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which Lord Beaconsfield and Lord Salisbury could are said to have perished in the streets of the capital, never allege. To deliver Armenia meant a Russian under the very guns of the guardships, was sensational occupation of Armenia, which, with the Anglo- enough for a penny dreadful. A band of twenty-five Turkish Convention still signed and sealed by the Armenians, armed with revolvers and dynamite, continuous occupation of Cyprus, meant risk of quietly strolled into the premises of the Imperial war with England, certainty of with the Ottoman Bank, exploded a bomb, fired their revolvers, Turks, and probably elsewhere. The path of and having driven some of the clerks from the Bank, coercion being thus barred, the only other roa:l imprisoned forty others and two directors as hostages, was that of coaxing the Sultan so as to use his while they planted a dynamite-mine in the cellar, and authority for checking the outburst of Moslem swore they would blow the Bank into smithereens if fanaticism.

their demands There may at

were not least this be said

ceded. The Imfor his policy,

YILDIZ KIOSKE perial Ottoman that it is that


Bank is the which successive

financial heart English Govern

of the Turkish 'ments doggedly

Empirc, and adhered to for

there was some half a century.

thing magnifi That there is an

cent in the Armenian ques

daring which tion to-day is

delivered it over Admiralty due to England's > Dockyard)

for several hours action in 1878.

to these dyna Prince Lobanoff BHATAR SEM

mitards of Bridge but adopted

Armenian desEngland's Melide


The remethods to


volutionary minimise the SULEIMANIEH

leaders wounded consequence of


nobody, neither England's crime.

Sublime corte

did they steal a

The excuse may

piastre. It was be unavailing bc


a protest they fore the Great UM KAPU

w a nted to White Throne,

make, like the but it ought at

American Peti least to have

tion in Boots, saved soine Eng

only one better Jish journalists from their unseemly exultations over suited to the latitude of the Bosphorus. the corpse of this latest imitator of Lord Beaconsfield.

For several hours the desperadoes held We ought in gratitude to remember that we owe to


The troops outside blized him the revelation of the supreme infamy of our

the Bank. Massacres.

away at the windows, killing promistraditional policy in the East.

cuously any one whom they could sight; but the By one of the ironies of history, the newsArmenian

dynamite in the cellar kept the soldiers at bay. Dynamite papers which reported the death of Prince After a time the sensational advertisement having at Con

Lobanoff were full of details of the ghastly scared the Sultan and given a thrill to all Europe, stantinople.

massacres in Constantinople, which were the daring conspirators offered to retreat if they the latest commentary upon the criminality of the were secured a safe conduct out of Turkey. Sir old English policy which Prince Lobanoff adopted as Edgar Vincent, negotiating under the revolvers of his own. The occasion which precipitated this latest the Revolutionists, guaranteed their safety, and all massacre, in which some 5,000 luckless Armenians that were left of them were conducted to Sir Edgar's

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yacht. So far as they were concerned, their hear it. But we rejoice with reservations, if not with enterprise had been brilliantly successful. But trembling, and wait to see whether the Sultan has they had forgotten that every Armenian in Con- actually submitted to permit Crete to be wrenched stantinople was as a hostage in the hands of a

from his fangs. fanatical and

mob. No sooner

The East Coast of Africa, from Cairo

The Storm dynamite removed than the reprisals began. Arme Band of to the Cape, has been in unrest this

East Africa, nians were clubbed to death at sight, and left in

summer. In the Soudan the rise of the bloody heaps where they fell. Day after day the Nile has at last rendered an immediate advance on hideous carnage went on, until at last the Ambassadors Dongola possible. The river steamers have arrived computed the slain at from 2,000 to 5,000 man. safely, and the short railway would have been The women and children were sparel, apparently by is working order, but for a deluge of rain that order, although there was at least one shocking sponged out twelve miles of the permanent way, exception to this rule. Shuddering bystanders by a schoolboy effaces the figures on his slate. the side of these disembowelled and skull-smashed Before the end of this month we may expect to victims of Turkish fanaticism wondered whether hear that the frontier of civilisation has advanced Prince Lobanoff's

's arrangement with Austria ina on powder-carts to the southern boundary of cluded a license in perpetuity for such atrocities Dongola, where it is hoped it will be ready for

And lo! even as they wondered, the a further lift southward as far as Khartoum. Angel of Death summoned Prince Lobanoff into the Red Sea littoral no settlement has been arrived another world.

it between the Abyssinians and the Italians. It Before the sudden effervescence of ArmeThe Use

is only hoped that the establishment of better of nian despair, edged with dynamite, and relations between Rome and St. Petersburg-of Crete.

