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but it is the Lord that made (0)| 13 For he cometh, for he the heavens.

cometh to judge the earth : and 6 Glory and worship are be with righteousness to judge the fore him : power and honour are

world, and the people with his in his sanctuary.

truth. 7 Ascribe unto the Lord, O ye kindreds of the people : ascribe

Psalm xcvii. (r) unto the Lord worship and | The Lord is King, the earth may power.

beglad thereof: yea, the multitude 8 Ascribe unto the Lord the of the isles may be glad thereof. honour due unto his Name : 2 Clouds and darkness are bring presents, and come into his round about him : righteousness courts.

and judgement are the habita9 O worship the Lord in the tion (s) of his seat. beauty of holiness (0) : let the 3 There shall go (t) a fire bewhole earth stand in awe of him. || fore him : and burn up his ene

10 Tell it out among the mies on every side. heathen, that the Lord is King : 4 His lightnings gave shine and that it is he who hath made | unto the world : the earth saw it the round world so fast that it and was afraid. cannot be moved ; and how that 5 The hills (u) melted like wax he shall judge the people righteo at the presence of the Lord : at ously.

the presence of the Lord of the ii Let the heavens (9) rejoice, whole earth. and let the earth be glad : let the 6 The heavens have declared sea make a noise, and all that || his righteousness : and all the therein is.

people have seen his glory. .12 Let the field be joyful, and 1 7 Confounded be all they that all that is in it : then shall all the worship carved images and tha trees of the wood rejoice before delight in vain gods : worship the Lord.

him (x), all ye gods.

worship is admirably ridiculed in Is. xliv. | riority and irresistible power of God: 13 to 19. See post, note on Psalm probably a hymn of triumph, after some cxxxv. 15.

signal victory : perhaps one, in which v. 5. (0) « Made," &c. so that he must be 1 thunder and lightning had contributed to 0,11. the true God.

discomfit the enemy. The 29th Psalm v.9. ()“ Beauty of holiness," i.e. perhaps is an animated composition upon the same

a part of the place of worship to which subject. this name was given.

(s) For “ habitation," Dr. Hammond v.2. VII.

(9) “ The heavens,” &c. How highly reads “ basis.” poetical it is to call upon the heavens and (t) For “ shall go" and " burn,” the v. 3. the earth, the sea and fields, &c. the in readings should perhaps be “ went” and animate parts of the creation, to partake “ burnt.” in this joy! See note on Ps. Ixv. 14. So (u) “ The hills," i, e. (perhaps) the v.5. in Ps. cxlviii. 3, &c. they are called upon troops upon the hills. to join in praising God : “ Praise him, (a) “Worship him," &c. The au. v.7. “ sun and moon; praise him, all ye stars thor of the Epistle to the Hebrews is " and light," &c. &c. and see Isaiah supposed to refer to this passage, 1 Heb. xliv. 23.—xlix. 13.

vi. “ Again, when he bringeth in the first (-) A spirited hymn upon the supe- “ begotten into the world, he saith, and


5 Shew yourselves joyful unto || thy Name : which is great, wonthe Lord, alb ge lands : sing, re- derful, and holy. joice, and give thanks.

4 The king's power loveth 6 Praise the Lord upon the judgement; thou hast prepared harp : sing to the harp with a equity : thou hast executed judgepsalm of thanksgiving. . . ment and righteousness in Jacob.

7 With trumpets also, and 5 O magnify the Lord our shawms : 0 shew yourselves joy God : and fall down before his ful before the Lord the King. footstool, for he is holy.

8 Let the sea make a noise, and 6 Moses and Aaron among all that thereinis: the round world, his priests, and Samuel among and they that dwell therein. such as call upon his Name :

9 Let the floods clap their these called upon the Lord, and hands, and let the hills be joy he heard them. ful together before the Lord : 7 He spake unto them out of for he is come to judge the earth. the cloudy pillar (d) : for they

10 With righteousness shall he kept his testimonies, and the law judge the world : and the people that he gave them. with equity.

