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George, Greek, a husbandman.
Gerard, Saxon, all towardliness.
Gideon, Hebrew, a breaker.
Gilbert, Saxon, bright as gold.
Giles, Greek, a little goat.
Godard, German, a godly disposition.
Godrey, German, God's peace.
Godwin, German, victorious in God.
Griffith, British, having great faith.
Guy, French, the mistletoe shrub.
Hannibal, Punic, a gracious lord.
Harold, Saxon, a champion.
Hector, Greek, a stout defender.
Henry, German, a rich lord.
Herbert, German, a bright lord.

Hercules, Greek, the glory of Hera, or Juno.
Hezekiah, Hebrew, cleaving to the Lord.
Horatio, Italian, worthy to be beheld.
Howel, British, sound or whole.
Hubert, German, a bright colour.
Hugh, Dutch, high, lofty.

Humphrey, German, domestic peace.
Ingram, German, of angelic purity.
Isaac, Hebrew, laughter.

Jacob, Hebrew, a supplanter.
James, or Jacques, beguiling.
Joab, Hebrew, fatherhood.

Job, Hebrew, sorrowing.

Joel, Hebrew, acquiescing.

John, Hebrew, the grace of the Lord.
Jonah, Hebrew, a dove.

Jonathan, Hebrew, the gift of the Lord.
Joscelin, German, just.

Joseph, Hebrew, addition.

Josias, Hebrew, the fire of the Lord.
Joshua, Hebrew, a Saviour.
Lambert, Saxon, a fair lamb.
Lancelot, Spanish, a little lance.

Laurence, Latin, crowned with laurels.
Lazarus, Hebrew, destitute of help.
Leonard, German, like a lion.
Leopold, German, defending the people.
Lewis, French, the defender of the people
Lionel, Latin, a little lion.

Llewellin, British, like a lion.

Lucius, Latin, shining.

Luke, Greek, a wood or grove

Mark, Latin, a hammer.

Martin, Latin, martial.

Matthew, Hebrew, a gift or present.
Maurice, Latin, sprung of a Moor.
Meredith, British, the roaring of the sea.
Michael, Hebrew, who is like God?
Morgan, British, a mariner.
Moses, Hebrew, drawn out.

Nathaniel, Hebrew, the gift of God.
Neal, French, somewhat black.

Nicolas, Greek, victorious over the people.
Noel, French, belonging to one's nativity.
Norman, French, one born in Normandy.
Obadiah, Hebrew, the servant of the Lord.
Oliver, Latin, an olive.

Orlando, Italian, counsel for the land.
Osmund, Saxon, house peace.

Oswald, Saxon, ruler of a house.
Owen, British, well descended.
Patrick, Latin, a nobleman.
Paul, Latin, small, little.

Percival, French, a place in France.
Peregrine, Latin, outlandish.
Peter, Greek, a rock or stone.
Philip, Greek, a lover of horses.
Phineas, Hebrew, of bold countenance.
Ralph, contracted from Radolph, or
Randal, or Ranulph, Saxon, pure help.
Raymund, German, quiet peace.
Reuben, Hebrew, the son of vision.
Reynold, German, a lover of purity.
Richard, Saxon, powerful.

Robert, German, famous in counsel.
Roger, German, strong counsel.
Rowland, German, counsel for the land,
Rufus, Latin, reddish.

Solomon, Hebrew, peaceable.

Samson, Hebrew, a little son.

Samuel, Hebrew, heard by God.
Saul, Hebrew, desired.

Sebastian, Greek, to be reverenced.
Simeon, Hebrew, hearing.

Simon, Hebrew, obedient.

Stephen, Greek, a crown or garland.
Swithin, Saxon, very high.

Theobald, Saxon, bold over the people.
Theodore, Greek, the gift of God.
Theodosius, Greek, given of God.
Theophilus, Greek, a lover of God.
Thomas, Hebrew, a twin.

Timothy, Greek, a fearer of God.

Toby, or Tobias, Hebrew, the goodness of the

Valentine, Latin, powerful.
Vincent, Latin, conquering.
Vivian, Latin, living.

Walter, German, a conqueror.

Walwin, German, a conqueror.
William, German, defending many.

Zaccheus, Syriac, innocent.

Zachary, Hebrew, remembering the Lord.
Zebedee, Syriac, having an inheritance.
Zedekiah, Hebrew, the justice of the Lord.

Adeline, German, a princess.
Agatha, Greek, good.
Agnes, German, chaste.

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139 lea, Greek, the truth,

Mabel, Latin, lovely. a, Greek, hunting.

