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Baccalaureate. Sunday morning the class and their friends listened to the baccalaureate sermon delivered by Rev. M. Rhodes, pastor of St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran church, St. Louis, Missouri. His text was taken from 1 Cor. 8:6, 11, 12, 15, 28, and Romans 11:36. His sermon seemed prompted by the tendency to forget the recognition of God. In eloquent and forceful langnage it was shown that this recognition is essential to higher individual and national life. The speaker enforced his statements by examples of the lives of agnostics and reference to France under the influence of Voltaire. Towards the close he showed how important is the teacher's influence in developing the religious tendencies of the child.

The following thoughts were projected by the speaker: Recognition of God is essential to any rights we may demand for ourselves. Man has progressed most where God has been recognized. Recognition of God is consistent with the construction of the human mind. He who forgets to kneel before the Divine soon becomes a worshipper of self. The highest art is always the most religious, the greatest artist is a devout man. When a nation forgets God it fades from among the nations. The most senseless battle is the battle against the supernatural, the most degrading infidelity is that which makes a man believe he is no one.

Oratory Rehearsal. Monday morning the friends of the members of the oratory

class were allowed to be present at the annual recital of the oratory class. While Miss Marsland and the class had expected and prepared for no public rehearsal, the audience were agreeably surprised by the success of the rendition of the different parts. Personal mention of those whose work was deserving would mean almost an entire list of those participating, and the audience were left longing to see what might be done were ample time and opportunity given to prepare.

Graduating Recital, Music Department. There was but one member in the graduating class this year. Miss May Whims, the graduate, was assisted in the recital by Miss Robb and the Orpheus and Euridice Clubs. The work of the graduate gave evidence of the thorough training received in the music department of the Normal. Probably the selections from Chopin and de Kontski were most highly appreciated by the audience although all the numbers were of especial merit. The singing by the vocal clubs was well appreciated by the audience. It was announced that tuition would be free hereafter to the seniors in the courses in piano, voice culture, and stringed instruments.

Junior-Senior Banquet. Monday evening the junior class tendered the seniors a banquet. Immediately after the graduating exercises the juniors, seniors, faculty, board of regents, and friends repaired to the main corridor of the first floor which had been converted into

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J. F. GRAY a banquet hall replete with brilliant lights, flowers, and spark: ling silver and glassware. The ladies of the Christian church were the caterers for the occasion.

Professor M. A. Bailey acted as toastmaster and filled the position well, introducing the toasts of the evening by witty and appropriate words. Professor Cora Marsland responded to the toast, “Whither You?” with earnestness. Miss Minnie Wohlford, addressing the juniors, wittily replied to the toast “Naughts to the Right.” Mr. E. B. Gift arose to the toast “Lifeless and Blooming.” Hon. F. S. Larabee, president of the board of regents, next replied with much humor to the toast "A Slide In." Mr. Larabee is a believer in a healthy athletic spirit in school, and a success as an after dinner speaker. President Taylor then responded to “Keep to the Right,” by his words stirring old memories and fixing new resolves in the minds of his hearers. And so passed one of the pleasantest evenings of the year.

Class Day. The exercises of Class Day are always interesting. Despite the fact that many had gone home, a large crowd filled the assembly room Tuesday afternoon. Mr. Oveson, representing the seniors, addressed the juniors. After recalling the many difficulties which the seniors had successfully encountered and brushed away in their solicitude and care for the juniors, he finished by chosen words replete with wisdom and advice and presented to the juniors on behalf of the seniors, a gold ring. W. A. Ward replied for the juniors. Remembering and acknowledging the greenness of the juniors, he admitted the ripeness of the seniors, remarking that “things were usually ripe when soft.” As a return for the gold ring he presented a dime and pin (diamond pin) He brought forward a hobbyhorse, and a hat band which could be taken up considerably, and recommended their use. He advised them, now that they were going out in the world, “to hitch their wagon to the stars but not to leave the endgate out."

