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parents, who lives by faith. If you love your children, and at the same time are listless about their eternity, what other explanation can be given, than that you believe not what the Bible tells of eternity? You believe not of the wrath, and the anguish, and the tribulation that are there. Those piercing cries that here, from any one of your children, would go to your very heart and drive you frantic with the horror of its sufferings, you do not believe that there is pain there to call them forth. You do not think of the meeting-place that you are to have with them before the judgment-seat of Christ, and of the looks of anguish and the words of reproach that they will cast upon you, for having neglected, and so undone their eternity. The awful sentence of condemnation-the signal of everlasting departure to all who know not God and obey not the Gospel-the ceaseless moanings that ever and anon shall ascend from the lake of living agony-the grim and dreary imprisonment whose barriers are closed insuperably and for ever on the hopeless out-casts of vengeance;-these, ye men who wear the form of godliness, but show not the power of it in your training of families, these are not the articles of your faith. To you they are as the imaginations of a legendary fable. Else why this apathy? Why so alert to the rescue of your young from even the most trifling of calamities, and this dead indifference about their exposure to the most tremendous of all? O the secret will be out! The cause bewrayeth itself. You have not faith; and compassed about though you be with Sabbath forms, and seemly observance, and the semblance of a goodly and well-looking profession, yet if you labour not specifically and in practical earnest for the souls of your children, your doings short of this are, we fear, but the diseased and lame offerings of hypocrisy -your Christianity, we fear, is a delusion.-Dr

Chalmers.

A GOOD MOTHER.

In the vicinity of Philadelphia, there was a pious mother, who had the happiness of seeing her children, in very early life, brought to the knowledge of the truth-all walking in the fear of the Lord, and ornaments to the Christian Church. A clergyman, who was travelling, having heard this circumstance, wished very much to see her, thinking that there might be something peculiar in her mode of giving religious

instruction which rendered it so effectual. He accordingly visited her, and inquired concerning the manner in which she discharged the duties of a mother in educating her children. The woman replied, that she did not know that she had been more faithful than any other Christian mother would be in the instruction of her children. After a little conversation, she said, "While my children were infants on my lap, as I washed them, I raised my heart to God, that he would wash them in that blood which cleanseth from all sin; as I clothed them in the morning, I asked my heavenly Father to clothe them in the robe of Christ's righteousness; as I provided them food, I prayed that God would feed their souls with the bread of heaven, and give them to drink the water of life. When I have prepared them

for the house of God, I have pled that their bodies might be fit temples for the Holy Spirit to dwell in; when they left me for the week-day school, I followed their infant footsteps with a prayer, that their path through life might be like that of the just, which shineth more and more unto the perfect day; and as I committed them to rest at night, the silent breathing of my soul has been that their heavenly Father would take them to his embrace, and fold them in his paternal arms. I have committed their way, and taught them to commit their way, to the Lord, and the Lord has cared for them. It is his doing, not mine; and what he has done for me and my children he is willing, and has promised to do, for all who seek his face.

MORNING HYMN FOR A LITTLE CHILD.
O GOD! I see the morning light,

And Thou hast kept me through the night!
I thank Thee for thy love and care,
And beg Thee hear my morning prayer.

Keep me, O God! again to-day,
And take my naughty heart away;
O make me gentle, good, and mild-
Just like the Saviour when a child!

And when to-night I fall asleep,
O come again the watch to keep!
So let my life all pass away,
With God my keeper night and day,

MERE PROFESSORS.