Magdalene, Maudlin, Syriac, magnificent. Alicia, German, noble.

Margaret, German, a pearl. Amelia, French, a beloved.

Martha, Hebrew, bitterness. a, Anne, or Hannah, Hebrew, gracious. Mary, Hebrew, bitter. Della, Latin, a fair altar.

Maud, Matilda, Greek, a lady of honour. eola, Latin, like gold.

Mercy, English, compassion. bara, Latin, foreign or strange.

Mildred, Saxon, speaking mild. trice, Latin, making happy.

Nest, British, the same as Agnes. ledicta, Latin, blessed.

Nicola, Greek, feminine of Nicolas. nice, Greek, bringing victory.

Olympia, Greek, heavenly. etha, Greek, bright or famous.

Orabilis, Latin, to be entreated. inche, French, fair.

Parnell, or Petronilla, little Peter. na, Latin, good.

Patience, Latin, bearing patiently. idget, Irish, shining bright.

Paulina, Latin, feminine of Paulinus. ssandra, Greek, a reformer of men.

Penelope, Greek, a turkey. itharine, Greek, pure or clean.

Persis, Greek, destroying. narity, Greek, love, bounty.

Philadelphia, Greek, brotherly love. harlotte, French, all noble.

Philippa, Greek, feminine of Philip. aroline, feminine of Carolus, the Latin of Phæbe, Greek, the light of life. Charles, noble-spirited.

Phyllis, Greek, a green bough. Chloe, Greek, a green herb.

Priscilla, Latin, somewhat old. Christiana, Greek, belonging to Christ.

Prudence, Latin, discretion. Cecilia, Latin, from Cecil.

Pysche, Greek, the soul. Cicely, a corruption of Cecilia.

Rachel, Hebrew, a lamb. Clara, Latin, clear or bright.

Rebecca, Hebrew, fat or plump. Constance, Latin, constant.

Rhode, Greek, a rose. Deborah, Hebrew, a bee.

Rosamund, Saxon, rose of peace. Diana, Greek, Jupiter's daughter.

Rosa, Latin, a rose. Dorcas, Greek, a wild roe.

Rosabella, Italian, a fair rose. Dorothy, Greek, the gift of God.

Rosecleer, English, a fair rose. Edith, Saxon, happiness.

Ruth, Hebrew, trembling. Eleanor, Saxon, all fruitful.

Sabina, Latin, sprung from the Sabines. Eliza, Elizabeth, Hebrew, the oath of God.

Salome, Hebrew, perfect. Emily, corrupted from Amelia.

Sapphira, Greek, like a sapphire stone. Emma, German, a nurse.

Sarah, Hebrew, a princess. Esther, Hesther, Hebrew, secret.

Sibylla, Greek, the counsel of God. Eve, Hebrew, causing life.

Sophia, Greek, wisdom. Eunice, Greek, fair victory.

Sophronia, Greek, of a sound mind. Eudoia, Greek, prospering in the way.

Susan, Susanna, Hebrew, a lily. Frances, German, free.

Tabitha, Syriac, a roe. Gertrude, German, all truth.

Temperance, Latin, moderation. Grace, Latin, favour.

Theodosia, Greek, given by God. Hagar, Hebrew, a stranger,

Tryphosa, Greek, delicious. Helena, Greek, alluring

Tryphena, Greek, delicate. Jane, softened from Joan ; or,

Vida, Erse, feminine of David. Janne, the feminine of John.

Ursula, Latin, a female bear. Janet, Jeannette, little Jane.

Walburg, Saxon, gracious.
Joyce, French, pleasant.

Winifred, Saxon, winning peace
Isabella, Spanish, fair Eliza.

Zenobia, Greek, the life of Jupiter.
Judith, Hebrew, praising.
Julia, Juliana, feminine of Julius.

902. Hints on the Barometer,
Letitia, Latin, joy of gladness.
Lois, Greek, better.

903. Why does a Barometer inLucretia, Latin, a chaste Roman lady.

dicate the Pressure of the Atmosphere ? Lucy, Latin, feminine of Lucius.

Because it consists of a tube conLydia, Greek, descended from Ind. taining quicksilver, closed at one end,



and open at the other, so that the air, becoming dense, and free from pressure of air upon the open end balances the weight of the column of mercury (quicksilver); and when the pressure of the air upon the open surface of the mercury increases or decreases, the mercury rises or falls in response thereto.

highly elastic vapours, presses with increased force upon the mercury upon which the weight floats; that weight, therefore, sinks in the short tube as the mercury rises in the long one, and in sinking, turns the hand to Change, Fair, &c.

