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Addresses by Senator David B. Hill, of New York, and

the Late ex-Governor Russell, of Massachusetts.

After giving in complete and concise forin i the result. Those whom I represent and for the proceedings of the Republican, Demo- whom I speak—the sixteen minority members cratic and Populist conventions, it is deemed

of the committee-insist that we should not

attempt the experiment of the free and unadvisable to add something more as to the

limited coinage of silver without the costand taken by the sound money men at the operation of other great nations. It is not a Chicago convention. As the financial question question of patriotism. It is not a question is to be the ruling one in the campaign the

of courage. It is not a question of loyaltyaddresses of Senator Hill and the late ex

as the majority platform speaks of it.

"The minority has thought it was simply a Governor Russell of Massachusetts, are, there question as to whether we were able to enter fore, given, outlining, as they do, the stand on this experiment. It is a question of busitaken by the sound money men of the Demo- ness; it is a question of finance; it is a ques

tion of economics. It is not a question which cratic party in the national convention.

men, ever so brave, can solve. I think, Mr. It was on July 9 that the fight over the President, that the safest and best course for financial question in the Chicago conven this convention to pursue is to take the first tion was at its height and it was during the step forward in the great cause of monetary debate on the platform that. Senator Hill

reform by declaring in favor of international

bimetallism. made his plea for the cause of sound money

"I am not here to assail the sincerity of a on the floor of the convenition hall. When

single man who differs with me. There are the tumult of applause which greeted his ap those around me who know that in every conpearance had subsided, the senior senator ference on this subject I have treated the from New York made this address in reply

friends of the free and unlimited coinage of

silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 with respect. I ing to Senator Tillman of South Carolina:

am not here to pursue that course to-day. I "I do not propose to pursue the course of do not think that we can safely ignore the the senator from South Carolina. I will say monetary system of other great nations. It is ait the outset 'I am a Democrat,' but I am not a question about which honest men may differ. a revolutionist. It is a waste of time on the I believe that we cannot ignore the attitude part of the senator from South Carolina to of other nations on this subject any more assume that the convention is ignorant of than we can ignore their attitude on other the fact that the state attempted to break questions of the day. I know that it up the Democratic party in 1860. But the is said by enthusiastic friends that America party lives to-day and I hope it will live can mark out a course for herself. I know forever.

that that idea appeals to the pride of the “My mission here to-day is to unite, not to average American, but I beg to remind you divide; to build up, not to destroy; to plan for

that if that suggestion be carried out to its victory, not to plot for defeat. I know that

legitimate conclusion, you might as well do I speak to a convention which as now con- | away with our international treaties and with stituted, does not agree with the views of the

our treaties of commerce. You might as state which I specially represent on this

well do away with all the provisions in your ocoasion. But I know, too, that you will hear

tariff law that have relation to the laws of me for my cause.

other countries. “New York makes no apology to South “What does this majority platform proCarolina for her attitude. We take our vide? The convention could have contented Democracy from our fathers. We do not need itself with the single statement that it was to learn it from the state which my friend in favor of the remonetization of silver and represents. Need I remind this Democratic placing it on an equality with gold. But innational convention that the great city of stead of that, your committee has recomNew York never gave a Republican majority. mended in addition a platform which makes When other cities have failed to respond adhesion to a single ratio-16 to 1-the test of New York was the Gibraltar of Democracy. Democratic loyalty. I doubt the propriety of

“The question which this convention is to stating that a ratio of 1512 to 1 or 17 to 1 decide is What is the best position to take is a heresy, and that a ratio of 16 to 1 is the at this time on the financial question? In a only true Democratic doctrine. I see before word, the question presented is between in me distinguished senators, friends of free ternationall bimetallism and local bimetal silver, who have introduced in the senate of lism. If there are any different points in it the United States bills for the free and unthey are not represented either in the ma- limited coinage of silver at the ratio of 20 jority or in the minority report.

