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New Things at the Auto Shows
By David Beecroft
B N round numbers the out. The international show circuit opened
put of American motor at the Olympia exposition last November, cars will be slightly in ex- in London, and was continued in the cess of one lundred thou- Grand Palais salon in Paris in December,
sand machines this year. then by the Gotham exhibitions in De
w To purchase this enormous cember and January, and by Chicago's number of vehicles would require more February show and the many local efthan a fortune of two hundred million forts of a half score of cities. London dollars. Expending this amount in pur presented six hundred cars for public chasing horses would secure one and one examination; Paris, slightly in advance, third millions. This enormous outlay showed some seven hundred; the two for the securing of comfort and speed New York exhibitions, combined, disin private transportation is but a fraction played five hundred vehicles and Chiof the outlay which will be recorded to cago's offering was close upon four hunthe motor car account for this season. dred. This continued public exhibiting
At the three national shows, two in of twenty-one hundred and fifty maNew York city and one in Chicago, chines, representing in value six and a
$220,000 have been expended by the half million dollars, demonstrated two people in admission money for the pleas- truths: prices are slightly higher than a ure of seeing and examining the many year ago and better materials and finer new products of motordom for the com- workmanship are the cause of this. The ing season. Half a score of minor shows - looked for cut in prices, is not yet; rather are being held in the many cities of the makers that set the low record a year land, whose totals will easily swell this ago have raised their prices twenty number to the half-million mark at least. per cent in quite a number of cases.
Improvements in motor car bodies ucts of the forest, floors carpeted with the have been responsible for a part of this choicest creation of the rug maker's art, increase. Owners who two years ago and every modern essential of the Pullwere content with a five passenger ma- man car included. In this motored chine now must have one accommodat- equipage the modern merchant prince ing seven passengers, and this requires the manufacture of machines from fifteen to twenty inches longer as well as correspondingly stronger built through
10 15 20 5 30 35 out. And while our house-furnishers are reviving the styles of centuries long dead in furniture design our motor-makers are searching the pages of the dead centuries for lines to satisfy the whims of the motor-epicures.
Nothing evidences this more than the old English coach body seen for the first time mounted on a motor car chassis at the Chicago show, the design coming from the Apperson factory and executed by Kimball workmen. Embodied in this creation are all the lines of the pioneer English stage coach of 1657 in which the great Cromwell made his last trip from This SPEED RECORDER TELLS THE RUNNING SPEED OF CAR
AT ANY MOMENT, THE HIGHEST SPEED OF THE TRIF OR Bristol to London at a three-mile an hour DAY, THE DISTANCE RUN DURING THE TRIP AND SEASON. pace, requiring the service of six to eight horses all of the way. But the modern enjoys what Solomon fain would have coach is a sixty-horsepower vehicle, with sacrificed a quarter of his kingdom for, its locomotive propelling power housed and through small squared panes of the in a small space four feet long, two feet door can view through the spectacles of wide and thirty inches high, and with the middle ages the wonders of the presspeed capabilities of fifty miles an hour ent. For the comforts of his fellow man Such are the luxuries of the age ; seats the artist of motor car bodies has seized upholstered in the richest broadcloth, upon one of the bulwarks of home conwalls and ceilings in the polished prod- struction, robbing the parlor of its bay
window and fitting this into the side of the enclosed car, allowing the passengers an unrestricted view of the street airead as well as the welcome arm rest supplied.
The Italian builder, ever the artist, whether in bringing out the life lines of a study in marble, or fashioning the lines of a chassis or a demi-limousine, has electrified the designer by a tourabout body supplied for a Fiat chassis. As its name suggests it is for the connoisseur steamer. In rear of the seat is a large enclosed space accessible by side door and in which can be carried the largest tourist trunk and a couple of suit cases in addition to containing six compartments for receiving the many necessaries of a motoring tour. The vehicle has seats for two, but on the running board, or step at the left, is a third seat for the mechanicien, that omni-necessary quantity.
desiring to see Europe CAR WITH OLD ENGLISH Coach Body.
independent of the railNew adaptation of comfortable old ideas, displayed for the first time this year. road train or the lake
But the luxuries and conveniences of the car body are not all to the owner or passengers. The chauffeur has his needs catered to as the lines of the Peerless Berline show. He no longer sits at the wheel, exposed to the biting winds of winter or the drenching fall of torrents, but has surrounding him an extension of the covering of the car. He enters this at the side, and, once seated, is in the
Gas Tank FOR Inflating Tires. midst of his circle of faithfuls-spark, throttle, wheel and brakes—as inde ficient space for three or four trunks and pendent of Neptune or frost as the ocean suit cases as well as space in which a captain or the express engineer. . small tent can be stored, together with a
Fashion has also produced within the miniature kitchen equipment. A car of last year what gives promise of being a this type is admirably suited for a tour most popular machine for family touring, in any European land where roads are in a vehicle in which a party of six with bag perfect condition, but its scope in Amerand baggage can leisurely see the beau ica is limitel, except in those states
where local governments have successfully wrestled with the good roads problems. The vehicle has a possible speed of thirty miles per hour and is dependent only.on gasoline or alcohol, a gallon of which is required for every ten miles.
