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REST, SUGGESTION AND OTHER THERAPEU
TIC MEASURES IN NERVOUS AND MENTAL DIS. The Doctors' Library
EASES-By Francis X. Dercum, A. M., M. D., Ph. D.,
Professor of Nervous and Mental Diseases, Jefferson "Next to acquiring good friends, the best Medical College, Philadelphia, second edition, pubacquisition is that of good books."-C. C. Colton.
lished by P. Blakison's Sons & Co., 1012 Walnut St., Philadedlphia, Pa. (Price $3.50).
This is a rewritten edition of Vol. 8 of Cohen's ORAL SEPSIS IN ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SYS. TEMIC DISEASES-By William W. Duke, M. D. System of Physiologic Therapeutics. Dr. DerPh. B., Prof. Experimental Medicine in the Univer
cum's aim is to present to the general physician stiy of Kansas; Professor Medicine in the Western the differences existing between the functional Dental College, published by C. V. Mosby Co., St. diseases in a simple, understandable way along Louis, Mo., 1918.
with simple physiologic methods of treatment. A This is the modern book presenting the "com- clear clinical interpretation is presented as a plex relationship” between disease of the gums necessary key to successful treatment. The and alveolar process and systemic disease. This methods outlined for exercising function and small book of 124 pages teaches its theme with overcoming "fatigue states” along with indicated 170 illustrations, well to the point and tersely drug therapy makes Dr. Dercum's book desirable demonstrated. Not only physicians interested to general physicians in need of detail informain the hazards of focal infections and systemic tion in treating the neuroses.
S. G. B. disease but the dentist will find here condensed
INTERNATIONAL CLINICS — A Quarterly of fundamentals not in the general library.
illustrated clinical lectures and especially prepared S. G. B.
original articles on Treatment, Medicine, Surgery,
Neurology Paediatrics, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, THE ELEMENTS OF THE SCIENCE OF NU- Orthopaedics, Pathology, Dermatology, OphthalmolTRITION—By Graham Lusk, Ph. D., Sc. D. F. R. S., ogy, Otology, Rhinology, Laryngology, Hygiene, and Professor of Physiology at the Cornell University other topics of interest to students and practitioners. Medical College, New York City. Third edition, re- By leading members of the medical profession set. Philadelphia and London: W. B. Saunders Com- throughout the world, edited by H. R. M. Landis, M. pany, 1917.
D., Philadelphia, U. S. A., with the collaboration of Dietetics, a departure of medicine which is Chas. H. Mayo, M. D., Rochester; Sir Wm. Osler,
Bart., M. D., F. R. S., Oxford; Frank Billings, M. D., coming into its own, through hospital work and
Chicago; A. McPhedran, M. D., Toronto; Rupert Blue, public demand, reaches its present day climax M. D., D. P. H., Washington, D. C.; John G. Clark, M. in this work of Lusk. The medical man who D., Philadelphia; James J. Walch, M. D., New York; underestimates the value of diet to his patients
J. W. Ballantyne, M. D., Chicago; Arthur F. Beifeld, will, in a short time, be considered behind the
M. D., Chicago; Charles Green Cumston, M. D.,
Geneva; Richard Kretz, M. D., Vienna, with corretimes. Such a man cannot expect to begin with spondents to Montreal, London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Lusk to inform himself, he will need something Leipsic, Brussels, and Geneva. Vol. 111, twenty-sevmore elementary. The subject as presented enth series, 1917. Philadelphia and London: J. B. herein presupposes a working knowledge at least, Lippincott Company. in dietetics. Metabolism, respiration, nitrogen This publication, now in its 28th year, still output, starvation and nutrition in all its phases holds its own in medical circles. A pioneer in are discussed from a scientific standpoint of the magazine clinics—though bound in book formcalorimeter and its application to all phases of it has maintained itself in spite of competition by life, age and social conditions. The writer states virtue of the diversity of topics treated and the he has no intention of again revising the book. quality of the editorial staff. Osler, Blue, BillIn another decade the development of scientific ings, Mayo are names which will command atknowledge will probably permit the formation of tention for decades. The first article, Iridocyclithe subject from the standpoint of physical chem- tis, by Dr. Schwein, is a most masterly preistry. This is not a long step for such men as
sentation of a difficult problem. Secondary Lusk. The chapter on Food Economics is of Anemia, by Stuart McGuire, and the Surgical vast importance and universal in its practical Clinic on G. W., by B: A. Thomas will well repay interpretation in these days of war. The views one. Neurasthenia Before and After the War, by of Lusk-the last word on the subject-must be Walsh, brings out some ideas with which we well digested by medical men who would keep must familiarize ourselves on these items. Food abreast with this all important matter. The first Inspection in Cincinnati, by Landis, gives us pages of this chapter are a revision of a paper some light on a subject of vital interest today, published in Journal of Washington Academy of forcing itself to the front in all communities. The Science last year.
