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ard P. Bland and was recognized as one of since 1823, when William D. Sewall opened the free silver leaders. He again served in the small shipyard on the banks of the Kenthe ways and means committee and the claim nebec, next to the family homestead. He is made that he was the first man to suggest was succeeded in business by Clark & Sethe income tax clause in the Wilson tariff wall. These two earlier firms built twentybill.

nine wooden vessels between 1823 and 1854. After his second term Mr. Bryan assumed | The firm of E. and A. Sewall was dissolved: editorial charge of an Omaha paper, which ad- in 1879 by the death of Edward Sewall. This vocated free silver. He was a candidate for firm, in its twenty-four years of existence, senator from Nebraska, but John M. Thurs had built forty-six wooden vessels. In 1879. ton was elected.

Arthur Sewall, his son, William D. Sewail, Mr. Bryan is a member of the Presbyterian

and his nephew, Samuel S. Sewall, a son of church and quite prominent in Young Men's

the late Edward Sewall, formed the firm of Christian association circles. In personal ap

Arthur Sewall & Co., which is still in expearance the Democratic nominee resembles

istence. This firm has built many wooden to some extent the late Samuel J. Randall of

vessels, among them being the Rappahan-Pennsylvania when the latter was of Bryan's

nock-since burned at sea, the Shenandoah, age. He is well built and smooth faced. Mrs. Bryan's maiden name was Mary E.

the Susquehanna, three of the largest wooden Baird, who lived in a neighboring town in

ships ever built and the Roanoke, the largest

wooden sailing vessel afloat. Illinois, called Perry, when Mr. Bryan married her at the age of 24 years.

To meet the conditions of the present time After the birth of her first child Mrs. Bryan

Arthur Sewall & Co. began some years ago

to equip their shipyard with a plant for studied law and was admitted to the bar. She did not practice law, however, but took

making steel vessels. They built the first the course of study in order to keep up with

steel American alipper, Dirigo. her husband.

Mr. Sewall was for many years prominent

as a railroad man. He became a director of Mr. Bryan lives well in a commodious dwelling in the fashionable part of Lincoln.

the Maine Central Railroad company in 1875, His family consists of Mrs. Bryan; Ruth,

and in 1884 was elected its president, serving: aged 11; William J., jr., aged 6, and Grace,

in that capacity until the election of Mr. Wilaged 5. The study, in which both Mr. and

son several years ago. During this time Mrs. Bryan have desks, is a very attractive

Mr. Sewall was also president of the room. It is filled with books, statuary and

Portland, Mount Desert and Machias Steammementoes of campaigns. There are busts or

boat company. Mr. Sewall has been a direcportraits of noted men and there are two tor of some of the branch lines of the Atch'i. butcher knives which Mr. Bryan used in the son, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad, a direccampaign with Field to rerute the latter's tor of the Mexican Central railway in 1884-5-6.. boast of the effects of high protection.

He is also president of the Bath National Last year Mr. Bryan was asked if he had any aspirations looking to the White House Mr. Sewall came out for free coinage of siland he said: “No, I have no wish to be a ver in June, 1895, a fact which contributed to presidential candidate, neither now nor in the refusal of his fellow delegates to Chicago the years to come. My whole thought now is to continue him on the national committee. Mr. centered on my family and my profession so Sewall was the Democratic candidate for Unitfar as my own personal desires go. I was ed States senator at the session of the Mainebrought up in the country and I wish my legislature in 1893. Mr. Sewall has always made children to have some of the same rearing. his home at Bath. He married Emma Crooker: They are now of the age when they need a of Bath, a daughter of the late Charles Crooker, father's care and I wish to get into practice who also was long and actively identified with. again, for I very much enjoy the law, which shipbuilding at Bath, on March 20, 1859, and has been necessarily abandoned during my has had three sons, Harold M., who achieved four years in Washington."

distinction in the diplomatic service in Samoa Mr. Bryan's father was Silas L. Bryan, during the first Cleveland administration, and born in Culpepper county, Va., at the foot who has since joined the Republican party; of the Blue Ridge mountains. He was a William D., a member of the firm of Arthur Democrat. He came to Illinois when 18 years Sewall & Co., and Dumner, who died in infancy. of age and settled at Salem. graduating at

5 at The Sewalls are of ar

The Sewalls are of an old and illustrious famMcKendric college, Lebanon, as a lawyer. ily on both sides of the water. The first Amer

In 1852 he was elected state senator and ican Sewall came here in 1634, and was born served eight years. In 1860 he was elected in Coventry, England, in 1614, so that he was, circuit judge and served until 1872. He was a young man to come into the wilderness. His a member of the constitutional convention of sons were Samuel, John, Stephen and Nicholas. 1870. He was a strong man and a finished Samuel was the judge of witchcraft fame. public speaker. He died in 1880.