Turkish savagery armed with long white which the betrothal of the Prince of Naples and clubs, provided with careful forethought in advance the Princess of Montenegro is the outward and by the authorities, the news from the East had visible sign-may ere long put a period to the troubles been improving. England had checkmated Russia's of Erythræa. proposal to draw a ring-fence round Crete, within

Tolice Duty

The sudden death of the late Sultan which the Turk was to be allowed a free hand.

Halim of Zanzibar, which occurred on

Zanzibar. All the nonsense talked about the Foreign Enlist

August 26th, gave the signal for one ment Act in our press did not obscure for i of those outbreaks of personal ambition which it is moment the central fact of the situation that the

necessary to curb by the stern persuasion of shot Greeks of the kingdom were morally bound to do and shell. A nephew of the deceased Prince, what men can do to help their unfortunate kins Khalid by name, seized the palace and proclaimed men of the island struggling, and rightly struggling himself Sultan of Zanzibar without so much as to be free. Therefore we refused to enforce the saying, “ By your leave,” to the Power which is International Foreign Enlistment Act suggested by Lord Paramount of Zanzibar. Indeed, he went Russia and Germany, and insisted that the Dr. Jims further, and declared by the forcible eloquence of Hellas should have a fair chance in Crete. Such of military and naval preparations that he meant to a jewel is consistency, that no one applauded this assert his pretensions despite our protests. Now, decision more heartily than those who have been as we are responsible for Zanzibar, and all its Sultans foremost in execrating the raid that ended at reign by virtue of our permission, it became necessary Doornkop as if it were “the greatest crime of the to reduce this rebellious upstart to submission. Due century.” Foiled in the attempt to maintain peaco notice was given him ; ample time of grace was by providing for the speedy suffocation of the victim, afforded him for surrender, and then the gunboats the Powers consented to try the other tack by putting opened fire on the palace. The Sultan replied both restraint


his assailant. Here it is believed from his one man-of-war, the converted merchant Lord Salisbury took the initiative, and it was steamer Glasgow, and from the mainland. Whereannounced with a pardonable flourish of trumpets upon, as with a tap of his finger, the British comthat the Powers had agreed, that the Sultan had mander sent the Glasgow to the bottom, and congiven way, that Crete is henceforth to be a se:ni tinued to shell the palace. At last the Preautonomous province under a Governor virtually tender could stand it no longer. His palace was appointed by the Powers. We are all very glad to in flaming ruins. Five hundred of his misguided


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the anticlerical campaign which commends itself to the Third Republic, but the success of this heathen Jacquerie in their new possession will sooner or later compel them to undertake in serious earnest the subjugation of the country. At present the robber bands have it all their own way. Suddenly emerging from a forest, they surround a Christian village and summon the inhabitants to

choose between submission MS and death. In either case

its worldly goods are put at the disposition of the marauders. The old native

administration has been From the Cape Register.]

[August 1, 1896.

destroyed, and the French "Men laugh and riot till the feast is o'er,

have so far put nothing in Then comes the reckouing, wheu they laugh no more."

its place. followers were killed or wounded. So he took

Inland the Germans in their sphere of

The refuge in the German Consulate, and our Bluejackets


influence are having no little trouble as were landed, to swab up the mess, put out the fire, in the result of Major Lothaire's unpunished

Uganda. and establish as the rightful heir on the vacant

murder of Stokes. The news of that throne Hamoud, the brother of the late Sultan. This abominable outrage upon the rudimentary laws of sudden and violent eruption of wilfulness cost us one white civilisation in Central Africa led at once to man wounded. Civilisation, in executing her mission an organised attack upon the German and French of maintaining order among the semi-civilised, is at settlements on the Lake. After some inevitable last becoming invulnerable, at least within range massacre, three German expeditions were despatched of deep water.

against the lawless chiefs. The ringleader was Further south in this storm belt the French killed, his ally was banished, and peace reigns once The Anarchy

are discovering that in Madagascar their more in the German possessions. From Uganda in work is but begun. The island, say


of peace and

progress Madagascar.