J. M. B.
volume is made up of articles from leading men NOTE-The Medical Herald's Kansas City office will
of the world in medical and surgical clinics, supply any book reviewed in this department at publisher's public health, neurology and treatment. It price, prepaid. If an order for two books be sent at any one time, the purchaser will be entitled to a six months'
would be impossible for any medical man of any subscription to the Herald. This plan is arranged for the special line to fail to find interest and profit in convenience of our readers, and we trust it will stimulate trade in the direction of good books.-Editor.
J. M. B.
Dr. C. L. Randall of Neodesha, Kas., has re
reived a commission as captain in the medical The World War News
reserve corps. P. I. LEONARD, M. D.
The doctors of Missouri are patriots and they need no urging to cause them to do their duty.
Watch our volunteers !
Dr. David Broderick, Kansas City, has re-
taken away, there will still remain the foundation of our fortunes, the bulwark of our hopes, a notified to report at Fort Riley for duty. Doctor rock on which to build anew-our country, our homeland,
Byler received his commission as first lieutenant America.”—From American Medicine, May, 1917 (National Number.)
some time ago.
Dr. C. E. Sanders of Rosedale, Kas., has been THE MOST BEAUTIFUL THING IN THE WORLD assigned assistant surgeon, with the rank of Unfurl the flag at sunrise
lieutenant, in the United States naval reserve And let its colors fly,
forces at Norfolk, Va.
Dr. T. P. Van Eman, Kansas City, Mo., has
been commisisoned a captain in the medical reUpon the breezes dance,
serve corps. He will be stationed at Camp McToday it guides our soldier boys To victory in France.
Arthur, Waco, Tex. Flag that in blood and battle
Capt. Emmett F. Cook, of St. Joseph, was reAnd sacrifice was born,
lieved as regimental surgeon 337 Field Artillery, Flag that has never known defeat
Camp Dodge, Iowa, and ordered to report as Since first it met the morn;
post surgeon, Ft. Constitution, New Hampshire. For Liberty its scarlet And stars were then unfurled,
Dr. H. S. Majors, superintendent of the FulAnd still behold! to liberty
ton (Mo.) State Hospital for the Insane, has reIt proudly leads the world. --Minna Irving in the New York Sun.
ceived a captain's commission, and will serve in
the psychiatric section of the medical service. Lieut. F. X. Hartigan, of St. Joseph, is now
In the United States there are less than 50,000 "over there.”
qualified surgeons under 55 years of age. There
are about 142,000 practicing physicians, includCapt. F. H. Ladd, of South St. Joseph, is at
ing all ages and all cults. Over 20,000 doctors Ft. Riley, Kan.
are in the Medical Reserve Corps. Capt. T. M. Paul, of St. Joseph, is on the qui vive for assignment.
Dr. Joseph S. Lichtenberg, Kansas City, has
been commisioned a captain in the Medical ReCapt. Floyd Spencer, of St. Joseph, expects
serve Corps. He will do eye work in a base hosto be called about September.
pital, but doesn't know whether it will be in this
country or overseas. He expects to be called Lieut. C. M. Sampson, of St. Joseph, is or- September 1. dered to report at Ft. Riley.
Lieut J. B. Reynolds, Jr., of Great Falls, The heart of every American is wholly cen- Mont. a son of Dr. J. B. Reynolds of St. Joseph, tered in the one present purpose, that of winning is "over there" a member of the M. R. Corps.
