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(289 F.)

TAYLOR et al. v, LOGAN TRUST CO. ot al.

(Circuit Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit. April 6, 1923.)

No. 6106. 1. Appeal and error 338(1)-Order not reviewable on appeal takon more than six months after its entry.

An order denying an application to intervene, assuming it to be ap pealable, cannot be reviewed on an appeal taken more than six months

after its entry. 2. Appeal and error 138-Consolidation of suits does not entitle party to one

suit to appeal from an order made in the other.

Strangers to a suit are not entitled to appeal from the orders and judgment entered therein, and the consolidation of a creditors' suit and a foreclosure suit does not make parties to the former parties to the latter, so as to entitle them to appeal from an order confirming a sale

under the mortgage. 3. Appeal and error 327(13)—Purchaser at foreclosure salo necessary party

to appeal from order of confirmation,

The purchaser at a foreclosure sale is a necessary party to an appeal from the order of confirmation.

Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Arkansas; Jacob Trieber, Judge.

Suit in equity by the Logan Trust Company against the Missouri & Southeastern Utilities Company and others, Lowell W. Taylor and others appeal from an order confirming sale and other orders. Appeal dismissed.

Ewing, King & King, of Memphis, Tenn., for appellants.

H. S. Priest, of St. Louis, Mo., and John M. Moore, of Little Rock, Ark., for appellees.

Before LEWIS, Circuit Judge, and BOOTH and FARIS, District Judges.

BOOTH, District Judge. By this appeal review is sought of an order denying appellants' applications to intervene in a mortgage foreclosure suit; also of an order overruling their exceptions to the report of sale in the foreclosure suit, and of orders overruling their objections to the confirmation of the foreclosure sale. The material facts are as follows:

On November 29, 1920, Taylor filed a bill in the court below in the nature of a creditors' bill against the Missouri & Southeastern Utilities Company (hereinafter called the Missouri Company). The bill alleged that the plaintiff was the holder of a note for $5,000, made by the defendant, which was due and unpaid after demand; that the company could not meet its obligations; that it had defaulted on certain bonds issued by it, and that foreclosure proceedings were threatened; that the company was insolvent, and that it was necessary that a receiver be appointed to preserve the rights of the stockholders, creditors, and the public. The prayer was that the bill be declared a general creditors' bill, that a receiver be appointed, with the usual powers, and that an injunction issue in aid of the receivership.

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The Missouri Company in its answer admitted the allegations of the bill, and admitted the necessity for the appointment of a receiver. A receiver was appointed, on December 4, 1920, with power to take possession of all the property of the company and manage and operate the same, subject to the orders of the court. On April 15, 1921, the Logan Trust Company, appellee herein, by permission of the court in which the creditors' suit was pending, filed in said court a bill to foreclose a mortgage made by the Missouri Company and covering all of its properties and franchises. On the same day the company answered, admitting the allegations of the bill, and the court made an order in the foreclosure suit extending the receivership to that suit, and consolidating the two suits. On June 10, 1921, Taylor and Watkins, another note-holding creditor of the Missouri Company, each filed a petition for leave to intervene in the foreclosure suit. The proposed pleading which each sought to file as intervener contained the following averments: That the intervener was the owner of a past-due note of the defendant company, payment of which had been demanded, and refused; that the mortgage sought to be foreclosed had not been legally executed, and the bonds issued thereunder had not been legally issued; that the Logan Trust Company had not legally accepted the trusteeship; that no legal demand for the interest due had been made upon the Missouri Company; that no proper preliminary action to the commencement of the foreclosure suit had been taken; that there was no necessity for the foreclosure of the mortgage. On July 2, 1921, these petitions for leave to intervene were both denied without prejudice.

The foreclosure suit progressed, and on July 13, 1921, a decree was entered ordering a sale, and appointing a special master to make the same. The special master filed his report of sale on December 28, 1921, and on the same day the court entered an order approving and confirming the sale, unless within 10 days exceptions were filed to the report.

On January 7, 1922, Taylor and Watkins each filed exceptions to the report of sale, setting up some of the same matters that were set forth in the proposed intervention pleadings, and also setting forth that some of the lands sold at the foreclosure sale were located in two counties, Green and Clay, and that the mortgage had not been recorded in those counties; that the lands in these counties so sold had been purchased with the moneys obtained by the Missouri Company from Taylor and Watkins and evidenced by the notes held by them. These exceptions were overruled by the court January 31, 1922.

