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nigh gone. “Great events were on Fiddle. We cannot help believing, the gale”-and men whom the coun- though our hopes are not high, that try, not in mere courtesy, called all this stupidity must cure itself ; great, were the chief speakers. They and that in a few years Electors will had the ear of the House—and of require other powers in the elect the island. They often discoursed than that of gulping pledges. The wisdom. Elevated sentiments and elect, too, will get sick of swallowprofound thoughts were often utter- ing lump after lump of indigest ble ed in music; and in the House of matter--and the head regain its asRepresentatives, on the night of some cendency over the stomach. For our high argument, was heard the voice own parts, we used to derive much of the Intellect of Britain. Genius instruction from almost every disand talent took the lead, and were cussion in the House of Commons, allowed to keep it, but not to the si- on any important subject; but now lencing of them who, without emi- most of the speeches are but chipnent endowments, spoke the words pings and parings of pamphlets, and of truth and soberness, plain in their we have found more information in patriotism, homely in their eulogies a single paragraph of a leading artias in their invectives, and inspired cle in the Standard or Morning Post, but by love of their country and in- than in many a debate that covered stitutions. The people were too free three sides of the sheet bearing the not to be discontented almost always name of one or other of these admiwith one thing or another in the rable papers. This cannot well last ; conduct of every Ministry, and of the meanest constituencies will get every Parliament; nor were they sorry and ashamed of such mouthever choice or chary in their expres- pieces, and, after a Parliament or sions about their rulers or their re- two, will be found preferring gentlepresentatives. But they regarded men. The English are a proud peoboth Houses with a respect and even ple. veneration that were not shook in The Conservative Party is, all over their minds by such temporary ebul. Britain, fast gaining strength-and in litions of discontent or anger-how- Parliament it is the only party deever violent; and there was confi- serving a name. The Destructives dence-not undeserved—in the su- are not an hundred strong; and the perior knowledge and wisdom, and Whigs are so generally despised, that in the integrity of public men. Is by themselves they could not stand there the same confidence now- a day. 'Tis a great pity they are or has the character of the House so worthless; for had they shewn of Commons risen, since the people some virtue, common cause might got their own Bill, in the estimation have been made with them by the of the people?

Conservatives, without any sacrifice No-it has fallen almost to zero. of principle on our part, and every Not a new man above mediocrity in other sacrifice would have been talent-nor by the people themselves cheerfully made by men who desire so esteemed; most of the popular but their country's good. Now, that members being sad dunces, and hac is impossible. Yet see our power. ving nothing to pride themselves on But for the Conservative Party, what but their zeal. A zealous blockhead would have become of the Ministry is either a private or a public nuic when pressed even by Joseph Hume sance--and can never be made to on the Corn Laws ? Why, one Miconsume his own smoke. Their integ- nister would have strangled another rity is about equal to their talent; —the Grabame sunk ingloriously beand their knowledge, small as it is, neath the suffocating hand of a Thomequal to both. The people are not son-and the Government been a by any means proud of such repre- corpse. sentatives; and there is hardly a con- His Majesty's Opposition should stituent among the ten-pounders really not be in his Majesty's Miniswho does not, and not unreasonably, try. Who, pray, is the leader of his think he would himself make as good Majesty's Opposition? A question a Parliament-man as most of the folk arises, about the food of the people. whose speeches he spells of an even- They open their mouths and are not ing over his beer at the Cat and fed, says he of the Board of Trade;

they open their mouths and are fed, phere of St Stephen's Chapel, and quoth be of the Admiralty; the one supposed to be at the least a comet. denounces all Corn Laws as expe- Surely the men are not fit to be dients by which the landowners seek rulers over a country on whose doto enrich themselves at the expense minion the sun never sets, who of all other classes, and the other up. would be hissed and hooted, as maholds them as essential to the very ex. lignant or idiot gossips, from the teaistence of the Empire. And they row tables of any pelting village. Think in the same boat-and that boat is the of William Pitt apologizing to a vessel of the State! Sir James pulls member in the House of Commons the stroke-oar—and the lads on his for such twaddle! Had Lord A). side, by a strong pull, a long pull, thorp fainted on hearing Mr Sheil and a pull altogether, turn round the say he was satisfied, and fallen back wherry, against all the efforts of their in the arms of Mr Stanley, what a opponents in the same craft; and this noble subject for a historical picture is the way in which they seek to pro- of the highest order! That scene in secute their voyage-racing against the House of Lords, with Chatham themselves amidst the shouts of the in a death-swoon, would have been wondering spectators that line both unimpressive in comparison. shores! This is the Whig way of Never were there, surely, in this managing a vital question.

