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conflict with thcoe who are now arrayed on the that the income tax ought not to be brought other side.
in here. That is a new idea. They criticise. "The gentleman who just preceded (Gover- us for our criticism of the supreme court of nor Russell) spoke of the old state of Mass- the United States. My friends, we have not achusetts. Let me assure him that not one criticised, we have simply called attention to person in all this convention entertains the what you know. If you want criticism, read least hostility to the people of the state of the dissenting opinions of the court. That Massachusetts. (Applause.) But we stand will give you criticisms. (Applause.) They here representing people who are the equals say we passed an unconstitutional law. I before the law of the largest citizens in the deny it-the income tax was not unconstitustate of Massachusetts. (Applause.) Whentional when it was passed. It was not uncon. you come before us and tell us that we shall stitutional when it went before the supreme disturb your business interests, we reply that court for the first time. It did not become you have disturbed our business interests by unconstitutional until one judge changed his your course. (Great applause and cheering.) | mind, and we cannot be expected to know
"We say to you that you have made too when a judge will change his mind. (APlimited in its application the definition of the plause, and a voice: 'Hit 'em again.') business man. The man who is employed for "The income tax is a just law. It simply in. wages is as much a business man as his em- tends to put the burdens of government justly ployer. The attorney in a country town is as upon the backs of the people. I am in favor much a business man as the corporation coun
of an income tax. (Applause.) When I find a sel in a great metropolis. The merchant at
man who is not willing to pay his share of the the crossroads store is as much a business burden of the government which protects him, man as the merchant in New York. The far-li and a man who is unworthy to enjoy the mer who goes forth in the morning and toils
blessings of a government like ours. (APall day, begins in the spring and toils all plause.) He says that we are opposing the nasummer, and by the application of brain and tional bank currency. It is true. If you will muscle to the natural resources of this coun
read what Thomas Benton said, you will find try creates wealth, is as much a business man
that he said that in searching history he could as the man who goes upon the board of trade
find but one parallel to Andrew Jackson. That and bets upon the price of grain. The min.
was Cicero, who destroyed the conspiracies of ers who go a thousand feet into the earth or
Catiline and saved Rome. He did for Rome climb 2,000 feet upon the cliffs and bring forth
what Jackson did when he destroyed the bank from their hiding places the precious metals
conspiracy and saved America. (Appla use.) to be poured in the channels of trade are as
“We say in our platform that we believe that
con much business men as the few financial magnates who in a back room corner the money of
the right to coin money and issue money is
a function of government. We believe it. We the world. “We come to speak for this broader class
believe it is a part of sovereignty, and can no of business men. Ah, my friends we say not
more, with safety, be delegated to private inone word against those who live upon the
dividuals than we could afford to delegate to Atlantic coast; but those hardy pioneers who
private individuals the power to make penal braved all the dangers of the wilderness, who
statutes or to levy laws for taxation. (Aphave made the desert to blossom as the rose
plause.) Mr. Jefferson, who was once regarded thrse pioneers away out there, rearing their
as good Democratic authority, seems to have children near to nature's heart, where they can
a different opinion from the gentleman who mingle their voices with the voices of the
has addressed us on the part of the minority. birds: out there where they have erected
Those who are opposed to this proposition te!! schrol houses for the education of their
us that the issue of paper money is a function young, and churches where they praise their
of the bank, and that the government ought to Creatnr, and cemeteries where sleep the ashes
go out of the banking business. I stand with of their dead, are as deserving of the consider
Jefferson, rather than with them, and tell them, ation of this party as any people in this coun
as he did, that the issue of money is a function try. (Great applause.)