John was the direct ancestor of the Sewalls in

Maine. Dumner Sewall, the grandfather of the Career of Arthur Sewall.

first shipbuilder, came to Bath from York,

which was also in the district of Maine,in 1762, Arthur Sewall, who was nominated for

and purchased the tract of land on which to vice president at Chicago by the Democrats, this day stands the Sewall yard and the houses, was born at Bath, Me., on November of the Sewall family. 25, 1835, and was the third son of the late

1 William D. Sewall owned the whole of this William D. Sewall. He was educated in the

large tract of the forest primeval on the banks

of the Kennebec, and in 1823 cut down some of public schools of Bath, and after an appren the trees, sa wed them in a little mill and built. ticeship under his father, formed in 1854 the first ship to carry the Sewall flag. She was. with his brother Edward, the firm of E. & A. a brig of 196 tons burden and was launched on Sewall, ship builders and commission agents.

November 5, 1823.

· Mr. Sewall has been a vigorous opponent of The Bath Sewalis have been closely identified the repeal of the present navigation laws. He with Bath's chief industry, shipbuilding, said in an interview late in 1894:

"Our steel and iron has become so cheap in, ver brought forth the following from the edi. cost and so good in quality that it leaves the tor of the Eastern Argus (Dem.) of Portland, British only the advantage of lower cost for Me., something over a year ago: labor, but as our labor is superior and our sys

“Mr. Sewall, Democratic National commit

1 teeman from Maine, does not represent the tem of buliding better, if we are allowed to

sentiment of the Democracy of this state in build tonnage five years longer we will build

his approval of the action of the Illinois free as cheap as on the Clyde.

silver convention. There are silver Demo"But if for no other reason than keeping crats in Maine, and they are not despicable our flag afloat, the present navigation laws in point of numbers, but the great majority merit the support of every American citizen. of the party stands by the Cleveland adminWhy, it seems to me that it ought to be istration on this question, and holds that worth millions to us to have our flag carried free siiver coinage is unwise, unless underaround the world. From the patriotic stand- taken by international agreement. Most of point, aside from that of commercial ex- the silver inen in Maine belong to the Popupediency, I cannot see how the thought of an list party, though some are to be found in American flag flying over anything that is not both the Democratic and Republican ranks. American can fail to be offensive. No mat- | Mr. Sewall's utterances have very little sigter what kind of a bill is passed by the friends nificance to anybody but himself. It is a of the so-called 'Free Ship laws,' owners will long time since he voiced the sentiments of put their ships under which ever flag will the Maine Democracy. He is best suit their purposes, and so, in case of pathy with them on the tariff question or the war, the advantage will be wholly on the currency question or the free ship question. side of the foreign owner.”

Not a Democratic paper in Maine upholds Mr Sewall's attitude in regard to free sil- 'the silver heresy."


The prohibitionist national convention was and then Mr. Stevens withdrew his name and called to order in the city of Pittsburg on May Mr. Stewart took the chair. 27. The session was one of the most tumultu | The minority report on platform contained ous ones in the history of the party, the finan- this financial plank: cial question serving as the bone of conten

Resolved. That all money be issued by the govtion and eventually leading to a bolt of 200 of

ernment only and without the intervention of any t'he delegates. On the evening of May 28 the private citizen, corporation or banking institution.

It should be based upon the wealth, stability and convention nominated Joshua Levering of integrity of the nation, and be a full legal tender Maryland for President and Hale Johnson of for all debts, public and private, and should be of

sufficient volume to meet the demands of the legitIllinois for vice president.

imate business interests in this country and for The platform finally adopted was confined to

the purpose of honestly liquidating all our out

standing obligations payable in coin. We demand the issue of prohibition alone, the question of the free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold free silver and woman's suffrage having been

at a ratio of 16 to 1 without consulting any other

nation. dropped.

It was the seventh national convention of The other points on which the minority asked the prohibition party. The temporary chair- action were: Preserving public lands from moman was A. A. Stevens of Tyrone, Pa. The re nopoly and speculation; government control bellion of the free silver minority broke out of railroads and telegraphs; favoring an inearly in the first session on the substitute mi- come tax and imposing only such import dunority nomination of Edward J. Wheeler for ties as are necessary to secure equitable comtemporary chairman. A scene of wild confu- mercial relations with other nations; favorsi'on and disorder followed, which subsided ing the adoption of the initiative and referenonly when Mr. Wheeler withdrew his name. dum as a means of obtaining free expression Again disorder came when the name of Oliver of the popular will. W, Stewart of Illinois was offered for perma- A heated debate and more disorder followed, nent chairman, and was met by the minority with the result that the platform finally adoptrecommending the continuance of Mr. Stev-ed contained nothing beyond the prohibition ens. For half an hour the wrangle continued, ' plank.