THERE are many professors and few Christians indeed; many that run, and few that obtain; many that go into the field against Satan, and few that come out conquerors. All have a desire to be happy, but few have courage and resolution to grapple with the difficulties that meet them in their way to hap piness. All Israel came joyfully out of Egypt under Moses' conduct, yea, and a mixed multitude with them; but when they were a little pinched with hunger, and their greedy desires of a present Canaan deferred-yea, instead of peace and plenty, war and penury-they are ready to fly from their colours, and make a dishonourable retreat into Egypt. Thus the greatest part of those who profess the Gospel, when they come to push of pike-to be tried what they will do, deny, endure for Christ-grow sick of their enterprise. Alas! their hearts fail them! they like the waters of Bethlehem; but if they must dispute their passage with so many enemies, they will even content themselves with their own cistern, and leave heaven to others that will venture more for it. O how many part with Christ at this cross-way! like Orpah-that go a furlong or two with Christ, while he goes to take them off from their worldly hopes, and bids them prepare for hardship, and then they fairly kiss and leave him; loath, indeed, to lose heaven, but more loath to buy it at so dear a rate. Like some green-heads that childishly make choice of some sweet trade, from a liquorish tooth they have to the sweetmeats it affords; but meeting with sour sauce of labour and toil that goes with them, they give in, and are weary of their service, the sweet bait of religion hath drawn many to nibble at it, who are offended with the hard service it calls to. It requires another spirit than the world can give or receive to follow Christ fully.-Gurnall.

THE CHRISTIAN TREASURY.

13

ON PRAYER.

BY THE REV. EDWARD BICKERSTETH, WATTON, HERTS.

I AM thankful to throw my mite into the efforts | kings; you may open to him without reserve, which beloved brethren are making to convey and with the certainty of the kindest and most acceptably to the masses of society the great favourable reception, your whole heart; you truths of the Gospel. My mind has been drawn may speak with the utmost plainness, without to the subject of PRAYER as one of vast import-fear of rebuke; you may always apply to him;

ance.

The privilege, the advantage, the honour, and the glory of true prayer are unspeakable. Simple faith in God's Word, and in his many faithful promises, realizes even now much of its blessedness. There we read that the great God, who made us and all things, is a Spirit, invisible, but everywhere present, almighty, and all-wise, and infinite in goodness and love, mercy and compassion, truth and righteousness. This glorious Being, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, three persons in one God, permits us, his sinful creatures, to have the freest access to him, and constant communion with him in prayer.

God has appointed and given to us amply sufficient means for our daily enjoyment of this privilege. He has provided for us a Mediator and Advocate, ever living to make intercession for us; through whose blood we may have access with boldness to the holiest of all. He gives, to them that ask, his Holy Spirit, to help their infirmities. He gives us many positive commands to ask of him what we need, and call upon his name. He takes the very title of the Hearer of Prayer. And He himself is gracious to lift up the light of his countenance on those who diligently seek his presence. He gives us also his word, full of the prayers of his faithful, to be the very guide and pattern for our own prayers.

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you may walk with him all the day long.

This happy standing is not unattainable. A measure of it every real Christian has attained. It is the very beginning of his spiritual life. "Behold he prayeth." Every reader of these pages may attain it. And it is the high state of the man after God's own heart: "I give myself unto prayer."

This is the sure remedy for the many cares of this sorrowful world. Who can have lived here long without knowing that the world is full of cares and troubles? Men are burdened with them on every side, and groaning under them. It is not the possession of power, wealth, knowledge, honour, or any of the good things of this world, that exempts men from many cares. Those who most abound in these things have also with them generally the most multiplied cares.

God himself directs us to this remedy of prayer. Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God. And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus. The remarks on prayer that I would now make are founded on this passage.

We have here a plain, clear, full command to all, to be without carefulness, and this in the largest terms: "Be careful for nothing." IT INCLUDES WORLDLY THINGS. All the varied scenes and occupations, the wants, and even the blessings of life, bring anxieties. The cares of this world, the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things, are constant temptations. Those with large families and little means are troubled with cares for what they shall eat and what they shall drink, and wherewithal they shall be clothed. Those in business are troubled by changes in trade-by losses and bad debts

Think, then, Christian reader, of the high standing you may take. You are ready to esteem it a favour if you are admitted to converse freely, even for a little time, with those much above you. If you may enjoy real intercourse with the excellent of the earth for a little time, you count it precious to be refreshed with their knowledge and kindness. Courtiers, who have access to palaces, think much of the privilege of free admission to the monarch, and to partake of the presence and dignities of-by fears and disappointments. Those with royalty. But realize God's word, and you may rise to far higher honours; believe his promises, and you may daily partake of far richer privileges. You may have access to the King of No. 2.-*

bodily infirmities, groan under them. The cases are endless which occasion these cares.