909. When does the Barometer stand

904. Why is a Barometer called also a "Weather Glass"? Because highest? When there is a duration changes in the weather are generally of frost, or when north-easterly winds preceded by alterations in the atmo- prevail. spheric pressure. But we cannot perceive those changes as they gradually occur; the alteration in the height of the column of mercury, therefore, enables us to know that atmospheric changes are taking place, and by observation we are enabled to determine certain rules by which the state of the weather may be foretold with considerable probability.

905. Why does the Hand of the Weather Dial change its Position when the Column of Mercury rises or falls? Because a weight which floats upon the open surface of the mercury is attached to a string, having a nearly equal weight at the other extremity; the string is laid over a revolving pivot, to which the hand is fixed, and the friction of the string turns the hand as the mercury rises or falls.

906. Why does Tapping the Face of the Barometer sometimes cause the Hand to Move? Because the weight on the surface of the mercury frequently leans against the side of the tube, and does not move freely. And, also, the mercury clings to the sides of the tube by capillary attraction; therefore, tapping on the face of the barometer sets the weight free, and overcomes the attraction which impedes the rise or fall of the mercury.

907. Why does the Fall of the Barometer denote the Approach of Rain? Because it shows that as the air cannot support the full weight of the column of mercury, the atmosphere must be thin with watery vapours.

908. Why does the Rise of the Barometer denote the Approach of Fine Weather? Because the external

910. Why does the Barometer stand highest at these Times? Because the atmosphere is exceedingly dry and dense, and fully balances the weight of the column of mercury.

911. When does the Barometer stand lowest? When a thaw follows a long frost, or when south-west winds prevail.

912. Why does the Barometer stand lowest at these Times? Because much moisture exists in the air, by which it is rendered less dense and heavy.*

913. Cheap Fuel.-One bushel of small coal or sawdust, or both mixed together, two bushels of sand, one bushel and a half of clay. Let these be mixed together with common water, like ordinary mortar; the more they are stirred and mixed together the better; then make them into balls, or with a small mould make them in the shape of bricks, pile them in a dry place, and when they are hard and sufficiently dry, they may be used. A fire cannot be lighted with them, but when the fire is quite lighted, put them on behind with a coal or two in front, and they will be found to keep up a stronger fire than any fuel of the com mon kind.

914. Economy of Fuel.-There is no part of domestic economy which everybody professes to understand better than the management of a fire, and yet there is no branch in the household arrangement where there is a greater

From "The Reason Why General Science, containing 1,400 Reasons for things generally believed but imperfectly understood. London: Houlston and Wright. 2s. 6d.




proportional and unnecessary waste than chant; a situation which few families, arises from ignorance and mismanage- even in genteel life, can boast of. ment in this article.

922. INDEED we cannot too often 915. IT IS AN OLD ADAGE that we repeat the truth, that to deal for ready must stir no man's fire until we have money only, in all the departments of known him seven years; but we might domestic arrangement, is the truest find it equally prudent if we were care- economy. ful as to the stirring of our own.

923. READY MONEY will always 916. ANYBODY, INDEED, CAN TAKE command the best and cheapest of

A POKER and toss the coals about: every article of consumption, if exbut that is not stirring a fire !

pended with judgment: and the dealer, 917. IN SHORT, The Use of a Poker who intends to act fairly, will always applies solely to two particular points prefer it. -the opening of a dying fire, so as to

924. TRUST NOT him who seems admit the free passage of the air into it, more anxious to give credit than to reand sometimes, but not always, through ceive cash. it; or else approximating the remains 925. The FORMER hopes to secure of a half-burned fire, so as to concen- custom by having a hold upon you in trate the heat, whilst the parts still his books; and continues always to ignited are opened to the atmosphere. make up for his advance, either by an

918. The Same Observation may advanced price, or an inferior article; apply to the use of a pair of bellows, whilst the latter knows that your custhe mere blowing of which at random, tom can only be secured by fair dealing. nine times out of ten, will fail; the force 926. THERE IS, LIKEWISE, ANOTHER of the current of air sometimes blowing CONSIDERATION, as far as economy is out the fire, as it is called—that is, concerned, which is not only to buy carrying off the caloric too rapidly,--and with ready money, but to buy at proper at others, directing the warmed current seasons ; for there is with every article from the unignited fuel, instead of a cheap season and a dear one; and with into it.

