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1819. February 22.
ing of sixteen articles, which had for their object the arrangement of differences and of limits between both governments and their respective territories; which are of the following form and literal tenor:
[Here follows the above Treaty, word for word.] “ Therefore, having seen and examined the sixteen articles Ratification. aforesaid, and having first obtained the consent and authority of the General Cortes of the nation with respect to the cession mentioned and stipulated in the 2d and Sd articles, I approve and ratify all and every one of the articles referred to, and the clauses which are contained in them; and, in virtue of these presents, I approve and ratify them; promising on the faith and word of a King, to execute and observe them, and to cause them to be executed and observed entirely as if I myself had signed them: and that the circumstance of having exceeded the term of six months, fixed for the exchange of the ratifications in the 16th article, may afford no obstacle in any manner, it is my deliberate will that the present ratification be as valid and firm, and produce the same effects, as if it had been done within the determined period. Desirous, at the same time, of avoiding any doubt or ambiguity concerning the meaning of the 8th article of the said treaty, in respect to the date which is pointed out in it as the period for the confirmation of the grants of lands in the Floridas, made by me, or by the competent authorities in my royal name, which point of date was fixed in the positive understanding of the three grants of lands made in favor of the Duke of Alagon, the Count of Punonrostro, and Don Pedro de Vargas, being annulled by its tenor, I think proper to declare that the said three grants have remained and do remain entirely annulled and invalid; and that neither the three individuals mentioned, nor those who may have title or interest through them, can avail themselves of the said grants at any time, or in any manner: under which explicit declaration the said 8th article is to be understood as ratified. In the faith of all which, I have commanded to despatch these presents. Signed by my hand, sealed with my secret seal, and countersigned by the underwritten my Secretary of Despatch of State. Given at Madrid, the twenty-fourth of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty. [Sign.]
FERNANDO. [Countersigned] Evaristo PEREZ DE Castro."
1819. February 22.
And whereas the Senate of the United States did, on the nineteenth day of the present month, advise and consent to the ratification, on the part of these United States of the said treaty, in the following words:
“ IN SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES—February 19, 1821. “ Resolved, two-thirds of the Senators present concurring therein, That the Senate, having examined the treaty of amity, settlement, and limits, between the United States of America and his Catholic Majesty, made and concluded on the twenty-second of February, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, and seen and considered the ratification thereof, made by his said Catholic Majesty, on the twenty-fourth day of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, do consent to, and advise the President of the United States to ratify the same.”
And whereas, in pursuance of the said advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, I have ratified and confirmed the said treaty, in the words following, viz:
“ Now, therefore, I, James Monroe, President of the United States of America, having seen and considered the treaty above recited, together with the ratification of his Catholic Majesty thereof, do, in pursuance of the aforesaid advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, by these presents accept, ratify, and confirm, the said treaty, and every clause and article thereof, as the same are herein before set forth.
In faith whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States of America,
to be hereto affixed. Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, this twenty-second day
of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
twenty-one, and of the Independence of the said states the forty-fifth. By the President:
JAMES MONROE. John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State."
And whereas the said ratifications, on the part of the United States, and of his Catholic Majesty, have been this day duly exchanged, at Washington, by John QUINCY Adams, Secretary of State of the United States, and by General Dn. Francisco Dionisio Vives, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of his Catholic Majesty : Now, therefore, to the end that the said treaty may be observed and performed with good faith, on the part of the United States, I have caused the premises to be made public; and I do hereby enjoin and require all persons bearing office, civil or military, within the United States, and all others, citizens or inhabitants thereof, or being within the same, faithfully to observe and fulfil the said treaty, and every clause and artiele thereof.
In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States to be
affixed to these presents, and signed the same with my hand.
Done at the city of Washington, the twenty-second day of February, in (L. s.) the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, and
of the sovereignty and Independence of the United States the forty-fith By the President:
JAMES MONROE. JouN QUINCY ADAMS, Secretary of State.”
The following are the Grants which have been annulled by the foregoing treaty :
GRANT TO THE DUKE OF ALAGON. (copia.]