IT INCLUDES ALSO SPIRITUAL THINGS. These are infinitely more important. It is our duty

March 6, 1846.

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to seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness. We have to work out our own salvation with fear and trembling. But yet the words, "Be careful for nothing," clearly comprehend even spiritual things. The questions that cause care here are very numerous. Am I a child of God? Does God really love me? Am I among his elect? Shall I persevere in his ways? Can it possibly be that so guilty, worldly, unbelieving, cold, dead, and ungodly a creature as I have been can be saved? My relations-parents, children, brothers, and sisters-can they be saved? A thousand of such weighty questions agitate the mind.

The direction respecting all is, Be careful for nothing. It is not, Neglect everything; be indifferent about everything. Far different is the instruction here given. Every Christian is to attend diligently to his daily work. If any man will not work, neither should he eat. Nor are we to despise the chastening of the Lord. It is designed, on the one hand, that we should feel that afflictions are grievous; and on the other, that we should gratefully enjoy God's blessings. Nor are we to be wanting in foresight and providence for the future. It is necessary that we should, in entire dependence on the will of God, form our own plans and schemes. And especially about religion, the greatest earnestness becomes us: "The kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force." "Strive to enter in at the strait gate."

divine command to require you to do it. The
Lord of heaven and earth has issued his man-
date to you. Dare you resist his will? What
energy and power should this give to your
feeble faith! It is not a thing in which you
may indulge your natural disposition. You
are charged by the Most High: "Be careful for
nothing."

But this charge is not without that suitable-
strength which God always provides with every
command given by him. It is on prayer-the free,
open expression of your desires to the ever-pre-
sent God, as the means of attaining obedience
to this divine and most gracious command-I
would now dwell. THE MOST UNRESERVED PRAYER
FOR EVERYTHING YOU WANT; the most free out-
pouring of every desire into your heavenly
Father's ears is your plain duty: "In every-
thing by prayer and supplication with thanks-
giving let your requests be made known unto
God."

God is accessible in this day of grace to all
sinners who come to him in the name of his
Son. You need not fly from God. You need
not now dread his vengeance, or look upon him
as your enemy. He has in Christ revealed him-
self as the God of all grace. He waits now on
his mercy-seat to be gracious to returning sin-
ners. He has intense love to us (John iii. 16),
to be measured only by that wonderful gift,
the gift of his own Son. Ah, sweet thought!
Truly believed, what a heaven it lets down to
our earth! There is a throne of grace to which
all sinners may come, and there obtain mercy,
and find grace to help in time of need. Think
of this again and again; look at the crucified
Redeemer, till your hard heart be melted, and
the light of that love fills your soul.
Creator of all worlds, the Just and Holy One,
for the sake of Christ, really loves me a sinner.
Gazing on the death of Jesus, I cannot, with-
out the blackest guilt, doubt this love to my
soul.

The

It is not attention to worldly and spiritual things that is forbidden, but anxiety of mind, and doubtfulness, and "fear that has torment." You may be delivered from this distress of mind. Be not anxious. Learn not to place your happiness in this world's good. A man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesses; and God knows your wants, and cares for you more than a mother cares for her babe. So about your highest, your spiritual welfare, be not anxious. Believe this, and then freely tell him all your Do not be so filled with distressing fears, as if wants. What a wonderful proclamation of you had no refuge in God, and could not com- mercy to a world of sinners is this, "LET YOUR mit your soul to him in the peaceful confidence: REQUESTS BE MADE KNOWN UNTO GOD!" How de"I know whom I have believed, and am per-lightful the fulness of the direction! He needs suaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed to him against that day." You need not have, then, one anxious thought about body or soul, if you will follow God's directions, casting all your care on him; for he careth for

you.