On March 18, 1922, the court entered an order approving and confirming the report of sale of the special master, and directing disposition of the proceeds, and decreeing a deficiency judgment. On March 21, 1922, Taylor and Watkins each filed a petition containing objections to the order of confirmation and to the distribution of the proceeds, and praying that the sale of the lands in Green and Clay counties be set aside, or that the proceeds of the sale of the lands in those counties be set apart for general creditors, or that the whole sale be set aside. These petitions were, on April 1, 1922, dismissed by the court. The present appeal was perfected April 21, 1922, and purports

(289 F.) to be an appeal from the order of December 28, 1921, approving the master's report of sale; also from the two orders of April 1, 1922, dismissing the petitions of Taylor and Watkins to set aside the sale.

At the outset we are met by a motion by the appellee Logan Trust Company to dismiss the appeal, on the grounds (1) that the appeal was not taken in time to review the order denying the intervention, even assuming that the appeal is broad enough to include that order; (2) that the order denying the intervention was not appealable; (3) that appellants were not parties to the foreclosure suit, and therefore had no standing to file exceptions to the report of sale, or objections to the confirmation of sale, or to appeal from orders overruling their exceptions and objections; (4) that the purchaser of the property was a necessary party to the appeal. Taking up these grounds in their order:

[1] (i) The order denying appellants' petitions to intervene in the foreclosure suit is not subject to review at this time. The order was made July 2, 1921. If appealable, the time for appeal expired six months from that date. The present appeal was not taken until April 21, 1922. It does not purport to be an appeal from the order denying intervention. Evidently appellants considered the order denying the intervention not appealable; otherwise, they doubtless would have followed the practice outlined by this court in U. S. v. Philips, 107 Fed. 824, 46 C. C. A. 660. Nor can appellants secure review of the order denying intervention under their appeal from the later orders, for the reason, as will presently appear, that the appellants had no standing to take and maintain an appeal from the later orders.

(2) In view of the foregoing, we deem it unnecessary to decide whether the order denying intervention was appealable.

[2] (3) The orders overruling exceptions to the report of sale and overruling the objections to the confirmation of sale were not subject to review at the instance of appellants who were not parties to the foreclosure suit. Strangers to a suit are not entitled to take appeals from the orders and judgment entered therein. Ex parte Cutting, 94 U. S. 14, 22, 24 L. Ed. 49; Guion v. Insurance Co., 109 U. S. 173, 3 Sup. Ct. 108, 27 L. Ed. 895; Ex parte Leaf Tobacco Board of Trade, 222 U. S. 578, 32 Sup. Ct. 833, 56 L. Ed. 323. It is true that Taylor was a party to the suit brought on behalf of creditors, and that this creditors' suit and the foreclosure suit had been consolidated; but such consolidation did not make the parties to one suit parties to the other. Mutual Life Ins. Co. v. Hillmon, 145 U. S. 285, 293, 12 Sup. Ct. 909, 36 L Ed. 706; Toledo Co. v. Continental Trust Co., 95 Fed. 497, 36 C. C. A. 155; Adler v. Seaman (C. C. A.) 266 Fed. 828, 838.

[3] (4) The purchaser at the foreclosure sale was a necessary party to any appeal which might imperil the validity of such sale. Appellants disclaim that there is any issue between them and the purchaser at the foreclosure sale; but the prayer of their petition containing their objections to the confirmation of the sale expressly contemplated the possibility of a new sale, either as to a part or the whole of the property. Clearly the purchaser had such an interest in the orders appealed from as entitled him to be made a party to the appeal. Davis v. Merc. Trust Co., 152 U. S. 590, 14 Sup. Ct. 693, 38 L. Ed. 563; Kneeland

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v. American Loan Co., 136 U. S. 89, 10 Sup. Ct. 950, 34 L. Ed. 379; In re Met. Trust Co., 218 U. S. 312, 31 Sup. Ct. 18, 54 L. Ed. 1051 ; Grand Island Ry. Co. v. Sweeney, 103 Fed. 342, 43 C. C. A. 255.

The motion to dismiss the appeal should be sustained; and it is so ordered.


(Circuit Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit. May 8, 1923.)

No. 3788.
Patents em328--1,032,583, for boiler cleaner, not infringed.

Bayer patent, No. 1,032,583, for a boiler cleaner, held not infringed by a device used by defendant the installation of which involved merely an extension or adaptation of a boiler cleaner covered by complainant's patent, No. 919,680, designed for short boilers, to the use and

work of cleaning long boilers. Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Michigan; Arthur J. Tuttle, Judge.

