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abroad, X. 450. Prohibition of uni-p
form for, XI. 164. Must not ac-
cept gifts from foreign powers,
XV. 70.

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Disabilities, delay in removal of, X.
Disarmament, advantages of, I. 119-
121, especially for France in
1870, XIV. 55-61.
Disfranchisement, inconsistent with
republican government, X. 109.
District of Columbia, abolition of
slavery in, demanded, I. 308, 337;
II. 415, but not by national Whig
Party. II. 156. Slave-trade in,
abolished, II. 401. Laws of Mary-
land adopted in, III. 51; VI. 409.
Slavery and the black code in, VI.
121. Mr. Sumner's speech on bill
for abolition of slavery in, VI. 389.
Power of Congress to abolish sla-
very in, VI. 396, 419. Masters in,
not properly entitled to compensa-
tion, VI. 397. Congress responsible
for slavery in, VI. 403, 418. Slavery
in, unconstitutional. VI. 403, 412-
416; authorities maintaining same,
VI. 404. Account of establishment
of seat of government in, VI. 405-
409. Laws of, on slavery, VI. 410,
442. Money appropriation advisa-
ble to ransom slaves in, VI. 418, 437.
Testimony of colored persons in, VI.
442. Enforcement of emancipation
in, VI. 487. Slaves cannot be sur-
rendered in, VII. 79. Colored suf-
frage in, X. 5; XI. 49, the whites
vs. same, X. 98. Opening of offices

on slave States, V. 303-305. And
a Southern confederacy, V. 433.
Dix, Miss D. L., her book on prison
discipline, I. 163. Labors of, I. 164.
Advocates separate system in pris-
ons, I. 178.

Domestic Relations, our, article on,
VII. 493.

Dominica, diplomatic relations with
the republic of, X. 270. See San

Doubtful Clauses, authorities on inter-
pretation of, III. 112, 188; VIII.

Douglas, Stephen A., compared to

Sancho Panza, IV. 149. Threats
of, replied to, IV. 150, 242. His
bill for admission of Kansas con-
demned, IV. 212-215. His attacks
answered, IV. 251-255. Pretended
principles of the party supporting,
in 1860, V. 250. His insincerity
in professing popular sovereignty,
V. 255-257, 312, 330; his inconsist-
ency as to same, V. 258-261. His
associates, V. 261. His heartless-
ness, V. 262. His contest with
Lincoln, IX. 379,-extracts from
his speeches in same, IX. 381-385;
XIII. 494; XIV. 454.
Douglass, Frederick, insults to, XIV.
317, 372; XV. 151 et seq, 181, 205-
208. And President Grant, XV.
Downing, Andrew J., the landscape
gardener, III. 197.

Downing, George T., article by,
quoted, XIV. 431-435.

Burden of, should be equalized,
VIII. 44.

Drayton and Sayres, proceedings
against, for liberating slaves, III.
51-53. Alternatives of pardon for,
III. 61-63.

to colored persons in, XI. 414. Ex-Draft, commutation for the, VIII. 42.
clusion of colored physicians from
Medical Society of, XIII. 186, 478.
Letter for celebration of anniver-
sary of emancipation in, XV. 266.
Origin of reforms for colored per-
sons in, XV. 276.
Disunion, threat of, by slave States,
V. 293; VI. 79-81. Absurdity of,
as a remedy, V. 301. Difficulty of
accomplishing, V. 302. Effects of,

Dred Scott Decision, V. 179; VII.
154; VIII. 237-239; X. 276; XIII.
337. No bust for author of, IX.
270; XII. 407. False statements

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Elections, powers of States over, X.

214; XII. 430-436; XIII. 39-42.
Of Senators, X. 377, 481. Rules
for, in England, X. 384, 482; Cush-
ing on same, X 385. Rules for, in
United States, X. 385, 483; Cush-
ing on same, X. 386. Secret voting
at popular, X. 481.
Eloquence, defined, I. 297.
Emancipation, of slaves in West Ind-
ies by England, I. 127; IV. 28-30;
V. 231. Desirable in United
States, I. 127. Channing's address
on, I. 298; V. 73. Our best weap-

