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upon the census, charging the Nebraska Winnebagoes “with the full amount found to be due to the Wisconsin Winnebagoes, under said act, for the period pamed, and crediting them with the amount actually expended in the removal and subsistence of the Wisconsin Winnebagoes at the date of their removal to Nebraska, in 1873, and the balance found in favor of the Winnebagoes of Wisconsin, whatever the amount may be, sball hereafter be held and considered as a debt due to them from " the Nebraska Win. nebagoes. Until said debt shall be paid an amount to be deducted from the Nebraska Winnebagoes' annuities and paid to the Wisconsin Winnebagoes, such sum not to be less than $7,000. (Sec. 4.)
Titles acquired by Wisconsin Winnebagoes under act of March 3, 1875, to be inalienable for twenty years from date of patent issued, during which' period they shall not be subject to taxation or incumbrance. (Sec. 5.)
Organized as a Territory March 2, 1861. Admitted as a State March 21, 1864.
The Indian tribes residing here are about the same as when the country came into the possession of the United States.
There are four reservations in the State, containing an aggregate area of 954,135 acres. Indian population upon reservations, 2,679; Indians off reservations, 8,150; total population, 10,829.
There are two agencies : Nevada Agency, having charge of the Moapa River Reservation, Pyramid Lake Reservation, and Walker River Res. ervation; the Western Shoshone Agency, having in charge the Duck Valley Reservation.
[Post-office address : Wadsworth, Washoe County, Nev.]
PYRAMID LAKE RESERVATION.
How established.-By Executive order, March 23, 1874.
Area and survey.-Contains 322,000 acres, 5,000 of which are classed as tillable. Out-boundaries surveyed.5
Acres cultivated.-Not reported separately. Fifteen hundred acres given for Pyramid Lake and Walker River Reservations.
Tribes and population.—The tribe living here is the Pah-Ute (Paviotso). Population about 2,084.8
Location. The Pyramid Lake Reservation is situated in Washoe and Roop Counties, in the north-western part of the State, 16 miles north of Wadsworth, on the Central Pacific Railroad, and contains an area of 320,000 acres, including lake, mountain, and desert. Not to exceed 5,000 acres are of any value for reservation purposes. The fishing upon this reserve is one of the most important sources of supply to the In. dians.
· For earlier history, see Colorado. United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XII, p. 209. Ibid., Vol. XIII, p. 30. * Report of Indian Commissioner, 1884, p. 312. • Ibid., p. 261. 6 Ibid., 1886, p. 432. 7 Ibid., 1884, p. 261. 8 Ibid., p. 402. 1877, p. 150.
Government rations.-Twenty per cent. of the Indians at this agency (which includes this reservation and Walker River) subsisted by Gov. ernment rations in 1886.1
Mills and Indian employés.-In 1878 a mill was built. No Indian employés reported.?
Indian police.--Established in 1881.3
School population, attendance, and support.6 School population estimated in 1886
650 Boarding-school accommodation.... Boarding-school average attendance..
57 In session (months) Cost to Government
$6,954. 66 Missionary work..—No missionary work reported among these In. dians.
Pyramid Lake or Truckee Reserve.
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
November 29, 1859. SIR: My attention has been called, by a letter of the 25th instant from F. Dodge, Esq., agent for the Indians in Utah Territory, now in this city, to the consideration of the propriety and necessity of reserving from sale and settlement, for Indian use, a tract of land in the northern portion of the valley of the Truckee River, including Pyramid Lake, and a tract in the north-eastern part of the valley of Walker's River, including Walker's Lake, as indicated by the red coloring upon the inclosed map, and, fully concurring in the suggestion of Agent Dodge respecting this subject, I have to request that you will direct the surveyor-general of Utah Territory to respect said reservations upon the plats of survey when the public surveys shall have been estended over that part of the Territory, and in the mean time that the proper local land officers may be instructed to respect the reservations upon the books of their offices when such offices shall have been established. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
A. B. GREENWOOD,
Commissioner. Hon. SAMUEL A. SMITH, Commissioner of General Land Office.