to 1. I beg to remind this convention that "I, therefore, start out with this proposition some of the candidates who are proposed for -that the Democratic party stands to-day in nomination--men whom I respect and whose favor of gold and silver as the money of the honesty I admit-have voted time and time country; that it stands in favor neither of a again in congress for other ratios than 16 to silver standard nor of a gold standard, but 1. And yet you are here to nominate your that we differ as to the means to bring about' candidate on a platform which limits and re



stricts the position of the Democracy to one the necessity of putting in an implied pledge single ratio. With all due respect, I think it that the government shall issue a greenback an unwise step. I think it an unnecessary currency and make it a legal tender? The step. I think it will return to plague us in Democratic party is opposed to paper money. the future. I think we have too many rela The Democratic party, since its earliest histions with other great nations of the world tory, has been in favor of hard money. The for us to ignore their attitude.

Democratic party thinks that the best thing Your proposed platform says the policy for us to do is to eliminate United States and of gold monometallism is a British policy. treasury notes from the currency. I would Its authors forget to tell the people of the like to have somebody who follows me tell country that it is French policy. They for what this platform means on the subject of get to tell the people of the country that it the issue of paper money hereafter. This is is a German policy. They fail to remind you an attempt, at this late day, to commit the that it is a Spanish policy, also. They fail to Democratic party to the settled policy of the tell you that it is the policy of the whole issue of paper money by the government. You number of governments represented in what say you want a clear and distinct platform. is called the Latin union. Therefore, I think You have not got it upon that que it looks a little, just a trifle, like demagog- cannot be defended successfully. ism to say that that is the policy of a single “Another suggestion, permit me to make. nation alone.

What was the necessity for putting into his Mr. President. I regret also to say that your

hat your platform other questions which have never platform contains not one single word in favor before been made the test of Democratic loyof international bimetallism. It would not alty ? Why revive the disputed question of have been necessarily inconsistent with the the policy and constitutionality of an income platform, but there is no declaration what

tax? ever that it is the policy of the government "Has it come to this that the followers of to attempt to bring it about. The minori-Samuel J. Tilden, who, during all his life, ty platform declares expressly that it is the was the opponent of that iniquitous scheme, policy of the government to make efforts to land which was used in his old age to anbring bimetallism about; that it would be noy, harass and humiliate him, have forsafer to do it; that it would be wiser to do saken that great leader? Has it been left to it. We would run no risk on the great ques this convention to make as a test of party tion of the finances of this republic.

faith the propriety and constitutionality of You think that times and conditions have an income law? Was it wise to assail the changed. We think that you cannot ignore supreme court of your country? Will some the fact of the great production of silver in one tell ine what that clause means in this this country, and that the cost of its produc platform? If you meant what you said, and tion has fallen greatly. That is a very preg- said what you mean, let some one exnant fact-which confronts all the world plain that provision. That provision. if it that the cost of silver production has been means anything, means that it is the duty reduced nearly one-half. If the American of congress to reconstruct the supreme couro people were brave, were courageous, if they of the country. It means the adding of adhad the spirit of '76, as this platform says, ditional members to the court, or putting would they, simply and alone, make copper some out of office, or reconstructing the the equal of gold, or make lead the equal of whole court. I will not follow any such gold? If bravery, if courage, can produce these revolutionary step as that. Whenever beresults then it can make any metal a money fore in the history of this country has devometal. But I tell you it is a question of tion to an income tax been made the test cit economics, it is a question of financial ideas. Democratic loyalty? Never! Have you not

is a question of resources, and on that it undertaken enough, my good friends. withis the judgment of the minority of the com out seeking to put into this platform this mittee that the safest course is to take the unnecessary. 'foolish and ridiculous thing? first great step in favor of international bi-] “What further have you done? In this metallism, and to stop there.