[TRANSLATION.) Don Antonio Porcel, Caballero pensionista Don Antonio Porcel, knight pensioner of the de la Real y distinguida Orden de Carlos 3°, royal and distinguished order of Charles III; del Consejo de Estado, y Secretario de Estado, of the council of state, and secretary of state y del Despacho de la Gobernacion de Ultra- and of despatch of the ultra-marine govern
ment, &c. Certifico que con fecha seis de Febrero, de I certify, that, under date of the sixth of Femil ochocientos diez y ocho, se espidieron por bruary, one thousand eight hundred and eighel estinguido Consejo de las Indias, Reales teen, royal letters patent of the same tenor Cedulas de igual tenor, al gobernador capitan were sent by the late eouncil of the Indies to general de isla de Cuba y su distrito, al inten- the governor captain general of the Island of dente de exercito y real hacienda de la Hava- Cuba and its dependencies to the intendant of na y su distrito, y al gobernador de las Flori- the army and royal business of the Havana and das, para que cada uno en la parte que le to- its district, and to the governor of the Floricare dispusiese lo conveniente a que tuviese das, that each should do his utmost, in his par. efecto la gracia concedida al duque de Alagon ticular department, to give effect to the grant varios terrenos en la Florida Oriental, cuyo made to the duke of Alagon, of various lands contenido es el siguiente.
in East Florida, of the following tenor: EL REY. Mi gobernador y capitan ge
THE KING. My governor and captain neral de la Ysla de Cuba y su distrito. El general of the Island of Cuba and its dependuque de Alagon, baron de Espes, me hizo dencies: The duke of Alagon, baron de Espes, presente en esposicion de doce de Julio del has manifested to me, on the 12th July last, as ano ultimo lo que sigue-Senor: El duque de follows: “ Sire: The duke of Alagon, baron de Alagon, baron de Espes, Capitan de Guardias Espes, captain of your majesty's royal body de la Real persona de V. M. con el mayor guards, with the greatest respect, exposes, respecto espone: que siendo un interes de la that, it being the interest of the crown that Corona, que se den a grandes capitalistas los the uncultivated lands should be given to great terrenes incultos para que se pueblen y culti- capitalists, in order that they may be peopled ven, en lo que resultan unas ventajas demon- and cultivated, from which flow the advantastradas y aconsejadas por todos los politicos, ges pointed out and advised by all politicians, en cuyo caso se hallan muchos, o casi los mas and by means of which much or nearly most del fertil suelo de las Floridas; y siendo tam- of the fertile soil of the Floridas has been disbien un derecho de V. M. como dueno abso- covered, and it being a right of your majesty, luto el distribuir los en obsequio de la agricule as absolute lord, to distribute them for the betura; y en premio y recompensa de los servi- nefit of agriculture, and in reward and recomcios interesantes que se le hacen con utilidad pense of the eminent services which have been de V. M. y de su Reyno todo. Deseoso de rendered to your majesty, and your whole merecer estas senales de aprecio de su mag- kingdom; being desirous of deserving those nanimo corazon, y de contribuir por mi parte marks of the value of his magnanimous coua llenar las miras de poblacion tan interesantes rage, and of contributing as far as possible to al bien comun: a V. M. suplica se digne con- fulfil the designs of population, so interesting oederle el terreno inculto que no se halle ce