on, VI. 1, 107; VII. 76, 229; VIII.
372. Of national government from
Slave Power, VI. 8. Instances of,
in war, VI. 13-15, 17. Modes of,
in Roman law, VI. 15. Present
modes of accomplishing, VI. 16, 18.
Of serfs in Russia, VI. 27; IX.
444-446; X. 57-60, 433; XI. 135.
Appendix to speech on, VI. 30. And
the President, VI. 31 (Appendix),
152; VII. 117 et seq.; IX. 414. The
third great epoch in American his-
tory, VI. 72 Instructions of Sec-
retary of War tending towards,
VI. 108. Military necessity of, VI.
110; VII. 206. And Reconstruc-
tion, VI. 301. State suicide and,
VI. 381. Enforcement of, in Dis-
trict of Columbia, VI. 487. Patri-
otic unity and, VII. 180. Harmony
with the President, and, VII. 182.
A war measure, VII. 233, 253, 273.
Celebration of, VII. 256; X. 417.
Immediate, and not gradual, VII.
266. Must be universal, VIII. 78,
82; petition for same, VIII. 80.
Universal, without compensation,
VIII. 347. Pope Gregory the Great
on, VIII. 377. In District of Co-
lumbia, letter for anniversary of,
XV. 266. See Antislavery Enter-
prise and Proclamation of Emanci-
Emblems, and mottoes, encourage
war, I. 93.
Emigrant Aid Company of Massa-

chusetts, vindicated, IV. 122, 194–
205. Not an Abolition Society, IV.
199; testimony to same, IV. 200.
Its secret, IV. 201.
Emigration, to Kansas, III. 334; IV.
121, 159, 194-205; V. 256. Organ-
ization in, IV. 195. Influence of
slavery on, V. 46.
England, slave-trade in, I. 400; XIII.
166. Sends expeditions against
Barbary States, I. 408-412, 459-
462: VI. 435; VII. 398. Slavery
in, III. 131; VI. 416; same an-

nulled, III. 132, 509; VI. 417.
Confiscation in, VII. 55. Actions
and criticisms of, unfriendly to
United States during Rebellion,
VII. 338-367, 450; IX. 399; XIII.
58-73, 84, 124. Liability of, for
damages to United States com-
merce by pirate ships, VII. 363-
365; XIII. 89. Her growth into a
nation, XII. 200. Individual and
national claims on, XIII. 53, 124.
Reparation due from, to United
States, for aid to Rebels, XIII. 76,

Her treatment of United
States claims for reparation, XIII.
91. Original degradation of, XIII.
164-167. See Great Britain.
English Language, predictions of its
extension, XII. 62–64.
Engravers of portraits: Dürer, XIV.
333. A. Caracci, XIV. 334. Golt-
zius, Pontius.and Rembrandt, XIV.
335. Visscher and Van Dyck, XIV.
336. Mellan, XIV. 337. Morin
and Masson, XIV. 338. Nanteuil,
XIV. 339. Edelinck, XIV. 343-
345. Drevet, XIV. 345 et seq.
Ficquet, Schmidt, and Wille, XIV.
347-349. Longhi, XIV. 349. Raf-
faello Morghen, XIV. 350. Hou-
braken and Bartolozzi, XIV. 351.
Strange, XIV. 352. Sharp, XIV.


Engraving, the best portraits in, XIV.

327. Its relation to painting, XIV.
331; Longhi on same. XIV. 331.
Great French school of, XIV. 337-

Episcopal Church of America, be-

friended by Granville Sharp, III.

Equal Rights, in the lecture-room, I.

160. In common schools, II. 327;
XIV. 155, 310, 317, 318, 393-396,
413; XV. 275. And the Emanci-
pation Proclamation, IX. 192. Ne-
cessity of guaranties for, IX. 442.
Secured to freed serfs in Russia,
IX. 444-446; X. 58-60, 433; XI.