platform you have declared for the first "I know it has been said that in some par time in the history of this country that you ticulars this plank in the minority platform are opposed to any life tenure whatever in agrees with that of cur Republican friends. office. Our Democratic fathers, whom we That may be. It will be neither any better revere, in the establishment of this governnor any worse for that. I call attention to ment gave our great judges a life tenure the fact that the planks in the majority plat- of office. What necessity is there for reform on the Monroe doctrine, on Cuba, on viving this question? How foolish, how unthe territories, on Alaska and on civil serv-necessary! Are Democrats whose whole lives ice are exactly like the Republican planks. have been devoted to the service of the party, Therefore, I do not think that that criticism whose thoughts, whose hopes, ambitions and will detract from the value of that sugges aspirations all lie within party lines to be tion.

driven out of the party now upon this new "I said, a few minutes ago, that I thought question of life tenure for the great judges the safest course for this convention to have of our federal courts? No, no. This is a pursued was simply to have said that the revolutionary step. It is an unwise step. It government was resolved to enact a statute is an unprecedented step in our party hisin favor of placing gold and silver alike as tory. the currency of the country, and stop there. "No, no, my friends, this platform has not I do not think it wise to hazard everything | been wisely considered. In your zeal for on a single number. I object to various pro monetary reform you have gone out of the visions in this platform, and I think that if | true path; you have turned from the true the wise, level, clear headed men of the | course. In your anxiety to build up this silconvention, like the distinguished Senator ver currency you have unnecessarily put in from Arkansas, Mr. Jones, had had their this platform provisions which cannot stand way, that platform would have been different. fair discussion. Let me tell you although What was the necessity of bringing up the getting into a discussion of the bond quesquestion of greenback circulation? What was' tion probably is somewhat foreign to this



subject-let me tell you what would be the "My friends, I speak more in sorrow than condition of this country to-day if the Pres- in anger. You know what this platform ident of the United States in the discharge of means to the East. But, bad as it may be his public duty had not seen fit to issue bonds to us, it will be more calamitous to you, if, to protect the credit of the nation. The Dem after taking all these risks you do not wir ocratic party passed a tariff bill which un

the fight. My friends, we want the Demofortunately has not produced sufficient rev

cratic party to live. We want to build it up, enue as yet to meet the necessities of the

not to tear it down. We want the principles government. There has been a deficit of

of Jefferson and Jackson to win. We want about $65,000,000 a year. It is hoped that in no greenback currency on our pledges. We the near future this tariff law will produce want no paper currency issued by the govample revenue for the support of the govern- ernment. We want to stand by the princiment, but in the meantime your greenback ples to which we have clung during the biscurrency, your treasury notes, must be re tory of the country. If we keep in the good deemed when presented if you would pre-l old paths of the party we shall win, but if serve the honor and credit of the nation. we depart from them we shall be lost. Where would the money have come from if your President and your Southern secretary of the treasury had not discharged their

Russell's Frotest. duty by the issue of bonds to save the credit The late ex-Governor Russell declared that of the country?

the majority had not been open to argument "Mr. President, there is time enough yet

or to reason, but that they had overridden to retrace this false step. The burden you

precedents and had despoiled the sovereignhave imposed upon us in support of silver in

ity of states. this platform is all that can reasonably be "We made our appeals to deaf ears," conborne, but in addition to that you have put

tinued Mr. Russell, "and there is only one upon us the question of the preservation of

thing left for us to do, and that is to prothe public credit and have brought into it

test. If this convention will not listen to the question of the issuing of bonds, the

our protest, this country will.” question of the reconstruction of the su

Mr. Russell then went on to tell of the preme court of the United States, the ques

Democratic victories in Massachusetts which tion of the issuing of paper money and the

Ioad been accomplished by Democrats who great question of life tenure for office. It is

nad advocated the same principles as the full of incongruous and absurd provisions,

Democrats of South Carolina and Illinois, which are proposed to be made the tests of

and he added that in those victories no questrue Democracy.