of the government, and that the banks ought "It is for these that we speak. We do not to go out of the government business. come as aggressors. Our war is not a war “They complain about the plank which deof conquest. We are fighting in the defense
clares against the life tenure in office. They of our homes, our families and posterity. I have tried to strain it to meant
have tried to strain it to mean that which it (Loud applause.) We have petitioned. and does not mean. What we oppose in that plank our petitions have been scorned. We have is the life tenure that is being built up in entreated and nur entreaties have been disre-i Washington which excludes from participation garded. We have begged and they have in the benefits the humbler members of our somocked, and our calamity came. We beg no ciety. I cannot dwell longer in my limited longer. We entreat no more. We petition
time. (Cries of “Go on! Go on”) no more. We defy them. (Great applause
"Let me call attention to two or three great and confusion in the silver delegation.)
things. The gentleman from New York says "The gentleman from Wisconsin has said that he will propose an amendment providing he fears a Robespierre. My friend. in this that this change in our laws shall not affect land of the free you need fear no tyrant who contracts already made. Let me remind him will spring up from among the people. What that there is no intention of affecting those we need is an Andrew Jackson to stand as contracts, which, according to the present Jackson stood against the encroachments of laws, are made payable in gold. But if he aggrandized wealth. (Great applause.)
moans to say that we cannot change our mon"They tell us that this platform was made etary system without protecting those who to catch votes. We reply to them that change have loaned money before the change was ing conditions make new issues; that the made. I want to ask him where, in law or in principles upon which rest Democracy are as morals. he can find authority for not proeverlasting as the hills, but that they must tecting the debtors, when the act of 1873 was be applied to new conditions as they arise. passed, but now insists that we must protect Conditions have arisen, and we are attempts the creditor! He says he also wants to ing to meet those conditions. They tell us 'amend this law and provide that if we fail
to maintain a parity within a year that we pledges the party to get rid of a gold standard will then suspend the coinage of silver. We and substitute bimetallism. (Applause.). reply that when we advocate a thing which “If the gold standard is a good thing why we believe will be successful we are riot try to get rid of it? (Laughter and continued compelled to raise a doubt as to our own sin- applause.) If the gold standard, and I might cerity by trying to show what we will do it call your attention to the fact that some of we can. I ask him, if he will apply his logic the very people who are in this convention to us, why he does not apply it to himself? to-day and who tell you that we ought to He says that he wants this country to try to declare in favor of international bimetallism secure an international agreement. Why and thereby declare that a gold standard is doesn't he tell us what he is going to do it wrong and that the principle of bimetallism they fail to secure an international agree- is better, these very people four months ago ment? There is more reason for him to do were open and avowed advocates of the gold that than for us to fail to maintain the parity. standard and telling us that we could not They have tried for thirty years--for thirty legislate two metals together even with all years—to secure an international agreement, the world. (Renewed applause and cheers.) and those are waiting for it most patiently "I want to suggest this truth, that if the who don't want it at all. (Cheering. Laugh gold standard is a good thing we ought to deter long continued.)