And that we may do this the more readily, remember that there is all the authority of a

not, indeed, for his own knowledge, that we tell
him our requests; for he knows always what
things we have need of. But we have great
need that we thus learn to pour out our hearts
in the way that his infinite wisdom and love
points out. Thus our faith is strengthened—
thus our minds are relieved.
You must, if
you have passed through sorrow, have experi-

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not remove it. He began to pray. He prayed thrice. The thorn remained, but not as a thorn, but as a blessing, for which he had to be thankful. He says: "Most gladly, therefore, will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ's sake." Thus it is we get from everything tokens for good. All things show God's love to us, prepare us for our future glory, increase our conformity to the likeness of Christ, and awaken thanksgivings to the Father of mercies. Ever, then, join thanksgiving with prayer.

enced what a comfort it is to be able to spread truly thankful for everything. We see this, joined your cares and griefs before a wise, kind, with fervent prayer, in St Paul. He had a thorn and sympathizing friend. The very open-in the flesh It was very trying to him. He could ing of your heart takes away much of your grief. So the very act of real prayer to God helps to relieve the mind of its cares. But this is far from being all. God himself has made it the appointed way in which He will, in his wonder-working providence, give you the things which will relieve you of your cares. The promises of this are very numerous, and they are all "yea and amen in Christ Jesus." "Ask, and it shall be given you. Whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive. Call upon me in the day of trouble, I will deliver thee; and thou shalt glorify me. Call unto me, and I will answer thee, and show thee great and mighty things which thou knowest not. Whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do." These glorious promises are more precious than all the wealth of this world. They are from the God of truth-they cannot be broken.

Oh, then, that when anything troubles you, when any cares rise up in your mind, you would take it at once to God!

Tell him all your wants. Do you mean, the reader may ask, even my temporal wants? Surely such common things are beneath his notice. They who are wise in their own eyes may object, "It is degrading to the dignity of religion;" and the spiritual in their own esteem may say, "It is not for a spiritual man to mention such things. He is above them." But this is not God's view of the matter. He says in everything. Let that "everything" answer all your doubts. As the nothing is inclusive of all care, so the everything is comprehensive of prayer for all that gives you a moment's anxiety.

The moment a care rises up in your mind, transfer it to Him that careth for you. Remember David's advice: "Cast thy burden upon the Lord, and he shall sustain thee; he will never suffer the righteous to be moved."

But, remember, thanksgiving is ever to be joined with prayer, and it should be as free and as large as our prayer: “In everything give thanks, for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you. Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ." This can only be done through that strong faith which realizes the love of God, as specially manifested to us in trials, and making all things work together for our good. A faith that realizes this, can be

The BENEFIT of such prayer and praise is, that "the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus." What a blessing must this be! The form of the promise deserves attention. It is not merely peace from God. Anything from him bestowed on his people is full of goodness. But it is the peace of God, which promises a share of the same blessed tranquillity which God himself enjoys. We are called to be heirs of God-to inherit all that he is and has, to make us blessed. We are called to joy in God himself as our portion. And in harmony with these hopes, the promise here is not a mere declaration of security that gives us peace; but it is having a portion of that calm, holy, heavenly equanimity, composure, and rest of mind, which the great Creator ever enjoys. We know that He who made heaven and earth loves us, because He gave his Son to die for us. We know that He is our friend. Hence, as he is Lord of all, the issue of all his dealings with those who come to him by Christ Jesus, must be the fullest and greatest good— a good that passes all understanding, as God himself is infinite, and his bliss perfect, boundless, and everlasting. What exultation this causes when it is made clear to the mind! "Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us. The Lord God is a sun and shield: the Lord will give grace and glory: and no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly."

This is a peace that garrisons both heart and mind as with complete and full security from all cares. The man who possesses it "shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in the Lord." No disquieting fears need torment his breast.

His understanding, also,

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fully approves of this course. It is founded on the infallible Word of God, a sure rest for the mind amidst all the disquieting scenes of this transient world, according to the promise: "Commit thy works unto the Lord, and thy thoughts shall be established."