In the quest of speed America, ever in the van, is looking with interest on the new motor cycles, that have within the last two seasons made such progress. Previous to that time makers looked upon this successor of the bicycle balanced on its two wheels in tandem as too fragile and unstable to entrust their lives upon when traveling at a rate of a mile in thirty seconds. But the past summer an eastern inventor brought out an adaptation of the bicycle in which the
weight of motor and driver is carried on A STEEL-TIRED AUTO-WHEEL WITH ANGULAR RUBBER
two wheels but with two other wheels added to give perfect balance, one wheel
to the right and the other to the left. ties of a realm without resorting to trol. The theory pursued in building a maley lines or steam transit. In this com- chine of this type is that the weight to bination wagon, as it has been desig- be transported should be carried on the nated, is supplied a covered compartment fewest possible supporting wheels and for the passengers behind which is suf: that these wheels should be placed tandem—one behind the other—instead of an hour has been easily made on rural. parallel. This theory is based on the roads and it is expected that with the deGerman motorcycle railroad in which velopment of a few years a machine of one rail is used for supporting the load this style can be made nearly to quadand the others, one on each side, for ruple this pace. balancing only. With this system a A small truck converted into a moving speed of one hundred and twenty miles theater, with its illuminated screen disper hour has been attained.
playing moving pictures, was a unique This style of vehicle offers the mini- sight exhibited this year. On the front mum of surface to wind resistance, has of the car is located the moving picture many other advantages notably that of machine with its light-giving equipment, light weight and quick control. It can and, carried conspicuously in the rear, is be turned upon a radius of seven feet the large canvas screen so located as to and when traveling twenty miles per be visible from behind. From an adverhour can turn in a circle of thirty feet tising view-point it is very ingenious. radius. The balance wheels carry little In the recent million-dollar fire at or no weight and as speed is attained the Springfield, Mass., a demonstration was demands upon them gradually decrease. given of the superiority of motor fireThe axle connecting them with the cen- fighting machines over those drawn by tral part of the autocycle has a link check horses. During the past summer the fire spring which is so adjustable that, should department of that city added motor-prothe rider not sit centrally on the machine pelled chemical and first-aid wagons to the perfect balance of it will be main- its equipment. A Knox chemical wagon tained. The linkages in the side wheels was installed, one capable of a speed of allow them to follow any depressions and forty miles per hour. When the big fire irregularities in the road without leav- broke out, this wagon proved its prowess ing the ground or transmitting the jar by traveling a mile further than the to the driver, and in rounding any curve horse chemical wagon and passing it en or corner perfect safety is assured. In route. In two hours it responded to a machine of this class with a six horse- three similar calls, beating the horse power motor a speed of forty-five miles wagons and making good records.
thinking them too fragile for heavy service. With the introduction of motor cars, attention to them was revived and now so complete has been their conquest that the best makers are using them in. every part of their machines.
The wagon carries two thirty-five gallon chemical tanks and two hundred feet of one and one-quarter inch hose besides a couple of hand chemical extinguishers, axes, lanterns and other fire-fighting requisites. Its range of usefulness is not limited to the two tanks, as it also carries material for recharging them. When not in use the motor is started every few minutes by the firemen to be sure that everything is right, and each fireman is competent to handle the machine in case of emergency. Fuel expense in running to a fire rarely exceeds twenty-five cents for gasoline and oil. When not in use, there is no expense whatever. Since it was installed in Springfield this wagon has answered many calls, there being not one occasion when it has failed to respond or when it was not much quicker than horses.
Hidden beneath the new motor car's bodies are many evidences of engineering progress. Chrome nickel steel, a new composition in which a percentage of chromium together with nickel, carbon, sulphur and phosphorus in proper proportions is used, has made it possible to increase strength of many parts and yet lighten the weight. With this latest product of the steel workers' art a tensile strength of 150,000 pounds to the square inch is possible, which is more than double that possible in older makes of steel. For the motor car built for rough and smooth roads this is a wonderful discovery. It lightens load, reduces wear on
chine parts. We owe the origin of this The leading bearing of this class, also to the Germans; to be precise, credit must a German importation and known in be given the Krupp works. But while America as the Hess-Bright, consists of these international colossals in the steel two concentric steel rings, or races, sepaindustry were the pioneers, other makers rated by a circle of balls. These balls have been quick imitators and now are in turn separated by springs within American steel companies are manufact- which are felt pieces for containing oil. uring in large quantities chrome nickel A peculiarity about them is that the balls steel according to approved formulae. require nothing but the springs to retain
With the advent of new steel has come them between the two rings. To accomthe introduction of ball-bearings for cars. plish this the adjacent surfaces of the In bicycle days the ball-bearing was in its rings are concaved, forming races or infancy and riders will recall the differ- traveling tracks for the balls. Enough ence at the end of a day's ride if the trip balls are put in to fill half of the circular was made on a ball or plain bearing ma- space and they are then separated and chine. After the popularity of this little the springs positioned, the later binding machine had reached its zenith and the whole firmly together, so that when waned, ball-bearings dropped out of the taking a bearing out the old problem of · public eye for some time, manufacturers lost balls is eliminated. In fact so ac