tion of sectionalism had been raised, but "I dislike the Repu'blican party. I dislike that all had been actuated by the great prinall their tenets. I have no sympathy with ciples of the party. their general principles, but I do think that Mr. Russell then declared that the grand we are here to-day making a mistake in the old principles of the Democratic party for venture which we are about to make. Be

which he and his friends had labored and not deceived. Do not attempt to drive those suffered were now to be given up, and in Democrats out of the party who have grown their places radical and unprecedented measgray in its service in order to make room for lures were to be adopted. In conclusion he a lot of Republicans and Populists who will said: not vote your ticket at all. Do not attempt "In these debates I have heard one false to trade off the vote of little New Jersey,

e vote OL little New Jersey, note from the commonwealth of Massachuthat has never failed to give us its electoral I setts

us its electoral setts. I answer him not in anger, but in vote, and take the experiment of some state

sorrow, and I appeal to you, my fellow out West that has always given its vote to delegates, and ask, do I not speak the sentithe Republican ticket. I tell you that noments of my state? (Loud cries of Yes! ) matter who your candidate can be in this Do I speak the sentiments of my state when convention (with possibly one exception) your I say they and we utter our earnest and unPopulistic friends, upon whom you are rely-finching protest against this Democratic ing for support. will nominate their own platform. (Cheers.) Let us, following the ticket and your silver forces will be divided. example of the senator from South Carolina, Mark the prediction which I make. (A voice, utter a word of prophecy. When the storm ‘No!') Some friend says no; but who are has subsided and the dark clouds of passion authorized to speak for the populists here and prejudice have worn away, and there in the Democratic convention? I saw them comes a sober second thought of the people, upon this platform the other day, many of then the protest the minority here make will them giving assurances of support to this or be held as the ark of the covenant of the that man, who never voted a Democratic faith, (cheers) where all Democrats will be ticket during their lives and never expect to. reunited and go forth to fight for the old They are the men who have proscribed principles and carry them to triumphant vicDemocrats all over the Union.

| tory.”

STATE VOTES IN THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE. Following is the vote that each state will cast in the electoral college for the next President and vice president:

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voTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1884, 1888, 1892.

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Alabama.. Arkansas .. California .. Colorado ... Connecticut Delaware... Florida..... Georgia. Idaho Mlinois ... Indiana Iowa ....... Kansas... Kentucky Louisiana Maine.. Maryland Massachusetts... Michigan ..... Minnesota.. Mississippi.. Missouri Montana ... Nebraska .. Nevada..... New Hampshire. New Jersey New York.. North Carolina... North Dakota . Ohio Oregon .. Pennsylvania .. Rhode Island.. South Carolina.... South Dakota ..... Tennessee.... Texas .. Vermont.. Virginia .. .. Washington .... West Virginia ... Wisconsib .... Wyoming ..

11,320 56,197 93,9511 59,591 85,962 58,752 72,927

50,895 117,729 124,816 89,288 102,416 37.567 50,774 27,723 36,290 74,920 74.584 67,199 65,923 16.416 12,973 16,964 12,951 39,561 26,657 31,766 28,031 100,499 40,496 94,667 48,603 348,272 270,473 312,355 337,474 261,013 263,361 244,992 238,480 179,877 211,598 177,316 197,089 102 745 182,904 90,132 154,406 183,800 155,134 152,961 118,122 85,032 30,701 62,540 46,347 50,481 73,734 51,656 71,716 106,168 99,986 96,932 85,699 151.855 183,892 122,481 146,724 213,304 236,807 189,361 192,669 104,385 142,492 70,144 111,923

85,471 30.096 76,510) 43,509 261,954 236,253 235,988 202,929 80,552 108,425 54.391 76,912

5,149 7.088 5,578 7,193 43 456 45.728 39,183 43,249 151,493 144,344|| 127,798 123,440 635,757 648,759 563,154 562,002 147,902 137,784 142,905 125,068 396,455 416,054 368,280 400,082

26,552 33,291 24,604 26,860 446,633 526,091 392,785 473,804

17,530 21.969 12,391 19,030 65,825 13,736 69,890 21,733 158.779 138,988 143,270123,160 234,883 88,422 225,309 93,141

16,788 45,192 17,331 39,514 151,977| 150,438|| 145,497 139,356

75,588 73,6301) 67,317 63,096 155, 232 176,553|| 146,459 161,157

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277 145 22 5,554,437 5,175,287 263,705 1,041,134 21,145 5,534,882 5,438,672 4,923,995 4,850,587 Majority ...................... 379,160 ................................ 96,210 ....... 173,408.. .