The national convention of the Populist of sixteen to one, without waiting for the conparty convened at St. Louis on July 22. The sent of foreign nations. sessions that followed up to Saturday even

3. We demand the volume of circulating me

Idium be speedily increased to an amount suffiing were turbulent in the extreme, the bit

cient to meet the demands of the business and terest of sentiments having been engendered population and to restore the just level of by the middle of the road men who were op- | prices of labor and production. posed to indorsing the Chicago ticket of the 4. We denounce the sale of bonds and the inDemocratic party.

crease of the public interest bearing debt made

by the present administration as unnecessary It was not until Saturday afternoon that

and without authority of law, and demand that William J. Bryan, candidate on the Chicago no more bonds be issued except by specific act platform, was finally nominated over Colonel of congress. S. F. Norton of Illinois.

| 5. We demand such legislation as will preThe convention refused to indorse Ar

venit the demonetization of the lawful money

of the United States by private contract. thur Sewall, the Democratic candidate for

6. We demand that the government, in payvice president, and nominated Thomas Ed ment of its obligations, shall use its option as ward Watson of Georgia for the office.

to the kind of lawful money in which they are The total vote on nominees for President

to be paid, and we denounce the present and was 1,375, divided as follows: Bryan, 1,042;

preceding administrations for surrendering

this option to the holders of government obliNorton, 321; Eugene V. Debs, 8; Ignatius

gations. Donnelly, 3, and J. S. Coxey, 1.

7. We demand a graduated income tax, to the

end that aggregated wealth shall bear its just Populist Platform.

proportion of taxation, and we regard the reThe platform adopted by the convention

cent decision of the supreme court relative to

the income tax law as a misinterpretation of was as follows: The people's party, assembled in national

the constitution and an invasion of the rightconvention, reaffirms its allegiance to the

ful powers of congress over the subject of. principles declared by the founders of the

taxation. republic, and also to the fundamental princi

8. We demand that postal savings banks be

established by the government for the safe deples of just government as enunciated in the platform of the party in 1892. We recognize

posit of the savings of the people and to facilithat, through the connivance of the present

tate exchange. and preceding administrations, the country

Railways and Telegraph. has reached a crisis in its national life, as predicted in our declaration four years ago,

1. Transportation being a means of exand that prompt and patriotic action is the change and a public necessity, the governsupreme duty of the hour.

menit should own and operate the railroads We realize that while we have political in the interest of the people and on a nonindependence, our financial and industrial partisan basis, to the end that all may be acindependence is yet to be attained by restor-corded the same treatment in transportaing to our country the constitutional con- tion, and that the tyranny and political powtrol and exercise of the functions necessary

er now exercised by the great railroad corto a people's government, which functions

porations, which result in the impairment, have been basely surrendered by our public if not the destruction, of the political rights servants to corporate monopolies. The influ- and personal liberties of the citizen, may be ence of European money changers has been I destroyed. Such ownership 1

destroyed. Such ownership is to be accommore potent in shaping legislation than the plished gradually in a manner consistent voice of the American people. Executive with sound public policy. power and patronage have been used to cor

2. The interest of the United States in the rupt our legislatures and defeat the will of public high ways built with public moneys, the people, and plutocracy has thereby been and the proceeds of extensive granits of land enthroned upon the ruins of democracy. To

to the Pacific railroads, should never be restore the government intended by the fath

alienated, mortgaged or sold, but guarded ers, and for the welfare and prosperity of

tv ofl and protected for the general welfare, as prothis and future generations. we demand the vided by the laws organizing such railroads. establishment of an economic and financial The foreclosure of existing liens of the United system which shall make us masters of our

unl States on these roads should at once follow own affairs and independent of European con

default in the payment thereof by the debttrol, by the adoption of the following .

or companies; and at the foreclosure sales

of said roads the government shall purchase Declaration of Principles.

the same if it becomes necessary to protect

its interests therein, or if they can be pur1. We demand a national money, safe and chased at a reasonable price; and the governsound, issued by the general government only ment shall operate said railroads as public without the intervention of banks of issue, to highways for the benefit of the whole people, be a full legal tender for all debts, public and and not in the interest of the few, under private; a just, equitable and efficient means suitable provisions for protection of life and of distribution direct to the people and property, giving to all transportation inter

rough the lawful disbursements of the gove | ests equal privileges and equal rates for fares .ernment.