wide world, such credulous Minis. But this precious Government of ters as these of ours. Why, they ours has other fundamental features believe even O'Connell, and this which it has lately been turning up to brings them before us in an exhibithe public disgust. Its members do tion even more novel, where they not behave like gentlemen. In the are self-exposed, as in a pillory, to case of Mr Sheil their behaviour was universal scorn. They court exesuch as would have excluded some of cration-and are absolutely enathem from society if it had referred moured of rotten eggs—as Danaë altogether to an affair in private life. was of that shower of gold. We ought rather to have said, they But it is time now to be seriousdid not behave like men. They ap- and from derision to pass over into peared like frows in petticoats- indignation. In that former affair elderly maiden ladies maliciously they looked like fools, and must have gossipingover gunpowder tea, felt like fools; but in this they apabout the supposed frailties of a pear like something worse; and they sister overtaken by a moment of will never get over it, unless the inhasoftness. Lord Althorp's sex seem- bitants of this country have indeed ed more than doubtful, though we lost all sense of justice, and become admit we thought him like an ox. indifferent to the sanctity of the law, Lord Brougham, we are sure, will and careless of the character of those forgive us for that simile-the use of whose high duty it is to administer which does not interfere with any the law, and to preserve its admi. simile of his-as he confines him- nistration free from fear and favour, self to bugs, and wasps, and vermin. according to a conscience unswayed Not till death can the Chancellor of by King, Parliament, or People. the Exchequer hope to escape the It was reserved to this, the worst sceptical doubts that pursued that Whig Ministry-to seek to subject perplexing personage—ihe Chevalier the Judicial Bench to the tyranny of D'Eon. He railed —quailed-mum- a demagogue whom their own imbled-stumbled-pouted—spouted— becility had suffered to set the law smiled-reviled-stammered-ham- of the land at defiance, and whose mered— stuttered — spluttered - on sedition was at that very hour behis cheeks came a blush, from his ing vicariously punished in the perlips went a slush--and all about no- son and property of one of bis tools, thing--and far less than nothing-- whom he had basely left to fine and and covered with glory he stuck to imprisonment, while he lived at large his story-till he burst like a blad- on alms contributed for his support der, and all that “windy suspiration by paupers. of forced breath" expired like the Had they themselves originated stink of a farthing candle, that had this measure, we might for a mobeen illuminating the stormy atmos- ment have believed that their mo

VOL. XXXV. NO, CCXX.

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tives were not entirely bad; it would for the Colonies, and elevated him, at least have shewn that they had a along with Lord John Russell, to the mind of their own, however mischie- tuft of the Liberator's tail. vously exerted; and that they were O'Connell knew his men better capable of conceiving a crime. But than we knew them; for false and they had not genius to imagine such faithless as they have one and all an iniquity-nor courage to execute been to the sacred trusts confided to it-andin their dulness and their cow- their keeping, we could not have ardice they listened, and were nose- supposed for an instant, that even led by a more inventive and daring they would have been so insane as demon than was ever lodged within to venture on such an outrage. We their own bosoms. They were cow- should have said, bad any one told ed by O'Connell. He drove them us of O'Connell's intention, that from a-field, like an overseer brandishing very shame they would have crushhis whip over a gang of slaves. How ed the calumniator. But no-they mean all their behaviour to that aggravated the guilt of aiding him in man! What signify all Stanley's sar- his attempt to shake the seat of Juscasms, cutting as they have some tice, by incredible baseness, peculiar times been ; what all Althorp's low- to themselves, to which our whole ings, sulky as those of an ox recal- Parliamentary history affords no pacitrating to the goad, when the whole rallel. The Judge against whom the Ministry submit their snouts, like motion was to be made, was officiswine, to be ringed by their savage ally told that it would be suffered to driver, and hold up their hinder legs sink—and his friends having come to be noosed by him, that he may into the House unprepared to decollect all the ties into one knot, molish the lying accusations, which and holding it in his sinister, and they knew would die a natural death, an iron-tipped thong in his dexter found, not to their dismay, but to hand, may leeringlý look on the their disgust and indignation, that drove in spite of all their obstinacy the motion was to be supported by marching from Mullingar to Michael- the whole strength of Ministers, and mas, as if, so they think, according a shocking sacrifice to be made of to the freedom of their own will, but, one whom his country regarded as as the cunning Irishman knows, mo- her best and wisest son, and would ved onwards by the magic of the not that a hair of his venerable head string that encourages while it seems should be touched, to save the Whig to control, and sends them all a- Ministry from perdition. bristle and a-scamper to their own The Irish Secretary, if he has spobed in the mire, which he has heap- ken truth, which some good-natured ed up for them from a hundred people seem disposed to believe, ditches!

