter rain? 4. What things action. 8. set not 100 high a value on your own

serves a good conscience. 7. Never do a mean are most proper for youth to learn ? Those

abilities. 9. Simple diet makes healthy childrens. that they are to practice, when they enter 10. Sneer not at that you cannot EVAL

11. The upon the stage of action. 5. Be always sure bat answer to a slander-is silence. 16. Vice--is you are right, then go ahead.

6. Begin'; infamous in every body. be bold, and venture to be wise : He who

Compassion. Compassion—is an emu. defers this work, from day to day, Does on a tion, of which we ought never to be ashnmriver's brink expecting, stay, 'Till the whole ed. Graceful, particularly in youth, is the stream, that stopt him, shall be gone,—That tear of sympathy, and the heart, that melts runs, and runs, and ever will run on. 7. I at the tale of wo; we should not permit ease do not so much request, as demand your and indulgence to contract our affections, attention. 8. Seek the truth for its own

and wrap us up in a selfish enjoyment. But sake, and out of love for it; and when found, the distresses of human life, of the solitary

we should accustom ourselves to think of embrace it, let it cut where it will; for it is

cottage, the dying parent, and the weeping all powerful, and must prevail.

orphan. Nor ought we ever to sport with 348. Never begin, or end, two successive pain and distress, in any of our amusements, sentences on the same pitch: neither two or treat even the meanest insect with wanton lines in poetry; nor two members of a sen- cruelty. lence; nor two words meaning different

Varieties. 1. What does the tree of life things; if you do, it will be monotonous; signify, and what the knowledge of good and

The 31, 4th, or 5th note is the proper pitch evil, and what the cating from them? 2. for commencing to read or speak; the force What heaps of the ruins of a former world, must be determined by the occasion, the size of the room, the sense, &c. If we are in are piled up to form the substratum, and the middle of the pitches, we can rise or fall the Caucasian, or European race, so migra.

surface, of the one we inhabit? 3. Why is according to circumstances; but if we begin lory and unsettled in its habits and proper too high, or too low, we shall be liable to sities, while the African race seenis dis.

Look at those of the audience at posed to stay at home, contented, and happy? a medium distance, and you will not greatly 4. Where, in the brain, is the determina. err in pitch.

tion of the mind, when we think intensely ! 349. MENTAL PHILOSOPHY — treats of the faculties of the human mind; their laws Is it not where phrenologists locate causaland actions, with

a general reference to their ity!, 5. Why is the eye used to represent use and cultivation. It teaches, that the the spirit of man, that goeth upward, and

wisdom? 6. Who knoweth, (says Solomon, two constituents of mind--are the will and the spirit of the beast, that goeth downward 1 the UNDERSTANDING ; the former is the re: 7. Why is a circle-used io represent eler. ceptacle of all our affections, good, or evil;

nity? the latter, of all our thoughts, true or false. Phrenology-may be considered, to a certain

Vital spark-of heav'nly flame! extent, as the highway to the philosophy of mind; but it is not a sure guide, being found.

Quit, oh quit this mortal frame ; ed on the philosophy of effects, instead of

Trembling, hoping, ling'ring, flying, that of causes; as is the case with all the Oh, the pain, the bliss-of dying! sciences : hence, it cannot be depended on.

Cease, fond nature, cease thy strife, To judge righteously of the subject of mind,

And let me languish-into life.
we must have the whole man; which in Hark! they whisper; angels say,
volves phrenology, physiology, and psycholo. " Sister spirit, come away."
gy: all of which must be seen in the light What is this--absorbs me quite;
of TRUTH, natural, and spiritual.

Stcals my senses,--shuts my sight,

Drowns my spirits,-draws my breath! Elizabeth visited the town of Falkenstene, Tell me, my soul, can this-be death? the inhabitants employed their parish clerk

The world recedes; it disappears! to versify their address : the mayor, on be.

Heavin--opens on my eyes! my ears ing introduced, with great gravity mounted

With sounds seraphic ring :a three legged stool, and commenced his poetical declamation thus:

Lend, lend your wings! I mouni! Ify' " () mighty

O grave! where is thy victory? queer, Welcome to Falkenstene."" Eliza.

O death! where—is thy sting? beth burst out in a loud roar of laughter; and, without giving his worship time to re I hate to see-a shabby book, coner himself, she replied, “You great fool,

With half the leares--torn out,
Get off that stool."

And used, as if its owner—thought
Keep company with the wise and good.