Another son, Dr. Woodson Reynolds, of DrumA naturalized physician, born in an enemy right, Okla., took the examination for the M. R. country, can enter the M. R. C. under some re
C. last week.
Dr. James I. Tyree, who the last four years Lieut. Hilam K. Wallace, of St. Joseph, has
served Kansas City in almost every capacity in been promoted to a captaincy and is stationed at
the health department from visiting doctor to acting health commissioner, has reached the ma
rine aviation field at Miami, Fla. He recently There are less than 10,000 in our medical volunteered his services to his country and now schools with a senior class of 3,000. This is less is an assistant surgeon, United States Naval Rethan one-third of the medical students twelve serve Force with the rank of lieutenant, junior
Capt. A. R. Timmerman, of South St. Joseph, the interval since the wound. The ideal treathas been called to the base hospital at San An- ment for infected gunshot wounds, Hull says, tonio, Texas.
is to excise them during the preinflammatory
stage, that is, within twenty-four hours of the Lieut. Sam E. Roberts has been assigned to
infliction. The exigencies of the war will more duty at the aviation base hospital at Dallas, Tex.
often than not make this impossible. The He has been an ear, nose and throat specialist in Kansas City. He was an associate professor at question therefore arises whether it is possible
to prolong the preinflammatory stage. The the University of Kansas school of medicine, and on the staff of following hospitals : Beli only treatment which a wound at present re
ceives in war previous to being excised or otherMemorial, Rosedale, General Hospital, Mercy, wise dealt with at a casualty clearing station is Christian Church and St. Margaret's.
the application of a first field dressing. In spite Aievoli reviews some recent literature on the of the advances in surgery, particularly in the subject of brain wounds thus analyzing a total
treatment of wounds, Hull states that the emergof 2,357 in British and 6,664 in French hospitals. ency treatment is no more efficacious than it was Aside from the transient cerebral manifestations in the days of the Trojan wars. The dressings at first, there seems to be no question that a man applied to wounds before the arrival at a caswho has been trephined for a wound of the skull ualty clearing station have no influence whatever and brain is often left with reduced mental or
on the infection in the depths of the wounds. professional capacity, and there may be symp- Improved results of the treatment of wounds can toms ranging from headache to vertigo, from only be achieved by some method of either exasthenia to amnesia, with diminished power of cising the wound during the preinflammatory attention and association of ideas, and exagger- stage or by prolonging that stage, and research ated emotivity. Hyperemia of the papilla, hyper- in the latter direction appears to be most desirtension, abnormal albumin content of the cere
able. The old first field dressing appears to be brospinal fluid, and labyrinth disturbances are totally inadequate. It is suggested that, as soon also common. At the same time, Marie has not as practicable after the infliction of a wound, it known of a single instance of general paralysis should be instilled with some nonirritating antior dementia developing as a consequence of a septic, in order to inhibit the growth of microbrain wound, and Tuffier has only encountered organisms. Within the first few hours, unless 0.64 per cent cases of serious mental impairment septic foreign matter remains in the depths of The outlook is more favorable with hemiplegia the wound, pathogenic organisms are found to from injury of the prefrontal lobe and the ro
be few in numbers and confined to the surface landic region and vicinity, gradual improvement of the wound. being not infrequent. Masmonteil's general review of this subject confirms that the pathogensis
As a brick fell from a carrier's hod it knocked of shock varies in different cases, and treatment down a Spanish flag displayed from a store front can be only symptomatic, practically empiric. below. “That must have been an American Until recently it was taken as a matter of course brick," said a passer-by. “Yis,” said the hod that the operation must be deferred until the carrier above, “but it was of Oirish descint." patient has recovered from shock. But this doc- The Bile in the Light of Newer Teachings—There trine has been much battered of late, and several can be no doubt that Roger has made a material varieties of shock are now disregarded. In shock
contribution to both physiology and clinical medi
cine, by emphasizing the multiple role played by bile from hemorrhage, the vessels must be ligated. with reference to the digestion of starch, sugar, proIn shock from toxemia or septicemia, the focus tein, and fat; with reference to its antiputrefactive for the intoxication must be suppressed without and antitoxic functions; and with reference to cerdelay by amputation of a crushed limb or excis- tain properties, hitherto unsuspected, in controlling ion of muscles; if the condition is too grave for
the physical condition of the intestinal mucus. The
bile thus provides an illustration of the wise economy this, the wound can be sprayed or injected with
of nature in imparting many different functions to Menciere's fluid or a formaldehyd solution. In one digestive secretion.-Medical Record. nervous shock, usually with mutiple wounds and
Rest and Sleep in Acute Diseases—If, in acute concussion, intervention is not needed so much at illnesses you secure rest and sleep for your patient, once. If an operation is done in shock, it must you will get a more definite response to the indi. be as rapid as possible (not more than three or
cated line of treatment. A highly desirable agent four minutes for amputation of the thigh). The
for the purpose and one that may be given without
fear of further weakening an already laboring heart, intoxication from the anesthesia must be reduced
is Pasadyne (Daniel). Pasadyne (Daniel) possesses to the practicable minimum ; at the same time it in a marked degree the power to soothe the nervous must be remembered that the anesthesia must be system and may be used as confidently to produce complete, as pain aggravates the state of shock.