the most recent visitors, is in a condition under the British flag. Civilisation, in fact, is of anarchy from one end to the other. The French invading Uganda, not in its powder-cart, but in a rule in the capital and in a few large towns. But out- brougham for King M’Wanga, dog-carts for his side the range of their batteries their authority does not officials, and the ubiquitous bicycle for the British exist. The aboriginal elements of Malagasy savagery,

residents. The natives are even said to be building the haters of foreigners, the haters of missionaries, and two-storied houses with glass windows for their the disbanded troops of the Queen's army have united chiefs in place of their old grass huts, while the in a sort of patriotic heathen brigandage, and are Prime Minister has furnished his office with levying a war of massacre and pillage all over the tables, chairs, stationery cases, and the like. island. They have already burnt

three All this veneer may peel off suddenly some day, hundred or four hundred churches, and slain but for the present it testifies eloquently to many church officials. Freethinking Frenchmen the surface tranquillity which has followed will not feel many pangs over this Malagasy advent.



Matoppos. pressed.

or war.

an old

Further south, in Matabeleland, the stripped to his shirt, when face to face with the Mr. Rhodes in the rising is officially reputed to be sup- aboriginal forces of the situation, is more than High

The closing scene of their Commissioners and great functionaries in all the rebellion was the most picturesque incident recently bravery of cocked hats and Letters Patent. recorded in South Africa. Mr. Rhodes, who was

The position of affairs in the Transvaal

Kruger unarmed, with but three attendants, entered the and his

shows little or no improvement. The stronghold of the Matebele Indunas in the Matoppo

Counsellers. Boers are importing material of war in hills, and asked them whether they were for peace

hundreds of tons from France and Germany, and They had been debating in secret what there is no indication of any intention on the part should be done. They were afraid

of the landed oligarchy to readto come into the open for fear of

just their old institutions to the the white troops, but they had sent

necessities of the new situation. word they would like to see Mr.

The two incorruptible patriots who Colenbrander and Mr. Rhodes.

refused even at Mr. Chamberlain's When Mr. Rhodes arrived, they

solicitations to bow the knee to the raised a white flag and ushered him

Baal of the hour are still kept and his companions into the semi

under lock and key. Mr. Chambercircle, where for four hours they

lain himself is taking a mournful discussed the questions at issue.

holiday in the United States, purAt last the Chief Secombo arose

sued across the Atlantic by the and laid a gun and assegai at the

menacing shadow of the coming feet of Mr. Rhodes. All the other

inquiry. In South Africa the Rev. chiefs did the same. “We submit,"

John Mackenzie, from his retreat at they said. “ We trust you, Mr.

Hankey, has addressed President Rhodes, for you have trusted us.

Kruger a letter such as You have come into our stronghold

prophet of Israel might have written unarmed. If you had known our

to one of the kings of Samaria. troubles, we should never have

Mr. Mackenzie appeals to President been forced to rise. If Mr. Rhodes

Kruger in his own theological dialect will stay and care for us we will

to do justice to the Uitlanders and not fight.” So ended the palaver,

so to lay the foundation of a united and with it the war. A prominent

community. But when the PreGovernment official, who Secombo

sident is asked to throw away "all declared was only fit to keep a

prejudice and all evil counsel” he canteen in the Transvaal, was com

naturally thinks of Dr. Leyds, plained of, and the whole Matabele

and the odds are heavy that of council prayed for his banishment.

him as of many a famous ruler They also complained of their iil

in times past it will be said, “he treatment at the hands of the From the Cape Times.]

[August 5, 1896. is joined to his idols, let him alone." native police. Mr. Rhodes replied

Note in this connection a curious that the official had gone south, and

prophecy made in Natal last month to the effect longer in Government employ. As for the native that the President's career will come to a violent police, its appointment had been a mistake and end in the month of December- his murderer, it it was now disbanded. But the Matabele, what is predicted, being a Dutchman. Threatened men ever their grievances, ought not to have massacred live long, and the publication of this prophecy, women and children. Ultimately, the terms of

which was at once communicated to President surrender were arrived at, and Mr. Rhodes, riding Kruger, will probably be the best means of preback, brought


peace to Bulawayo. venting its realisation. Note that Mr. Rhodes has




no official

Crossing the sea to our Indian Empire, I

The He is not even a managing director of the Com

note an unwelcome rumour that the oft

Old Cobra pany. But to the Matabele he counts for more

in defeated medical police are dreaming

India. than all the officials put together. For Mr. Rhodes,

of utilising the ascendency of the present







Government to restore the C. D. Acts for the benefit for not vaccinating his children if they either of the Indian army.