clare in favor of its retention and not in favor “Now, my friends, let me come to the great of abandoning it; and if the gold standard is paramount issue. If they ask us here why it a bad thing, why should we wait until some is that we say more on the money question other nations are willing to help us to let go? than we say upon the teriff question, I reply (Applause.) Here is the line of battle. We that if protection has slain its thousands, the care not upon which issue they force the fight. gold standard has slain its tens of thousands. We are prepared to meet them on either issue If they ask us why we did not embody all or on both. If they tell us that the gold standthese things in our platform, which we believe, ard is the standard of civilization, we reply to we reply to them that when we have restored them that this, the most enlightened of all the the money of the constitution, all other nec. nations of the earth, has never declared for a essary reforms will be possible, and that until gold standard, and both the parties this year that is done there is no reform that can be are declaring aginst it (Applause.) If the accomplished. (Cheers). Why is it that with gold standard is the standard of civilization, in three months such a change has come why, my friends, should we not have it? So, over the sentiment of this country? Three if they come to meet us on that, we can premonths ago, when it was confidently asserted sent the history of our nation, that thoso who believed in the gold standard “More than that, we can tell them this, that would frame our platform and nominate our they will search the pages of history in vain candidate, even the advocates of the gold to find a single instance in which the common standard did not think that we could elect people of any land have ever declared thema President, but they had good reason for selves in favor of a gold standard. (Apthe suspicion, because there is scarcely a plause.) They can find where the holders of 'state here to-day asking for the gold stand fixed investments have. Mr. Carlisle said in ard that is not within the absolute control 1878 that this was a struggle between the idle of the Republican party. (Loud cheering). holders of idle capital and the struggling
"But note the change. Mr. McKinley was masses who product the wealth and pay the nominated at St. Louis upon a platform that taxes of the country; and, my friends, it is declared for the maintenance of the gold simply a question that we shall decide upon standard until it should be changed into bi- which side shall the Democratic party fight? metallism by an international agreement. Mr. Upon the side of the idle holders of idle capMoKinley was the most popular man among ital or upon the side of the struggling masses ? the Republicans, and everybody three months That is the question that the party must anago in the Republican party prophesied his swer first, and then it must be answered by election. How is it to-day? Why, that man each individual hereafter. who used to boast that he looked like Na- "The sympathies of the Democratic party, poleon-(laughter and cheering)—that man as described by the platform, are on the side shudders to-day when he thinks that he was of the struggling masses, who have ever been nominated on the anniversary of the battle the foundation of the Democratic party. (APof Waterloo. Not only that, but as he lis-plause.) There are two ideas of government. teps he can hear with ever increasing dis. There are tithose who believe that if you just tinctness the sound of the waves as they beat legislate to make the well to do prosperous upon the lonely shores of St. Helena. (Cheers). that 'their prosperity will leak through on those
“Why this change? Ah, my friends, is not below. The Democratic idea has been that it the change evident to anyone who will look you legislate to make the masses prosperous at the matter? It is no private character, their prosperity will find its way up and however pure, no personal popularity, how-through every class and rest upon it. (APever great, that can protect from the avenging plause.) wrath of an indignant people the man who will "You come to us and tell us that the great either declare that he is in favor of fastening cities are in favor of the gold standard. I tell the gold standard upon this people, or who is you that the great cities rest upon these broad willing to surrender the right of self govern- and fertile prairies. Burn down your cities ment and place the legislative control in the and leave our farms, and your cities will hands of foreign potentates and powers. spring up again as it by magic. But destroy (Cheers).
our farms and the grass will grow in the “We go forth confident that we shall win. streets of every city in this country. (APWhy? Because upon the paramount issue in plause.) My friends, we shall declare that this this campaign there i
campaign there is not a spot of ground nation is able to legislate for its own people upon which the enemy will dare to challenge on every question without waiting for the aid battle. Why, if they tell us that the gold or consent of any other nation on earth. (Apstandard is a good thing, we point to their plause. Upon that issue 'we expect to carry platform and tell them that their platform 'every single state in this Union. (Applause.)
"I &hall not slander the fair state of Massa- | Klutz of North Carolina Seconding chusetts nor the state of New York by saying!
: Bryan's Nomination. that when its citizens are confronted with the proposition. Is this nation able to attend to its Klutz of North Carolina was the first to own business?-I will not slander either one second Bryan's nomination: by saying that the people of those states will “Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the condeclare our helpless impotency as a nation to vention-At the behest of the yeomen Demo attend to our own business.
cracy of the good old state of North Carolina I "It is the issue of 1776 over again. Our second the nomination of the young giant of ancestors, when but 3,000,000, had the courage the West, that friend of the people, that chamto declare their political independence of pion of the lowly, that apostle and prophet of every other nation upon earth. Shall we, this great crusade for financial reform-Willtheir descendants, when we have grown to iam J. Bryan of Nebraska. (Cheers.) He can 70,000,000, declare that we are less inde- poll every Democratic vote in every section of pendent than our forefathers ? No, my this great country that any other candidate friends, it will never be the judgment of this here named can do. And, more than that, he people.