31. Vs. the Presidential policy in
reconstruction, IX. 500. Scheme
of Reconstruction on basis of, X. 21.
Of all, speech on, X. 115. The
great guaranty, X. 124. A condi-
tion of Reconstruction, X. 468; XII.
531. Whether political or civil, by
Act of Congress, XII. 184. Folly
of reasons for denial of, XII. 516.
Must be under a uniform law, XIII.
332; XIV. 280, 386; XV. 69. Fur-
ther measures required to secure,
XIII. 351, 375; XIV. 149, 310, 316-
318; XV. 203, 267. No reconcil-
iation without, XIV. 367, 411, 415.
Limitations on, a denial of the
Declaration of Independence, XIV.
375. Not a question of society,
XIV. 379. In hotels, XIV. 388;
in public conveyances, XIV. 390;
in theatres, XIV. 392; in other
public institutions, churches, and
cemeteries, XIV. 396, 444–451.
Argument against, XIV. 398. On
juries, XIV. 442. In normal
schools, XV. 268. See Civil Rights
and Equality.

Equality before the law, II. 327; VIII.
391. Misunderstood by Brougham
and Calhoun, II. 331. Origin and
growth of the sentiment of, II. 332.
Proclaimed in France by literature
and constitutions, II. 334-339;
VIII. 392-395; X. 198-202,-de-
clared in other European countries,
II. 339; VIII. 395. Greek word
for, II. 339; VIII. 396. Proclaimed
by Declaration of Independence and
Constitution of Massachusetts, II.
340. Defined, II. 341; III. 244;
XII. 515; XIV. 371. Recognized
by Massachusetts laws for common
schools, II. 342; and by courts
of same, II. 345. Violated by
separate colored schools, II. 346;
XIV. 393. Equivalents no substi-
tute for, II. 364; XIV. 155, 310,
317, 381. American representative
system founded on, III. 234. Of

States, does not allow transporta-
tion of slaves into Territories, V.
117. Of men, a self-evident truth,
V. 226; X. 235. La Boëtie and
Maine on, VIII. 398. Political,
without distinction of color, X. 282.
In rights, must be complete, X. 417;
XII. 515; XIV. 371, 468; XV. 68.
Before the law, protected by na-
tional statute, XIV. 355. In rights,
the real issue of the war, XIV. 375;
testimony to same, XIV. 376-378.
Equity, definitions of, XIII. 366.
Erasmus, his description of an eagle,
I. 95. On his own character, I.
250. His application of Latin pro-
verb on Scylla and Charybdis, IX.
509-511. On uncleanness of Eng-
lish houses, XIII. 167. Portraits
of, XIV. 333.

Europe, public debt of, before 1845,

I. 72. Expenses of war-prepa-
rations of, before 1850, I. 75; II.
216. Tendency of, towards unity,
II. 220-231. Sympathies of, in
our Civil War, not to be repelled,
V. 504. Policy of, on rights of
neutral ships, VI. 201, 204. In-
tervention of, in wars for freedom,
VII. 335. Tends towards Repub-
- licanism, XIV. 83. Lafayette's
prophecy of enfranchisement of,
XIV. 84.

Everett, Edward, nomination of, for
Vice-President in 1860, V. 246.
Urges compromise in 1861, V. 444.
Supports Lincoln in 1864, IX. 68.
The late, IX. 200. On retaliation,
IX. 218.
Exhibition, Industrial, at London in
1862, representation of United
States at, VI. 295.
Exmouth, Lord, expeditions


against Algiers, I. 459-462; VI.
435: VII. 398. Orders of, quoted,
I. 459, 462; VII. 399. Despatch
of, quoted, I. 463; VI. 436; VII.



FACULTIES, all the, should be culti-
vated, I. 208.

Fame, Allston's definition of, I. 283.
Oration on, II. 1. In antiquity,
II. 10. See Glory.
Fanaticism, good and bad, defined,
IV. 146-148.

Faneuil Hall, III. 359; V. 338.
Farmer, the good, and the good
citizen, III. 476.

Farmers of Hampshire Co., Massa-
chusetts, speech at dinner of, VII.
248. Liberal sentiments of, VII.

"Federal," should not be applied to
government, constitution, courts,
or army of United States, XII. 192
et seq.
Fellow-citizens, German, and a true
Reconstruction, VI. 376. No names
of victories over, on regimental
colors, VI. 499; XV. 255. No
picture at the Capitol of victory
over, IX. 333.

Female Suffrage, XI. 48.
Fessenden, William Pitt, Senator
from Maine, reply to, on limitation
of Senate business and obligations
of caucuses, XI. 385-389, 393 et
seq. Remarks on death of, XIII.