must be by far the weakest creature Had the Agitator's defeats been a in Christendom. It was not, he has hundred times greater than they have told us, till his small senses got inever been--and sometimes he has volved in the final sentence of O'. indeed seemed to lick the dust at Connell's speech, that the bright idea Stanley's feet, and even to shun the entered the vacuum which nature hoof of Althorp-one fatal derelic- does not take the trouble to abhor in tion of principle like this, would bis head, that he would accede to have rendered them all vain, nay, the motion for enquiry into the conconverted them all into triumph. At duct of Baron Smith. Is he absolutely the bidding of him who should now such a simpleton as not to see even have been a convict, did the Mini- now that he thereby broke a solemn sters tie themselves to the tail of a promise-violated all honour and all conspirator against the majesty of faith—and shewed himself, in the Justice, and suffer themselves to be face of his country, ignorant or reckwhisked about like so much joint- less of all moral obligation? Call less hairy skin, by a savage who all this weakness, they who will-we the while laughed in his sleeve at call it wickedness too; and we believe the absurdity of the appendage. He that at this hour there is not a man once called Mr Stanley a "shave in all England more despised than beggar.” But he has made the Mr Littletou. O'Connell's motion rimende honorable to the Secretary for enquiry could not be carried

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without throwing a slur on the cha- sion; they abhor all shifting; and racter of the Judge; and Mr Stanley unless you be so, no special pleadwas pleased to say, in a subsequent ing, however ingenious, will ever debate, that the Judge must be an- persuade them that you are an honest xious for farther enquiry, that he Here there was much special might vindicate himself from the pleading, but far, indeed, from incharges to which the carrying of genious; the Ministers and their O'Connell's motion had given weight. menials became all loathsome LitShould those charges be proved, why, tletons of a smaller size, and the some of the Ministers and their finger of public scorn has written friends thought Baron Smith should indelibly their proper names on their be cashiered; others, that he would brazen foreheads, which he who runs merely resign ; while all men of may read. common feeling, that is, all men out But what were the charges brought of the Ministry, felt that were such against Baron Smith by O'Connell ? an enquiry entered into, and all Such as carried with them, on their O'Connell's accusations shewn to face, their own refutation. Look be steeped in bitterest and basest back on them now, and you blush falsehood, Baron Smith would not, to think they should have been enthough honourably acquitted, dis. tertained for a moment in any supgrace himself by remaining another posed assembly of gentlemen. How day on that bench which would then false they glare! He pictured the be a seat but for slaves.

Judge as old, feeble, indolent, obstiIs it credible, then, that Mr Little- nate, prejudiced, bigoted, cruel, imton can be the blockhead he has placable, capricious, crazy,-a danboldly proclaimed himself to be? Not gerous dotard, who changed day into altogether incredible; for you can- night, and, that his absurd sleep not have failed to remark, that every might not be disturbed, huddled priweek throws up a new blockhead soners into the bar by dozens, and more portentous than one and all of tried them during the dark hours his predecessors, who, brought be- without mercy or justice. All the side his bulk, all fall into shade. while he was speaking, O'Connell Thus but one blockhead at a time knew there was not one word of occupies the public eye, which truth in all these allegations; but he seems capable of taking in some- knew also the power of bold bluster thing immense—and now has on its over the timid and treacherous; a retina, let us trust, the image of hundred times had he tried it in that the biggest possible of the breed, House, as well as in the open air of with the face freest of all human Erin, and for once that it had failed, expression. And is he indeed to be ten times had it succeeded; to gain re-shipped for Ireland ?