I were made--to toss about



When queen

350. INFLECTIONS. The reader sees that | Proverbs. 1. Through the ear, we must firx. The rising inflection is used, when questions access to the heart

. 2. Hunger makes every kind are asked, that may be answered by yes, or of food acceptable. 3. Death -- is the finishing no; also, in cases of doubt and uncertainty: stroke in the picture of life. 4. The remembrance and that the falling inflection is used, when of labors performed, and difficulties overcomne. is al. questions are asked that are nol thus an- ways agreeable. 5. The labors of the student are swered ; and in all cases of strong affirma- sweeter, the farther he proceeds; because his heart tion. Some authors seem not to have no is in them. 6. Always yield to the truth. 7. The ticed the distinction between a rising inflec- improvement of the mind is of the first importance. lwn of the voice, and a simple suspension 8. Beware of going into the way of temptations : of it, when there is a continuation of the many have been ruined, merely by looking on, ko sense. Let us not rely too much on the in- see how others do. 9. Tricks and treachery anu flections, to enable us to give variety, but the practice of fools. 10. The proper study of on the different pitches of voice: the former munkind—is man. 11. Promote viriuous commugives artificial variety, and the latter, a nication. 12. An ape—is ridiculous by nature ; natural one.

men-by ari and study. 13. Flattery—is a very 331. 1. Accustom yourself to submit, on fashionable art. all occasions, (even in the most minute, as

Anecdote. Old Habits. The duke de well as the most important circumstances in Nivernois was acquainted with the countess life,) to a small, present evil, to obtain a de Rochefort, and never omitted going to greater, distant good. This will give de- see her a single evening. As she was a cision, tone, and energy to the mind; widow and he a widower, one of his friends which, thus disciplined, will often reap victo- observed to him, it would be more convenry-from defeat, and honor—from repulse. ient for him to marry that lady. “I have Having acquired this invaluable habit of often thought so," said he, "but one thing rational preference, and just uppreciation, prevents me; in that case, where should start for the prize that endureth forever. 2. spend my evenings?" The man, whose house is on fire, cries- Promises. If promises — from man to Fire! pine'!! FIRE'!!! with the falling man have force, why not from man to woinflection: but the roguish boy, who would man. Their very weakness is the charter raise a false alarm, cries, Firé, firé, fire, jured because they can't return it. with the rising inflection. 3. This is an (5) open, (4) honorable challenge; why are what are the rights and duties of the fami.

Varieties. Educational Questions. 1. you (6) silent? Why do you (5) prevari- ly, and of society at large, respecting the cate? 'I (6) insist upon this point; I (5) education of children? 2. To what sort and urge you to it: (4) press it; nay, I (3) dc- degree of education can any human individmand-it.

ual, as such, lay claim, independently of 352. The END, the cause and the EFFECT, fortune, or any other distinction ? 3. How are the three distinct things, which follow far should the education of a child be regueach other in regular and successive order; lated, according to his natural capacities, for every thing, in this world, and in the and how far should external circumstances other, proceeds according to these degrees: be permiited to affect it? 4. What are the hence, intelligence - properly consists in chief obstacles to a more general education knowing and distinguishing them, and see- of the poor; and what are he leading errors ing them in their order. Illustration: the committed in this greatest of all charities, end of man is the love of his will; for what so far as it extends at present? 5. What one loves, he proposes and intends: the are the chief errors committed in the educa. cause with him is the reason of the under tion of ihe wealthier classes, and by what standing; for the end, by means of the rea- means can the education of both poor and son, seeks for mediates, or efficient causes: rich be made to produce, in the course of and the effect is the operation of the body time, a more harmonious state of society? from, and according to, them. When these 6. How far, hitherto, as christianity been hree are exhibited in act, the end is inward. allowed to infuence education, and by what ly in the cause, and thro' the cause in the means can the difficulties, arising from dis. effect; wherefore, they co-exist in the effect. inclions amony christians, be obviated in itt Hence, the propriety of judging every one: - 7. Who will satisfactorily answer these im by his works; that is, by his fruits: tor the portant questions ? end, or the love of ine will, and the cause,

"From the birth
or the reason of his understanding, are to- of mortal man, the sov’reign Maker said,
gether in the effects; which three constitute That not in humble, nor In brief delight,
the whole rran.

Not in the fading echoes of renoron,
Oh how poor

Power's purple robes, por pleasure's flowery lap,
Seems the rich gift of genius, when it lies, The soul- can find enjoyment; but from these
Like the adventurous bird, that hath out-flown Turning, disdainful, to an equal good.
His strength-upon the sea, ambition-wrecked-Thro' all th' ascent of things—enlarge her riew,
A tbiog-the thrush night pity, as she sits, Till every bound-at length-shall disappear,
Brooding iu quiet, on ber lowly nest.

And infinito perfection-close the scene."

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