rest and sleep as chloral or the bromides. A sample
bottle of Pasadyne (Daniel) may be had by addressEarly intervention is thus very promising, and ing the laboratory of John B. Daniel, Inc., Atlanta, the results are more brilliant, he says, the shorter Georgia.
Mailing Yourself Money-Every time you stick a Thrift or War Savings Stamp on your card you
are mailing money to yourself to be received later Concerning the Doctor
with interest. Cashing in these stamps is going to be better than "getting money from home," for with the money comes the reminder that you contributed
to the great victory which then will have been comDr. H. B. Lemere, of Omaha, has been called to
pletely won. the service and is located at Camp Meade, Annapolis
Mount Sinai Unit at the French Front-This Unit, Junction, Md.
known as United States Base Hospital No. 3, has Dr. Wm. A. Shelton, Kansas City, has received his
been established in a monastery near the front. commission as captain M. R. C., and orders to proceed
On its staff are 26 officers, 65 nurses, 150 enlisted to Camp Oglethrorpe, Ga.
men, and several untrained women. The hospital
has accommodation for about 1,500 patients. The Major L. N. Milne, of Kansas City, is now in com
surgical supplies are provided by Mount Sinai Hosmand of Hospital Unit No. 28, in France, succeeding
pital and the American Red Cross. The chief ofCol. Bannister, who resigned on account of ill health.
ficers of the hospital are: Major Michael A. Dailey,
commanding; Major George Baehr, Major Howard Dr. Frank P. Norbury, Springfield, Ill., has been
Lilienthal, Major Herbert L. Celler, Major Edwin called to New York as acting Medical Director of the Beer, and Major Walter M. Brickner. National Committee for Mental Hygiene in war work.
Maj. Eugene Wilson Caldwell, United States Med
ical Reserve Corps, died recently in New York, a Dr. A. F. Jonas, Omaha, a member of the Medical victim of X-ray burns. Every daily newspaper Reserve Corps, has been detailed for active duty as thought his career of sufficient importance to merit Aide to the Governor and he is now acting in that the use of big headlines. To the East he was a great capacity.
scientist, who literally had given his life for human
ity. The West is no less proud of his achievements, Dr. George H. Hoxie, of Kansas City, chief of and it is able to recall, too, the romance of his life. Medical Service Hospital Unit No. 28, in active duty Gene Caldwell was born in Savannah, Mo., and somewhere in France, has been commissioned Major reared in Concordia, Kans. He was only 16 or 17 M. R. C.
years old when he entered the University of Kansas,
but, youthful as he was, he was even then looked Mr. James Ketner, of Kansas City, proprietor of upon as a wizard. In his school days Caldwell's inthe Densmore Hotel, has been appointed food admin- clinations were entirely in the field of electricity. istrator of Jackson County, to succeed Mr. F. J. Dean, He paid little attention to studies foreign to that who has been assigned to duty at Camp Pike.