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Alabama .... 1892 Pres. 1381389197 85181 239 Nebraska .. 1893 Su. Ct 37545 72032) *65666 6357 1894 Gov..110895/....... 83383 .

1894 Gov.. e97815/ 94613)..

4139 Arizona .... 1892 Pres. 64705171.

1895 Su. Ct 18638) 579516| 705781 4344 1894 Cong.1 4773 5648| 3006). Nevada..... 1892 Pres.

714 2811 7264 89 Arkansas... 1892 Pres.. 878341 46979 11831 113

1894 Gov..


3887 5214 Silver (1894 Gov.. 74809 26086 24341 1551 New Hamp. (1892 Pres. 42081 45658 292 1296 California .. 1891 Cong. 117184 125129)....... 10873

1894 Gov.. 33959 46491

1750 1892 Pres. 25311 8096 New Jersey. 1891 Cong. 113084 98534

7585 1894 Gov.. 111994 110788 51204 10561

1892 Pres. 171042 156068

8131 Colorado .. 1892 Pres. 8944 38620 53584 1687

1893 Gov.. 152319 128490 2018 8518 1394 Gov.. 1847 89479 82111 4494

i894]Cong.1 115345/ 168823 4454| 7246 1895 Gov.. 8337 93498 73894 4250

1895 Gov.. 136000 162000 14147) 6661 Connecticut. 1892 Pres. 82595 77025 8051 4025 New Mexico 1892 Cong. 15799 15220). 1894 Gov.. 66287 83975 $1546 2310

1894|Cong.] 18351| 17887| 1835). Delaware ... 1892 Pres. 18578 18071

571 New York .. 1892 Pres : 651908 609350 116429 38190 1894 Gov.. 18491 19789


(1893 S. Sec520614 545098 20034 34301 Florida ... 1892 Pres. 30134 4793 561

1894 Gov.. 517710 67881811049 23525 1894 Gov. 18659 19880)

1895 S. Secl 511060) 601205 6916 25239 Georgia 1892 Pres. 129361 48305 42939988 No. Carolina 1892 Pres . 132951) 100342 44732 2630 1894 Gov.. 124862... 96888..

1894 C. Jus 127593 148344 . Idaho... 1892 Pres. 2 8599 10520288 No. Dakota . 1892 Pres . 1. 17519 17667/** *897 1894 Gov..



8188 23723 9854).. Illinois.... 1892 Pres. 462294 399288 22207 25870 Ohio ....... 1891 Gov.. 365228) 386739) 23472) 20190 1894 8. Tr. 322460 455888| 60066 19490

(1892 Pres. 404113 405187| 14818) 26007 Indiana ... 1892 Pres. 262817 255615 22208 13050

1893 Gov.. | 352347 433342| 15563 24406 1894 S. Sec 238732 283405 *29388 11157

1894 S. Sec| 413989 276902 49495 23237 Iowa... 1891 Gov.. 1882-10 191606 88131 1646

(1895 Gov.. 334519 427141| 52675 21264 1892 Pres. 196458 219688) 120568 6340 Oklahoma...