A very interesting and beautiful flower drill was given by twelve young ladies. The audience were entranced by the grace and beauty of the evolutions, also by the grace and beauty of the young ladies. The closing number was a parody

on "Just One Girl" sung by members of the class, Mr. Page acting as director.

Educational Address. Professor Moulton of the University of Chicago, delivered the educational aduress. His subject was “What to Read and How to Read it.” He advanced fiction as the best of all literature. Making the statement that truth is truer than tact, he balanced the minds of the audience in judgment by referring to the statistics of the fellow on the other side of the silver question. Then he proceeded to show that fiction is the truth of life prepared and condensed for use. “Daniel Deronda" was truer than the “Life of John Smith." He showed how fiction might teach a great truth by citing and using King Lear in illustration.

One ought to read a book three times; once to see what it is about, the second time to see what is said and the third time in an attitude of friendly hostility. If this rule should be followed it would eliminate all trashy literature. One would have no time to waste on anything but the best.

After the lecture nearly everybody stayed for a short talk by Professor Moulton on what he termed the “Interpretative Recital.” He illustrated his talk by a selection from Marlowe's "Faust", This talk and the selection were much enjoyed. Everyone felt that the address had been one of the good things of the year.

Mass Meeting. The last assembly of the school occurred Wednesday morning. After the opening exercises each member of the faculty gave a short talk. Some were reminiscent, some were full of advice. Professor Bailey spoke of his future work briefly, fol. lowing by words of earnest counsel. Protessor Hill proved that his fund of humor is inexhaustible, and while not intend ing to add to the advice already given, certainly did so. Professor Stevenson was in favor of having examinations after commencement, or at least mixing them up with the exercises of commencement week. Doctor Chrisman talked on the value of athletics. Some little girls gave a pretty doll drill. President Taylor closed the meeting by a short talk on the practice of the school relative to athletics.

Reception to the Alumni. President and Mrs. Taylor received the members of ihe alumni Wednesday afternoon from four to six. Many former graduates were present and by mingling and comparing old experiences, freshened the memories of old school days and brought the affection for and interest in the old school into new life. The date of graduation of some of those present ran as far back as the 60's.

Sherbet was served and the animated conversation betokened the enjoyment of all.

Open Meeting. Wednesday evening the alumnal association held their open meeting. Many students, friends and former students were present. In some instances the voices from the past took the form of written messages. More often some one came to the platform and by selected words recalled the old times or testified to the onward march of progress. Good addresses were given by Mr. A. T. St. Clair, Miss Elizabeth Spencer, Miss Carrie Kelson, Mr. T. B. Henry and others. Music was furnished by Messrs. Kline, and Smith and Miss Elsie Stratton and a male quartette. The association and the alumni are potent factors in making school history.

Graduating Exercises. On Thursday morning at 9:30 thc graduating exercises for the class of '99 were held in Albert Taylor Hall. A large num

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ber of friends from the city and others from a distance attend

Notes. ed this, the most interesting and impressive program of the

The tree episode of Arbor Day furnished much amusement year. The first number on the program was a march by the at the junior and senior gatherings. Normal orchestra, which was rendered while the late arrivals

Everybody regretted the absence of Regent Roșs. He was were being seated and the audience was getting the proper

detained by the serious illness of Mrs. Ross. focus on the platform. Professor Hill then invoked the divine blessing upon the occasion and the assembled multitude. Next

The Vernon mandolin club furnished the music for the Juncame a pleasing anthem rendered by a chorus composed of

ior-Senior banquet. It added greatly to the enjoyment of the

occasion. some of the best singers of the institution and of the city.

One of the old guard says that the commencement exercises Miss Edna Roberson, the salutatorian of the class, was then

throughout were the best in the history of the institution. introduced. She delivered an excellent oration on “The Mis.