and freights. 2. We demand the free and unrestricted coin-| 3. We denounce the present infamous schemes age of silver and gold at the present legal ratio' for refunding these debts, and demand that the lawis now applicable thereto be executed | 8. Believing that the elective franchise and and administered according to their interest an untrammeled ballot are essential to govand spirit.

ernment of, for and by the people, the peo4. The telegraph, like the post office sys- ple's party condemn the wholesale system of tem, being a necessity for the transmission disfranchisement adopted in some of the of news, should be owned and operated by states as un-Republican and un-Democratic, the government in the interest of the people, and we declare it to be the duty of the sevOwnership of Lands.

eral state legislatures to take such action as

will secure a full, free and fair ballot and 1. True policy demands that the national an honest count. and state legislation shall be such as will 9. While the foregoing propositions constiultimately enable every prudent and indus- tute the platform upon which our party 'trious citizens to secure a home, and there- stands, and for the vindication of which its fore the land should not be monopolized for organization will be maintained, we recognize speculative purposes. All lands now herd that the great and pressing issue of the by railroads and other corporations in excess pending campaign upon which the present of their actuall needs shourd by lawful means election will turn is the financial question, be reclaimed by the government and held and upon this great and specific issue befor actual settlers only and private land Itween the parties we cordially invite the aid monoply, as well as alien ownership, should and co-operation of all organizations and be prohibited.

citizens agreeing with us upon this vital 2. We condemn the land grant frauds by question. which the Pacific railroad companies have, through the connivance of the interior de

Sketch of Watson's Career. partment, robbed multitudes of actual bona

Thomas Edward Watson, Populistic nomifide settlers of their homes and miners of nee for vice president, is a lawyer and contheir caims, and we demand legislation by gressman and was born in Columbia, now Mccongress which will enforce the exception

exception | Duffie, county, Ga., September 5, 1856. He of mineral land from such grants after as

had a common school education and entered well as before the patent.

Mercer university, Macon, Ga., in 1872, as 3. We demand that bona fide settlers on all freshman, but for want of means left college public lands be granted free homes, as pro I at the end of the sophomore year and taught vided in the national homestead law, and that | school and studied law until admitted to the no exception be made in the case of Indian bar in 1875. He began practice in Thomson, reservations when opened for settlement, and Ga., November, 1876. He has practiced law that all lands not now patented come under successfully since and also bought land and this demand.

farmed on a large scale. He was a delegate

to the Democratic state convention in 1880. Miscellaneous Planks.

state representative in 1882, Cleveland We favor a system of direct legislation elector at large in 1888, and elected in 1890 through the initiative and referendum, under as national representative to the Fifty-second proper constitutional safeguards.

congress. Though only 40 years of age Mr. 1. We demand the election of President, i Watson has become one of the notable men of vice president and United States senators by the state. He has forged to the front both a direct vote of the people.

as a lawyer and a public man. In his law 2. We tender to the patriotic people rif practice he has made a state reputation, and Cuba our deepest sympathy in their heroic been engaged in celebrated cases as leading struggle for political freedom and independ counsel. He has won state fame as an orator, ence, and we believe the time has come when and in the court room, legislative and conthe United States, the great republic of the vention halls and on the hustings is one of world, should recognize that Cuba is and the most eloquent and effective speakers in of right ought to be a free and independent the South. He is a powerful advocate before state.

juries, full of impassioned fervor and with a 3. We favor home rule in the territories | diction sinewy and poetic. To his unusual and the District of Columbia and the ear y graces of oratory he adds marked boldness of admission of the territories as states.

conviction and attractions of manner. In the 4. All public salaries should be made to state convention of 1880, an unknown young correspond to the price of labor and its man of 24, he attracted public attention by products.

one of the most fiery speeches of that body. 5. 'In times of great industrial depression His election to congress was a dashing display idle labor should be employed on public of ability, eloquence and popular power. works as far as practicable. .

Championing the farmers' principles and poli6. The arbitrary course of the courts in as- cies with remarkable force and fervor, he has suming to imprison citizens for indirect con- become one of the leaders of this movement. tempt and ruling them by injunction should A slender, youthful looking person, his aspect be prevented by proper legislation.

does not indicate the brain and ambition in 7. We favor just pensions for our disabled him. He married, in 1878, Georgia Durham, Unicn soldiers,

and has two children.

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THOMAS E. WATSON OF GEORGIA, Nominated by the People's Party for Vice President of the United States.

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