can poll more votes from persons of different “Therefore, we care not upon what lines affiliations and do more to unite the friends of the battle is fought. If they say bimetallism free silver than all of them put together. (Reis good, but we cannot have it till some newed applause and cheers.) Cynics tell us nation helps us, we reply that, instead of that oratory is dead; that the admiration of dihaving a gold standard because England has, vine virtues is lost to our people, but this we shall restore bimetallism and then let splendid ovation that you gave to-day to WillEngland have bimetallism because the United iam J. Bryan, the splendid tribute that you States has. (Applause.) If they dare to come paid to his manhood, to his oratory, to his out and in the open and defend the gold patriotism and to his sincerity, gives the lie standard as a good thing, we shall fight them to both of those observations. In the young to the uttermost, having behind us the pro- prime of his great powers, known as a fearducing masses of this nation and the world. less tribune of the people, known for his adHaving behind us the commercial interests | vocacy of the cause of the lowly, known as and the laboring interests and all the toiling the friend of free silver and as the champion masses, we shall answer their demands for a of reform, eloquent as Clay, patriotic as Webgold standard by saying to them, you shall ster or Lincoln, if he is elected, as he will be not press down upon the brow of labor this if nominated, he will be the President of all crown of thorns. You shall not crucify man classes and all sections of this great country kind upon a cross of gold.”.
of ours." (Renewed and prolonged applause
and cheers.) Address of Lewis of Georgia Nomi
The Final Ballot for President,
There were five ballots taken on the nom: nating Bryan of Nebraska.
inations for President, the last and decisive
one being as follows: Bryan was placed in nomination by Lewis of Georgia.
"Mr. President and gentlemen of the convention-I did not intend to make a speech,
State. but simply, in behalf of the Democratic party of the state of Georgia, to place in nomination as the Democratic candidate for Presi
Alabama ......... dent of the United States a distinguished citizen, whose very name is an earnest of suc
Colorado cess, whose public record will insure Demo
Connecticut cratic victory, whose public life and public Delaware .... record are loved and honored by the American Florida ....
Georgia .... people. Should public office be bestowed as a
Idaho reward for public service then no man merito |
Illinois ..... this reward more than he. Is public office a Indiana .. public trust? Then in no hands can be more
Kansas ..... safely lodged that greatest trust in the gift of
Kentucky ... the American people than in his.
Louisiana ... "In the political storms that have swept Maine ...... over this country he has stood on the field of
Massachusetts battle among the leaders of the Democratic
Michigan ........ hosts like Saul among the Israelites, head and Minnesota ... shoulders above all the rest. (Applause.) Mississippi "As Mr. Prentice said of the immortal Clay,
Montana so we can truthfully say of him "that his
Nebraska .... civil reward will not yield a splendor to the Nevada ... brightest helmet that ever bloomed upon a New Hampshire. warrior's brow.' He needs no speech to in
New York....... troduce him to this convention. He needs no North Carilona encomium to commend him to the people of North Dakota.. the United States. Honor him, fellow Demo
Oregon .......... crats, and you will honor yourselves; nom
Pennsylvania inate him, and you will reflect credit upon
Rhode Island..... the party you represent; honor him, and you South Carolina.. will win for yourselves the plaudits of your South Dakota.. constituents and the blessing of posterity. I Tennessee ......
Texas .... refer, fellow citizens, to the Hon. William J. Bryan of Nebraska."
Boies ...... 1:::::::::::8::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
:::::Ni::: Novi : ; ; : i coun::: : : : : : :
: : :
J. | Utah ............
Not Voting. :::
William Jennings Bryan was born in Salem,
Marion county, Ill., on March 19, 1860. At the Territories.
age of 15 he entered Whipple academy at Alaska .......... Arizona .....
Jacksonville; in 1877 he entered Illinois colDistrict of Columbia..
lege, and graduated valedictorian in 1881. New Mexico.. Oklahoma
For the next two years he attended the Union Indian ........