science, but if his grades in other branches were not
the highest he more than made amends by his Dr. George F. Butler has resigned as Medical Di- achievements in his chosen line. Even in those days rector of Mudlavia, and accepted a position as Med- the young student's genius was recognized and his ical Director of the North Shore Health Resort at assistance was sought by scientists and inventors Winnetka, III. He will begin his active duties there of acknowledged standing. Summer after summer September first.
the late Prof. Lucien I. Blake, then of the K. U.
faculty, took Caldwell East with him to aid in the The Medical Association of the Southwest will experiments in wireless telephony in which the elder hold its annual meeting at Dallas, Texas, October man was then engaged. Together the Kansas pair
15, 16, 17, under the presdency of Dr. E. H. Martin, finally solved the secret of talking to ships thousands of Hot Springs, Ark. Maj. F. H. Clark, secretary;
of miles out at sea. When the first mesage was Dr. M. M. Smith, Dallas, chairman arrangement com- transmitted, Caldwell, instead of rushing to the New mittee.
York papers, wired the news of the triumph from
Sandy Hook to Dr. Francis H. Snow, the chancellor Maj. Fred H. Clark, secretary Medical Association of K. U., and the word reached the outside world of the Southwest, who has been in charge of Base by way of Lawrence. Blake got the lion's share of Hospital No. 15, at Corpus Christi, Tex., for four the credit, but the professor himself, as well as months past, has just received orders to report for many scientific observers, ungrudgingly gave Caldduty at Fort Logan H. Roots, near Little Rock, Ark. well credit for invaluable assistance. When the use
of x-rays first became known he devoted himself Dr. Leon Charles Lewis-probably you'll remember to their study, and eventually became one of the whim as “Kid" Lewis - has been commissioned a world's greatest experts and authorities on the subcaptain in the Medical Reserve Corps and is await- ject. But in the beginning he was without money ing an assignment. Dr. Lewis in the old days of the or backing, and it is interesting now to recall that Kansas City Medics was a whang of a big bustin' the first x-ray apparatus which he ever owned was football player. Oh, boy, how “Kid” Lewis could hit a second-hand affair which he purchased with money that line and bust that interference. Playing half- borrowed from the man at whose house he was then back and end on the Medics of 1896-7-8-9 the “Kid" rooming in New York. His brilliant successes and grew a reputation that stretched from Texas to the recognition which came to him from the leading Chicago and from Colorado to Illinois. In 1900 and scientists of America and Europe never turned Cald1901 he coached the Medics, and in 1904-5 he played well's head. He remained to the end the modest, on Martin Delaney's K. C. A. C. teams. He was a almost shrinking little man whom White and Funston buster. Doctor Lewis is now a surgeon with the and the rest of them knew at Lawrence thirty years Cudahy Packing Company. He was a sergeant in ago. For several years he had suffered from burns Hale's Zouaves in the Spanish-American war.-(This received in some of his experiments and he died a item was written by the sporting editor of the Kansas martyr to the science to which he had contributed
Dr. George F. Nicolai, formerly professor of pathology at the Berlin University and the author of a book denouncing Prussian Militarism for which he was punished by imprisonment, escaped from Germany in an airplane and landed safely in Denmark on June 24.
Dr. H. Herbert Lanier has been appointed by the Surgeon General President of a board of examiners for the Medical Reserve Corps, and for the time being its only member. Physicians wishing to enter the M. R. C. can now be examined by Dr. Lanier in Texarkana.
Dr. John H. Sutfin, age 83 years, died Monday night at his home, 3320 Virginia Ave., Kansas City, Mo. Dr. Sutfin was born in Monroe county, Indiana, August 25, 1835. Was a practicing physician in Kansas City for thirty-three years. Served three years in the Civil War, in Company D, 36th Regiment Iowa Volunteers.
Dr. Dominick M. Nigro, and Miss Edena May Riley, of Omaha, were married at the bride's home, on Wednesday, July 31. The honeymoon will be spent in Colorado. Miss Riley is a graduate of Eden Hall, Philadelphia, and of the Chevy Chase school for girls in Washington. After finishing her education, she returned to Omaha and entered the training school for nurses at the Omaha general hospital, with the hope of graduating and becoming a Red Cross nurse. Dr. Nigro attended the Kearney military college, Notre Dame university and Northwestern university, taking his medical degree at the latter institution. After leaving Omaha he enlisted in the medical officers' reserve corps, and, while awaiting call, has been serving in the general hospital, Kansas City, Mo. The Herald extends hearty congratulations.