Many friends say amen and amen! sion of Fun." She exalted this mission by showing the influence of fun in softening the hard lines of life and in develop

The ladies of the Christian church served the Junior-Senior ing the finer sensibilities of the soul.

banquet and the ladies of the Baptist church the alumni ban

quet. Both menus were elaborate and called forth words of Mr. Elihu Bowles then followed with a well written

hearty commendation from every one. oration on the subject, "Sunshine and Shadow in Literature."

President Larabee's address Mr. Bowles showed the tendency of some writers to look on

to the graduating class was the dark side of life as evidenced by their productions. He

delightful and refreshing. He is an orator to the manor born also pointed out the optimistic tendency of other writers.

and promises to make this address a popular feature of comMr. Bowles demonstrated by his discussion of the subject that

mencement day as long as he is president of the board of

regents. he is thoroughly conversant with the literature of the time.

Mrs. President Larabee was a welcome visitor during the Professor Butler now entertained the audience with a de

week and made many friends among faculty and students. lightful violin solo.

She and President Larabee, together with Professor and Mrs. Miss May Chandler then delivered an able argument in de

Bailey, received with President and Mrs. Taylor at the alumui fence of the Jews, her subject being, “A plea for the Jews."

reception at the latter's home. Miss Chandler argued that the persecution of the race ought to cease; that the universal prejudice against it ought to be brok

The five year reunion plan is already a Spronounced success. en down; that it ought to be given a chance to redeem itself in

The members of the '4's and '9's took prominent parts on the the eyes of an exacting world.

alumni open meeting program and were everywhere especially

honored. The '5's and 'o's will hold their reunion next year. Miss Mabel House chose for her subject,“Art and Children.”

Begin to save your pennies now. She discused in a graceful manner the important mission of art. She pointed out clearly the ennobling influence of art

The juniors are very happy over the result of the Junior-Senupon the child life. The oration of Miss House is the work of

ior banquet. In addition to the fact that it was a great success, an artist.

they turn in an excess of thirteen dollars to meet deficiencies Miss Edith Wilkinson continued the exercises by rendering

that may occur in future junior banquets or to be used in some a pleasing piano solo.

other way to be designated later. Miss Kittie M. Taylor discussed the reign of many kings as

The entire membership of the class of '67, Miss Ellen Plumb she developed her subject, “The Rule of the King.” Miss Tay. and Mrs. Mary J. Watson Short, were at the alumni reception lor showed, in a happy manner, that king "Custom” stands at President Taylor's and were also honored guests at the above all others in absolute power. The people of every age

alumni banquet. Mrs. Short's delightful talk struck the keynote and clime bow before the throne of the monarch. No one will to the entire hour. At its close, she and her class were given go far beyond the limitations he has prescribed. Miss Taylor's

the Normal salute. oration was well written and was well delivered.

The stage decorations were never finer. Professor Gridley The valedictorian of the class, Mr. Albert M. Thoroman, was particularly happy in the special designs for each occasion. then discussed the subject, “God's Call to the Nation." He

It was worth while for a student to remain over commencement pointed out the responsibility resting upon the educated citi- week simply to study the decorations. They were simple, zen. He impressed upon his classmates the solemn obligations tasteful, and expressive. Those of Sunday morning and Tuesresting upon them as they go out into the world and begin their day and Wednesday evenings were strikingly beautiful and life work.

attractive. This oration was followed by a piano duet by Misses May

For the first time in the history of the school, a representaWhims and Lucy Robb. President Taylor, in a feeling and

tive of the colored race received the diploma. Two members appropriate speech, presented the class to the board of regents.

of '99 are of genuine ebony and have right royally earned their Mr. Larabee, on behalf of the board, responded in an eloquent sheepskins. John R. Smith is a popular teacher in the Kansas address as he conferred the diplomas upon the class. He was City, Kansas, schools and the other, Gaitha Page, has been generously applauded.