It is a familiar conspiracy satisfied a local authority that they honestly which, like an old cobra, though scotched, has not objected to vaccinatio:1, or made a statutory declabeen killed. Lord George Hamilton seems to hanker ration to that effect. This recommendation will after that forbidden fruit, and in the Recess it is probably arrest all prosecutions now pending, even understood that an attempt will be made by means before the law has been altered. It is a notable of cooked statistics to prove

that a sanitary utterance, which will bear fruit in every Englishmillennium will be attained when Her Majesty pro speaking land. vides one medically-certified native subject of her3

The Jubilee report of the Commissioners and sister of ours as the communal wife of each


of Lunacy records an unprecedentel score or hundred soldiers maintained in India. But

increase in the numbers of officially certi

Lunacy. the Unionist Administration will hardly venture to

fied lunatics. Of those not so certifiedundertake the official championship of the sacred cause including, it is to be feared, no small proportion of the of State-patronised prostitution-especially when the officials themselves—no record exists. In England and official scribes of the conspiracy do not even pretend Wales on January 1st, 1896, the number of officially there was an increase of admissions to the hospitals certified lunatics was 96,446, an increase of 2,363 of more than 6 per 1,000, or less than one per cent.,

in the twelve months. In the last twenty years the from that cause in 1895. It would save the Anglo- number of pauper lunatics has increased by 53 par Indian doctors much labour if they would under cent. From these figures some misleading conclusions stand that “ No Thoroughfare” has been posted

have been drawn. It is extremely doubtful whether up once for all by the British public across the road lunacy is really increasing amongst us. What is inwhich they persist in trying to re-open.

creasing is the disposition on the part of poor people to The zealots of sanitation who would send their insane relatives to an asylum. And The

immolate with indifference the principle asylums are year by year becoming more comfortable, Royal Commission of liberty and the obligations of morality he would be a lunatic indeed who would keep hii Vaccination.

for the off-chance of an infinitesimal demented relatives at home instead of sending them

improvement in the mortality returns, to be much better looked after in a public institution. have just received a damaging blow from the Yet this growth of humanity on the part of our report of the Vaccination Commission. Fiftee: authorities, and decay of irrational prejudice on the men--with never a woman among them, after the part of our poor, both indications of increasing usual non-human custom in this country--were sanity, combine to produce what is a statistical appointed seven years ago to inquire into the demonstration of the increase of lunacy. working of the Vaccination Acts. Of the fifteen

The Local Government Board have issue? at least ten were confirmed advocates of vaccination. Improvement a circular to the Boards of Guardians The doctors exultingly predicted that the Anti

throughout the country, intended to

Workhouses. Vaccinationists would find that they were hoist with

stimulate the present tendency to make their own petard, and that a Report strongly recom the workhouse a desirable refuge for desirable mending compulsory vaccination and re-vaccination inmates. The Board are desirous that special might confidently be expected. The Royal Commission attention should reported last month, but not in that sense. While be given to this matter by the Guardians and their officers strongly affirming the advantages of vaccination, they

in order that, as far as possible, those persons whose circum

stances have compelled them to enter the workhouse, but who unanimously condemn the present practice of sending are known to be of good conduct and to have previously lol to gaol parents who have conscientious objections to

moral and respectable lives, should be separated from thos

who from their habits of speech or for other reasons are likely the vaccination of their children, or even of subject to cause them discomfort. ing them to fines for non-compliance with the Act. It is suggested that they should have a separate And they do this in the interest of vaccination day-room for men and women, that they should be itself. “ When the law imposes a duty on parents, allowed more visits from their friends, that they the performance of which they honestly, however should have special privileges in paying visits outerroneously, regard as seriously prejudicial to their side, and that they might be permitted to attend children, the very attempt to compel obedience their own place of worship on Sunday. Separate may defeat the object of the legislation.” There cubicles might also be permitted. The Boarul do fore they recommend that no one should be punished not favour


any difference in dietary or


of our

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