to the commonweal, he humbly requests your dido en la Florida Oriental, situado entre las 'majesty, that you would deign to grant him margenes de los Rios Santa Lucia y San Juan, all the uncultivated land not ceded in East hasta sus embocaduras en el mar, y la costa Florida which lies between the rivers Saint de la golfo de la Florida, e yslas adyacentes, Lucia and St. John, as far as the mouths by con la embocadura en el rio Hijuelos, por el which they empty themselves into the sea, grado viente y seis de latitud, siguiendo su and the coast of the gulf of Florida, and the orilla izguierda hasta su nacimento, tiranda una adjacent islands, with the mouth of the river linea ala Laguna Macaco, bajando luego por el Hijuelos, in the twenty-sixth degree of latiCanino del Rio de San Juan hasta la laguna tude, following the left bank up to its source, Valdes, cortando por otra linea desde el es- drawing a line from Lake Macaco, then des tremo norte de esta laguna hasta el nacimento cending by the way of the river Saint John to
del rio Amarima, siguiendo la orilla derecha hasta su embocadura por los veinte y ocho o veinte y cinco de latitud, y continuando por la costa del mar, con todas sus yslas adyacentes, hasta la embocadura del rio Hijuelos, en plena propiedad para si y sus herederos, y permitiendose la introduction de negros para el travajo y cultivo de las tierras libre de derechos: gracia que espera merecer de la innata piedad de V. M. Enterado del contenido de esta es. posicion, y atendiendo al distinguida merito de este sugeto, y a su acreditado celo por mi real servicio, como tambien a las ventajas que resultaran el estado del aumento de poblacion de los citados paises que pretende, he tenido a bien acceder ala gracia que solicita en quanto no se oponga a las leyes de esos mis reynos; y comunicarlo al mi consejo de las Indias para su execucion, en real order de diez y siete de Diciembre del referido ano. En su consecuencia os mando y en cargo por esta mi real cedula que con arreglo a las leyes que rigen en la materia, auxilieis eficazmente la execucion de la espresada gracia, tomando todas las disposiciones que se dirijan asu devido efecto, sin perjuico de tercero, y para que el espresado duque de Alagon preda desde, luego poner en execucion su designio conforme en todo con mis beneficos desoes en obsequio de la agricultura y comercio de dichas posesiones, que claman por una poblacion proporcionada ala feracidad de su suelo, y ala defensa y seguridad de las costas, dando cuenta succesivamente de su progreso; entendiendose que la indroducion de negros que comprende la misma gracia, deve sujetarse en quanto al trafico de ellos, a las reglas prescriptas en mi real cedula de diez y nueve de Diciembre ultimo, que asi es mi voluntad; y que de esta cedula se tome razon en la contaduria general de Indias. Fecha en palacio a seis de Febrero, de mil ochocientos dez y ocho.
YO EL REY.
Por mandado del Rey Nuestro Senor:
ESTEBAN VAREA.” Y para que conste firmo esta certificacion en Madrid, a quince de Octubre de mil ochocientos viente.
ANTONIO PORCEL. Don Evaristo Perez de Castro, Caballero de numero de la order de Carlos 3. del consejo de estado, y secretario del despacho de estado, &c.
Certifico que la firma que antecede del exmo. sor. Don Antonio Porcel, secretario del despacho de la gobernacion de ultramar, es la que acostumbra poner en todos sus escritos. Y para los efectos convenientes doy el presente certificado, firmado de mi mano y sellado con el escudo de mis armas, en Madrid, a viente y uno de mil ochocientos y viente.
EVARISTO PEREZ DE CASTRO. GRANT TO THE COUNT OF PUNON ROSTRO.
[copia.] Don Antonio Porcel, Cabellero pensionista de la Real distinguida orden de Carlos tercero, del consejo de estado, y del despacho de la gobernacion de ultramar, &c.
Certifico que con fecha de seis Febrero, de mil ochocientos diez y ocho, se expedieron por el estinguido consejo de las Indias reales cedulae de igual tenor al gobernador captain general de la ysla de Cuba y su distrito, al intendente de exercito y real hacienda de la Havana y su distrito, y al gobernador de las Floridas, para que cada uno en la parte que le tocase dispusiese lo conveniente a que tubiese efecto la grucia concedida el brigadier conde de Punonrostro de varios terrenos situados en la Florida Occidental, cuyo contenido es el siguente.