elected to a good position in the Topeka city schools. We The class of '99 certainly has every reason to feel proud of hope others of their people may imitate their example. its representatives upon this occasion. The addresses were The class of '99 decided to establish a students' loan fund and uniformly good. These orations show that the students of this deposited its surplus in its treasury, $113.25, with a board of institution are being trained to think and write. This practical trust, composed of the president of the faculty, the vice presiwork along the line of oratory is one of the many recommend- dent, and the head of the department of physics and chemising features of the institution.

try. It is proposed to loan this fund to deserving students, the With the pronouncing of the benediction the exercises closed

accumulating interest to become a part of the principal. If

properly managed this fund will approximate $100,000 in a and another school year at the Kansas State Normal passed into

hundred years. Already one student has been accommodated history,

J. E. C.

from it.

Professor Bailey Resigns. Professor M. A. Bailey has at last received his marching orders and will begin his work as professor of mathematics in the New York City training school on September 11. His salary will be $3,500.

embarrassed greatly, however, by the emotions that would not down. At the alumni banquet he indulged in a few reminiscences that showed the strength of the bond that binds him here.

The fine complirnent Toast-master Stevenson paid Mrs. Bailey as he introduced the Professor, found a hearty amen in every heart. She has indeed been to him a most wise counsellor and sympathetic companion. Her friends are also legion and she will be greatly missed by all classes of people, but particularly by those who have so often been admitted to the inner circle of her hospitable home.

Blessings on them both!

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Minnie Luella Shaw. The exercises of commencement week were not without a shadow, for many beside the members of the faculty and of the senior class missed a dear face whose patient suffering and unrivaled faithfulness had stimulated many a weary heart and inspired to a more unselfish endeavor.

Minnie Luella Shaw was born in Illinois about twenty-three years ago. She graduated at the Wellington high school, taught three years, and had almost completed her course here when she yielded to an insidious disease which at last claimed her for its own on Wednesday evening, April 27. During many long weeks of suffering, she patiently, hopefully looked forward to a time when she might resume her work with her classmates, but became resigned toward the end and went to sleep in assured faith of the resurrection. Many little tokens of love and sympathy were sent from time to time by her immediate friends and classmates and they always touched her deeply.

She was a member of the Literati society and always took a great interest in everything pertaining to her society and the school as a whole. She was a woman of warm friendship, of unswerving devotion to duty, of varied resources, and of great promise as a teacher. She was laid away in Maplewood ceme

tery, loving hands having covered the grave with evergreens PROFESSOR M. A. BAILEY.

and Aowers. The services were conducted by Rev. L. E. SelFourteen years ago he came to us from Keene, New Hamp- lars, of the First Christian Church of this city. In our own shire, and immediately became one of the strongest and most sorrow, we are not unmindful of the deep shadows that have popular teachers in the institution. He soon developed state- fallen over the widowed mother who found no sacrifice too wide interest in methods in arithmetic in the public schools and great in her desire to serve her suffering child. We mingle our issued a small pamphlet on the subject that had a liberal sale. tears with hers and assure her of tender sympathy. Some five years since, The American Book Company published his handy little Mental Arithmetic, and two years later his

The Alumni Business Meeting. American Comprehensive Arithmetic. They at once placed The new officers of the Alumni Association for the ensuing him among the first mathematicians of the country. He has

year are as follows: President, Mrs. G. W. Newman, '70; vice for many years been a popular lecturer on mathematical sub

president, Mr. A. S. Newman, '95; corresponding secretary, jects at summer schools and institutes, everywhere stimulating Miss Hattie Cochran, '90; recording secretary, Miss Mary enquiry and winning adherents to his methods. His clear McCreary, '95; treasurer, Miss Ellen Plumb, '67. notions of principles, his accuracy in details, his intense earn- The by-laws referring to the time of meeting were suspended estness, his loyalty to truth, his genial humor, his love for his for one year in order to cooperate with the faculty in an adjustfriends, combine at once to make him an ideal teacher, a valu

ment of the program for commencement able citizen, and a trusted friend.