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
Washington, D. C., March 21, 1874. SIR: I have the honor to present herewith a cominunication, dated the 20th instant, from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, together with the accompanying map, showing the survey made by Eugene Monroe, in January, 1865, of the Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation in Nevada, and respectfully recommend that the President issue an order, withdrawing from sale or other disposition, and setting apart said reservation or tract of country for the use and occupation of Pah-Ute and other Indians now oc. cupying the same. The form of order necessary in the premises is engrossed in the inclosed map. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Secretary. The PRESIDENT.
1 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1886, p. 420. 2 Ibid., 1878, p. 102. 3 Ibid., 1881, p. 119. * Ibid., 1886, p. 197. 6 Ibid., p. xcvi.
MARCH 23, 1874. It is hereby ordered that the tract of country known and occupied as the Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation in Nevada, as surveyed by Eugene Monroe, in January, 1865, and indicated by red lines, according to the courses and distances given in tabular form on accompanying diagram, be withdrawn from sale or other disposition, and set apart for the Pah-Ute and other Indians residing thereon.
U. S. GRANT.
WALKER RIVER RESERVATION.
How established.-By Executive order, March 19, 1874.
Area and survey.-Contains 318,815 acres, of which 1,000 are classed as tillable. Out-boundaries surveyed."
Acres cultivated.-See Pyramid Lake Reservation, page 493.
Tribes and population. The tribe living here is the Pi-Ute. Popu. lation, 3,411.
Location. The Walker River Reservation is situated in Esmeralda County, south-western Nevada, 80 miles from Pyramid Lake Agency and 64 miles from the Central Pacific Railroad.5
Government rations.—Twenty per cent. of the Indians at this agency subsisted by Government rations in 1886.6
Mills and Indian employés.- None reported.
School population, attendance, and support.?
Missionary work.- None reported among these Indians.
100 35 29 210 $908
Walker River Reserve.8
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
Washington, March 18, 1874. Sir: I have the honor to present herewith a communication dated the 17th instant from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, together with the accompanying map showing the survey made by Eugene Monroe in December, 1864, of the Walker River Reservation in Nevada, and respectfully recommend that the President issue an order withdrawing from sale or other disposition and setting apart said reservation or tract of country for the use and occupation of the Pah-Ute Indians located thereon. The form of order necessary in the premises is engrossed on the inclosed map. · Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Secretary. The PRESIDENT.
1 Report of Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1886, p. 345. * Ibid., 1884, p. 312. 3 Ibid., p. 261. * Ibid., 1886, p. 195. 6 Ibid., 1877, p. 150. 6 Ibid., 1886, p. 420. ? Ibid., p. xcvi. 8 Ibid., p. 345.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, March 19, 1874. It is hereby ordered that the reservation situated on Walker River, Nevada, as surveyed by Eugene Monroe, December, 1864, and indicated by red lines on the above diagram in accordance with the fifteen courses and distances thereon given, be withdrawn from public sale or other disposition and set apart for the use of the Pab-Ute Indians residing thereon.
U. S. GRAXT.
MOAPA RIVER RESERVATION.
How established.-By Executive orders, March 12, 1873, and February 12, 1874; act of Congress approved March 3, 1875;1 selection approved by Secretary of the Interior, July 3, 1875.
Area and survey.-Contains 1,000 acres, of which 1,000 are classed as tillable. Out-boundaries surveyed.3
Acres cultivated.--Fifteen hundred acres reported in 1886.
Tribes and population. The tribes living here are the Kai-bab-bit, Ke-mahwivi (Tantawait), Pawipit, Pi-Ute, and Shi-wits. Population, 24.5
Location.— The Moapa River Reservation is located in the extreme south-eastern part of the State, 600 miles from Pyramid Lake Reserve, and 125 miles from Pioche, end of stage route.
Government rations.- None reported.
School population, attendance, and support.-School population not reported. No school provided.
Missionary work.-In 1875 the Mormons baptized a large number of the Indians.? No missionary work reported among these Indians.
Moapa Rirer Reserve.8
(Formerly called Muddy Valley Reserve.)