"Fiat justitia, ruat cœlum," origin
of phrase, III. 506 (and note, 507).
Field, Cyrus W., XI. 40. Speech

on a resolution giving thanks of
Congress to, XI. 121.

Fifteenth Amendment, ratification of
the, XIII. 350.
Financial Reconstruction, through
public faith and specie payments,
XII. 443; XIII. 234. Depends on
political, XII. 448-450, 478, 539.
Means of, XII. 462-465; XIII.
237-241, 279–281. Propositions of
Secretary of Treasury for, consid-
ered, XIII. 241-244. Considera-
tion of Mr. Sumner's bill for. XIII.

245-253, 279 et seqq.; and of bill
from Committee of Finance for,
XIII. 255-260, 264, 266-270. Sub-
stitute for latter explained, XIII.
260 et seq., 264-266, 273-277.
Substitute of Finance Committee
for Mr. Summer's bill considered,
XIII. 281-298.
Fish, Hamilton, Secretary of State,
personal relations of Mr. Sumner
with, XIV. 251, 258-276. His in-
terest in annexion of San Domin-
go, XIV. 259. His removal of
Mr. Motley, XIV. 261; his paper
on same, XIV. 261-264; quota-
tion from above paper, XIV. 262;
inconsistencies in same, XIV. 267–

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Russian America, XI. 321-341.
Influence of, XI. 341–345. Growth
of, in United States, XI. 342, 345.
R. Izard on, XI. 343.
Five-Twenties (bonds), payment of,
XIII. 245-247.

Flag, the national, the emblem of
union for freedom, III. 68; XII. 227,
-history of same, XII. 227-229.
Florida, memorial of, for admission

into the Union, quoted, IV. 220.
Florida, the, case of, IX. 141.
Fontenelle, on progress, II. 108.
Foot, Solomon, Senator from Ver-
mont, speech on death of, X. 409.
Foreign Relations, prudence in our,
VII. 257. Speech on, in New York,
in 1863, VII. 327. Principles to
be observed in, XIII. 117; XIV.
85. See Com. on Foreign Relations.
Foreigners, in ancient and modern
times, IV. 77. In United States,
IV. 77. Our duty to welcome, IV.
78; XIII. 183. Services of, in
United States and Europe, IV. 78-
80. Indifference of Mr. Sumner to,
denied, XII. 499–501. Rights of
naturalized, in their native coun-
tries, to be determined by inter-
national law, XII. 501.

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Forney, John W., remarks at a din-

ner to, XIV. 142.

Forts, no surrender of the Northern,
V. 468.

Foster, Lafayette S., Senator from
Connecticut, remarks of, on testi-
mony of colored persons, answered,
VII. 157-161.
Fourteenth Amendment, withdrawal
of assent to, by Ohio, XII. 253.
Fourth of July, oration on true
grandeur of nations, I. 1. Letters
for celebration of, at Boston in 1851,
1852, 1853, 1854, and 1865, II. 441;
III. 68, 228, 424; IX. 429.
Fox, Charles James, on the American
War, I. 343 et seqq., 348. On weak-
ness of temporizing, VI. 92. On
war with America, XII. 157.
Fox, George, intercedes for Quaker
slaves in Algiers, I. 417.
France, army of, in 1845, I. 75; and
in 1870, XIV. 27. Navy of, in
1837, I. 76; and in 1870, XIV. 27.
Fortifications and militia of, I. 77.
Relative expenditure of, for war-
preparations, I. 78. Efforts of, to
free white slaves in Algiers, I. 413.
Favors separate system in prisons,
I. 515-517, 528. Equality developed
and proclaimed in, by its litera-
ture and constitutions, II. 334-339;
VIII 392-395; X. 198-202. Abro-
gation of its treaties with United
States in 1798, IV. 104; debate
in Congress on same, quoted, IV.
105. Alliance of, with American
colonies, V. 386. Revolution of 1789
in, V. 399; same brought about
by few persons, VI. 96. Testimony
of government of, to rights of neu-
tral ships, VI. 201, 208. Paper
money in, VI. 332, 342; XII. 543.
Confiscation in, VII. 55-58. Un-
friendly actions of, to United States
during our Civil War, VII. 367-
373; VIII. 36. Recognition of
United States by, VII. 415; VIII
271. Claims on, for spoliations of


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