1894 Cong.| 10



17253 13320). 1893 Gov. 196686 219461 20356 6097 Oregon ..... 1832 Pres. 14243 35002 $26875" 2281 1894 S. Secl 174660 206821 23980 10349

1894 Gov.


41034 26033 ...... 1895 Gov.. 149433 208689 82118 11052 Penn'vania . 1891 Treas 358617| 419994)... 18429 Kansas ... 1892 Pres ........ 157239 163111 4553

1892 Pres. 452264 516011 8714| 25123 1894 Gov. 26709 148697 118324 5196

11893 Treas 307102 442248 6979 21358 1895 Su. Ctl c42888 121272

1894 Gov.. 3334041 547801) 19484 23443 Kentucky.. 1891 Gov.. 144168 116087 25631 3293

1895 Treas 282481 456745 902 20077 1892 Pres ) 175461) 135441 23500 6442 Rhode Isl'd. 1391 Goy.. 22249) 20995 a3841 1829 1895 Gov.. 163524 172436 16911 4186

1892 Pres. 24336 26975 228) 1654 Louisiana .. 1892 Pres. 87622! 13282 013332 ....

1893 Gov.. 22015 21830 1892 Gov.. 946739 40135 8502 .

1894 Gov. 22650 28957)


2241 Maine .... 1892 Pres .I48044 62871 +2381 3062

1895 Gov.. 14289 25098

2624 1894 Gov.. 30621 69599 2318


So. Carolina 1892 Pres. 54698 13381) 2410
Maryland... 1891 Gov.. 108539 78388

1894 Gov.. 39507

17278 Ind.D 1892 Pres. 113866 92736

5877 So. Dakota . 1891 Cong. 7199 1893 Comp 98806 79954


1892 Pres. 9081 34895 1894 Cong. 96628 99293 1039 7500

1894 Gov.. 8756 4281 26563 1011 1895 Gov.. 106169 124936 989 7719 Tennessee .. 1892 Pres. 136477| 90973 23622 4856 Massach'ts.. 1891 Gov.. 157982 151575 1749 8968

1894 Gov.. 104356 105104 23092 4776 1892 Pres. 176813 202814 3210 7539 Texas 1892 Pres . / 239148 81414 99638 2165 1893 Gov.. 156916 192613 4885

1804 Gov.. 207167 59546 152731 2196 1894 Gov.. 123930189307 9037 9965 Utah ....... |1894 Cong. 21273 20063

1895 Gov..] 121599 186280 7786 9170 Vermont ... 1892 Pres. 16325 37902 $43 1424 Michigan ... 1891 Su. Ct 148271 1891 Su. Ct 148271 153211 *9121 14144

1894 Gov. 14142) 42663 740 1892 Pres. 1 202296 222708 19892 14609 Virginia.....!1892 Pres. / 163977| 113255 12274 2736 1893/Su. Ct 148712 164754 14469 14526

1893 Gov.. 127940

81239/ 6962 1894|Gov . 130823) 237215l 30012 18788

1894 Cong. 113439 88846 10330 1735 Minnesota .. 1892 Pres. 100579/ 122736 29279 14017 Washington 1892 Pres. 29844 364601 19054 2553 1894 Gov.. 53579 147944 87931 6879

1804_Cong.] 14160 3812 24983 209 Mississippi.. 1892 Pres J 40237| 1406) *9101 10256 | W. Virginia. 1892 Pres. 84468 80252 4166 2145 Missouri.... 1892 Pres.) 268628] 226824 411834298

1894 M. C. 76146 896051 3018 513 1894J.S.C 226547 229651 42467 3097 Wisconsin .. 1892 Pres. 177355 170791 10019 13136 Montana 1892 Pres. 17581 18851 7334 549

1894 Gov.. 1422501 196150 25604 11240 1894]Cong.] 10369| 231401 15240l 519 || Wyoming... 1892 Pres ........ 8454 7722 498 Nebraska... 11892 Pres. 24943 872131 .83134 4902

1894 Gov., 6965 10149 21761.... * Greenback. + Fusion Alliance. People's. a National. United Labor. b Combined Republicans and Populists. c Combined Independents and Free Silver. e Combined Democrats and Populists. f Free Silver Dem., 10,214. g The candidate of the anti-Lottery Democrats was elected by a vote of 79,270.


170 15

+14587 ......



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