none more than coals: insomuch that 919. TO PROVE this, let any person the master of a family who fills his coal sit down with a pair of bellows to a cellar in the middle of the summer, fire oniy partially ignited, or partially rather than the beginning of the winter, extinguished ; let him blow, at first, will find it filled at less expense than it not into the burning part, but into the would otherwise cost him : and will be dead coals close to it, so that the air enabled to see December's snows falling may partly extend to the burning without feeling his enjoyment of his coal.

fireside lessered by the consideration 920. AFTER A FEW Blasts let the that the cheerful blaze is supplied at bellows blow into the burning fuel, but twice the rate that it need have done, directing the stream partly towards the if he had exercised more foresight. dead coal; when it will be found that 927. WE MUST NOW CALL to the rethe ignition will extend much more collection of our readers, that chimneys rapidly than under the common method often smoke, and that coals are often of blowing furiously into the flame at wasted, by throwing too much fuel at random.

once upon a fire. 921. IF THE CONSUMER, instead of 928. TO PROVE THIS OBSERVATION, ordering a large supply of coals at once, it is only necessary to remove the suwill at first content himself with a perfluous coal from the top of the grate, sample, he may with very little trouble when the smoking instantly ceases : as ascertain who will deal fairly with him ; to the waste, that evidently proceeds and, if he wisely pays ready money, hé from the frequent intemperate and inwill be independent of his coal mer- judicious use of the poker, which not




only throws a great portion of the small coals among the cinders, but often extinguishes the fire it was intended to foster.

929. Whenever Oil is used for the purpose of artificial light, it should be kept free from all exposure to atmospheric air; as it is apt to absorb considerable quantities of oxygen. If oil is very coarse or tenacious, a very small quantity of oil of turpentine may be added.

930. Candles improve by keeping a few months. If wax candles become discoloured or soiled, they may be restored by rubbing them over with a clean flannel slightly dipped in spirits of wine.

931. In Lighting Candles, always hold the match to the side of the wick, and not over the top.

932. Night Lights.-Field's and Child's night lights are generally known and are easily obtainable. But under circumstances where they cannot be procured, the waste of candles may be thus applied. Make a fine cotton, and wax it with white wax. Then cut into the requisite lengths. Melt the grease and pour into pill boxes, previously either fixing the cotton in the centre, or dropping it in just before the grease sets. If a little white wax be melted with the grease, all the better. In this manner, the ends and drippings of candles may be used up. When set to burn, place in a saucer, with sufficient water to rise to the extent of the 16th of an inch around the base of the night light.

933. Revolving Ovens.-These ovens, which may probably be obtained through ironmongers and hardwaremen in the country by order, when suspended in front of any common fire by means of a bottle-jack or a common worsted string, will bake bread, cakes, pies, &c., in a much more equal and perfect manner than either a side oven or an American oven, without depriving the room of the heat and comfort of the fire. We have tested these facts, and can pronounce the revolving oven

By an

to be a household treasure. ordinary fire, in any room in the house, it will bake a four-pound loaf in an hour and twenty minutes. It also bakes pastry remarkably well, and all the care it requires is merely to give it a look now and then to see that it keeps turning. In one family the saving has been found to be 3s. 6d. per week-a large proportion of the earnings of many poor families. The cost of the oven is 8s. 6d. We have no doubt that in many families the saving through grinding their own wheat, and baking their own bread by the means we have pointed out, will be as much as 10s. per week, and in large establishments, schools, &c., considerably more.

934. Yeast.-Boil, say on Monday morning, two ounces of the best hops in four quarts of water for half an hour; strain it, and let the liquor cool to newmilk warmth; then put in a small handful of salt and half a pound of sugar; beat up one pound of the best flour with some of the liquor, and then mix well all together. On Wednesday add three pounds of potatoes, boiled, and then mashed, to stand till Thursday; then strain it and put it into bottles, and it is ready for use. It must be stirred frequently while it is making, and kept near the fire. Before using, shake the bottle up well. It will keep in a cool place for two months, and is best at the latter part of the time. The beauty of this yeast is that it ferments spontaneously, not requiring the aid of other yeast; and if care be taken to let it fer-. ment well in the earthen bowl in which it is made, you may cork it up tight when bottled. The quantity above given will fill four seltzer-water bottles. The writer of the above receipt has used this yeast for many months, and never had lighter bread than it affords, and never knew it to fail.

935. Yeast.-The following yeast has undergone the test of thirty-six years:-For a stone of flour (but a greater quantity does not require so much in proportion),-into two quarts of water put a nip (a quarter of an ounce)

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