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HE world's greatest sonal fortune of a quarter of a million

authority fishes dollars, and that he is a favorite dinner works for the Na- guest in Washington society, only marks tional Government at him as a member of the nation's New Washington. Hi's Volunteers, an army of wealthy men who name is Theodore Gill are doing patriotic service for their coun

-the multiplicity of try, at more or less financial sacrifice to his titles and degrees themselves.

being omitted — and To some of these volunteers, it is true, he occupies a room in the north tower of come

honors and personal prestige the Smithsonian Institution. To enter greater than they could hope to gain in that room—though sometimes Doctor private life; while many others work in Gill, when hot on the trail of a scientific silence and almost complete obscurity. secret, sleeps in it-would frighten a But in either case it would be unfair and timid person. It is filled with an inde- ungenerous to question motives; and scribable litter of fishes and snakes in even if personal prominence and social big glass jars, preserved crabs, stuffed position be admitted as sometimes being sea-horses, and other wonders of the the controlling factor, it is at least remighty deep. Yet out of this seeming freshing to realize that to an increasing confusion have come great additions to number of rich men the accumulation of the scientific knowledge of the world. more money is no longer the overmasterAnd a benevolent and paternal govern- ing ambition. ment pays Doctor Gill for his labors the Take, for example, the case of Robert sum of $1 a month.

Bacon, who is Assistant Secretary of The fact that the scientist has a per- State. He is an old friend of the PresiCopyright, 1906, by The Technical World Company


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dent, and was a classmate of the latter ever, officials are necessarily tied to their at Harvard. To a man like him, worth desks for eleven months out of the several millions of dollars—he is a part- twelve. Such work is serious business, ner in the firm of J. Pierpont Morgan & and occupies all of a man's attention; it Co.—the wages of the place are a mere cannot be done incidentally to other matpittance. Nevertheless, he is satisfied to ters. be a hireling, at $4,500 a year, for the The case of Mr. Bacon is by no means sake of the pleasure and the small amount so exceptional as might be supposed. Ocof reputation to be derived from the cupying the place of Assistant Secretary work. Of course, too, there is a good of the Navy—the position Mr. Roosevelt chance of promotion to some desirable diplomatic post.

Places in the diplomatic service have always been regarded as particularly desirable, and are being sought more eagerly nowadays than ever before. They offer many social opportunities; and even the minor secretaryships at embassies and legations are in demand for the sons of wealthy families, who at the present time

pretty near to monopolizing such posts.

In speaking of the Department of State, one should realize that Secretary Root hiinself is one of the rich men embraced in the category described. It is altogether probable that he is able to earn by the practice of his profession (that of the law) at least $150,000 a year. As a member of the Cabinet, he gets only $8,000. But there are other things besides money that are worth while, and the privilege of managing the foreign relations of the United States may well be regarded

ROBERT BACON. as compensating for large sac

Assistant Secretary of State. rifices. For so long a time that the memory


held at the time of the outbreak of the man runneth not to the contrary, persons

war with Spain—is a millionaire manuof wealth have been ambitious to serve facturer from Detroit, Mich., Truman H. in Congress—more especially in the Sen- Newberry. He is largely interested in ate—but anxiety on the part of rich men steel, but is engaged in a number of in this country to secure employment in other industries, including the making of the executive workshops is something automobiles. Himself an enthusiast on very new. The Houses of Congress are the subject of motoring, he devotes much in session only six months in the year, of his limited leisure to traveling about and a Senator or Representative has half in a touring car. A rather stout and his time to himself, for other occupa- very jolly man is Mr. Newberry. tions. In the federal departments, how- In a corresponding position, that of

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Assistant Secretary at the Treasury De- much greater. But Mr. Roosevelt was partment, is found a slightly younger early seized with an ambition to figure man, Charles H. Keep, who is likewise a in public affairs—he was hardly out of manufacturer and supposed to be worth college when he secured an election to nearly, if not quite, a million dollars. He the Legislature of New York Statecomes from Buffalo, N. Y., and is inter- and thus it was that at the beginning of ested in a bank in that city, as well as in the Spanish War he found himself Ascertain large paper mills. A Harvard sistant Secretary of the Navy. man, he was graduated two years later A noteworthy phenomenon, well worth than Mr. Roosevelt. Until recently he mentioning in this connection, is the diswas Secretary of the Lake Carriers' As- position which rich people nowadays are sociation—a great organization control- showing, to send their sons to the military ling transportation on the lakes.

and naval academies at West Point and Speaking of Mr. Roosevelt, it may be Annapalis. Until recently the Army and fairly said that he himself did much Navy were not regarded by the wealthy toward starting the fashion, now fol- and fashionable class as desirable; but lowed by so many men of wealth, of ideas on the subject seem to have seeking employment in the public service. changed, and at the present time such apSeventeen years ago he was made a Civil pointments are eagerly sought for the Service Commissioner by President Har- scions of millionaire families—evidently rison, and was glad to get that compara

for the sake of the prestige attaching to tively humble position—though not at all, Uncle Sam's uniform, as well as with the of course, for the sake of the salary, idea of doing worthy service for the which was only $3,500 a year.

country which has made them rich. Although he talks so eloquently about There are in our Army and Navy, and the struggle of life, and the joy of the more especially in the latter service, a fight and its reward, Mr. Roosevelt, as a good many very rich men to whom the matter of fact, has never known through scanty pay is of no importance worth personal experience what struggle means. mentioning. What they want is the rank The son of a rich glass importer of New and privilege, as well as social opportunYork, he inherited before he left Har- ity, that go with the shoulder-straps they vard University a very considerable for- wear. Our military and naval attachés tune, one item of which was a house in at foreign capitals, whose business it is the most desirable part of Fifth Avenue, to make a study of whatever is newest in next door to the Gould mansion, which war methods and appliances abroad, are stands in his name to-day, and is as- usually selected from among the wealthy sessed at $125,000—its actual value being officers, simply for the reason that much


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expense is involved in keeping up their At the White House, it might be menpositions properly, and Uncle Sam does tioned, are always half-a-dozen most denot care to foot the bills himself. The lightful assignments of duty—those of War Department would be willing the so-called “social aides” to the Presienough, but Congress is sure to oppose dent. They are always held by young any suggestion of the kind, and will not officers, who are required to do nothing furnish the money.

more arduous than dance well and stand Thus, for instance, our military at- about in statuesque attitudes at receptaché at Berlin for some years past has tions. It is their most particular funcbeen Capt. William S. Biddle, U. S. A., tion to act as beaux for young ladies who who is worth about three-quarters of a may at any time be guests at the Execumillion. Another

tive Mansion, taksubaltern in thc

ing them in to dinservice, lately de

ner, officiating as tailed similar

dancing partners, duty, is Capt. Ed

or otherwise helpward B. Cassatt,

ing to amuse them. son of the Presi

Naturally, a great dent of the Penn

deal of social pressylvania Railroad,

tige attaches to and himself a mai

these positions, the of large means.

holders of which Such assignments

are invited out evas these are neces

erywhere. For sarily of the most

years past, agreeable charac

and up to the date ter, giving the

of his recent marentrée to courts

riage, Major and to the most ex

Charles McCawclusive foreign so

ley, of the U. S. ciety. It is not sur

Marine Corps, was prising that they

the principal SOshould be regarded

cial aide at the as most desirable

White House. by officers who can

The so-called afford to accept

Master of CereProf. SAMUEL F. EMMONS. them.

U. S. Geological Survey.

monies at the



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