COLOR BLINDNESS The United States Public Health Service has issued recently a pamphlet on “Color Blindness Among U. S. Seamen," a report of the Public Health Service giving valuable data. It says:
The importance of differentiating between those who are dangerously color blind—that is, unable at all times to distinguish between red and green-and those who are only slightly color blind, is brought out in a recent study conducted by the U. S. Public Health Service and reported in Public Health Bulletin No. 92.
The following classes are regarded as dangerously color blind and therefore to be excluded from positions in which they would be required to read colored signal lights: (1 those who are able to see but three or less colors in the spectrum (the normal person sees six or seven); (2) those who see more than three colors in the spectrum, but who have the red end so shortened as to prevent the recognition og a red light at a distance of two miles; and (3) those with a central scotoma (that is, a blind or partially blind area in the field of vision) for red and green.
It was concluded that this class of persons could be distinguished from those harmlessly color blind by the use of the Edrigo-Green color lantern, which was found preferable to color yarns. The theories on which the color lantern is based are given in detail in the publication.
Another feature of the investigation was the study of the prevalence of color blindness. Excluding those able to distinguish five colors in the spectrum, it was found that color blindness occurs in about 8.6 per cent of men and 2.2 per cent of women. Color blindness of a degree dangerous in occupations requiring the recognition of colored signal lights was found to occur in about 3.1 of men and 0.7 per cent of women. Among refractive conditions of the eye, color blindness or curs least frequently in eyes apparently without de monstrable refractive error, it occurs most frequently in eyes showing mixed astigmatism.
The examinations were made as a part of other studies of the effect of illumination on vision, conducted as a part of an illumination survey of the federal department buildings in Washington, D. C. One thousand persons were tested with the Edridge Green lantern to determine both the value of the lantern and the effect, if any, of refractive conditions, lesions, and anomalies of the eye, and also of ser upon different degrees of color perception.
A special study of the Jennings self-recording worsted test was also made, 50 persons being tested with this and other tests. The results with the Jennings test were found to be too inaccurate for most work, although it was found to be superior to other tests in certain lines of work where great accuracy and the classification of color defects were not es sential.
Dr. Chas. C. Allison, of Omaha, passed away on June 19, 1918. His death removes from the medical profession of the state one of its foremost figures. He was born in Kansas in 1865, was educated at St. Mary's College, St. Mary, Kansas, after which he was a student in medicine at Louisville Medical College, Louisville, Kentucky, graduating in 1888. After graduation he served a term as ship's surgeon, coming to Omaha in 1891. For a time he was associated in the practice of surgery with Dr. John E. Summers, later opening an office of his own and continuing in the practice of surgery until his death. As a physician he was ever ready to minister to the wants of the physicially ill and gave much of his time and means to charitable service. He held the position of the Professor of Principles and Practice of Surgery and Clinical Surgery at Creighton Medical College for many years. Dr. Allison was a member of the Medical Society of the Missouri Valley since 1894; a fel. low of the American Medical Association and a member of his county and state societies; he was a frequent contributor to medical literature.
THE DOCTOR REJOICES
For I'm on to something better
Than cirrhosis, nerves or tetterSinging poliomyelitis all the day!
F. A. Turner (Ill. Med. Jour.) says that the chief predisposing cause of hemorrhoids is the upright position of man and the absence of valves in the rectal veins. An enlightened prophylaxis would point to the wisdom of retaining the recumbent position as long as possible, at least until the fire was lit and the morning chores were done. How about the wife? Well, women like to be ailing anyway, and it might as well be piles as anything else. Besides we are a specialist in homology and take no account of aught outside of our chosen field.
Among men it is generally conceded that the ones who have to be handled with gloves should really be handled with an ax to save time, but it is quite the exception to find a woman who does not need to be handled with gloves.-R. T. Morris, "Drs. vs. Folks."