8 Thou heardest them, O Lord

our God : thou forgavest (e) them, Psalm xcix. (6)

O God, and punishedst their own The Lord is King, be the people

inventions. never só inpatient : he sitteth 1 9 O magnify the Lord our God, between the cherubims (c), be the and worship him upon his holy hill: earth never so unquiet.

for the Lord our God is holy. 2 The Lord is great in Sion : and high above all people.

Psalm c. (f) 3 They shall give thanks unto O be joyful in the Lord, all ye

Between Lor so unquietor in Sion :

* ) Upon the propriety of making God the object of worship, on account of his power, his justice, and his attention to the prayers of his servants.

(c) “ Between the cherubims." In Solomon's temple, the ark (which was the type of God) was placed between the cherubims, 2 Chron. v. 7,8. Saying of him, therefore, that he “ sitteth be“ tween the cherubims," was a figurative mode of expressing that he was the true, all-powerful God.

(d) « Cloudy pillar." This may refer to the time when the Israelites left Egypt, and God went before them in the pillar of a cloud, and spake to them out of the cloud (see Exod. xiii. 21.-Exod. xiv. 1, &c.) or it may apply to the time when Moses went into the cloud, and God delivered him the ceremonial law. See

Exod. xxiv. v. 8. (e) « Thou forgayest," &c. This

part of the verse is not easily understood.
The reading should perhaps be “ thou
“ wast prevailed on by them to desist
“ from punishing the people for their
“ inventions, i.e. their idolatry, apos-
“ tacy,” &c. When the golden calf
was made, God would have destroyed
all the people, had it not been for the
intercession of Moses, Exod. xxxii. 10,
&c.; and after the rebellion of Korah,
Dathan, and Abiram, Numb. xvi. “when
“ God said unto Moses, Get you from
" among this congregation” (viz. all the
congregation of Israel,)“ that I may
consume them as in a moment," Moses
and Aaron fell upon their faces, and
made an atonement for the people, and
caused the plague which was then den
stroying the people to be stayed. See
Numb. xvi. 44 to 50.

(f) See ante, p. 8. where thie Psalm also occurs.

lands : serve the Lord with glad-1 5 A froward heart shall depart ness, and come before his presence from me: I will not know (b) a with a song.

wicked person. 2 Be ye sure that the Lord he 6 Whoso privily slandereth his is God; it is he that hath made neighbour, him will I destroy. us, and not we ourselves : we are 7 Whoso hath also a proud his people, and the sheep of his look and high stomach : I will pasture.

not suffer him. 3 O go your way into his gates 8 Mine eyes look upon such as with thanksgiving, and into his are faithful in the land : that they courts with praise : be thankful may dwell with me. unto him, and speak good of his | 9 Whoso leadeth a godly life: Name.

he shall be my servant. 4 For the Lord is gracious; his 10 There shall no deceitful mercy is everlasting : and his truth person dwell in my house : he endureth from generation to ge that telleth lies shall not tarry neration.

in my sight.

11 I shall soon destroy all the Psalm ci. (8)

ungodly that are in the land : that My song shall be of mercy and I may (1) root out all wicked doers judgement : unto thee, O Lord, from the city of the Lord. will I sing. 2 O let me have understand

MORNING PRAYER. ing : in the way of godliness! 3 When wilt thou come unto

Psalm cii. (k) me : I will walk in my house with Hear my prayer, O Lord : and a perfect heart.

let my crying come unto thee. 4 I will take no wicked thing 2 Hide not thy face from me in hand ; I hate the sins of un in the time of my trouble : incline faithfulness : there shall no such thine ears unto me when I call; cleave unto me.

O hear me, and that right soon.

(8) Resolutions (supposed to be David's) for private and public conduct humbly submitted to God, to procure

his countenance and favour. 0.5. (b)“ Know," i.e. countenance. See

note on Ps. i. 7. VII. (i) For “ that I may,” the reading

should perhaps be “and.”