EXECUTIVE MANSION, March 12, 18:3. Agreeably to the recommendation contained in the foregoing letter of the Secretary of the Interior of this day the following-described lands in the south-eastern part of Nevada are hereby set apart for the use of the Indians in that locality: Commencing at a point on the north bank of the Colorado River where the eastern line of Nevada Strikes the same; running thence due north with said eastern line to a point far enough north from which a line running due west will pass one mile north of Muddy Springs; running due west from said point to the one hundred and fifteenth meridian of west longitude; thence south with said meridian to a point due west from the place of beginning; thence due east to the west bank of the Colorado River; thence following the west and north bank of the same to the place of beginning.
U. S. GRANT. 1 United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XVIII, p. 445. 2 Report of Indian Commissioner, 1834, p. 312. 3 Ibid., p. 261. 4 Ibid., 1886, p. 432. 5 Ibid., p. 195. • Ibid., 1877, p. 150. Ibid., 1875, p. 338. 8 Ibid., 1886, pp. 343, 344.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, February 12, 1874. In lieu of an Executive order dated the 12th of March last setting apart certain lands in Nevada as a reservation for the Indians of that locality, which order is hereby canceled, it is hereby ordered that there be withdrawn from sale or other disposition, and set apart for the use of the Pah-Ute and such other Indians as the Department may see fit to locate thereon, the tract of country bounded and described as follows, viz:
Beginning at a point in the middle of the main channel of the Colorado River of the West, 8 miles east of the one hundred and fourteenth degree of west longitude ; thence due north to the thirty-seventh degree of north latitude; thence west with said parallel to a point 20 miles west of the one hundred and fifteenth degree of west longitude ; thence due south 35 miles; thence due east 36 miles; thence due south to the middle of the main channel of the Colorado River of the West; thence up the middle of the main channel of said river to the place of beginning.
U. S. GRANT. By act of Congress of March 3, 1875, the Pai-Uto Reservation in south-eastern Nevada was reduced to 1,000 acres, to be selected by the Secretary of the Interior in such manner as not to include the claim of any settler or miner. This tract was as follows:
Commencing at a stone set in the ground, extending three feet above, whereon is cat "U. S. No. 1,” which stone marks the north-east corner of the reservation, standing on a small hill known as West Point, and set 18 feet in a north-easterly direction from the corner of a building designated as the office and medical depository located on said reservation, and running thence north 60 degrees west 80 chains to a stone upon which is cut “U. S. No. 2 ;” thence north 70 degrees west 97 chains to a stone upon which is cut “U. S. No. 3;”. thence south 56 chains and 50 links to a monument of stones on the top of a hill; thence sonth 70 degrees east 97 chains to a monument of stones at the base of a hill; thence south 60 degrees east 80 chains to a stone set in the ground rising 2 feet above, upon which is cut “U. S. SE. corner;" thence north 56 chains and 50 links to the place of beginning.
From Report of Indian Commissioner, 1882, pp. 280-281. (United States Statutes at Large, Vol. XVIII, p. 4.)
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS,
Washington, D. C., June 28, 1875. SIR: By the terms of an act of Congress en titled "An act making appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian department and for fulfilling treaty stipulations with various Indian tribes for the year ending June 30, 1876, and for other purposes," approved March 3, 1875, the Pai-Ute Reservation in south-eastern Nevada is reduced to “1,000 acres, to be selected by the Secretary of the Interior, in such manner as not to include the claim of any settler or miner.”
I have the honor to submit herewith a report from William Vandever, United States Indian inspector, dated San Francisco, Cal., June 12, 1875, under office instructions of 26th of March last, submitting a report of the selection of the 1,000 acres (to which the Pai-Ute Reservation in south-east Nevada was reduced) made by Messrs. Bateman and Barnes, United States Indian agents in Nevada, under his instructions of April 12, 1075, which selection having met his approval, he forwards, with the recommendation that the following metes and bounds be established and proclaimed by Executive order as the boundaries of the Pai-Ute Reservation in south-eastern Nevada, as contemplated by said act of Congress, viz:
Commencing at a stone set in the ground, extending 3 feet above, whereon is cut “U. S. No. 1,” which stone marks the north-east corner of the reservation, standing on a small hill known as West Point, and set 18 feet in a north-easterly direction from the corner of a building designated as the office and medical depository located on
S. Ex. 954-32