Patent infringement suit by the Bayer Steam Soot Blower Company against the Diamond Power Specialty Company. Judgment for defendant, and complainant appeals. Affirmed.

Harry A. Beimes, of St. Louis, Mo., and Wm. M. Swan, of Detroit, Mich., for appellant.

W. J. Belknap, of Detroit, Mich. (Whittemore, Hulbert, Whittemore & Belknap, and C. B. Belknap, all of Detroit, Mich., on the brief), for appellee.

Before KNAPPEN, DENISON, and DONAHUE, Circuit Judges.

DONAHUE, Circuit Judge. This appeal involves the validity, and, if valid, the infringement, of claim 1 of United States letters patent 1,032,583, issued July 16, 1912, to Bayer Steam Soot Blower Company of St. Louis, Mo., as assignee of the inventor, Leo John Bayer. The answer to the complaint alleges invalidity and denies infringement. Upon the issue so joined the District Court found no infringement, and dismissed the bill of complaint, with costs.

The patent in suit relates to improvement in boiler cleaners. Claim 1 reads as follows:

“In combination with a boiler having a water tube section comprising circulating water tubes communicating with the boiler, said tubes being provided with a bottom horizontal baffle terminating at the rear a suitable distance from the adjacent ends of the tubes, a furnace provided with a fire box and a combustion chamber beneath the baffle aforesaid, and suitable cleaning nozzles discharging rearwardly above the battle at the zone of initial precipitation of suspended impurities carried by the gases discharged from the combustion chamber."

It is conceded that boiler cleaners of somewhat similar construction are old in the art. This claimed invention purports to be an improvement on the boiler cleaner forming the subject-matter of United States

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(289 F.) letters patent No. 919,680, issued under date of April 27, 1909, to Frank X. Bayer, father of Leo John Bayer; the object declared by the applicant being to extend the principle of operation contemplated and disclosed in the Frank X. Bayer patent to boilers of the Heine type. For the purpose of this case it is unnecessary to consider the prior patent art, except as exemplified in the Frank X. Bayer patent, No. 919,680, although Bayer, No. 900,078, Hazlett, No. 544,619 and Meier, No. 529,741, are pertinent.

The boiler cleaner of the Bayer patent, No. 919,680, accomplished the same results in short boilers as the device of the patent in suit accomplishes in longer ones. The first amended claims in the application for the patent in suit were properly rejected by the patent examiner for the reason that:

“The Bayer patent, 919,680, certainly shows every element enumerated in the claims except that the applicant, in case of a longer boiler, extends the nozzles shown in patent 919,680 to a point where experience indicates most accumulation of soot. This would be the idea of any mechanic."

This ruling of the patent examiner was accepted by the applicant, and the claims were again amended, and, as so amended, were allowed.

It is claimed on behalf of the appellant that the device of the patent in suit is distinguished from a mere extension of the nozzles of the prior art by the fact that the nozzles of the front blower are extended to a definite point and positioned to operate in conjunction with the nozzles of the rear blower, so that some of the jets operate with the furnace draft while others operate against it; the apportionment being such that the resultant of the cumulative force of the jets will leave unimpaired the general line of the draft by which the combustion products reach the stack and pass out into the atmosphere. This may or may not be important. In the later patent to Bayer, No. 1,114,486, it is declared by the inventor that the object of his invention is "the elimination of the blower installation on the rear of the boiler."

Whether important or not, the inventive idea, if any, would seem to be fully disclosed in Bayer, 919,680, in the following language:

"By virtue of the disposition of the nozzles as here described, it follows that the combined action of the jets issuing from the several nozzles when the steam is turned on, will serve to mechanically dislodge any accumulations of dirt which may have settled around the tubes T, and will impel them along when once dislodged, in the general direction followed by the products of combustion."

This feature, however, whether novel or otherwise, does not appear to be covered by claim 1 of the patent in suit, although it is vigorously contended in the brief of counsel for appellant that this distinguishes its claimed invention from a mere lengthening or extension of the nozzles of the front blower, to which no direct reference is made, either in the description or claims of the patent. If claim 1 were read to include this feature, it would necessarily limit this claim to this particular arrangement of the nozzles of the front and rear blowers. It is clear that appellee does not infringe in this respect, for it does not operate the extended nozzles of its front blower at the same time or in conjunction with nozzles of a rear blower.

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