(k) An earnest prayer to God for the re-establishment, of Jerusalem and the Temple. It was probably written either about the end of the Babylonish captivity, or during the opposition the people of the land made to the rebuilding Jerusalem, of which Ezra and Nehemiah give an account. It describes the condition to which the writer was reduced, or in this instance refers to the melancholy state of all the Jews ; it alludes to God's

promise for bringing them back to Jeru. salem, and notices the impression it would make upon the minds of the hea. then and of posterity, in turning them to the worship of God, when they should see this promise performed. The Jews were subjected to the king of Babylon about 607 years before the birth of Christ. Some of them were carried thither about 599, and the rest when the temple, the king's house, and every great man's house was burnt with fire (see 2 Kings xxv. and Jer. lii.) about 588, and they remained captive in Babylon 70 years. Their captivity and its dura. tion had both been foretold ; and Isaiah had prophesied, Isaiah xliv. 28. that Cyrus should perform the pleasure of the Lord, “ even saying to Jerusalem, thou


3 For my days are consumed were bread : and mingled my away like smoke : and my bones

drink with weeping; are burnt up, as it were a fire 10 And that, because of thine inbrand.

dignation and wrath : for thou hast 4. My heart is smitten down, taken me up(m), and cast medown. and withered like grass :-so that 11 My days (n) are gone like I forget to eat my bread.

a shadow : and I am withered like 5 For the voice of my groan. ing: my bones will scarce cleave 12 But thou, O Lord, shalt to my flesh.

endure for ever : and thy remem6 I am become like a pelican brance throughout all generations. in the wilderness : and like an owl 13 Thou shalt arise, and have that is in the desert.

mercy upon Sion : for it is time 7 I have watched, and am even that thou have mercy upon her; as it were a sparrow : that sitteth yea, the time () is come. alone upon the house-top.

14 And why ? thy servants 8 Mine enemies revile me (1) think upon her stones : and it all the day long : and they that pitieth them to see her in the dust. are mad upon me, are sworn

15 The heathen (p) shall fear together against me.

thy Name, O Lord : and all the 9 For I have eaten ashes, as it kings of the earth thy Majesty ;

« shalt be built, and to the temple, thy “ foundation shall be laid." This was above 100 years before the event, and long before Cyrus was born. Cyrus (who was king of Persia) afterwards conquered Babylon, and on being apprized of this prophecy, dismissed the Jews, and ordered them to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. The account of their return, and of the rebuilding the temple, is set forth in Ezra and Nehemiah. This Psalm was anciently used among the Jews in times of humiliation; it is one of the seven penitential

Psalms, and is used on Ash Wednesday. v. 8. (1) “ Revile me,'' &c. This may re

fer to the opposition made to the rebuild-
ing of the temple : Artaxerxes, at the in-
stance of the people of the land, ordered
the work to be stopped: but Darius, on
finding Cyrus's decree for building it,
directed it to proceed, and made another
decree for advancing its progress. See
Ezra iv, v. vi. It was or years after their
return from Babylon, before the Jews could
rebuild the wall of Jerusalem, Nehem. vi.
15. It appears by Nehem. i. 3. that in
the 20th year of Artaxerxes (about 446
years before the birth of Christ) the
people were “ in great affliction and

“ reproach."
7. 10. (m) “ Taken me up," &c. This may

mean, thou hast given me hopes, by

bringing me back to Jerusalem, and
dispirited me by the opposition against
me; or it may refer to the great in-
stances of protection God had from early
times shewn the nation, till he cast them
down by suffering them to be carried
into captivity.

(n)“ My days are gone, &c. So v. II.
Isaiah xl. 6. 8. “ An flesh is grass, and 12.
«s all the goodliness thereof is as the
“ flower of the field: the grass wither-
" eth, the Aower fadeth ; but the word
" of our God shall stand for ever." It is
not improbable that the passage in Isaiah
suggested that in the Psalm, particularly as
the attention of the Jews was at this time
strongly drawn to Isaiah's prophecies.

(0) « The time," &c. God had stated w.d3. distinctly by Jeremiah, that the Babylonish captivity should continue 70 years, and that at the end of that time the people should return. In Jer. xxv. 8. 11. To Thus saith the Lord of hosts, this 66 whole land shall be a desolation, and “ an astonishment : and these nations « shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years." And Jer. xxix. 10. “ Thus " saith the Lord, that after seventy “ years be accomplished at Babylon, I “ will visit you, and perform my good “ word towards you, in causing you to “ return to this place."

6) « The heathen," &c. This is o.15.

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