The fee for life membership was reduced to five dollars, and His standing in the State of Kansas is too well known to need

the annual dues were reduced to fifty cents, with the underany word of praise at our hands. Everybody agrees that the

standing that lapsed members are reinstated on the payment of School and the State suffer a great loss in his going. The edi- one dollar. tor desires to express his profound sense of obligations to him The officers were instructed to call a business and social for his generous and unwavering cooperation during these meeting of the resident alumni not later than the first of twice-seven years. His judgment has been invaluable, his November of the present year. courage infectious, his sympathy unfailing.

Much enthusiasm was manifested by the alumni at this meet. At the close of the exercises on Thursday morning, Professor ing as well as at all the meetings of the week. Wilkinson stepped forward and in a happy speech presented Professor Bailey with a handsome gold watch as a token of the The class of '99 is composed of eighty-stx members. Though esteem and good will of his friends,—the students and facully not so large as '98, it made a superb presentation on commenceof the State Normal School. He replied in fitting words, ment day and will make a fine record in the field,

cek, 1900.

THE STATE NORMAL DIRECTORY.

The Board of Regents. HON. F. S. LARABEE, President

Stafford HON. A. H. TURNER, Vice President.

Chanute HON. JOHN MADDEN, Secretary

Emporia HON. S. H. DODGE, Treasurer

Beloit HON. J. H. RITCHIE.

.Cherryvale HON, E. A. ROSS..

Burr Oak The Faculty. ALBERT R. TAYLOR, Ph. D., President,

928 Union Psychology and Philosophy of Education. JASPER N. WILKINSON, Secretary....

832 Merchants Director in Training. MIDDLESEX A. BAILEY, A. M.

218 West Twelfth Avenue

Mathematics. JOSEPH H. HILL, A. M.

1515 Highland Place

Latin, M'LOUISE JONES, A. M.

909 Mechanics

English, WILLIAM C. STEVENSON

1017 Mechanics Bookkeeping and Penmanship. EMMA L. GRIDLEY..

728 Merchants

Drawing. CHARLES A. BOYLE, B. M.

827 Constitution Voice, Piano, and Harmony. CORA MARSLAND, O, M.

.813 Mechanics

Elocution, MARY A. WHITNEY

.827 Market History United States. ACHSAH M. HARRIS

827 Mechanics Critic Teacher, Model Intermediate. OSCAR CHRISMAN, PH. D.........

1013 Market History of Education, and Economics. DANIEL A. ELLSWORTH

.727 Merchants

Geography. L. C. WOOSTER, Ph. D...

1017 Union Natural History. T. M. IDEN, Ph. M.

.913 Union Physics and Chemistry. MAUDIE L, STONE, S. B...

.728 Merchants Physical Training. EVA M'NALLY.

714 Merchants Associate Professor, English. ELI L. PAYNE, B. P.

1218 Neosho Associate Professor, Mathematics. MRS. HATTIE E. BOYLE, B. M.

827 Constitution Associate Professor, Piano and Theory. ANNA L. CARLL

1002 Market Assistant Teacher, Model Grammar. HATTIE E. BASSETT

724 Merchants Assistant Teacher, Elocution. ELVA E, CLARKE

1025 Constitution

Librarian. MARTHA J. WORCESTER,

906 Mechanics Assistant Teacher, English, MAUD HAMILTON...

1002 Market Assistant Teacher, Latin and Pedagogics. MARY S. TAYLOR

312 West Twelfih Aveuue Assistant Teacher, Mathematics. LOTTIE E. CRARY

1315 N. Merchants Assistant, Natural History. WILLIAM A. VAN VORIS.

.. 1316 Market Assistant, Physics and Chemistry. ISABEL MILLIGAN

312 West Twelve Avenue Assistant Critic Teacher, Model Intermediate. JENNIE WHITBECK, B. P.

........... 1028 Congress Assistant, Model Department. HATTIE COCHRAN

1315 North Merchants Manuscript Assistant, English, E. E. SALSER

.1028 Congress Assistant, Bookkeeping and Penmanship. CHARLINE P. MORGAN

...617 Exchange Model Primary and Kindergarten. WILLIAM S. PICKEN

... 717 Mechanics Assistant Teacher, History. FREDERICK B. ABBOTT, Ph. D.

