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SEC. 25. The officers mentioned in this article Bonds of shall give bonds in not less than double the amount of money that may come into their hands, and in no case in less than the sum of fifty thousand dollars, with such provisions as to sureties and the approval thereof, and for the increase of the penalty of such bonds as may be prescribed by law.

to be created.

SEC. 26. No other executive state office shall No other office be continued or created, and the duties now devolving upon officers not provided for by this constitution shall be performed by the officers herein created.


SECTION 1. The judicial power of this state shall Judicial power. be vested in the supreme court, district courts, county courts, justices of the peace, police magistrates, and in such other courts inferior to the district courts as may be created by law for cities and incorporated towns.


SEC. 2. The supreme court shall consist of three Supreme court; judges, a majority of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum, or to pronounce a decision. It shall have original jurisdiction in cases relating to the revenue, civil cases in which the state shall be a party, mandamus, quo warranto, habeas corpus, and such appellate jurisdictions as may be provided by law.

supreme court.


SEC. 3. At least two terms of the supreme court Term of shall be held each year at the seat of government. SEC. 4. The judges of the supreme court shall Election of be elected by the electors of the state at large, and their terms of office, except of those chosen at the first election, as hereinafter provided, shall be six years.

and such increase, or any change in the boundaries of a district, shall not vacate the office of any judge.

courts for each

SEC. 12. The judges of the district courts may Judges to hold hold courts for each other, and shall do so when other. required by law.


SEC. 13. The judges of the supreme and district Salary of courts shall each receive a salary of $2,500 per annum, payable quarterly.


SEC. 14. No judge of the supreme or district No other comcourt shall receive any other compensation, perquisite, or benefits for or on account of his office in any form whatsoever, nor act as attorney or counselor-at-law, in any manner whatever; nor shall any salary be paid to any county judge.

SEC. 15. There shall be elected in and for each County judge. organized county one judge, who shall be judge of

the county court of such county, and whose term of office shall be two years.

SEC. 16. County courts shall be courts of record, Jurisdiction of and shall have original jurisdiction in all matters of probate, settlements of estates of deceased persons, appointment of guardians, and settlement of their accounts, in all matters relating to apprentices, and such other jurisdiction as may be given by general law. But they shall not have jurisdiction in criminal cases in which the punishment may exceed six months' imprisonment, or a fine of over five hundred dollars; nor in actions in which title to real estate is sought to be recovered, or may be drawn in question; nor in actions on mortgages or contracts for the conveyance of real estate; nor in civil actions where the debt or sum claimed shall exceed one thousand dollars.

Appeals to district court.

Justices of the peace; jurisdiction.

ing courts to be uniform.

SEC. 17. Appeals to the district courts from the judgments of county courts shall be allowed in all criminal cases, on application of the defendant; and in all civil cases, on application of either party, and in such other cases as may be provided by law.

SEC. 18. Justices of the peace and police magistrates shall be elected in and for such districts, and have and exercise such jurisdiction as may be provided by law; Provided, That no justice of the peace shall have jurisdiction of any civil case where the amount in controversy shall exceed two hundred dollars; nor in a criminal case where the punishment may exceed three months' imprisonment, or a fine of over one hundred dollars; nor in any matter wherein the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute.

Laws govern- SEC. 19. All laws relating to courts shall be general and of uniform operation, and the organization, jurisdiction, powers, proceedings, and practice of all courts of the same class or grade, so far as regulated by law, and the force and effect of the proceedings, judgments, and decrees of such courts severally shall be uniform.

Terms of office.

SEC. 20. All officers provided for in this article shall hold their offices until their successors shall be qualified, and they shall respectively reside in the district, county, or precinct for which they shall be elected or appointed. The terms of office of all such officers, when not otherwise prescribed in this article, shall be two years. All officers, when not otherwise provided for in this article, shall perform such duties and receive such compensation as may be provided by law,

office of judges,

SEC. 21. In case the office of any judge of the Vacancies in supreme court, or of any district court, shall be- how filled. come vacant before the expiration of the regular term for which he was elected, the vacancy shall be filled by appointment by the governor until a successor shall be elected and qualifiad, and such successor shall be elected for the unexpired term at the first general election that occurs more than thirty days after the vacancy shall have happened. Vacancies in all other elective offices provided for in this article shall be filled by election, but when the unexpired term does not exceed one year the vacancy may be filled by appointment, in such manner as the legislature may provide.

against state.

SEC. 22. The state may sue and be sued, and Suits by and the legislature shall provide by law in what manner and in what courts suits shall be brought.


SEC. 23. The several judges of the courts of Jurisdiction at record shall have jurisdiction at chambers as may be provided by law.


SEC. 24. All process shall run in the name of Style of pro"The State of Nebraska," and all prosecutions shall be carried on in the name of "The State of Nebraska."



SECTION 1. Every male person of the age of Who are twenty-one years or upwards belonging to either of the following classes, who shall have resided in the state six months, and in the county, precinct, or ward for the term provided by law, shall be an elector.

First. Citizens of the United States.

Second. Persons of foreign birth who shall have

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Board of education.

declared their intention to become citizens conformably to the laws of the United States on the subject of naturalization at least thirty days prior to an election.

SEC. 2. No person shall be qualified to vote who is non compos mentis, or who has been convicted of treason or felony under the law of the state, or of the United States, unless restored to civil rights.

SEC. 3. Every elector in the actual military service of the United States, or of this state, and not in the regular army, may exercise the right of suffrage at such place, and under such regulations as may be provided by law.

SEC. 4. No soldier, seaman, or marine in the army and navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of the state in consequence of being stationed therein.

SEC. 5. Electors shall in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections, and going to and returning from the same, and no elector shall be obliged to do military duty on the day of election, except in time of war and public danger.

SEC. 6. All votes shall be by ballot.


SECTION 1. The governor, secretary of state, treasurer, attorney general, and commissioner of public lands and buildings shall, under the direction of the legislature, constitute a board of commissioners for the sale, leasing, and general management of all lands and funds set apart for educa

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