This peace can, however, only flow to us through Christ Jesus. Lose sight of him, and no prayers will give you peace. He is the only giver of peace. It is his legacy to his people: "Peace I leave with you: my peace I give unto you." “Being justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ." Our God makes every good to flow in this channel, that Christ may daily be increasingly precious to us, and we may be more and more simply dependent on him, and filled with his love.

Thus I have endeavoured to lead the reader to more constant prayer. Let me urge it upon you, then, by the freedom to be attained from care on the one hand, and the peace to be enjoyed on the other. Ask first for the spirit of adoption, to cry, Abba, Father, that you may with full believing and joyful confidence say, "Our Father," and then have all a dutiful child's simple and entire confidence in a parent's care and love. O, how our children may shame us and instruct us in this matter! They are never weighed down with care, and their minds clouded with doubts and suspicions, lest their parents should not think of them or provide for them. Not one moment's uneasiness on this point fills their minds. "He is my father; he knows all I want." This answers every fear. They do not suspect his love or his means. Even when the father chastens, they reverence and obey. Shall not we much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live? Let us have entire confidence in the love of our God, as proved beyond controversy by the gift of his Son. Let us go to Him at once with everything that troubles us, and spread it, as Hezekiah did his letter, before the Lord. Let us delight ourselves in the Lord our God, and we shall find, in our happy experience, that he gives us the desire of our hearts.

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Art has lent her aid to illustrate the pages of Bunyan. It might have been foreseen that the attempt would be fruitless. Where is the pencil which can equal, much less excel, in graphic power the pen which it rather presumptuously undertook to aid? When did the colours of the painter glow like the words of Bunyan? when was the canvass crowded with figures so life-like? and when did it wear hues so brilliant, and at the same time so true to nature, as the pages of the "Pilgrim?" Yet on a field which appeared so inviting, it is not surprising that Art should have been tempted to make trial of her powers; and the very limited success with which, as will be generally acknowledged, we think, her efforts have been attended, makes it very obvious, not that her skill was small, but that the skill of the poor inmate of the jail at Bedford was immeasurably greater; and that the genius which produced the immortal allegory had higher resources at command than those which mere genius can wield, and had access to deeper fountains of thought, and illustration, and imagery, than any which mere Art is privileged to approach. Art has done her best, we say, to represent and body forth in lines and colours, all the more striking incidents in the great work in question;-the winged steps wherewith the pilgrim hasted away from the city of Destruction; the great burden on his back, whose insupportable weight made his knees to shake, and, ever and anon, wrung the most doleful sighs and groans from his heart; the joy that kindled on his countenance, radiant and serene as day-break, so soon as he found himself safe within the wicket; the wonders of the interpreter's house: the exceeding fierce looks of the lions which guarded the path; the frowning steeps of the Hill Difficulty: the terrors of that sore combat in which Apollyon straddled quite across the whole breadth of the way, and swore by his infernal den that he would make an end of Christian; the clouds of confusion which

hang day and night over the Valley of the Shadow
of Death; the juggling shows, the coarse ribaldry,
and the brutal violence of Vanity Fair-"no new-
erected business, but a thing of ancient standing;"
the dark dungeons and brazen gates of Doubting

THE LIFE OF JOHN BUNYAN THE BEST Castle; the green slopes, and the clear springs of
ILLUSTRATION OF THE "PILGRIM'S
PROGRESS."

BY THE REV. J. A. WYLIE,

Author of "The Modern Judea," &c., &c. MANY a commentary has been written on the "Pilgrim's Progress," but the best exposition which that

the Delectable Mountains, whence a very distant and faint view might be had of the Celestial gate; the gardens, and the fragrant orchards of the Land of Beulah; the black river, through whose cold waters lay the path of the pilgrims; the city beyond, whose foundations are above the clouds, and whose glory no one can conceive or know till he has passed over the river and gone in at the gate. Of all the scenes which we have now named, we have been presented

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