his end, he had a hundred times But all the Ministers are not Lit- been indifferently cajoler or cajoled, tletons. Shame and sorrow to see and frequently, by some sudden jerk, Mr Stanley seeking to degrade the had wrested his object from the wise and good, whom in his better hands of the Incapables, or by some heart he must love and admire! He supple jugglery made it slip like knows the sacred nature of a pro- quicksilver through their fingers-mise, and the inviolability of truth and now he trusted to frighten lowin the soul of a statesman. The minded Littleton out of his small path of duty lies plain before every wits by a series of audacious falseman's feet, nor is there any danger hoods, till the trembling coward of deviation into cross-ways to any should not dare to defend the calumman who but keeps his eyes open, niated—so black should be the picand winks not in fear, or anger, or ture-but be wheedled into consent any other unworthy passion. We to a motion for Enquiry-not, mind keep a promise, not by the letter ye, for removal from the Benchmerely, but according to its spirit, oh, no, no, no-nothing of that sortand that is felt by the conscience but a mere motion for Enquiry-a that palters not with us in a double moderate and most humane motion seuse, but is ever clear as daylight that could hurt nobody's feelingsNor will the people of England tole- in itself injure nobody's characterrate any plea that would justify eva- and, by eliciting the truth, could not

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fail, whatever was the result, to dif- him among our great orators, demofuse universal satisfaction all over Jished the Agitator, and all his lies-Ireland, and the most entire confi- the infamous resolution was dence in the honour and justice of scinded, the head of that venerable a Whig Government.

old man again “star-bright appearThe motion was carried—and Mi- ed," and the Justice seat was renisters had their evening's triumph. stored to that inviolable dignity, But the Press, in spite of them, is without which law would be worse yet free; and in two days, was heap- than a dead letter, for its impotence ed upon their heads a whole nation's would be encouragement to crime, scorn. One dismal universal hiss as- and the land, where it was shorn of sailed their ears, and looking around its beams, be soon deluged in blood. they saw none but frowning aspects, Then was the time, after MrShaw's or foreheads tossing contempt. The affecting and irresistible speech, for outrage was marked by every qua- Mr Stanley to have backed out of lity Englishmen most abhor. Over this disgraceful affair–or rather, like all were conspicuous fear and false- his former self-let us say at once, hood-the two united composed a like himself-for 'is not possible for mess of meanness, of which one look us to cease to respect and admire was an emetic to the stomach of John him-to have freely declared his Bull, who instantly drenched the conviction that all O'Connell's charMinistry in vomit. There they were, ges against Baron Smith had been shaking their ears in that shower shattered to pieces which no hand like half-drowned rats—and a long could gather up--and to have rejoicourse of fumigation will be requi- ced in that perfect vindication. But red to restore Mr Littleton to any his evil genius-obstinacy-prevailthing like his former sweetness ed, and he had not the soul to follow now he is rank and smells to heaven. the example of Sir James GrahameIt must be far from pleasant to Mr too proud perhaps to appear an imiGleig to approach at present too tator even of the high-minded connear his patron-Stanley is strong duct of a friend who had got the -and as for Mr John Campbell start of him in winning golden opihe stinks in the nostrils, not only nions from all men, by the superiof the good people of Dudley, but ority he had shewn over all party of John-o'-Groat's.

feelings in a case of honour and conThe country on this occasion may science. Was it Mr Stanley-perbe well proud of the Press. It haps we are mistaken-who talked saved the majesty—the purity-the of the House stultifying itself by resanctity of Justice. But one base scinding its former vote? It did far blockhead abused Baron Smith, and worse than stultify itself by that commended Ministers, and of his infamous vote; and even now that interminable paragraphs no shame adheres to it, for the act of taketh heed. The pothouses have long one set of men cannot wipe away the been impatient of the eternal drawl. stain incurred by another, and the All the Conservative papers of praise is all with the Conservatives. course did their duty-the Standard The Ministers did all they could to in the van, with his trenchant scimi- perpetuate their guilt and their distar. But the Times, the Globe, and grace, and they found their troops the rest, were not backward ; and as ready as before to enter on the though they spared the Ministers as ignoble service. Among them are far as they could, they exposed the names which it is painful to us to see motion, and day after day depicted so emblazoned; therefore, cternal its character in darker and darker silence be their doom." colours. Thus, there was but one Lord Althorp, again, whom we opinion-one sentiment-one voice. shall not call ox any more, lest it Sir Edward Knatchbull, a man of be thought personal, lowed in a sub. high honour, came forward at his dued style, as if sensible he had country's call, to vindicate its cha- lost his horns, and that he would racter from the reproach of being have an odd look in a charge of catolerant of that base vote_Mr Shaw, valry. He was of opinion that Ba. the noble member for the Univer- ron Smith should have made someşity of Dublin, in a speech that places thing in the shape of an apology

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