EL REY. My gobernador y capitan general de la ysla de Cuba y su distrito. El brigadier conde de Punonrostro, me hizo presente en exposicion de tres Noviembre del ano ultimo lo que sigue-Senor: El brigadier conde de Punonrostro, grande de Espana de primera clase, y vuestro gentilhombre de Camara con exercicio, &c. &c. P. A. L. R. P. de V. M. con el mas profundo respeto, expone: que movido del anhelo de procurar por todos los medios posibles el bacer productible parte de los immensos terrenos despoblados e incultos que V. M. tiene en las Americas, y que por su feracidad prometen las mayores ventajas, tanto al que expone como al estado, si llegase a verificarse, como lo espera, el noble proyecto que anima al exponente de convertir una pequena parte de aquellos desiertos en morada de
the Lake Valdes, crossing by another line from the extreme north of said lake to the source of the river Amarima, following its right bank as far as its mouth, in the twenty-eighth or twenty-fifth degree of latitude, and running along the sea-coast, with all the adjacent islands up to the mouth of the river Hijuelos in full property to himself and his heirs; allowing them also to import negroes, for the labor and cultivation of the lands, free of duties: A gift which I hope to obtain from your majesty's innate goodness.”
Having taken the premises into consideration, and bearing in mind the distinguished merit of the memorialist, and his signal zeal for my royal service, as well as the benefits to be derived by the state from an increase of population in the countries, the cession whereof he has solicited, I have judged fit to grant him the same, in so far as is conformable to the laws of these my kingdoms; and to make it known to my council of the Indies, for its due execution, by a royal order of the seventeenth of December, in the year aforementioned: Wherefore, I charge and command you, by this my royal cedula, with due observance of the laws to such cases pertaining, to give full and effectual aid to the execution of the said cession, taking all requisite measures for its accomplishment, without injury to any third party; and in order that the said duke of Alagon may forth with carry his plans into execution, in conformity with my beneficent desires in favor of the agriculture and commerce of the said territories, which require a population proportioned to the fertility of the soil and the defence and security of the coasts, he giving regular accounts of his proceedings; it being understood that the introduction of negroes, which the same cession comprehends, ought, as far as relates to the trafic in then, to be subject to the regulations prescribed in my royal cedula of the nineteenth of December last, for such is my will; and that due note be taken of the present cedula in the office of the accountant general of the Indies. Dated at the palace, the sixth of February, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen.
I THE KING, By command of the king our Lord:
ESTEBAN VAREA. And I confirm this exemplification, at Madrid, the fifteenth of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty.
ANTONIO PORCEL. Don Evaristo Perez de Castro, knight of the order of Charles III, of the council of state, and secretary of despatch of state, &c.
I certify that the foregoing signature of his excellency, Don Antonio Porcel, secretary of despatch of the ultra-marine government, is that which he is accustomed to put to all his writings; and for the proper purposes, I give the present certificate, signed by my hand, and sealed with my seal of arms, at Madrid, twenty-first of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty.
EVARISTO PEREZ DE CASTRO. GRANT TO THE COUNT OF PUNONROSTRO.
(TRANSLATION.] Don Antonio Porcel, Knight Pensioner of the royal and distinguished order of Charles 3d, of the Council of State, and Secretary of State and of Despatch of the Ultramarine Government, &c.
I certify, that, under date of the 6th of February, one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, royal letters patent of the same tenor were sent by the late council of the Indies to the Governor Captain General of the Island of Cuba and its dependencies, to the Intendant of the Army and 'Royal Business of the Havana and its district, and to the Governor of the Floridas, that each should do his utmost, in his particular department, to give effect to the grant made to Brigadier the Count of Punonrostro, of various lands situated in West Florida, of the following tenor:
THE KING. My Governor and Captain General of the Island of Cuba and its dependencies: the Brigadier Count of Punonrostro submitted to me, on the third of November last, what follows: “Sire: the Brigadier Count of Punonrostro, Grandee of Spain of the first class, and your gentleman of the Bed Chamber in actual attendance, &c. &c. throws himself at your Majesty's royal feet with the most profound respect, and submits to your Majesty: that, prompted by the desire of promoting, by all possible means, the improvement of the extensive waste and unsettled lands possessed by your Majesty in the Americas, which, by their fertility, offer the greatest advantages, not only to your memorialist, but to the State, provided due effect, as is hoped, be given to the noble project formed by your Majesty's