Law college, Chicago, studying in the office of Total .................. 106
26 31 500 95 261 Lyman Trumbull. After graduation he began
practice at Jacksonville. The scattering votes were: Stevenson, 2 from Massachusetts, 2 from Minnsota, 2 from North In 1887 he removed to Lincoln, Neb., and Dakota and 2 from West Virginia; Turpie, 1 from
became a member of the law firm of Talbot West Virginia; Hill, 1 from Massachusetts.
& Bryan. He was elected to congress in the Arthur Sewall of Maine Named for
First Nebraska district in 1890 over W. J. Vice President.
Connell of Omaha, and was re-elected in 1892 The name of Arthur Sewall of Maine was
over Allen W. Field of Lincoln. In 1894 Mr. placed before the convention as nominee for vice president by William R. Burke of Cali
Bryan declined a third nomination, and was
nominated by the Democrat state convention fornia and seconded by C. S. Thomas of Colorado. There were five ballots taken, the
for United States senator by the unanimous last and decisive one being as follows:
vote of the convention. The Republicans,
however, had a majority in the legislature, Vote for Vice President.
and Bryan was defeated for the senatorship. Since Mr. Bryan's congress term expired he has given his time exclusively to spreading the doctrine of free silver.
He first appeared in the political arena of Nebraska in the campaign of 1888, when he stumped the First district for J. Sterling Morton, nominee for congress. The same year he
declined a nomination for lieutenant govAlabama
ernor. On July 30, 1890, he was nominated for Arkansas
congress and wrote a platform on which he California
ran. Nobody but himself thought he could be Colorado Connecticut
iż elected. He stumped the district on the tariff Delaware ..
issue, and won fame as a political oratorFlorida
throughout the state. This beautiful lanGeorgia ..
guage has been used by an admirer to deIdaho .....
scribe his graces as an orator: Illinois .... Indiana ...
“Bryan neglects none of the accessories of Iowa ......
oratory. Nature richly dowered him with Kansas .......
rare grace. He is happy in attitude and pose. Kentucky Louisiana
His gestures are on Hogarth's line of beauty. Maine ..
Mellifluous is the word that most aptly deMaryland
scribes. his voice. It is strong enough to beMassachusetts
heard by thousands; it is sweet enough to Michigan .....
charm those least inclined to music. It is so Minnesota ..... Mississippi.
modulated as not to vex the ear with monotMissouri
ony, and can be stern or pathetic, fierce or Montana ....
gentle, serious or humorous with the varying Nebraska
emotions of its master. In his youth Bryan Nevada ..... New Hampshire
must have had a skillful teacher in elocution New Jersey .......
and must have been a docile pupil. He enNew York .....
riches his speeches with illustrations from. North Carolina.
the classics or from the common occurrences North Dakota Ohio
of every day life with equal felicity and facil-.............. Oregon .........
ity. Some passages from his orations arePennsylvania
gems and are being used as declamations by Rhode Island ....
boys at school. But his crowning gift as an South Carolina South Dakota
orator is his evident sincérity. He is candorTennessee
incarnate and thoroughly believes what he Texas .......
says himself.” Utah
Exactly the impression of studied and his-. Vermont .... Virginia
trionic insincerity is produced by him on Washington ..
strangers, not cronies, who listen to him. West Virginia
Mr. Bryan attracted considerable attention in Wisconsin ......
the house of representative during his first Wyoming .....
term. He was placed on the ways and means District of Columbia..,.. Arizona .....
committee and made several tariff speeches. New Mexico .....
This made him quite prominent, and the TamOklahoma .......
many Hall society of New York invited him Indian Territory ..........
tɔ speak at its Independence day celebration. Alaska
in 1892. During Bryan's second term in conTotal
.930 568 32 36 251' gress he became the chief lieutenant of Rich
Delegates.. So como o