1015 Constitution Manual Training. WILLIAM G. BUTLER

827 Mechanics Violin, Mandolin, Guitar, and Banjo. E. ANNA STONE

.1316 North Merchants Second Assistant in Piano. EDWARD ELIAS..

823 Mechanics Assistant Teacher, German and French. ALLEN S. NEWMAN...

.......1013 Merchants

Office Secretary. PEARL STUCKEY ....

422 Market Stenographer. NELLIE STANLEY..

1123 Congress Assistant, Library and Office. BESSIE KNAPPENBERGER ..

312 Neosho Assistant, Library.

The enrollment for the first two days of the summer school is already in excess of that of the whole of last summer and new students are coming in on every train. Many will be in at the close of the June institutes.

The band benefit concert occurred on the evening of May 27. For some time past the band has been under the direction of Professor Boyle, Mr. Long having resigned to accept a position with the Soldiers' Home Band at Leavenworth. The band was assisted by other musical organizations of the school and the Sappho Club of the city. The program was unusually pleasing and Professor Boyle received many warm congratulations from those present. The attendance was hardly as large as usual but was enthusiastically appreciative throughout.

We are in receipt of the announcements for one hundred Kansas Normal institutes and find to our pleasure that the conductors of twenty-five of them are State Normal School people, and that seventy-eight of the two hundred and thirty instructors positions are also filled by them. Of the three hundred and thirty conductors and instructors named one hundred and three of them were trained at the State Normal School. This is an excellent showing for one school.

The Normal catalogue is out and shows an attendance of over 1800 for the year. This is less than the enrollment for the preceding year, though we are satisfied that the average attend. ance through the year has been higher. Ninety-two Kansas counties and eighteen different states and territories were represented. It is gratifying to note a marked increase in the number in the second year classes. Copies of the catalogue will be sent postpaid to all applicants.

Kansas City, Kansas, is reaching out into the state for teachers. During the past year it has called some ten or twelve State Normal graduates teaching in different parts of the state into its force. Among these are Misses Louie Atkins and Laura Murray of the Atchison schools, Miss Minnie Rich of the Emporia schools, Miss Kate Bell of the Valley Falls schools, Miss Nellie Mack of the Clyde schools, Miss Lillian B. Smith of the Clyde schools, Miss Minnie Green of the Effingham schools, Miss Kate Sharrard of the Atchison schools, and Miss Christine Nelson of the Concordia schools.

GOVERNOR and Mrs. Stanley honored the Normal with an hour's visit on the morning of June 8. They went through the entire building and expressed keen interest in everything they saw. The Governor made a short but sensible and eloquent address to us at devotionals, arousing much enthusiasm. He enjoyed the singing of “Old Gold” and “The Jayhawker's Song," taking a copy of the latter for "three little Jayhawkers at Wichita to sing tomorrow night.” He gave the address to the graduating class at the College of Emporia on the same morning. It was most fitting the occasion and will long serve as an inspiration to those who heard it.

Most of the heads of the departments are at work in the summer school. Professor Jones goes at once to Bay View. Professor Stone will rusticate in the East. Professor Iden will renew his youth at the old home, Irvington, Indiana. Professors McNally and Hill will take advanced work at the University of Chicago. President Taylor and family, Misses Hamilton and Clark, Professor Abbott, and probably Professor and Mrs. Stevenson will go to the N. E. A. at Los Angeles and then summer on the coast or in the mountains. Miss Whitbeck visits friends in Ohio. Mr. Picken conducts institutes at Belleville in July and Russell in August. Miss Crary will work in the museum and Mr. Van Voris is teaching three classes in the summer school. The others are enjoying the delights of home comforts.

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